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India: environmental impact assessment of nuclear facilities

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  • Harsh Kapoor
    South Asians Against Nukes - Year 11 December 30, 2009 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SAAN_/message/1320 ... [In light of the recent incident that involved 55
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 1, 2009
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      South Asians Against Nukes - Year 11
      December 30, 2009

      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SAAN_/message/1320

      --------

      [In light of the recent incident that involved 55 workers at the
      Kaiga nuclear reactor drinking tritiated water. The following paper
      in Environmental Impact Assessment Review ((2009), doi:10.1016/j.eiar.
      2009.09.003 (www.elsevier.com/ locate/eiar) would interest many
      readers on this list]

      The environmental impact assessment process for nuclear facilities:
      An examination of the Indian experience
      by M.V. Ramana (a) and Divya Badami Rao (b)

      (a) Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and
      Development, Bangalore, India

      (b) Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and
      Development, ISEC Campus, Nagarbhavi, Bangalore 560 070, India

      ABSTRACT:
      India plans to construct numerous nuclear plants and uranium mines
      across the country, which could have significant environmental,
      health, and social impacts. The national Environmental Impact
      Assessment process is supposed to regulate these impacts. This paper
      examines how effective this process has been, and the extent to which
      public inputs have been taken into account. In addition to generic
      problems associated with the EIA process for all kinds of projects in
      India, there are concerns that are specific to nuclear facilities.

      One is that some nuclear facilities are exempt from the environmental
      clearance process. The second is that data regarding radiation
      baseline levels and future releases, which is the principle
      environmental concern with respect to nuclear facilities, is
      controlled entirely by the nuclear establishment. The third is that
      members of the nuclear establishment take part in almost every level
      of the environmental clearance procedure. For these reasons and
      others, the EIA process with regard to nuclear projects in India is
      of dubious quality. We make a number of recommendations that could
      address these lacunae, and more generally the imbalance of power
      between the nuclear establishment on the one hand, and civil society
      and the regulatory agencies on the other.

      Keywords:
      Nuclear energy, Decision making, Environmental impact assessment,
      Public participation, Imbalance of power, India

      For Details see: http://bit.ly/4MSJJV

      Copyright © 2009 Published by Elsevier Inc.

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