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FW: Interesting survey :Gender Gap.!

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  • Kaupp, Ann
    Fascinating Reading: World-Wide Gender Gap This report encompasses data from 130 countries which make up 90% of the world s population. In it, the United
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 21, 2009
      Fascinating Reading: World-Wide Gender Gap





      This report encompasses data from 130 countries which make up 90% of the
      world's population. In it, the United States ranks as number 27, falling
      behind not just Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom, but also behind
      Latvia, Sri Lanka and Trinidad and Tobago.




      Fascinating Reading: World-Wide Gender Gap


      In the midst of the current economic downturn, policymakers and business
      leaders are struggling to manage short-term shocks, prepare their
      economies
      to perform well in a medium-term economic landscape characterized by
      growing
      volatility and develop institutions and regulations to stave off such
      crises
      in the future. It is more important now than ever before for countries
      and
      companies to pay heed to one of the fundamental cornerstones of economic
      growth available to them-the skills and talent of their human resource
      pool.

      Women not only make up one half of this potential talent base, they also
      contribute to bringing in some different perspectives that are so
      important
      in a complex, inter-dependent and fast-moving world.

      Over the past few decades, both developed and developing countries have
      made
      substantial progress in educating women and improving their health. In
      many
      developed countries, women now account for more than half of the college
      and
      university graduates, and many developing countries have dramatically
      reduced gender gaps in literacy and in primary and secondary education.

      Yet even in developed countries, whose dependence on knowledge
      industries
      and knowledge workers is large and growing, there are still significant
      gaps in the job opportunities for women and in the wages paid to women
      compared with their male counterparts; these gaps are even larger in
      most
      developing countries.


      Global Gender Gap Report Conclusion

      The third edition of The Global Gender Gap Report calls
      attention to four essential facts. First, the Index provides a
      valuable snapshot of the current performance of 130
      countries, representing over 90% of the world's population.

      On average, over 97% of the gap on health outcomes,
      95% of the gap on educational attainment, 62% of
      the gap on economic participation and 16% of the gap
      political empowerment has been closed.
      No country in the world has achieved gender equality.

      The four highest ranking countries-Norway, Finland, Sweden and
      Iceland-have closed a little over 80% of their gender
      gaps, while the lowest ranking country-Yemen-has
      closed only around 47% of its gender gap.
      Second, this Report highlights the potential use of the
      Index as a tool for tracking gender gaps by beginning to
      reveal how these gaps are evolving over time. It brings to
      light the collective progress made over the past three years.
      Out of the 128 countries covered in both 2007 and 2008,
      87 countries-more than two-thirds-have improved their
      performance relative to 2007, while 41 have shown
      widening gaps.

      Out of the 115 countries covered in 2006,
      2007 and 2008, 93 countries-more than 80%-have
      shown an overall improvement during the three years,
      while 22 have lost ground. In 2008, 24 countries have
      fully closed the gap on educational attainment as compared
      with 15 countries in 2007. On the health and survival
      subindex, 36 countries have fully closed the gap,
      compared with 32 last year. Among these, 11 countries
      have closed the gap on both subindexes, 5 more than last
      year. Progress is possible and, in some of those countries
      where it is taking place, it is occurring in a relatively short
      time.

      Third, the Index points to potential role models by
      revealing those countries that-within their region or
      their income group-are leaders in having divided
      resources equitably between women and men, regardless of
      the overall level of resources available.

      In Europe, the Nordic countries come out on top; in North America, the
      United States leads the way; in Latin America and the
      Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago is the best performer; in
      the Middle East and North Africa, Israel holds the top
      position; in Asia, the Philippines; and in Sub-Saharan
      Africa, Lesotho holds the highest ranking.

      Among income groups, in the high-income group, the Nordic countries
      lead the way; in the upper-middle-income group, Latvia
      ranks highest; in the lower-middle-income group, the
      Philippines comes out on top; and in the lower-income
      group, Mozambique is the strongest performer. In particular,
      the Country Profiles allow users to understand not
      only how close each country lies relative to the equality
      benchmark in each of the four critical areas, but also provides
      a snapshot of the legal and social framework within
      which these outcomes are produced.

      Fourth, the Index continues to track the strong correlation
      between the gender gap and national competitiveness
      and sends a clear message to policy-makers to incorporate
      gender equality into their national priorities.

      The most important determinant of a country's competitiveness
      is its human talent-the skills, education and productivity
      of its workforce-and women account for one-half of the
      potential talent base throughout the world. Over time,
      therefore, a nation's competitiveness depends significantly
      on whether and how it educates and utilizes its female talent.

      To maximize its competitiveness and development
      potential, each country should strive for gender equality-
      i.e., to give women the same rights, responsibilities and
      opportunities as men. In the current global financial and
      economic crisis, it is more vital than ever that women's
      economic participation does not shrink, but is in fact seen
      as an opportunity to make headway. The minds and talents
      of both women and men will be needed to produce the
      most creative solutions and to prevent such crises in the
      future.

      Addressing both the challenges and opportunities
      associated with the gender gaps will require concerted
      efforts by governments, businesses and civil society organizations
      across the world. In addition to these specific
      efforts, best practice exchange, partnerships and collective
      problem-solving among these groups will be crucial.
      Future research will be needed to develop a clearer understanding
      of the policies that are successful and those that
      are not. We are hopeful that this Report, by providing a
      transparent and comprehensible framework for assessing
      and tracking global gender gaps, will serve as a catalyst for
      greater awareness, future research and targeted action by
      policy-makers, employers and civil society.

      Fascinating Reading: World-Wide Gender Gap
      This report encompasses data from 130 countries which make up 90% of the
      world's population. In it, the United States ranks as number 27, falling
      behind not just Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom, but also behind
      Latvia, Sri Lanka and Trinidad and Tobago.

      Click here
      <http://www.targetgov.com/../../../../../files/1/GenderGapReport2008.pdf
      > to read more enlightening facts and to download the full report.



      JKJ









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