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Fwd: Great Ape Trust: February e-Newsletter

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  • Lloyd Miller
    I thought some of you might be interested in this. Lloyd ... [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 27, 2008
      I thought some of you might be interested in this.

      Begin forwarded message:

      > From: "Great Ape Trust" <info@...>
      > Date: February 27, 2008 11:41:52 AM CST
      > To: <lloyd.miller@...>
      > Subject: Great Ape Trust: February e-Newsletter
      > Having trouble viewing this e-Newsletter? View it on the web here.
      > This Month: February 2008, Issue 39
      > Feature: Great Ape Trust announces tours for paid members
      > Azy and Kanzi featured in National Geographic magazine
      > Great Ape Trust signs first international education agreement
      > Orangutans develop sophisticated list-learning strategy
      > Great Ape Trust Spotlight
      > News Briefs
      > Global News
      > Introduction to Primates
      > Other links:
      > Forward-to-a-friend
      > Great Ape Trust Video
      > Become A Member Today!
      > Great Ape Trust Feature
      > Great Ape Trust announces tours for paid members
      > Great Ape Trust of Iowa members may begin registering today for
      > one of 30 public tours to be offered this spring and summer. Tours
      > will be booked on a first-come, first-served basis due to
      > availability. Among the new features this year is the opportunity
      > to see The Trust's three orangutans exploring a nearly 4-acre yard,
      > one of the largest outdoor facilities for captive orangutans in
      > North America. Go here to read the entire story.
      > Great Ape Trust News
      > Azy and Kanzi featured in National Geographic magazine
      > The orangutan Azy and bonobo Kanzi are featured prominently in the
      > cover story, "Inside Animal Minds: Birds, Apes, Dolphins and a Dog
      > With a World-Class Vocabulary" in the March 2008 issue of National
      > Geographic, available now on newsstands. Go here to read the entire
      > story.
      > Great Ape Trust signs first international education agreement
      > Great Ape Trust of Iowa has signed its first international
      > Memorandum of Understanding, a partnership with a respected
      > university in Indonesia that will broaden opportunities for U.S.
      > students to study rapidly disappearing wild orangutans and bolster
      > efforts for their conservation. Go here to read the entire story.
      > Orangutans develop sophisticated list-learning strategy
      > Dr. Karyl Swartz, a psychologist and Great Ape Trust of Iowa
      > scientist who has spent the last 30 years collaborating with non-
      > human primates on memory and self-recognition research, will begin
      > work this year with The Trust's colony of bonobos to determine if
      > language-competent apes respond differently to lists than those who
      > are not. Go here to read the entire story.
      > Great Ape Trust Spotlight
      > Fields leads bonobo laboratory through busy year for research
      > Led by William M. Fields, the bonobo research team ended 2007 with
      > a flurry of activities that included publications, presentations,
      > exhibits and media interviews - all in addition to The Trust's
      > continued scientific inquiry into the cultural and cognitive
      > processes of bonobos, questions of human uniqueness, and other
      > subjects related to the origins and future of language, culture,
      > tools and intelligence. Go here to read the entire story.
      > News Briefs
      > Trust-supported initiatives in Uganda seeing record participation
      > Record numbers of Ugandans are learning how to feed and care for
      > their families while at the same time reducing their reliance on
      > the wood from the Kibale National Park through the Great Ape Trust
      > of Iowa-supported Kibale Community Fuel Wood Project.
      > Project co-founders Michael Stern and Rebecca Goldstone report that
      > in January, 2,500 Ugandans - more monthly visitors than ever in the
      > project's two-year history - attended programs aimed not only at
      > protecting the precious tropical rain forest from encroachment, but
      > also providing local community members the skills and training they
      > need to lead more sustainable lifestyles.
      > "It seems that word is spreading through the villages and we are
      > all motivated by this news," Goldstone said.
      > For more information on the project, go here.
      > Sue Buck prints discounted at www.GreatApeStore.org
      > Great Ape Trust of Iowa has discounted the cost of prints of artist
      > Sue Buck's pastel drawings of resident apes at its online store,
      > www.GreatApeStore.org. The sale lasts through March 31.
      > The prints of bonobos Kanzi and Panbanisha and orangutans Azy and
      > Knobi have been reduced to $20 each, or to $70 for a set of all
      > four. Previously, the prints sold for $35 each, or $120 for the set.
      > Images of the commissioned pastel drawings of the apes also are
      > featured on the mugs, T-shirts and bumper stickers available at The
      > Trust's online store.
      > Revenues from the sale of merchandise support The Trust's
      > scientific inquiry into the origins and future of language,
      > culture, tool use and intelligence. Shop now.
      > Global News
      > A compilation of news articles about the scientific study and
      > conservation of the world's great apes and primates.
      > » Adventure trips that will change your life
      > » Lemurs' evolutionary history may shed light on our own
      > » Joint effort for mountain gorillas
      > » What is the cognitive rift between humans and other animals?
      > » Cleveland Zoo gorillas to be treated for heart disease
      > » Gorillas photographed mating face-to-face--A first
      > Introduction To Primates
      > Do non-human primates use tools? (Part 1)
      > Tool use is one of the topics studied most often in attempting to
      > understand behavior and cognition. Until the 1960s, it was assumed
      > that "man" was the only natural tool user. That distinction ended
      > when Jane Goodall observed the chimpanzees of Gombe using small
      > twigs to extract termites from their mound. Since that time, the
      > study of primate tool use has flourished.
      > The most widely accepted definition of tool use involves several
      > factors. Tool use must be goal directed and involve the
      > manipulation of an unattached object in the environment. The user
      > establishes the proper and effective orientation of the tool and
      > holds or carries the tool during (or just prior to) use. The tool
      > cannot be a part of the user's body, but it can be something that
      > is alive. Consider the following scenario:
      > A spider monkey spots ripe fruit dangling from the tip of a branch,
      > but unfortunately it is out of her reach. She grabs the branch with
      > her tail and bends it toward herself until the fruit is only inches
      > away. She plucks off the tastiest pieces with her hand and releases
      > her tail-hold on the branch. Although a clever way to solve the
      > problem, there is no tool use involved, since only body parts were
      > utilized but nothing unattached. In the same scenario, tool use
      > would be evident if the monkey had broken a branch from the tree
      > and used that, instead of her tail, as a reaching tool to pull the
      > fruit closer.
      > Behaviors that meet all of the requirements for genuine tool use
      > are widespread throughout the primate order. While tool use has not
      > been documented for prosimians, both New World and Old World
      > monkeys are known to use tools occasionally. Most commonly, monkeys
      > use tools in three general contexts. The first is for extending
      > their reach. Many types of monkeys, such as macaques (Macaca spp.)
      > and baboons (Papio spp.), have been documented to use a variety of
      > objects to reach and rake food or other objects toward themselves.
      > The second category is related to exerting increased force.
      > Capuchin monkeys (Cebus spp.), for example, regularly use stones or
      > other hard objects to break open nuts or other tough foods. Colobus
      > monkeys (Colobus spp.) will use digging sticks to widen the
      > entrance areas of insect nests.
      > By far, the last and most regular category of tool use exhibited by
      > monkeys involves aiming or throwing objects to augment an agonistic
      > display. Many genera of both New World and Old World monkeys throw
      > a variety of objects such as sticks, branches, stones, sand and
      > gravel at humans and other intruders, but only a portion appear to
      > aim the tool directly at the target. Other, less commonly seen tool-
      > using behaviors by monkeys include wiping with leaves to clean a
      > piece of food or a wound or probing crevices with a tool in search
      > of food.
      > Excerpted from Primates in Question
      > Dr. Robert Shumaker and Dr. Benjamin Beck Smithsonian Books (2004).
      > To receive a copy of Primates in Question, visit Great Ape Store.
      > Photo of the month:
      > View image
      > Wallpapers
      > Free e-Cards
      > Become A Member
      > Lloyd, we hope you enjoy this edition of the Great Ape Trust e-
      > newsletter. If you are not yet a member of Great Ape Trust, and
      > would like to help support our efforts, please join here.
      > As a member of Great Ape Trust, you'll be contributing to
      > breakthrough science, innovative educational experiences and
      > conservation efforts of great apes. Your generous support furthers
      > the quality of life of our animals and the continued work of our
      > researchers.
      > To show our appreciation for your support, you'll continue to
      > receive these electronic newsletters about our organization, plus
      > additional Great Ape Trust items based on your membership level.
      > Great Ape Trust of Iowa is a public, non-profit organization that
      > relies on the support of donors like you to help carry out The
      > Trust's commitment of research, conservation, education and sanctuary.
      > Check out our new gift levels and become a member today! Go here.
      > Book Spotlight
      > Orangutans
      > Written by: Robert W. Shumaker
      > Publisher: Colin Baxter (2007)
      > To purchase Orangutans, go here.
      > Anniversaries
      > Three Years Ago
      > February 8, 2005, Knobi arrived at Great Ape Trust from Henry
      > Doorly Zoo in Omaha. The adult female orangutan quickly became a
      > close companion for Azy as well as for Allie when she arrived at
      > the Trust later in the year. Knobi thoroughly enjoys her time with
      > visitors, caretakers and the scientific team.
      > Great Ape Trust is certified by The Association of Zoos and Aquariums
      > Great Ape Trust of Iowa:
      > » Studies the behavior and intelligence of great apes
      > » Provides sanctuary and an honorable life for great apes
      > » Advances conservation of great apes
      > » Provides unique educational experiences about great apes
      > Great Ape Trust of Iowa
      > 4200 SE 44th Avenue, Des Moines, IA 50320
      > 515.243.3580 | Copyright 2007 Great Ape Trust of Iowa
      > Contact Us | www.greatapetrust.org
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      > Ape Trust.
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      > profile. Go here to manage your subscriptions.
      > This email was sent by: Great Ape Trust of Iowa
      > 4200 SE 44th Avenue, Des Moines, IA,
      > 50320, U.S.A.

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