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FW: 8/6/99 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: daily@chronicle.com [SMTP:daily@chronicle.com] Sent: Friday, August 06, 1999 8:00 AM
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 7, 1999
      -----Original Message-----
      From: daily@... <mailto:daily@...>
      [SMTP:daily@...] <mailto:[SMTP:daily@...]>
      Sent: Friday, August 06, 1999 8:00 AM
      To: daily@... <mailto:daily@...>
      Subject: 8/6/99 Daily Report from The Chronicle of Higher Education

      ACADEME TODAY: The Chronicle of Higher Education's

      A glance at the July issue of "Index on Censorship":
      How Canada suppressed its indigenous languages
      In the Canadian government's policy through much of this century of forcing
      native children into residential schools to "civilize" them, the suppression
      of indigenous languages was a central and profoundly damaging strategy,
      writes John Milloy, a professor of history at Trent University. Before
      Europeans came to Canada, it had some 50 indigenous languages. Many are now
      extinct, or near extinction; the only language for most aboriginal people in
      Canada, and the only common one, is now English, he writes. The
      "understanding" and "comprehending" that the native languages conveyed have
      died because of extensive depopulation, the effects of English-speaking
      popular culture, and, above all, a persistent government and church policy,
      from federation in 1867 almost to the present day, of destroying languages
      and cultures, he writes. From 1879 to 1986, many thousands of native
      children were placed into residential schools managed by the government and
      the major churches. At those schools, forcing the children to speak English
      was identified as "the most critical issue in the curriculum." The schools
      were badly built, unsafe, and unhealthy, and they provided a third-class
      education, Mr. Milloy says, adding:
      "There was a dark contradiction, a 'savagery,' in the mechanics
      of civilising the children." The article is not available on
      line, but information about the magazine may be found on its
      World-Wide Web site, at http://www.indexoncensorship.org

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      Copyright � 1999 The Chronicle of Higher Education, Inc.
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