Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

Volume 2, No. 211

Expand Messages
  • John N. Lupia
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 1, 2002

      Volume 2, Issue 211
      WEDNESDAY 2 October 2002

      Feast of Guardian Angels

      * * *


      * * *

      • Once a Convert, Now the New Prefect at Divine Worship
      • Seasoned Envoy Taking the Reins at Justice and Peace
      • British Expert in Islam to Lead Catholic Dialogue with Other
      • Miracle Attributed to Mother Teresa Is Tentatively Recognized
      • In Venezuela, Attacks Mounting Against the Church
      • European Convention Urged to Remember the Role of
      • Khartoum Tightening Its Grip in Sudan

      * * *


      VATICAN CITY, OCT 1, 2002 (VIS) - On Sunday October 6, the
      27th Sunday in Ordinary time, John Paul II will celebrate the
      Eucharist at 10 a.m. in St. Peter's Square and will canonize
      Blessed Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer, founder of Opus Dei.
      On this occasion, we offer a biography of the new saint.

      Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer was born in Barbastro in 1902,
      in northeastern Spain, near the Pyrenees. The second of six
      siblings, he grew up in a cheerful family, acquiring the Christian
      faith from his parents and from school. He soon came to know
      suffering through the death of his three younger sisters and the
      bankruptcy of his father. In 1915, his family moved to Logroqo
      where his father had found a new job.

      In 1918, Josemaria realized that God wanted something of
      him. He understood that he must give himself completely to God
      and become a priest to better fulfill the divine will. He started his
      ecclesiastical studies in Logroqo and entered the diocesan
      seminary of Saragossa in 1922. He also pursued studies in Civil
      Law with the permission of his superiors. In 1925, he received
      the Sacrament of Ordination and started his pastoral ministry,
      dedicating himself completely to it. Meanwhile, he waited
      patiently to know what God's divine will was for him.

      In 1927 he moved to Madrid in order to obtain a Ph.D. in civil
      law. After his father's death in 1924, Josemaria became the
      head of the family, and as a result his mother and siblings
      moved with him. In the Spanish capital, he took on an intense
      pastoral work, serving especially the poor, the sick and children.
      At the same time, he supported himself and his family with other
      jobs, like teaching law courses. His priestly apostolate also
      extended to university students, artists, laborers and
      intellectuals. When these young men came into contact with the
      poor and sick attended by Josemaria, they grew in charity and
      solidarity and became more conscious of their social

      On October 2, 1928, during a spiritual retreat in Madrid, God
      showed Josemaria the light he had been waiting for and he
      founded Opus Dei or Work of God'. Its goal is to remind all those
      who are baptized that the Christian vocation is a call to holiness
      and apostolate, and to promote a personal commitment to follow
      Christ, to love the Church, and to search for holiness in ordinary
      life among men and women from all sectors of society. Since
      1928 Josemaria Escriva worked tirelessly at the foundational
      mission he had received, without considering himself an
      innovator or a reformer. He was convinced that the Holy Spirit
      continuously renovates the Church, which Opus Dei seeks to

      In 1930, with new foundational light, he saw that the mission
      confided to him by God must also include women.

      In 1934, the first edition of The Way was published, originally
      titled. It is the most widely read book of Josemaria Escriva, with
      some 4 million copies sold. He is also well known in spiritual
      literature for other titles such as "The Holy Rosary", "Christ Is
      Passing by", "Friends of God", "The Way of the Cross", "Furrow",
      "The Forge" and "In Love with the Church."

      The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was a considerable
      obstacle for the newborn foundation. Those were years of
      suffering for the Church and her faithful and the founder of Opus
      Dei also suffered personally. However, they were also years of
      spiritual growth and hope.

      In 1940, after the end of the civil war, he began to preach
      spiritual exercises to hundreds of priests in response to
      petitions from bishops throughout Spain. Meanwhile, under his
      leadership and encouragement, Opus Dei began to extend
      throughout the peninsula. With the Second World War
      (1939-1945), preparations to begin apostolic work in other
      European countries slowed down momentarily.

      In 1943, Josemaria saw the way for Opus Dei to have its own
      clergy, with priests incardinated in the Prelature. Thus the
      Priestly Society of the Holy Cross was founded. The priests,
      together with the lay faithful, belong fully to Opus Dei, forming an
      organic whole with mutual cooperation in the apostolate. This
      organic cooperation, has been confirmed and established by the
      Church in the juridical configuration of the Prelature.

      The Priestly Society of the Holy Cross, in collaboration with the
      bishops of the local Churches, also carries out activities of
      spiritual formation for diocesan priests and seminarians.

      Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer moved to Rome in 1946. From
      1945 to 1975, the apostolic work of Opus Dei started in some
      thirty countries, under his direct encouragement. Between 1946
      and 1950, the Work received successive pontifical approvals
      needed to serve better the universal Church and the local
      Churches. The members of Opus Dei worked actively, faithful to
      its fundamental elements which include the goal of holiness in
      ordinary life, serving the Church and the Roman Pontiff,
      secularity, love of personal freedom and responsibility, and
      respect for pluralism in political, social and cultural themes.

      From 1948 married women and men could also belong fully to
      Opus Dei, seeking holiness in their own circumstances. In 1950,
      the Holy See approved the admission of people belonging to
      other religions as cooperators. Thus, Christians from other
      confessions as well as members of other religions started to
      collaborate formally with the apostolic undertakings of Opus Dei.

      In the 1950's, Josemaria Escriva promoted many initiatives that
      would help meet different needs within society: professional
      training schools for men and women, technical schools for
      farmers, universities and schools, hospitals and clinics, etc.

      During the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), the Founder
      of Opus Dei met numerous Council Fathers and experts, who
      saw him as a forerunner of many of the master lines of the
      Second Vatican Council. Profoundly identified with the Council's
      teaching, he diligently fostered its implementation through the
      formative activities of Opus Dei all over the world. As a result of
      the deliberations of the Council, the Church's solemn
      Magisterium was to confirm fundamental aspects of the spirit of
      Opus Dei, such as the universal call to holiness, professional
      work as a means to holiness and apostolate, the value and
      lawful limits of Christian freedom in temporal affairs, and the
      Holy Mass as the center and root of the interior life.

      Between 1970 and 1975, he undertook long catechetical trips
      throughout Europe and America. There he had many
      get-togethers that were formative. He talked about God, the
      Sacraments, Christian devotions and the sanctification of work.

      Josemaria Escriva passed away in Rome on June 26, 1975.
      Shortly after his death, many faithful requested the Holy Father to
      open the cause for his beatification and canonization.

      On May 17, 1992, three hundred thousand people joyfully
      attended his beatification. The ceremony which was centered on
      the Eucharist was rich in symbolism with holiness as its theme.
      It was celebrated by Pope John Paul II and presided by an image
      of Our Lady, the Mater Ecclesiae. Christ, Our Lady and the Pope
      were Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer's three greatest loves and
      the purpose of his life and priestly ministry.

      For more information about Opus Dei, please consult the
      following web site: http://www.opusdei.org

      * * *


      VATICAN CITY, OCT 1, 2002 (VIS) - The Holy Father's general
      intention for the month of October is: "That Catechists may be
      sustained by the prayers and collaboration of parish
      communities for the successful accomplishment of the new

      The Holy Father's mission intention for the month of October is:
      "That missionaries, priests, religious and the laity may know
      how to announce Jesus Christ's love for the poor with courage."

      * * *

      Once a Convert, Now the New Prefect at Divine Worship

      Portrait of Cardinal Francis Arinze

      VATICAN CITY, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- John Paul II surprised
      many observers here with the appointment of Cardinal Francis
      Arinze as new prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship
      and the Sacraments.

      Born to a non-Christian family of the Ibo tribe of Nigeria, in a
      small town of the Archdiocese of Onitsha, Arinze converted to
      Catholicism at age 9. His mother converted when her son was a
      theology student, and his father joined the Church when his son
      was already a priest.

      At age 15, Francis Arinze began his secondary studies at the All
      Hallows ("All Saints") Seminary of Nuewi, studies which he
      concluded in 1950 at Enugu. He then taught at the same
      seminary until 1953, when he began philosophy studies at
      Bigard Memorial Seminary at Enugu.

      In 1955, he studied theology at the Pontifical Urban University in
      Rome. He was ordained a priest Nov. 23, 1958.

      From 1961-1962, he was professor of liturgy and also taught
      logic and philosophy at Bigard Memorial Seminary at Enugu. He
      was then appointed regional secretary for Catholic Education for
      the eastern part of the country. When transferred to London, he
      took courses at the Institute of Pedagogy, earning a diploma in

      On July 6, 1965, he was named coadjutor to the archbishop of
      Onitsha. He was consecrated bishop that Aug. 29. Two years
      later, he was entrusted with the pastoral government of the
      archdiocese and, on June 26, 1967, he was named archbishop.

      In 1979 his brother prelates elected him president of the
      Nigerian bishops' conference, a post he filled until 1984, when
      John Paul II asked him to head, as pro-president, the Secretariat
      for Non-Christians (now the Pontifical Council for Interreligious

      He was archbishop of Onitsha until April 1985, while awaiting
      the nomination of a successor. In addition, in 1982 he had been
      elected vice president for Africa of the United Bible Society. He
      was made a cardinal by John Paul II in the consistory of May 25,

      For the past 17 years he has been officially responsible for the
      Catholic Church's relations with other faiths and denominations
      (with the exception of Christianity and Judaism, which come
      under the jurisdiction of the Pontifical Council for Promoting
      Christian Unity).

      In 1998, he formed the Committee of Muslim-Catholic Dialogue.
      It comprised representatives of the Pontifical Council for
      Interreligious Dialogue and the Al-Azhar Permanent Committee
      for Dialogue with Monotheist Religions.

      The committee has published statements against racism and
      terrorist violence, and in favor of dialogue between believers of
      the two religions.

      The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments,
      which the cardinal will now head, oversees all that concerns the
      preparation and celebration of the Eucharist, and the other
      sacraments and sacramentals, as well as the Liturgy of the

      * * *

      Seasoned Envoy Taking the Reins at Justice and Peace

      Archbishop Martino Succeeds the Late Cardinal Nguyên Van

      VATICAN CITY, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- Archbishop Renato
      Martino, the newly appointed president of the Pontifical Council
      for Justice and Peace, has spent 40 years working in
      assignments around the world, including the United Nations.

      Named to the pontifical council by John Paul II today, the
      69-year-old archbishop succeeds Cardinal François Xavier
      Nguyên Van Thuân, who died Sept. 16.

      Over the past 16 years, Archbishop Martino has been Permanent
      Observer of the Vatican to the United Nations. He has
      participated in international conferences such as the 1992
      meeting in Rio de Janeiro on sustainable development; the
      1994 event in Cairo, on population and development; the 1995
      summit in Beijing, on women; and the recent Johannesburg
      conference, also on sustainable development.

      For the archbishop, the most memorable occasion over these
      years was John Paul II's visit to the United Nations in October

      After delivering his historic address, the Holy Father said to the
      archbishop as they were crossing a New York street: "I said it to

      "What did you say to them, Holiness?" Archbishop Martino

      "That Jesus Christ is our motivation," the Pope answered. "It is
      what we try to do each day in our work" at the United Nations.
      The archbishop recounted that story in a ZENIT interview
      published Jan. 9, 2000.

      Born in Salerno, Italy, Renato Martino holds a doctorate in canon
      law and has served in the diplomatic service of the Holy See
      since 1962. He has worked in Nicaragua, the Philippines,
      Lebanon, Canada and Brazil. He has also served as apostolic
      delegate to Singapore, Malaysia, Laos and Brunei, as well as
      apostolic pro-nuncio to Thailand and Singapore.

      The small Catholic community in Laos still remembers him for
      the visits he made in small boats on dangerous rivers,
      encouraging the rebirth of the sorely persecuted local Church.

      The archbishop has received four honorary doctorates and has
      been decorated by the governments of Italy, Portugal, Thailand,
      Argentina, Venezuela and Lebanon.

      The Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace was created by Paul
      VI in 1967 to "promote justice and peace in the world, in the light
      of the Gospel and of the social teaching of the Church," as John
      Paul II reiterated in 1988.

      The primary work of the council is to engage in action-oriented
      studies based on both the papal and episcopal social teaching
      of the Church. Through them, the council also contributes to the
      development of this teaching in the following vast fields:

      --Justice. The council is concerned with all that touches upon
      social justice, the world of work, international life, development in
      general and social development in particular. It also promotes
      ethical reflection on the evolution of economic and financial
      systems and addresses problems related to the environment
      and the responsible use of the earth's resources.

      --Peace. The council reflects on a broad range of questions
      related to war, disarmament and the arms trade, international
      security, and violence in its various and ever-changing forms
      (such as terrorism and exaggerated nationalism). It also
      considers the question of political systems and the role of
      Catholics in the political arena. It is responsible for the
      promotion of the World Day of Peace.

      --Human rights. The council deals with the subject from three
      perspectives: deepening the doctrinal aspect, dealing with
      questions under discussion in international organizations, and
      showing concern for the victims of human rights violations.

      * * *

      British Expert in Islam to Lead Catholic Dialogue with Other

      Bishop Michael Fitzgerald Named to Pontifical Council

      VATICAN CITY, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- In appointing the new
      president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue,
      John Paul II chose a renowned expert in Islam.

      Bishop Michael Louis Fitzgerald, the new president, is replacing
      Cardinal Francis Arinze, 69, who was appointed as prefect of the
      Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments.

      The British bishop, now archbishop, has been secretary of the
      pontifical council. He is one of the Church's top experts on
      relations with Islam.

      His formation is especially timely. Since Sept. 11, 2001, John
      Paul II has reiterated the importance of dialogue between
      civilizations and religions, particularly with Muslims.

      Born in Walsall, in the Archdiocese of Birmingham, England, on
      Aug. 17, 1937, Michael Fitzgerald entered the Congregation of
      the Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers) and was ordained a
      priest on Feb. 3, 1961. He was appointed secretary of the
      interreligious dialogue council in December 1991, and ordained
      a bishop by John Paul II on Jan. 6, 1992.

      The pontifical council was instituted by Pope Paul VI in 1964 to
      promote dialogue between believers of other religions, in
      keeping with the spirit of the Second Vatican Council, as
      reflected especially in "Nostra Aetate."

      The council has three fundamental tasks: to promote mutual
      understanding, respect and collaboration between Catholics
      and the followers of other religious traditions; to encourage the
      study of religions; and to promote the formation of persons
      dedicated to dialogue.

      (Relations with other Christians and with Jews are under the
      jurisdiction of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian
      Unity, which oversees the Commission for Religious Relations
      with Judaism.)

      The Council for Interreligious Dialogue, together with the
      Al-Azhar Permanent Committee for Dialogue with the Monotheist
      Religions, forms part of the Islamic-Catholic Dialogue
      Committee which promotes the dialogue between Christians
      and Muslims. Al-Azhar University, in Cairo, Egypt, is the most
      prestigious study and research center of the Islamic world.

      * * *

      Miracle Attributed to Mother Teresa Is Tentatively Recognized

      ROME, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- Vatican officials have tentatively
      recognized as authentic a miracle attributed to Mother Teresa of
      Calcutta, sources told ZENIT.

      The news came out of a meeting today of cardinals and bishops
      of the Vatican Congregation for Sainthood Causes.

      This recognition must still be formally approved in order to open
      the way for the beatification of the founder of the Missionaries of

      The official decree on the authenticity of the miracle could be
      signed by the Pope during next December's plenary assembly of
      the congregation. A beatification could then be scheduled,
      maybe as early as next spring.

      The miracle, one of many linked to Mother Teresa, is the cure of
      a young Indian woman who suffered from an abdominal tumor.
      Her cure was described earlier by a scientific commission as
      "scientifically inexplicable."

      Mother Teresa died Sept. 5, 1997. She was born to an Albanian
      family of Skopje in 1910. She was baptized Agnes Gonxha

      * * *

      In Venezuela, Attacks Mounting Against the Church

      Episcopate Will Brief the Vatican

      CARACAS, Venezuela, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- The president
      of the Venezuelan episcopal conference is poised to report to
      Vatican authorities personally on recent aggressions against
      Church representatives.

      "The Vatican is abreast of the country's situation, but the most
      recent incidents will be discussed there," Archbishop Baltazar
      Porras said Sunday, before traveling to Rome, according to
      press reports.

      The situation in Venezuela is getting worse, according to the
      archbishop. There is "no respect for persons or institutions;
      tolerance is" disappearing, he said.

      One recent attack was the attempt to kill Father Juan Manuel
      Fernández on Sept. 18. He and an acolyte were wounded by
      gunshots while they were traveling in a car. The archbishop
      complained that the crime is not being investigated.

      Last Wednesday, groups supporting President Hugo Chávez
      verbally attacked Archbishop Porras in the Legislative Council of
      the state of Merida, where his archdiocese is.

      Speaking to the press, Archbishop Porras said: "The deaths in
      Sur del Lago, the aggressions against the president of the
      Supreme Court of Justice, Ivan Rincón Urdaneta ... and to my
      person are evidence of the language of violence, irrationality,
      fanaticism and intolerance."

      Archbishop Porras announced that the national assembly of the
      bishops' conference will discuss the matter Oct. 17 and 18.

      "People feel anxiety over the general situation of the country
      where violence, poverty, hunger, fear, intimidation and unrest
      mount because of the absence of law and institutionalization,
      which fosters the flowering of anarchy," he said.

      "Given the climate of uncertainty and conflict, lack of social
      respect for persons and institutions, we are going down a path
      that does not help the coexistence of all Venezuelans to attain
      greater well-being," he said.

      Archbishop Porras said that this is the first time in the
      democratic era that the Church is the target of attacks. "During
      the era of the guerrillas, there were only verbal exchanges but it
      never led to attacks," he recalled.

      * * *

      European Convention Urged to Remember the Role of Religions

      Catholics Join Orthodox and Other Christians in Petition

      BRUSSELS, Belgium, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- The Catholic
      Church joined with Orthodox churches and Christian
      denominations to send a letter asking for due recognition in any
      future European Constitution.

      The letter, revealed to the press today, was dated Sept. 27 and
      sent to Valery Giscard d'Estaing, president of the European
      Convention, which is debating the Continent's institutional future.

      The letter was signed by Monsignor Noel Treanor,
      secretary-general of the Commission of Episcopal Conferences
      of the European Community (COMECE), and Keith Jenkins,
      associate secretary-general of the Conference of European

      In the letter, the groups ask that consideration be given to the
      contribution of various religious confessions to the making of

      They ask the convention to introduce the following statements in
      a future constitution: "The European Union recognizes and
      respects the right of Churches and Religious Communities to
      freely organize themselves in accordance with national law, their
      convictions and statutes, and to pursue their religious aims in
      the framework of fundamental rights."

      A second proposal states: "The European Union respects the
      specific identity and the contribution to public life of Churches
      and Religious Communities and maintains a structured
      dialogue with them."

      The letter also wants a third point included: "The European
      Union respects and does not prejudice the status under national
      law of Churches and Religious Communities in the Member
      States. The Union equally respects the status of philosophical
      and non-confessional organizations."

      The Conference of European Churches is a union of 127
      Orthodox, Anglican and Protestant churches and denominations
      of all European countries.

      COMECE is a commission of Catholic bishops of the EU
      member-states. Bishops of the episcopal conferences of the
      Czech Republic, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and
      Switzerland are associate members.

      * * *

      Khartoum Tightening Its Grip in Sudan

      Bans Humanitarian Flights into Besieged Area

      ROME, OCT. 1, 2002 (Zenit.org).- The Khartoum government's
      ban on humanitarian flights in southern Sudan threatens to bring
      widespread hunger to an area already suffering from military
      bombings, a Catholic bishop warns.

      Bishop Cesare Mazzolari of Rumbek appealed over Vatican
      Radio for assistance to Christians and animists in the area who
      have been suffering from a 20-year war that has caused 2
      million deaths.

      Peace talks between the government and the Sudanese
      People's Liberation Army were interrupted last month when the
      rebels conquered Torit.

      Because of "the bombings, everything is paralyzed in the
      southernmost area of Sudan," said Bishop Mazzolari. "We
      cannot go in to evacuate the people, and they cannot come out."

      "The Church continues to be persecuted in the north of Sudan,
      and many times the objects of these bombings are churches
      and works carried out by the Church, such as hospitals, schools,
      clinics," he added.

      "The principal cause of this war for all the contenders is oil, but
      there is also the attempt to Islamize and Arabize the people of
      southern Sudan by force," he added.

      Bishop Mazzolari appealed to the international community to
      resume humanitarian flights and to halt the bombings, which he
      labeled acts of "terrorism."

      * * *


      1. HOW TO USE LINKS -- RealPlayer

      Roman catholic News is very happy to announce new exciting
      links available to you, our fine subscribers. Some links require
      Realplayer a software program that allows you to see live
      television and hear audio recordings as well as listen to live
      radio. The software is free. To obtain your free copy go to EWTN
      Live TV and Radio on the link below and scroll down until you
      find the Download Free RealPlayer link and click it on.

      2. Live EWTN TV and Radio


      • Live EWTN TV - English • EWTN AM/FM RADIO
      • Live EWTN TV - Spanish • Catholic World Today Radio
      • Today's Homily (Video) • Audio of Today's Homily
      • Audio of Pope's Wednesday Audience • Radio Catolica Mundial
      • Audio of EWTN's The World Over • Mother Angelica Live (Video)
      • Audio Library • Life On The Rock (Video)
      • The Journey Home (Video) • EWTN Religious Catalogue (Video)

      Send EWTN donations online:

      * * *

      3. Today's Lectionary Readings Text

      * * *




      Monks of Adoration:

      * * *

      5. Polish Rosary Hour by the Conventual Franciscans

      * * *



      * * *


      * * *

      Then once inside click on

      Cause of Mama Gili as Servant of God (Part 1)

      Cause of Mama Gili as Servant of God (Part 2)

      Need a Miracle?

      Dolores Immacolata "Mama" Gili (1892-1985)


      The Mama Gili Guild was established several years ago to
      gather, collect, and publish information on Dolores Immacolata
      Gili (1892-1985) for an investigation into her cause as a Servant
      of God, as well as to promote her cause and to perpetuate her
      cult by directing prayer groups assembled in her honor. It has
      continuously enjoyed the ecclesiastical approval of Theodore
      Cardinal McCarrick, and the Most Reverend John Joseph Myers,
      Archbishop of Newark, New Jersey.

      Call or write today regarding favors granted through the
      intercession of Dolores Immacolata "Mama" Gili, or, for more
      information about the cause of her investigation for canonization to:

      Rev. Dante DiGirolamo, Director
      Mama Gili Guild
      P. O. Box 455
      Kearny, New Jersey 07032
      Phone (973) 412-1170
      Fax (973) 412-7011

      * * *


      When the Eucharistic host is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of
      Mary, I offer you the crucified Body of Your dearly beloved Son,
      Jesus Christ, in reparation for all the sins committed against you
      and for the conversion and salvation of the whole world."

      When the Eucharistic chalice is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of
      Mary, I offer you the precious Blood of Your dearly beloved Son,
      Jesus Christ, in reparation for all the sins committed against you
      and for the conversion and salvation of the whole world."

      * * *


      "during this important time, as the eve of the new millennium
      approaches unity among all Christians of the various
      confessions will increase until they reach full communion." John
      Paul II, Tertio Millennio Adveniente, 16

      "Keep close to the Mother of God as if you were the child Jesus
      clinging to her robes while walking down a dusty and busy
      crowded street and you'll always be safe."

      * * *
      © Copyright 2002 John N. Lupia for Roman Catholic News
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.