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FW: 5/1/2000 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: daily@chronicle.com [mailto:daily@chronicle.com] Sent: Monday, May 01, 2000 8:00 AM To: daily@chronicle.com Subject: 5/1/2000 Daily Report from The
    Message 1 of 1 , May 1, 2000
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      FW: 5/1/2000 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

      -----Original Message-----
      From: daily@... [mailto:daily@...]
      Sent: Monday, May 01, 2000 8:00 AM
      To: daily@...
      Subject: 5/1/2000 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

      ACADEME TODAY: The Chronicle of Higher Education's
      Daily Report for subscribers

      Good day!

      Here are news bulletins from The Chronicle of Higher Education
      for Monday, May 1.

      * [snip]

      *  FEDERAL PROSECUTORS last week dismissed their charges against
         an anthropologist they had accused of embezzling grant money
         to buy heroin for research projects. But government officials
         said they would continue to investigate, and the John Jay
         College of Criminal Justice, where the anthropologist is a
         tenured professor, promised to pursue its own complaints in
         an effort to fire him.
         --> SEE http://chronicle.com/daily/2000/05/2000050104n.htm

      *  ___________________________


      A glance at the May/June issue of "Foreign Affairs":
      Ethnic warfare is waning

      Events in Kosovo, East Timor, and Rwanda give the impression
      that ethnic conflict is emerging throughout the world, but the
      reality is more sanguine, writes Ted Robert Gurr, director of
      the Minorities at Risk Project at the University of Maryland at
      College Park. "The overall trend is unmistakable: ethnic
      conflict is on the wane," he writes. After multiplying in the
      1950's, and peaking in the early, post-Cold War 1990's, new
      ethnic wars are few, and old ones are being settled. For that,
      he says, thank improved international practices for managing
      ethnic strife that are "one of the signal accomplishments of the
      first post-Cold War decade." The chief tenet of those practices,
      he says, is that states threatened by secessions or claims to
      state power and resources should share some power before armed
      conflict breaks out, and should recognize minority rights. Mr.
      Gurr recounts how his research center has tracked 300 ethnic and
      religious groups over half a century, finding that many of these
      groups benefit from such an approach -- not just, say, in the
      new democracies of Europe, Asia, and Latin America, but even
      under many authoritarian governments. Many are allowing limited
      autonomy -- for India's Mizo people in 1986, for the Gaguaz
      minority in Moldova in 1994, and for the Chakma tribal group in
      Bangladesh in 1997. Such steps embolden new claimants, Mr. Gurr
      acknowledges, but he says the pool of potential claimants is
      dwindling. He says: "Those truly looking to reduce ethnic
      bloodshed should embrace autonomy, not fear it." That, he says,
      is the lesson not just of well-publicized cases like the Oslo
      accords between Israel and the Palestine Liberation
      Organization, but also, for example, the less-publicized
      power-sharing agreements that Russia reached with some 40
      regions. Chechen leaders rebuffed that approach, but few rebels
      now are willing to undertake prolonged warfare for total
      independence because they recognize that negotiating is just as
      effective. Sealing the new approach, Mr. Gurr says, has been the
      willingness of the international community -- as demonstrated in
      Kosovo, for example -- to enforce it. The article is not
      available online, but information about the journal can be found
      on its Web site, at http://www.foreignaffairs.org/

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      Copyright (c) 2000 The Chronicle of Higher Education, Inc.

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