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FW: [ANTHRO-L] Fw: Ape Empathy: BBS Call for Commentators

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: Timothy Mason [mailto:tmason@CLUB-INTERNET.FR] Sent: Wednesday, September 05, 2001 3:40 AM To: ANTHRO-L@LISTSERV.ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU Subject: [ANTHRO-L]
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      FW: [ANTHRO-L] Fw: Ape Empathy: BBS Call for Commentators

      -----Original Message-----
      From: Timothy Mason [mailto:tmason@...]
      Sent: Wednesday, September 05, 2001 3:40 AM
      To: ANTHRO-L@...
      Subject: [ANTHRO-L] Fw: Ape Empathy: BBS Call for Commentators

      Forwarded by Timothy Mason <tmason@...>
      ----------------------- Original Message -----------------------
       From:    Stevan Harnad <harnad@...>
       To:      LEARNING@...
       Date:    Mon, 3 Sep 2001 12:01:35 +0100
       Subject: Ape Empathy: BBS Call for Commentators

             Below is the abstract of a forthcoming BBS target article

                      by S.D. Preston & F. B. M. de Waal


      Please reply to: calls@...

      This article has been accepted for publication in Behavioral and Brain
      Sciences (BBS), an international, interdisciplinary journal providing
      Open Peer Commentary on important and controversial current research in
      the biobehavioral and cognitive sciences.

      Commentators must be BBS Associates or nominated by a BBS Associate. To
      be considered as a commentator for this article, to suggest other
      appropriate commentators, or for information about how to become a BBS
      Associate, please reply by EMAIL within three (3) weeks to:


      If you are not a BBS Associate, please  approach a current BBS
      Associate (there are currently over 10,000 worldwide) who is familiar
      with your work to nominate you. All past BBS authors, referees and
      commentators are eligible to become BBS Associates. A full electronic
      list of current BBS Associates is available at this location to help
      you select a name:


      If no current BBS Associate knows your work, please send us your
      Curriculum Vitae and BBS will circulate it to appropriate Associates to
      ask whether they would be prepared to nominate you. (In the meantime,
      your name, address and email address will be entered into our database
      as an unaffiliated investigator.)

      To help us put together a balanced list of commentators, please give
      some indication of the aspects of the topic on which you would bring
      your areas of expertise to bear if you were selected as a commentator.

      To help you decide whether you would be an appropriate commentator for
      this article, an electronic draft is retrievable from the online
      BBSPrints Archive, at the URL that follows the abstract below.


      Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases

      Stephanie D. Preston
      Department of Psychology
      3210 Tolman Hall #1650
      University of California at Berkeley
      Berkeley, CA 94720-1650

      Frans B. M. de Waal
      Living Links,
      Yerkes Primate Center and Psychology Department,
      Emory University,
      Atlanta, GA 30322


      altruism; cognitive empathy; comparative; emotion;
      emotional contagion; empathy; evolution; human; perception-action;
      perspective taking;


      There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the
      phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning
      views, applying in varying degrees across species. An adequate description
      of the ultimate and proximate mechanism can integrate these views.
      Proximately, the perception of an object's state activates the subject's
      corresponding representations, which in turn activate somatic and
      autonomic responses. This mechanism supports basic behaviors (e.g., alarm,
      social facilitation, vicariousness of emotions, mother-infant
      responsiveness, and the modeling of competitors and predators) that are
      crucial for the reproductive success of animals living in groups. The
      "Perception-Action Model" (PAM) together with an understanding of how
      representations change with experience can explain the major empirical
      effects in the literature (similarity, familiarity, past experience,
      explicit teaching and salience). It can also predict a variety of empathy
      disorders. The interaction between the PAM and prefrontal functioning can
      also explain different levels of empathy across species and age groups.
      This view can advance our evolutionary understanding of empathy beyond
      inclusive fitness and reciprocal altruism and can explain different levels
      of empathy across individuals, species, stages of development, and


      Please do not prepare a commentary yet. Just let us know, after having
      inspected it, what relevant expertise you feel you would bring to bear
      on what aspect of the article. We will then let you know whether it was
      possible to include your name on the final formal list of invitees.


                      *** SUPPLEMENTARY ANNOUNCEMENTS ***

      (1) The authors of scientific articles are not paid money for their
          refereed research papers; they give them away. What they want is to
          reach all interested researchers worldwide, so as to maximize the
          potential research impact of their findings.

          Subscription/Site-License/Pay-Per-View costs are accordingly
          access-barriers, and hence impact-barriers for this give-away
          research literature.

          There is now a way to free the entire refereed journal literature,
          for everyone, everywhere, immediately, by mounting interoperable
          university eprint archives, and self-archiving all refereed research
          papers in them.

          Please see:  http://www.eprints.org

      (2) All authors in the biobehavioral and cognitive sciences are
          strongly encouraged to self-archive all their papers in their own
          institution's Eprint Archives or in CogPrints, the Eprint Archive
          for the biobehavioral and cognitive sciences:


          It is extremely simple to self-archive and will make all of our
          papers available to all of us everywhere, at no cost to anyone,

          Authors of BBS papers wishing to archive their already published
          BBS Target Articles should submit it to BBSPrints Archive.
          Information about the archiving of BBS' entire backcatalogue will
          be sent to you in the near future. Meantime please see:


      (3) Call for Book Nominations for BBS Multiple Book Review

          In the past, Behavioral and Brain Sciences (BBS) had only been able
          to do 1-2 BBS multiple book treatments per year, because of our
          limited annual page quota. BBS's new expanded page quota will make
          it possible for us to increase the number of books we treat per
          year, so this is an excellent time for BBS Associates and
          biobehavioral/cognitive scientists in general to nominate books you
          would like to see accorded BBS multiple book review.

          (Authors may self-nominate, but books can only be selected on the
          basis of multiple nominations.) It would be very helpful if you
          indicated in what way a BBS Multiple Book Review of the book(s) you
          nominate would be useful to the field (and of course a rich list of
          potential reviewers would be the best evidence of its potential


      --------------------- Original Message Ends --------------------

      Timothy Mason <tmason@...>

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