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FW: 8/4/2003 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: The Chronicle [mailto:daily@chronicle.com] Sent: Monday, August 04, 2003 5:00 AM To: Chronicle Daily Report Subject: 8/4/2003 Daily Report from The
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 6, 2003
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      -----Original Message-----
      From: The Chronicle [mailto:daily@...]
      Sent: Monday, August 04, 2003 5:00 AM
      To: Chronicle Daily Report
      Subject: 8/4/2003 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

      ACADEME TODAY: The Chronicle of Higher Education's
      Daily Report for subscribers

      Good day!

      Here are news bulletins from The Chronicle of Higher Education for
      Monday, August 4.


      A NEW QUESTION IN COLLOQUY: As the Hispanic-American population
      rises, will Latino studies eclipse other ethnic-studies programs
      -- or is that very question insulting?
      --> SEE http://chronicle.com/colloquy


      CHILD SOLDIER TO COLLEGE STUDENT: The tale of a Ugandan woman's
      struggle to reach college illustrates the hardships that many
      African women face.
      --> SEE http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i48/48a03201.htm



      A glance at the June issue of the "Journal of Health and Social
      Behavior": Studies of twins and the nature-vs.-nurture debate

      Studies of twins may have overstated the strength of genetic
      factors in behavior, in contrast to social factors, but the
      genetic influence is nonetheless strong, write Allan V. Horwitz,
      a professor of sociology at Rutgers University at New Brunswick,
      and three colleagues.

      Most twin studies have used unrepresentative samples, the
      researchers say, so they tried to correct for that in comparing
      the social characteristics of identical and fraternal twins.
      Identical twins, the scholars found, are more alike than
      fraternal twins in such characteristics as physical
      attractiveness, time spent in each other's company, overlap in
      friendship networks, and friends' use of alcohol. In those
      areas, then, genetic influences appear to be significant, the
      researchers concluded.

      But social factors appear to trump genetic ones when it comes to
      such problems as depression and alcohol abuse. And that, the
      researchers say, suggests that similarities among identical
      twins may stem more from social influences than has previously
      been thought.

      The researchers caution against reaching "sweeping conclusions"
      about the nature-versus-nurture debate. "Ultimately, the issue
      of whether social or genetic causes are primary is theoretical,"
      they write, because it may be impossible to tell whether or not
      twins end up in similar social environments from choice, or
      because of social expectations placed on twins, or all members
      of a society.

      The article is not online. Information about the journal can be
      found at http://www.asanet.org/pubs/journsub.html

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