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FW: FWD. [ncse-news] Evolution education update: Cobb County appeals; Forrest and Branch in Academe; two good columns

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: Steven A. Edinger [mailto:Steven.Edinger.1@Ohio.edu] Sent: Wednesday, February 02, 2005 8:09 AM To: Science Education List Serve Subject: FWD.
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 2, 2005
      -----Original Message-----
      From: Steven A. Edinger [mailto:Steven.Edinger.1@...]
      Sent: Wednesday, February 02, 2005 8:09 AM
      To: Science Education List Serve
      Subject: FWD. [ncse-news] Evolution education update: Cobb County
      appeals; Forrest and Branch in Academe; two good columns



      ---------- Forwarded Message ----------
      Date: Friday, January 21, 2005 9:14 AM -0800
      From: Glenn Branch <branch@...>
      To: ncse-news@...
      Subject: [ncse-news] Evolution education update: Cobb County appeals;
      Forrest
      and Branch in Academe; two good columns

      Dear Friends of NCSE,

      The Cobb County Board of Education decides to appeal the Selman verdict;
      Barbara Forrest and Glenn Branch take on the Wedge in the pages of
      Academe;
      and The New York Times and the Los Angeles Times feature excellent
      columns
      on evolution education.

      COBB COUNTY APPEALS

      On January 17, 2005, the Cobb County School Board voted 5-2 to appeal
      the
      ruling in Selman et al. v. Cobb County School District et al., which
      ordered the removal of evolution disclaimers from the school district's
      textbooks. Announcing the decision, Kathie Johnstone, chair of the
      board,
      described Judge Clarence Cooper's ruling as an "unnecessary judicial
      intrusion into local control of schools."

      In his ruling, issued on January 13, Judge Cooper applied the so-called
      Lemon test to conclude that the disclaimer violated the Establishment
      Clause of the First Amendment. Although he was satisfied that the Cobb
      County School Board's purpose in requiring the sticlaimer was not
      exclusively to promote religion, he wrote that "an informed, reasonable
      observer would interpret the Sticker to convey a message of endorsement
      of
      religion," citing its description of evolution as "a theory, not a fact"
      as
      the decisive phrase.

      The ruling was greeted with applause from Georgia's scientific and
      education communities. "Obviously, this is quite a victory for good
      science
      education," Benjamin Z. Freed, an anthropology professor at Emory
      University in Atlanta and chairman of Georgia Citizens for Integrity in
      Science Education, told CNN. And George Stickel, who supervises Cobb's
      high
      school science curriculum, told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "To
      really understand biology, [students] need to understood what evolution
      is
      all about."

      The state's newspapers were also pleased with the ruling. The Atlanta
      Journal-Constitution wrote in an editorial, "What Cooper's actually done
      is
      safeguard religious freedom by halting the campaign by creationists to
      convert public school classrooms into indoctrination chambers," while
      the
      Marietta Daily Journal suggested, "the Cobb school board would do well
      to
      leave the teaching of science to the science teachers and the teaching
      of
      religion-based scientific theories to those in the pulpit."

      After a closed three-hour session with its lawyers, however, the Cobb
      County Board of Education decided to appeal the ruling as well as to ask
      for a stay of Cooper's order to remove the disclaimer. Johnstone said
      that
      the appeal would present "no additional cost to the district or Cobb
      County
      taxpayers"; the board's legal counsel has agreed to pursue the case at
      no
      additional charge to the district. The appeal will go before the
      Eleventh
      US District Court of Appeals.

      The decision to appeal the ruling was condemned in a later editorial in
      the
      Atlanta Journal-Constitution, which commented that "The appeal
      represents
      either a sop to the creationists who insisted on the disclaimers in the
      first place, or, even more troubling, an endorsement by school board
      members of teaching religious creed under the guise of science."

      For CNN's story on the board's vote, visit:
      http://www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/01/18/evolution.stickers/

      For the Atlanta Journal-Constitution's editorial condemning the board's
      decision (registration required), visit:
      http://www.ajc.com/opinion/content/opinion/0105/21cobb.html

      For Judge Cooper's decision (a 2.5M PDF file), visit the ACLU's web
      site:
      http://www.aclu.org/ReligiousLiberty/ReligiousLiberty.cfm?ID=17311&c=139

      FORREST AND BRANCH IN ACADEME

      "Wedging creationism into the academy," by Barbara Forrest and Glenn
      Branch, appears in the January-February 2005 issue of Academe, the
      bimonthly magazine of the American Association of University Professors.
      In
      their article, Forrest and Branch discuss the attempts of the
      "intelligent
      design" movement to use academia as a base. In light of the scientific
      sterility of "intelligent design," they argue, "the Wedge needs another
      way
      to persuade education policy makers that intelligent design is
      academically
      respectable": by exploiting the academic credentials and affiliations of
      its proponents and supporters for all they are worth. Reviewing such
      Wedge
      tactics as holding pseudoacademic "intelligent design" conferences on
      campuses and recruiting professors to sign antievolution statements,
      Forrest and Branch conclude that supporters of "intelligent design" in
      academia "exploit their academic standing to promote the concept as
      intellectually respectable while shirking the task of producing a
      scientifically compelling case for it." Forrest is professor of
      philosophy
      at Southeastern Louisiana University, author (with Paul R. Gross) of
      Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design (Oxford
      University Press, 2004), and a member of the NCSE board of directors;
      Branch is the deputy director of NCSE.

      To read "Wedging creationism into the academy," visit:
      http://www.aaup.org/publications/Academe/2005/05jf/05jfforr.htm

      TWO GOOD COLUMNS

      Two excellent opinion columns about evolution education appeared on
      January
      19, 2005, on opposite sides of the country.

      In the Los Angeles Times, Patt Morrison's "A Museum That Lies Far, Far
      Off
      the Path of Science" (registration required) begins with a description
      of
      her visit to the Institute for Creation Research's museum in Santee,
      California, on the outskirts of San Diego. "I'd just seen 'proof' that
      the
      Earth is no older than about 10,000 years, that man and dinosaurs
      coexisted
      before a flood that not only created the Grand Canyon but put the final
      score at humans (Noah and kin) 1, dinosaurs 0," she quips. "I needed
      someone to deliver a couple 'quick, snap out of it, girl' taps with a
      copy
      of Scientific American." But she notes soberly that the real threat to
      science education these days is from "intelligent design": "If IDers can
      put their argument on an equal footing with science, they figure they'll
      skip nimbly around the Constitution's church-state wall without having
      to
      wear themselves out trying to knock it down." Toward the end of her
      column,
      Morrison quotes Jack Krebs, a member of NCSE and the vice president of
      Kansas Citizens for Science: "Watch out," he says, "it could be in
      anybody's backyard tomorrow. You could be next." Morrison is a regular
      columnist for the Times.

      In The New York Times, Susan Jacoby's "Caught Between Church and State"
      (registration required) argues that "the elected anti-evolutionists on
      local and state school boards today are the heirs of eight decades of
      fundamentalist campaigning against Darwinism through back-door pressure
      on
      textbook publishers and school officials." Reviewing the history of
      antievolutionism since the Scopes trial in 1925, Jacoby correctly
      observes
      that "[p]erhaps the most insidious effect of the campaign against
      evolution
      has been avoidance of the subject by teachers, who, whatever their
      convictions, want to forestall trouble with fundamentalist parents." As
      loyal NCSE members will realize, however, her conclusion -- "Only now,
      when
      the religious right is no longer satisfied with avoidance but is
      demanding
      that schools add anti-Darwinist intelligent design to the curriculum,
      are
      defenders of evolution fighting back" -- is overstated: NCSE and its
      members have been fighting back for two decades! Susan Jacoby is
      director
      of the Center for Inquiry-Metro New York, and the author of
      Freethinkers: A
      History of American Secularism (Metropolitan Books, 2004).

      To read "A Museum That Lies Far, Far Off the Path of Science"
      (registration
      required), visit:
      http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-oe-morrison19jan19,0,2
      213642.
      column

      To read "Caught Between Church and State" (registration required),
      visit:
      http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/19/opinion/19jacoby.html

      Thanks for reading! And as always, be sure to consult NCSE's web site:
      http://www.ncseweb.org
      where you can always find the latest news on evolution education and
      threats to it.

      Sincerely,

      Glenn Branch
      Deputy Director
      National Center for Science Education, Inc.
      420 40th Street, Suite 2
      Oakland, CA 94609-2509
      510-601-7203 x305
      fax: 510-601-7204
      800-290-6006
      branch@...
      http://www.ncseweb.org

      Eugenie C. Scott's Evolution vs. Creationism is now available:
      http://www.ncseweb.org/evc

      ---------- End Forwarded Message ----------




      Please see the Ohio Citizens for Science's web page at:

      http://OhioScience.org


      ***********************************************************************
      "The hypothesis we accept ought to explain phenomena which we have
      observed. But they ought to do more than this: our hypotheses ought to
      foretell phenomena which have not yet been observed.'
      -- William Whewell (1794-1866) English mathematician, philosopher

      "Taken over the centuries, scientific ideas have exerted a force on our
      civilization fully as great as the more tangible practical applications
      of scientific research."
      -- I. Bernard Cohen (1914- ) U. S. historian of science

      "There is no adequate defense, except stupidity, against the impact of
      a new idea."
      -- Percy Williams Bridgman (1882-1961) U. S. physicist, Nobel Prize,
      1946

      "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution."
      -- Theodosius Dobzhansky, 1973
      ***********************************************************************


      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      ---
      Steven A. Edinger, Physiology Lab Instructor

      064 Irvine Hall
      Department of Biological Sciences
      steven.edinger.1@...
      Ohio University Office: (740) 593-9484
      Athens, Ohio 45701-2979 Fax: (740) 593-0300
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      ---
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