- I don´t know so much about this matters, but I have a questïon about
Hyginus. Hes was put as a librarian by Augustinus, and made a work
about Roman army organisation. He´s claimed as a source by more
modern authors. Which work?
- I have put your question to the Ancient/Classical History Forum:
- According to the OCD (where there are four Hygenuses listed):
1. Hygenus, Augustus' freedman, wrote a lot, but none is extant, and
apparently not military.
2. The--incomplete--treatise that you seem to refer to, has been
mistakenly attributed to Hygenus Gromaticus. It has been placed in
the 2nd or 3rd century AD, but "most persuasively" in the reign of
- --- In Roman_History_Books@yahoogroups.com, "lennep95"
> According to the OCD (where there are four Hygenuses listed):and
> 1. Hygenus, Augustus' freedman, wrote a lot, but none is extant,
> apparently not military.Oops, those Hygenuses should have been "Hyginuses" . . .
> 2. The--incomplete--treatise that you seem to refer to, has been
> mistakenly attributed to Hygenus Gromaticus. It has been placed in
> the 2nd or 3rd century AD, but "most persuasively" in the reign of
- I find following in Encyclopedia (1911), but I don't understand the
name of the work describing the organization of the Roman army:
HYGINUS, GAIUS JULIUS, Latin author, a native of Spain (or
Alexandria), was a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander
Polyhistor and a freedman of Augustus, by whom he was made
superintendent of the Palatine library (Suetonius, De Graminaticis,
20). He is said to have fallen into great poverty in his old age,
and to have been supported by the historian Clodius Licinus. He was
a voluminous author, and his works included topographical and
biographical treatises, commentaries on Helvius Cinna and the poems
of Virgil, and disquisitions on agriculture and bee-keeping. All
these are lost.
Under the name of Hyginus two school treatises on mythology are
extant: (1) Pabularum Liber, some 300 mythological legends and
celestial genealogies, valuable for the use made by the author of
the works of Greek tragedians now lost; (2) De Astronomia, usually
called Poetica Astronomica, containing an elementary treatise on
astronomy and the myths connected with the stars, chiefly based on
the Kai-ao-rpwpot of Eratosthenes. Both are `abridgments and both
are by the same hand; but the style and Latinity and the elementary
mistakes (especially in the rendering of the Greek originals) are
held to prove that they cannot have been the work of so
distinguished a scholar as C. Julius Hyginus. It is suggested that
these treatises are an abridgment (made in the latter half of the
2nd century) of the Genealogiae of Hyginus by an unknown grammarian,
who added a complete treatise on mythology.
- The 3rd edition of the Oxford Classical Dictionary has
four entries for individuals named Hyginus:
1) Gaius Julius Hyginus- a freedman (of either
Spoanish or Alexandrine origin) of Augustus, a friend
of Ovid, and the author of several treatises: On
Agriculture which may have included On Bees, cited by
Columella; a commentary on Vergil, cited by Aulus
Gellius and Servius; On Trojan Families, On the Origin
and Site of Italian Cities; On the Life and Histories
of Illustrious Men; Examples; On the Qualities of the
Gods; and On the Di Penates (the Household Gods)
2) Hyginus (circa 100 AD)-Wrote on the establishment
of boundaries, categories of land, including their
designation on maps, and land disputes. He also
mentions a no-longer extant collection of imperial
rescripts on land-holding.
3) Hyginus-Author of Genealogies, a mythology
handbook, compiled perhaps in the second century AD,
and drawn from Greek sources. Most likely a school
text. In the sixteenth century, Micyllus, the editor
of the editio princeps, changed its title to Fabulae.
He also possibly wrote a manual on Greek astronomy.
4) Hyginus Gromaticus-Mistakenly supposed author of On
Camp Fortifications (another sixteenth century title).
Originally may date to Time of Trajan (98-117) or as
late as the third century. The work discusses the
siting of military camps, the internal measurement of
same for a hypothetical army, and the establishment of
What we do here in life echoes into eternity. Aelius Maximus Decimus Meridius
The true value of a human being is determined primarily by how he has attained liberation from the self. Albert Einstein
Do you Yahoo!?
The New Yahoo! Shopping - with improved product search