FW: 8/4/2003 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education
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From: The Chronicle [mailto:daily@...]
Sent: Monday, August 04, 2003 5:00 AM
To: Chronicle Daily Report
Subject: 8/4/2003 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education
ACADEME TODAY: The Chronicle of Higher Education's
Daily Report for subscribers
Here are news bulletins from The Chronicle of Higher Education for
Monday, August 4.
A NEW QUESTION IN COLLOQUY: As the Hispanic-American population
rises, will Latino studies eclipse other ethnic-studies programs
-- or is that very question insulting?
--> SEE http://chronicle.com/colloquy
HIGHLIGHTS FROM THIS WEEK'S CHRONICLE
CHILD SOLDIER TO COLLEGE STUDENT: The tale of a Ugandan woman's
struggle to reach college illustrates the hardships that many
African women face.
--> SEE http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i48/48a03201.htm
MAGAZINES & JOURNALS
A glance at the June issue of the "Journal of Health and Social
Behavior": Studies of twins and the nature-vs.-nurture debate
Studies of twins may have overstated the strength of genetic
factors in behavior, in contrast to social factors, but the
genetic influence is nonetheless strong, write Allan V. Horwitz,
a professor of sociology at Rutgers University at New Brunswick,
and three colleagues.
Most twin studies have used unrepresentative samples, the
researchers say, so they tried to correct for that in comparing
the social characteristics of identical and fraternal twins.
Identical twins, the scholars found, are more alike than
fraternal twins in such characteristics as physical
attractiveness, time spent in each other's company, overlap in
friendship networks, and friends' use of alcohol. In those
areas, then, genetic influences appear to be significant, the
But social factors appear to trump genetic ones when it comes to
such problems as depression and alcohol abuse. And that, the
researchers say, suggests that similarities among identical
twins may stem more from social influences than has previously
The researchers caution against reaching "sweeping conclusions"
about the nature-versus-nurture debate. "Ultimately, the issue
of whether social or genetic causes are primary is theoretical,"
they write, because it may be impossible to tell whether or not
twins end up in similar social environments from choice, or
because of social expectations placed on twins, or all members
of a society.
The article is not online. Information about the journal can be
found at http://www.asanet.org/pubs/journsub.html
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