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FW: 8/5/2003 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: The Chronicle [mailto:daily@chronicle.com] Sent: Tuesday, August 05, 2003 5:00 AM To: Chronicle Daily Report Subject: 8/5/2003 Daily Report from The
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 6, 2003
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      -----Original Message-----
      From: The Chronicle [mailto:daily@...]
      Sent: Tuesday, August 05, 2003 5:00 AM
      To: Chronicle Daily Report
      Subject: 8/5/2003 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

      ACADEME TODAY: The Chronicle of Higher Education's
      Daily Report for subscribers

      Good day!

      Here are news bulletins from The Chronicle of Higher Education for
      Tuesday, August 5.

      Monday that it will offer a Ph.D. in Chicano studies, making
      it the first university in the country with a doctoral
      program in the study of Mexican-American history and culture.
      --> SEE http://chronicle.com/daily/2003/08/2003080501n.htm

      --> FOR MORE from The Chronicle, go to our World Wide Web
      site at http://chronicle.com



      PENALIZED FOR WORKING: Community-college students who earn too
      much lose federal student aid, but still can't afford an
      education. Some in Congress want that changed.
      --> SEE http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i48/48a01801.htm

      HOT TYPE: A prize-winning translation of an Iraqi novella
      reveals more about ordinary life in the ravaged country than
      television cameras can show. ... An ambitious project at Brigham
      Young University recalls the golden age of Arabic literary and
      intellectual life.
      --> SEE http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i48/48a01601.htm



      A glance at the August issue of "Discover": Why it's probably OK
      to marry your cousin

      Most Americans believe that marriages between cousins are
      abnormal and produce children with birth defects, writes Richard
      Conniff, a contributor to the magazine. However, a recent study
      shows that cousin marriages are not significantly riskier than
      any other type of marriage, he says.

      Marriages between first cousins "entail roughly the same
      increased risk of abnormality that a woman undertakes when she
      gives birth at 41 rather than at 30," Mr. Conniff writes, citing
      a study by Robin L. Bennett, a genetic counselor at the
      University of Washington at Seattle.

      While excessive inbreeding can lead to the greater expression of
      recessive genes associated with diseases like cystic fibrosis
      and sickle-cell anemia, moderate inbreeding can have biological
      benefits, Mr. Conniff says, because advantageous genes are
      passed on, too. For example, among animal populations,
      "generations of inbreeding" often lead to the development of
      gene complexes that tend to be inherited together and that may
      confer special adaptations to a local environment, like
      resistance to disease, he writes.

      There are also social benefits, he says, observing that dynastic
      families such as the Rothschilds and the du Ponts have
      traditionally used inbreeding as a way to preserve wealth and
      "consolidate power."

      Yet while many people "are perfectly comfortable with the idea
      that inbreeding can produce genetic benefits for domesticated
      animals," they still shudder at the idea of intermarriage
      between human cousins, Mr. Conniff writes. In the United States,
      he notes, first-cousin marriages are outlawed in 31 states. No
      one is advocating intermarriage, but perhaps it's time for
      Americans to "moderate [their] automatic disdain for it," he

      The article is not online. Information about the magazine is
      available at http://www.discover.com

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      Copyright (c) 2003 The Chronicle of Higher Education, Inc.
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