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Volume 2, Issue 233

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  • John N. Lupia
    ROMAN CATHOLIC NEWS Volume 2, Issue 233 FRIDAY 1 November 2002 Feast of All Saints HOLY DAY OF OBLIGATION First Friday * * * WEAR THE BROWN SCAPULAR OF OUR
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 31, 2002

      Volume 2, Issue 233
      FRIDAY 1 November 2002

      Feast of All Saints


      First Friday

      * * *


      * * *

      • Pope Expresses His Concern Over Europe to Giscard D'Estaing
      • Church Can't Be Silent in Face of Legal Euthanasia, Pope Says
      • Rome Officially Embraces John Paul II as One of Its Own
      • Archives Will Show That Church Helped the Jews, Says Historian
      • Religion's Double-Edged Effect on Sudan
      • OAS Official Praises Bishops' Role in Venezuela
      • Why Now Is the Time for a Dogma of Mary Co-redemptrix

      * * *

      Pope Expresses His Concern Over Europe to Giscard D'Estaing

      Reiterates Plea That Constitution Acknowledge Contribution of Christianity

      VATICAN CITY, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- John Paul II received European Convention President Valery Giscard d'Estaing in audience and reiterated his hopes that a future Constitution would recognize the role of religion in the continent.

      Vatican spokesman Joaquín Navarro-Valls revealed that during the meeting, there were discussions "about the project of the future Constitution and the interests of the community of believers in European countries, where they are in the majority, to see their identity and their specific contributions to the life of European societies respected."

      In addition, the Holy Father requested that the future Constitution recognize "the statute" enjoyed by communities of believers "by virtue of national legislations."

      Following his papal audience, Giscard d'Estaing, a former French president, met with Cardinal Angelo Sodano, Vatican secretary of state, and Archbishop=
      Jean-Louis Tauran, secretary for relations with states.

      The exclusion of the representatives of communities of believers from the European Convention, which began its working sessions at the end of last February, was lamented Jan. 10 by John Paul II in an address to the ambassadors accredited to the Vatican.

      Since then, on various occasions the Holy Father has expressed his "concern" and "distress" in seeing that the political and civil forum, initiated in February, falls into the "marginalization of religions, which have contributed and still contribute to the culture and humanism of which Europe feels itself legitimately proud."

      "I think that it is at the same time an injustice and an error of perspective," John Paul II said Sept. 2 when he received the new ambassador of Greece.

      "To recognize an undeniable historical fact does not at all mean to be unaware of the exigency of a just secularism of states and, therefore, of Europe," the Pontiff added.

      Giscard d'Estaing arrived in Rome for a two-day visit to present the first draft of a future European Constitution, unveiled publicly in Brussels last Monday. The European Convention is expected to hand its proposal to the heads of government of the European Union at the end of the first quarter of 2003.

      * * *

      Church Can't Be Silent in Face of Legal Euthanasia, Pope Says

      Receives New Belgian Ambassador

      VATICAN CITY, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- John Paul II warned about the dangers of euthanasia, when he received the new Belgian ambassador to the Vatican. Belgium is the second country, after the Netherlands, to legalize this type of killing.

      In his address today to career diplomat Benoit Cardon De Lichtbuer, 60, the=
      Pontiff said that man, "created by God and called to share in his divine life, has always been at the center of the Christian vision of the world and that this is why the Church respects and defends life."

      "How can she silence her great anxiety and reprobation in the face of laws recently voted on in different countries which legalize active euthanasia?" the Holy Father asked.

      "In a society, in which all too often it seems that only good health and profitability matter, it is necessary to see weak persons or those at the end of life with other eyes; in particular, by applying and developing palliative care for all patients whose situation calls for it," he added.

      This care "makes possible the relief of pain and supports in dignity those who are going to die," the Pope explained.

      "Recognition of the sacred character and the inviolability of every human person, conferred by the Creator, is, in fact, the only authentic defense against ever possible violation of their dignity," the Holy Father stressed.

      He added: "A society that would run the risk of challenging these principles, would expose itself to far graver dangers, in particular, to making the right of persons and fundamental values depend solely on consensus, which is ever changing."

      * * *

      Rome Officially Embraces John Paul II as One of Its Own

      1st Pope Proclaimed Honorary Citizen Since Italy Became a Republic

      VATICAN CITY, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- John Paul II became the first Pope to receive the distinction of honorary citizen of Rome since the creation of the Italian republic.

      The honor was conferred today in the Vatican by the mayor of Rome, Walter Veltroni, former Communist and former leader of the Party of Democrats of the Left, who was accompanied by a group of administrators and representatives of Roman institutions.

      "The Bishop of Rome is honored to be able to repeat today, with particular intensity of meaning, the words of the Apostle Paul: 'Civis romanus sum'" -- I am a Roman citizen -- a smiling Pope said, when he received his guests.

      During the ceremony, John Paul II recalled that he began to know and love the Eternal City in November 1946, when he arrived to study theology.

      "The affectionate bond which began then has been reinforced over the last 24 years, during which I have felt daily the closeness and warmth of Rome's citizens," he said.

      "Rome, heir to a thousand-year-old culture in which the fruitful seed of the proclamation of the Gospel has been sown, does not only contain treasures from the past that must be cared for," the Pope said. "It is conscious of having a fundamental duty to fulfill in the future at the service of mankind today and tomorrow."

      After mentioning that Rome is not lacking in problems, the Pontiff said: "Everyone must be committed to handing down to future generations the rich civil, moral and spiritual patrimony of Rome so that these new generations will be strengthened by it as they approach life with trust."

      "The Church will continue in this field, as it always has done, to carry out its duty, respecting each sphere, always seeking favorable agreements on specific topics and problems with civil authorities through sincere dialogue," he added.

      The Municipal Council agreed unanimously Oct. 17 to give John Paul II honorary Roman citizenship.

      During the ceremony, Mayor Veltroni explained that the Pope's relation with Rome "is real, concrete."

      "You have always combined the word with physical nearness, in a pilgrimage that has taken you through all the city's neighborhoods; crossing the threshold of Romans' homes and hospitals, sharing in the suffering of the sick, in particular, of children; visiting the dining halls of the poor, witnessing in the highest way the value of attention to the weakest, of Christian charity," Veltroni added.

      The mayor recalled the Pope's several visits to prisons, in one of which he offered forgiveness to his would-be assassin, Mehmet Ali Agca.

      John Paul II already has left his mark on Rome, including restoring of the ==eucharistic procession through the streets on the feast of Corpus Christi, a tradition that was lost with the unification of Italy.

      Mayor Veltroni also referred to the Pope's 1986 visit to Rome's synagogue.

      * * *

      Archives Will Show That Church Helped the Jews, Says Historian

      Father Pierre Blet Is Expert on Wartime Records

      ROME, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- The historian who best knows the Vatican secret archives regarding the Holy See's relations with the Nazi regime welcomed the news that the documents will be opened to the public.

      The announcement was made Tuesday by Cardinal Jorge María Mejía, librarian of the Holy Roman Church, who confirmed that, beginning Jan. 1, 2005, the Vatican will open this section of its archives.

      The cardinal also said that beginning in 2003, documents will be available for consultation relating to the apostolic nunciature in Germany, where Archbishop Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII, worked.

      Jesuit Father Pierre Blet is the only survivor of the four-member team of historians whom Pope Paul VI commissioned to study the Vatican secret archives and to publish the most important documents in 12 volumes ("Minutes and Documents of the Holy See Relating to the Second World War"). He said he believes the opening of the archives will help to throw light on what the Church did to help the Jews.

      French Father Blet, who worked with Jesuit priests Burkhart Schneider of Germany, Angelo Martini of Italy and Robert A. Graham of the United States, has dedicated almost all his life since the 1960s to studying these documents. The first volume of the "Minutes" was published in 1965; the last, in 1982.=

      "During the whole period of World War II, by specific order of Pope Pius XII, the Holy See took care of the refugees and of people suffering because of the conflict," the historian explained.

      "In order to do so, the Information Service was created ... [to gather] requests for help and to try to find relatives of people who disappeared during the war," he said. "Some 3.5 million forms were compiled by this office. This little-known work brought enormous benefits."

      All this information will soon be published on six CD-ROMs, as well as in an introductory volume and six books.

      "In particular, this work helped Jews. In the German section of the Office of Information there was a special division dedicated to them. This was due to the fact that requests arrived from many parts of the world to know the fate of those Jews who were still in Germany," Father Blet added.

      "Between 1941 and 1945, requests relating to Jewish persons numbered 102,026, while investigations concluded by the Vatican Office numbered 36,877," Father Blet explained.

      "The difference between the requests and the news transmitted is due to the fact that in Germany the normal means of investigation could not be used," he said. Had they been used, "the persons who were being investigated would have been exposed to an even greater risk," the priest continued.

      "Despite this, in 1943 it was possible to respond to 20,375 requests. In 1944 investigations became much more difficult," Father Blet revealed.

      "This editorial initiative is extremely interesting because it allows one to know an important part of the aid activities that the Church contributed to suffering peoples and at the same time shows the great willingness that exists on our part to make available all the information contained in the archives."

      * * *

      Religion's Double-Edged Effect on Sudan

      Conclusions of Book Written on Troubled Nation

      ROME, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- Religion has played a key part in the historical conflicts of Sudan, but at the same time it could be an instrument to resolve them.

      This is the conclusion of professor Richard Gray of the University of London, co-editor of the book "Religion and Conflict in Sudan" (Paulines), which is a collection of addresses given during a conference on Sudan at Yale University. The book was presented Tuesday in Rome at the headquarters of the Pontifical Institute of Arabic and Islamic Studies.

      Basically, the authors of the book study the influence of religion and the impact of the civil war on religious communities, whether Christian, Muslim or traditional native creeds.

      The talks were given at Yale in May 1999. Co-editor Yusuf Fadl Hassan, vice-chancellor of the University of Khartoum, wrote a chapter on the role of religion in conflicts, with special emphasis on Islam.

      Gray, professor emeritus of African history at London University, told ZENIT that Sudan was a "tolerant" country, but this tolerance has gradually given=
      way to a lack of dialogue and an obstacle for the normal life of Christians and other communities.

      It "is true that in some cases ideologies based on religion have explained and legitimized conflicts," Gray said. But religion is not the only element that explains the current war, he insisted.

      Nor are Christians the only ones hurt by the system, says Archbishop Michael Fitzgerald. The archbishop, who is the new president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, said he believes that Muslims also suffer the intolerance of political authorities.

      Archbishop Fitzgerald suggested that the book's title be changed to "Religion and the Resolution of Conflicts in Sudan," referring to the capacity of religion to resolve and pacify conflicts.

      Lillian Craig Harris, another contributor to the book, speaks about the possibilities for forgiveness and dialogue. This author lived in Sudan for four years as the wife of the British ambassador. She was successful in bringing together a network of Muslim and Christian Sudanese women.

      Father Michael Ayuso of the Missionaries of Africa (the White Fathers), who knows Sudan very well, explained that the conflict is destroying the country and that "religion has been used to promote non-religious objectives."

      Father Justo Lacunza, president of Pontifical Institute of Arabic and Islamic Studies, refers to religion as a possible means to reconcile a country in need of peace.

      Since independence, this African country -- the largest in terms of size -- has been lacerated by civil wars. More than 100 languages are spoken in Sudan, a country where three great religions and hundreds of ethnic groups coexist.

      United by the Nile but separated by history and very different cultures, Sudan enjoyed peace only from 1972 to 1982. Since then, a powerful Islamization of the country, a marked division between the North and the South, as well as oil, hydraulic and other problems have turned it into the country with the longest war in the African continent.

      The South, where Christians and animists live, is the most damaged area. Under a recent agreement between the Khartoum government and the Sudanese Popular Liberation Army rebels, food aid will be allowed in the area at least until December.

      * * *

      OAS Official Praises Bishops' Role in Venezuela

      Sees Conference as Moderating Factor in Country

      CARACAS, Venezuela, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- An official of the Organization of American States called the Venezuelan Catholic bishops' conference "an enormous factor of moderation and mediation" in this troubled country.

      Representatives of the bishops' conference (CEV) met Tuesday with César Gaviria, secretary-general of OAS, to explore ways to resolve peacefully the political tensions gripping Venezuela.

      At the end of the almost two-hour meeting, held at the episcopate's headquarters, Gaviria said "the CEV is an enormous factor of moderation and mediation, to which at some time or another all sectors of society turn because they are aware of its straight conduct."

      For his part, Archbishop Baltazar Porras of Merida, president of the episcopal conference, recalled the Church's traditional position of neutrality on political questions, and encouraged Venezuelans to have confidence in Gaviria's peace mission.

      "This is an opportunity and we would be facing a far more conflictive situation,
      with possibilities of violence, if we bet on the failure of this mission," the archbishop said.

      The meeting examined the possibility of early elections. Archbishop Porras explained in this regard that "all sides must give way, but the government is the one that has more responsibility and power."

      The OAS secretary-general said that he is consulting with the government and the democratic coordinator about establishing a series of "working tables," to begin talks aimed at ending the political crisis.

      Meanwhile, the Associated Press reported that Venezuela's government and opposition hardened their positions over an early vote on Hugo Chávez's presidency, threatening to spoil the OAS peace mission.

      Carlos Ortega, head of the Venezuelan Workers Confederation, said that labor, business and opposition groups could call an indefinite general strike if Chávez ignores their demand for a nonbinding December referendum on his rule, AP reported.

      * * *

      Why Now Is the Time for a Dogma of Mary Co-redemptrix

      According to Mark Miravalle, President of Vox Populi

      STEUBENVILLE, Ohio, OCT. 31, 2002 (Zenit.org).- The Pope's new apostolic letter "Rosarium Virginis Mariae" (The Rosary of the Virgin Mary) has rekindled interest in Our Lady's role in the life of Christ and in salvation history.

      Mark Miravalle, a leading proponent for having Mary declared Co-redemptrix,=
      offered his views with ZENIT. Miravalle is professor of theology and Mariology at Franciscan University of Steubenville and president of Vox Populi Mariae Mediatrici.

      ZENIT: Why do you think the title of Mary Co-redemptrix is a legitimate Marian title within the Church?

      Miravalle: The Marian title "Co-redemptrix" refers to the unique participation of Mary in the work of our redemption accomplished by Jesus Christ. The prefix "co" comes from the Latin word "cum," which means "with" and "not equal to."

      The term as used by the Church never places Mary on a level of equality with Jesus Christ, the divine redeemer. Yet the free and active human cooperation by the Mother of Jesus in redemption, particularly at the annunciation and at Calvary, is rightfully acknowledged by the papal magisterium and the teachings of the Second Vatican Council -- see "Lumen Gentium," Nos. 56, 57, 58 and 61 -- and becomes the pre-eminent example of how every Christian is called to become a "co-worker with God."

      Papal theologian Father Cottier, O.P., recently defended the title of Mary Co-redemptrix in the teachings of the Second Vatican Council in an international address for the Congregation of Clergy. Cardinal Schönborn, former secretary of the universal Catechism, is also an eloquent defender of the title, and one of the 550 bishops endorsing the papal definition of Mary Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix of all graces, and Advocate.

      Q: Has John Paul II ever called Mary the "Co-redemptrix"?

      Miravalle: Pope John Paul II has used the title of Co-redemptrix on at least six occasions in papal addresses, as did Pope Pius XI several times before him.=

      For example, in his homily at Guayaquil, Ecuador, in January 1985, John Paul stated that Mary was "crucified spiritually with her crucified Son" and that "her role as Co-redemptrix did not cease after the glorification of her Son."

      The repeated and consistent teachings of our Holy Father on Mary as Co-redemptrix in papal addresses and homilies is a manifestation of the mind and ordinary magisterium of the Pope that does call for our religious submission of will and intellect, according to Lumen Gentium, 25.

      The Second Vatican Council makes reference to papal allocutions on numerous occasions as doctrinal support for its conciliar conclusions. As papal addresses were recognized by the council as legitimate doctrinal sources, so John Paul's Marian magisterium should be recognized in the same way in this post-conciliar period.

      Sanctity bears strong witness to the title of Mary Co-redemptrix. St. Pio of Pietrelcina, St. Josemaría Escrivá, St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross -- Edith Stein, St. Leopold Mandic, Blessed Bartolo Longo and numerous other recently canonized saints and blesseds have used the title, along with St. Maximilian Kolbe.

      Mother Teresa of Calcutta was in a real sense one of the leaders in the cause for a dogmatic definition of Mary Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix of all graces. Sister Lucia, the Fatima visionary, has also underscored the role of Mary Co-redemptrix in her latest book, "Calls from the Message of Fatima," expounding upon Mary Co-redemptrix in six different sections.

      Q: What about the objection that Co-redemptrix is not a legitimate term because it is not in the language of Scripture and the Church Fathers?

      Miravalle: To object to the legitimacy of the title of Co-redemptrix is implicitly to criticize John Paul II, who, once again, has repeatedly used the title of Co-redemptrix. To use the language of Scripture and the Fathers as a criterion for legitimate Church terminology would be effectively to eliminate the Marian dogmatic titles of the Immaculate Conception and Assumption, as well as the term transubstantiation and even papal infallibility, as none of these dogmatic truths are described in the language of Scripture and the Fathers.

      It would be important to avoid any type of semi-primitivism which would preclude a legitimate development of doctrine or title because of the lack of its explicit presence in Scripture and the Fathers.

      Venerable Cardinal Newman answered Pusey regarding a similar objection by saying, "Why do you protest against Our Lady being called Co-redemptrix when you are ready to accept the immeasurably more glorious titles ascribed to her by the Fathers: Mother of God, Second Eve, Mother of All the Living, Mother of Life, Morning Star, Mystical New Heaven, Center of Orthodoxy, the all-undefiled Mother of Holiness, and the like?"

      Q: But would the papal definition of Mary Co-redemptrix hinder the important ecumenical mission of the Church?

      Miravalle: In the 1950s, Protestant theologians Miegge and Maury identified=
      Marian co-redemption as the fundamental issue of 20th-century Mariology. More recently, the Dombes ecumenical treatment on Mary noted that the omission of the titles of Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix of all graces at Vatican II for reasons of not offending Protestant Christians was not effective, since the doctrine of co-redemption and mediation remained a fundamental teaching of the council.

      It is time to be more straightforward with other Christian ecclesial bodies about Catholic doctrine on Marian co-redemption and mediation, and to articulate this truth with the greatest possible theological integrity and precision, while at the same time manifesting great sensitivity to those who do not share our Catholic vision. This would be the significant ecumenical benefit of a definition of Mary Co-redemptrix.

      The late Cardinal O'Connor of New York stated that a definition would greatly assist ecumenism because its precise articulation would assure other Christians that we do distinguish adequately between Mary's unique association with Christ and the redemptive power exercised by Christ alone. In "Ut Unum Sint," the Holy Father states that the Christian unity willed by God can only be attained by an acceptance of the full content of revealed truth, and prohibits any compromise of truth or doctrinal development for the sake of "facile agreement."

      This is why the person of John Paul II offers a particular rationale for the present opportuneness of a papal definition of Mary Co-redemptrix. This Pope possesses the true gift of being at the same time "fully ecumenical" and "fully Marian." Who better than John Paul II to strike the delicate balance between full dogmatic integrity and genuine ecumenical sensitivity regarding the formulation of a new Marian dogma? Does he not brilliantly portray this careful balance in "Rosarium Virginis Mariae"?

      At the beginning of the 1987 Marian Year, the Holy Father encouraged the preparatory commission to have more "trust in Mary for the mission of ecumenism." The same wisdom applies regarding a possible Marian dogma. The spiritual Mother of all peoples remains the Mother of Christian unity, not its obstacle.

      In regards to the Orthodox, our sister Churches, their generous liturgical celebration of the role of the Mother of God in our salvation is something for the Western Church to emulate and rediscover. Their common liturgical entreaty, "O Mother of God, save us," captures the heart of Mary's unique role in the salvific mission of her Son. In fact, Patriarch Bartholomew issued a 1998 Lenten encyclical on the role of the Mother of God in salvation, which went almost completely unnoticed in the West.

      The fact remains that the Orthodox Churches, as do Protestant ecclesial bodies, do not accept the office of papacy, and thereby could never logically be in favor of the exercise of a papal charism of infallibility from an office that they a priori reject. This is why to hold that until we receive the endorsement of Orthodox and Protestant authorities for a dogma, Marian or otherwise, the Pope should not declare a dogma, is philosophically and practically to eliminate entirely the charism of papal infallibility.

      Q: How many Catholic faithful have petitioned for this dogma, and do you see any relevance for the proclamation of this Marian dogma with the present world situation?

      Miravalle: In the last 10 years, about 7 million petitions from over 150 countries have been sent to the Holy See, along with the endorsements of 550 bishops and over 40 cardinals. This constitutes the largest petition drive per annum in the history of the Church.

      In light of the present world climate of war and rumors of war, I believe the proclamation of the dogma of Mary Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix of all graces and Advocate would be the means to release the full exercise of Our Lady's motherly intercessory role in bringing peace to a troubled world, in fulfillment of her Fatima promise that "in the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph ... and a period of peace will be granted to the world." God respects human freedom, and the papal proclamation would "free her" to exercise fully her saving roles for contemporary humanity.

      The recent promulgation of "Rosarium Virginis Mariae" and the gift of five new luminous mysteries reminds us that the Holy Father has a mind of his own regarding the Mother of God. I believe we should remain open-minded and obedient to the final discernment of this "Totus Tuus" Pope regarding the opportuneness of the papal definition of Mary Co-redemptrix.

      * * *


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      3. Today's Lectionary Readings Text

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      Monks of Adoration:

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      5. Polish Rosary Hour by the Conventual Franciscans

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      Then once inside click on

      Cause of Mama Gili as Servant of God (Part 1)

      Cause of Mama Gili as Servant of God (Part 2)

      Need a Miracle?

      Dolores Immacolata "Mama" Gili (1892-1985)


      The Mama Gili Guild was established several years ago to gather, collect, and publish information on Dolores Immacolata Gili (1892-1985) for an investigation into her cause as a Servant of God, as well as to promote her cause and to perpetuate her cult by directing prayer groups assembled in her honor. It has continuously enjoyed the ecclesiastical approval of Theodore Cardinal McCarrick, and the Most Reverend John Joseph Myers, Archbishop of Newark, New Jersey.

      Call or write today regarding favors granted through the intercession of Dolores Immacolata "Mama" Gili, or, for more information about the cause of her investigation for canonization to:

      Rev. Dante DiGirolamo, Director
      Mama Gili Guild
      P. O. Box 455
      Kearny, New Jersey 07032
      Phone (973) 412-1170
      Fax (973) 412-7011

      * * *


      When the Eucharistic host is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary, I offer you the crucified Body of Your dearly beloved Son, Jesus Christ, in reparation for all the sins committed against you and for the conversion and salvation of the whole world."

      When the Eucharistic chalice is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary, I offer you the precious Blood of Your dearly beloved Son, Jesus Christ, in reparation for all the sins committed against you and for the conversion and salvation of the whole world."

      * * *
      © Copyright 2002 John N. Lupia for Roman Catholic News
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