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Last Bo speaker dies in Andaman Islands

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  • George Thomas
    Last member of 65,000-year-old tribe dies, taking one of world s earliest languages to the grave By Anny Shaw Daily Mail, 05th February 2010 The last member of
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 6, 2010
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      Last member of 65,000-year-old tribe dies, taking one of world's earliest
      languages to the grave

      By Anny Shaw
      Daily Mail, 05th February 2010

      The last member of a 65,000-year-old tribe has died, taking one of the
      world's earliest languages to the grave.
      Boa Sr, who died last week aged about 85, was the last native of the
      Andaman Islands who was fluent in Bo.
      Named after the tribe, Bo is one of the 10 Great Andamanese
      languages, which are thought to date back to the pre-Neolithic period
      when the earliest humans walked out of Africa.

      Boa Sr, who died last week aged about 85, was the last native of the Andaman Islands who was fluent in Bo.

      Boa was the oldest member of the Great Andamanese, a group of tribes
      that are the the first descendants of early humans who migrated from
      Africa about 70,000 years ago and who arrived on the islands around
      65,000. Other groups went on to colonise Indonesia and Australia.

      She lived through the horrors and hardships of the 2004 Asian tsunami, the
      Japanese occupation and diseases brought by colonisers in the 19th
      century. Boa described the moment the tsunami struck: 'We were
      all there when the earthquake came.

      'The eldest told us "the Earth would part, don't run away or move". The
      elders told us, that's how we know.'

      Professor Anvita Abbi, a linguist who knew Boa, said the tribeswoman had been
      losing her sight in recent years and was unable to speak with anyone in
      her own language.

      Boa had no children and her husband died several years ago.

      'Since she was the only speaker of Bo, she was very lonely as she had no one to converse with,' Professor Abbi told the Times.

      'Boa Sr had a very good sense of humour, and her
      smile and full throated laughter were infectious.'

      Professor Abbi managed to speak with Boa using a local version
      of Hindi and Great Andamanese, which is a mixture of all ten tribal
      languages.  'We had an odd relationship, but also a very intense one,' the
      professor said.

      'I spent a long time with her in the jungle and shared many moments
      with her. She was very proud to be the last member of the
      Bo.' 
      Boa was born in the jungle of the northern Andamans and grew up in
      traditional society, learning to gather wild potatoes and hunt for wild
      pigs, turtles and fish.

      In 1970, the Indian Government moved the Great Andamanese tribes to the
      tiny Strait Island near Port Blair. 
      Boa lived in a
      concrete and tin hut provided by the government and survived on state
      food rations and a pension of about 500 rupees (£6.80) a month.


      Sentinelese tribesmen, who ban any contact with
      outsiders, prepare to fire arrows at an Indian Coast Guard helicopter

      'She always said
      she wanted to go back to the place where she was born,' Professor Abbi
      said.


      'Alcohol was a
      big problem. It was killing them one by one.'


      The
      Bo are believed to have lived on the islands for as long as 65,000
      years, making them one of the oldest surviving human cultures. 
      The king of the Bo tribe died in 2005, leaving
      only a handful of elderly members who also died over the next five
      years.


      The Great Andamanese once numbered more than 5,000
      and were made up of 10 distinct groups each with their own language.
      But
      today, after more than 150 years of contact with colonisers and the
      diseases they brought with them,
      the Great Andamanese number just 52.
      The only indigenous tribe that is relatively
      intact is the Sentinelese, who ban any contact with outsiders.


      They were famously photographed firing arrows at
      an Indian helicopter after the Boxing Day tsunami in 2004.


      Professor Abbi said that Boa often told her how
      she envied the fact
      that the Jarawa and the Sentinelese had managed to avoid contact with
      outsiders.


      She recalled: 'She used to say they were better
      off in the
      jungle.'
      Stephen Corry, director of Survival International, a group that
      campaigns for the rights of indigenous people, urged the Indian
      Government not to resettle any the Jawara or other indigenous tribes.
      'With the death of Boa Sr and the extinction of the Bo language, a
      unique part of human society is now just a memory,' he said.

      'Boa’s loss is a bleak reminder that we must not allow this to happen
      to the other tribes
      of the Andaman Islands.'


      Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1248754/Last-member-65-000-year-old-tribe-dies-taking-worlds-earliest-languages-grave.html#ixzz0emTOwCpY



      Hear Boa Sr speak the lost language of the Bo:

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OEnieIRIuLY&feature=player_embedded







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