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Volume 1, Number 14 A

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  • John N. Lupia
    Roman Catholic News Volume One, Issue Fourteen A Tuesday, 2 October, 2001 Twenty-Sixth Week in Ordinary Time Feast of the Holy Angels * * * THIRD GENERAL
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 2 2:32 PM
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      Roman Catholic News

      Volume One, Issue Fourteen A

      Tuesday, 2 October, 2001

      Twenty-Sixth Week in Ordinary Time

      "Feast of the Holy Angels"

      * * *

      VATICAN CITY, OCT 2, 2001 (VIS) - The Third General Congregation of the
      10th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops began at 9 a.m. in
      the Synod Hall, in the presence of John Paul II and 247 synod fathers. The
      president delegate on duty was Cardinal Bernard Agre, archbishop of
      Abidjan, Ivory Coast. The meeting adjourned at 12:25 p.m.

      ?Following are excerpts from some of the talks given this morning:

      EPISCOPAL CONFERENCE. "Vatican Council II proposed episcopal collegiality
      as an authentic form of the exercise of the episcopal ministry together
      with the Successor of Peter. Great steps forward have been made.
      Nevertheless, it is possible to improve the way of putting collegiality
      into practice and of living the collegial spirit or love. ... It seems to
      me that the central point of reflection regarding Episcopal Conferences in
      'Apostolos suos' and in the Instrumentum laboris is the theme of their
      power. ... The point is that the Episcopal Conferences must be 'the home
      and school of communion'. ... It is necessary, above all, that these same
      potentials are manifested in the regular relations between the Episcopal
      Conferences and the See of Peter and not only in relations with each
      bishop. The central point of the interpretation of the Episcopal
      Conferences must be shifted from power - yet without negating or minimizing
      it - to communion. ... I submit to the attention of the Pope, if he deems
      appropriate, that the synodal assembly itself expresses its conclusions in
      a final text, remembering that the Pope can pronounce a directing word at
      any time during the deliberations. The text would be less organized and
      less complete, but it would represent the clearest fruit of the
      collegiality of the bishops with the Pope. Waiting for the document
      diminishes enthusiasm. ... As already done many times, it seems opportune
      that the Episcopal Conference organizes meetings collegially with the
      dicastery in order to better analyze the challenges in different fields of
      pastoral care and draw already from this dialogue on directives."

      BISHOP NIKOL JOSEPH CAUCHI OF GOZO, MALTA. "It is known that the Church in
      every time and in every situation has a triple role in society which
      consists in: (1) announcing the truth about the dignity and the rights of
      man, (2) denouncing the existing unjust situations and (3) contributing to
      the realization of positive changes to society. The Encyclical 'Sollecitudo
      Rei Socialis', number 41, says that 'The condemnation of evils and
      injustices is also part of that ministry of evangelization in the social
      field which is an aspect of the Church's prophetic role. But it should be
      made clear that proclamation is always more important than condemnation'.
      The Encyclical continues saying that 'The teaching and spreading of her
      social doctrine are part of the Church's evangelizing mission', and
      therefore is also one of the Bishops'. If it is true that with their
      teaching the bishops should guide the moral conduct of the individuals
      entrusted to them, it follows that they must also support them in favor of
      'the commitment to justice'."

      recognize that we Bishops need each other, we cannot achieve our mission in
      an isolated way. However, we need each other not only to share our projects
      and pastoral plans but also to recreate a spirit of the Apostolic College
      in a human and spiritual dimension. We must humbly accept that bishops need
      permanent formation in order to revive the gift of God which was entrusted
      to us in Episcopal Ordination. If all the members of the Church require
      this, there is even more reason for us bishops to take care of our
      permanent formation with special commitment."

      EDUCATION. "It would be useful to underline the bishops' responsibility in
      having the right formators in seminaries, who can be distinguished by their
      excellent priestly and human virtues, for their faithfulness to the
      Magisterium of the Church, for their pastoral fervor and for their
      continuous updating. We should also recall the necessity of safekeeping the
      specific configuration of the seminary, as an institution that truly forms
      priests, that acknowledges their identity, their own spirituality, their
      own responsibility, their high and irreplaceable mission. Closely linked to
      the preparation of priests and inserted in the 'munus docendi' of the
      bishop is, without a doubt, the obligation to promote priestly vocations.
      Success depends on various factors connected between each other. However, I
      do think that in the first place one must place the emphasis on teaching
      the identity of the ministerial priesthood, his specific irreplaceable and
      important role in the Church."

      national and regional conferences of bishops are indispensable as servants
      of communion between the bishops of the particular churches and the
      Universal Church. ... "All of these activities imply a teaching dimension
      of the ministry of the bishops involved in the communion of the Bishops'
      Conference. Therefore, I propose that the propositions we present to the
      Holy Father include a request that, continuing the reflections begun by
      'Apostolos suos,' there be a more profound study of the role of Episcopal
      Conferences in support of the ?ommunion of the Church, a study which would
      also deepen our understanding of the specific task of the Conferences in
      teaching the Catholic faith to God's people in our day."

      "The worsening of the religious situation in the world makes the life of
      Christians in the land of Islam particularly dramatic. ... In this context,
      an urgent mission is entrusted to the bishop - being a promoter of
      dialogue. ... The bishop thus has the commitment to be visible and help the
      faithful to free themselves from ignorance and prejudice towards others, to
      clear religious discourse from any tension generating aggression, to
      encourage the faithful to attach themselves to their land, to their country
      and to accede to state institutions for the safeguarding of the rights of
      individuals and the community. In this way Christians and Muslims can ease
      tensions and conflicts for a life of cooperation at the service of humanity."

      many reasons and because of the pressures put on him, a bishop may hesitate
      or become faint-hearted in exercising the office of teaching and in
      correcting error. If he is faithful to his responsibilities he will
      inevitably become the target of much criticism and, even at times, ridicule
      from people both within and outside the Church. We must be prepared to
      follow in the footsteps of Peter, Paul, the Apostles, and the great bishops
      who have preceded us. ... How often, because of sloth or timidity, have we
      failed to proclaim the truth about Christ and the truth about the human
      condition. This synodal assembly is, in itself, a God-given opportunity - a
      moment of grace - to examine ourselves anew. For us bishops, as well as for
      those we serve, confession is good for the soul."

      * * *


      VATICAN CITY, SEP 30, 2001 (VIS) - At 9:30 this morning, in St.
      Peter's Basilica, the Pope presided over the solemn Eucharistic
      celebration with the synodal fathers, for the inauguration of the
      10th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, which
      will be held from September 30 to October 27, on the theme:
      "The Bishop: Servant of the Gospel of Jesus Christ for the Hope
      of the World."

      At the beginning of his homily, John Paul II recalled the "very
      symbolic gesture" with which he inaugurated the Great Jubilee:
      crossing the threshold of the Holy Door with the Book of Gospels
      in his hands. "In it," he said, "in some way, we can find the entire
      content of the synod we are inaugurating today."

      John Paul II emphasized that the evangelical beatitude of poverty
      proposed in today's liturgy "is a precious message for the
      synodal assembly. ... We are asked to verify to what point in the
      Church the personal and community conversion has achieved
      an effective evangelical poverty."

      As bishops, the Pope continued, we are called to be "prophets
      that underline with courage the social sins tied to consumerism,
      to hedonism, to an economy that produces an unacceptable gap
      between luxury and misery. ... In every age, the Church has
      shown solidarity with the least, and has had Shepherd saints
      who sided, like intrepid apostles of charity, with the poor.

      "But for the Shepherds' Word to be credible," the Pope added,
      "they must give proof of a conduct detached from private
      interests and attentive towards the weaker ones. They must give
      an example to the community entrusted to them, teaching and
      supporting that ensemble of principles of solidarity and social
      justice that make up the social doctrine of the Church."

      The Pope concluded his homily encouraging the bishops with
      the words "'Duc in altum - Put out into the deep'. ... As arduous
      and tiring a mission as this may be, we must not become
      discouraged. With Peter and with the first disciples we too
      trustingly renew our sincere profession of faith: Lord, 'at Your
      Word I will let down the nets!' At Your Word, O Christ, we wish to
      serve Your Gospel for the hope of the world!"

      * * *


      VATICAN CITY, SEPT. 30, 2001 (VIS) - After this morning's Mass
      which was celebrated to signal the opening of the Synod of
      Bishops, the Pope appeared at his study window to pray the
      Angelus and ask everyone to pray the rosary for peace in the

      After reminding the audience that "October is the month in which
      Mary Most Holy, Queen of the Holy Rosary, is venerated," he said,
      "Within the current international context, I invite all - individuals,
      families, communities - to pray this Marian prayer, possibly every
      day, for peace, so that the world can be preserved from the
      wicked scourge of terrorism.

      "The terrible tragedy of September 11th," he said,"will be
      remembered as a dark day in the history of humanity. In the face
      of this, the Church tries to be faithful to her prophetic charism
      and remind all men about their duty to build a future of peace for
      the human family. Certainly, peace is not separated from justice,
      but it must be nourished by mercy and love.

      "We cannot forget that Jews, Christians and Muslims adore God
      as the only God. The three religions, therefore, have the vocation
      of unity and peace. May God allow the Church's faithful to be
      agents of peace, in the front line of the search for justice, and the
      prohibition of violence. May the Virgin Mary, Queen of Peace,
      intercede for all humanity, so that hate and death never have the
      last word!"

      * * *


      VATICAN CITY, OCT 1, 2001 (VIS) - Before the opening of the
      First General Congregation of the 10th Ordinary General
      Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, which took place this
      morning, John Paul II blessed the new Chapel of the Synod. After
      the singing of Psalm 26, the Holy Father lit a lamp with a light
      from the Well of St. Gregory the Illuminator, given to him by the
      Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of all Armenians, Karekin II,
      at the conclusion of his trip to Armenia on September 27. The
      Assembly then began at 9 a.m. with the singing of "Veni Creator
      Spiritus" and a brief discourse by John Paul II.

      After a brief greeting by President Delegate Cardinal Giovanni
      Battista Re, the Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops,
      Cardinal Jan Pieter Schotte, C.I.C.M., reviewed the activity of the
      Council of the Secretary General since the preceding assembly.

      Relator General Cardinal Edward Michael Egan, archbishop of
      New York, U.S.A., then gave an overview of the responsibilities of
      the bishop, excerpts of which we offer below:

      "In seeking to decide how best to address the subject assigned
      to us in this Assembly, one cannot help but notice how frequently
      the classic munera of the bishop as teacher, sanctifier and
      shepherd are mentioned both in the Apostolic Exhortations of the
      Holy Father that followed previous Assemblies and in the
      Lineamenta and Instrumentum Laboris of this one. Accordingly,
      it seems quite fitting to adopt this division of duties as the basic
      outline of our Relatio Ante Disceptationem, beginning with the
      bishop as teacher of his flock."

      "The responsibilities of the bishop as a doctor veritatis in the
      Church, however, reach far beyond his own individual efforts. ...
      Each successor of the Apostles must also associate with
      himself as many fellow preachers, evangelizers, instructors and
      catechists as he can possibly assemble. ... His guidance in this
      regard is especially needed by teachers of Religion in Catholic
      elementary and secondary schools; by catechists in work with
      converts and in diocesan and parish programs for children,
      youth and adults; and by professors of Theology on the university

      "This can be a daunting task, one that calls for both prudence,
      tact and a fortitude that comes from the Holy Spirit. ... As teachers
      of the faith, however, it is imperative that we not neglect another
      crucially important ally in our announcing of the Gospel, namely,
      parents. They are the first teachers of the faith. No one can instill
      it, no one can nourish it as effectively as they. A bishop should
      therefore seize every opportunity to assist parents, particularly on
      the parish level, to learn their faith in depth and to pass it on with

      "Finally, to be truly powerful teachers of the faith, the bishop
      needs most importantly to work with the priests and deacons of
      his diocese. ... The essential pre-requisite for this is, of course,
      excellent seminary education for his priests and excellent
      programs of theological and spiritual training for his permanent
      deacons. ... He needs to know who is intellectually and spiritually
      forming his future clergy, what they are teaching, and whether
      they are performing their assigned tasks."

      "All of which brings us to another essential duty in our ministry
      as sanctifiers of the faithful fi that, namely, of seeing to it that the
      liturgies in our churches and chapels are in harmony with the
      norms and practice of the Church and carried out in a spirit of
      true devotion. ... The munus regendi of a bishop is unique
      among all of the expressions of leadership in the world. ... To
      measure up to all of this, the bishop needs, above all else,
      holiness of life. ... He must avail himself of the many powerful
      means of sanctification which the Church provides to all of her
      children, among them, the Mass ... the Sacrament of Penance or
      Reconciliation ... meditation on Sacred Scripture and the writings
      of the Fathers, Doctors and great theologians of the Church."

      "As shepherd of his people, the bishop must also be a supporter
      and coordinator of the works of his clergy, those of his diocese in
      consecrated life and the committed laity as well. ... Accordingly,
      to the extent possible, there should be in our dioceses a
      well-trained curia to advise and assist parishes and diocesan

      "Likewise, in carrying out this munus regendi, the bishop has to
      be deeply concerned about the condition and initiatives of his
      parishes. ... It is essential that the bishop be present to his
      parishes as a loving father, priest and friend. ... The bishop who
      is truly a shepherd-servant in his diocese must also give to
      consecrated men and women in their parishes and institutions
      sincere respect and genuine support. ... Finally, authentic
      episcopal leadership in our day necessitates as well that the
      bishop be open to and supportive of the new ecclesial
      communities and groups which are springing up throughout the
      Church with immense promise for spiritual good. ... When
      guided with fairness and understanding, they can provide great
      benefit to the local Church, alerting it to new insights into the
      Gospel message and reminding it of ideals and values that may
      need to be revived or strengthened."

      "The bishop in our time must likewise lead in the twin areas of
      poverty and peace. The two go hand-in-hand. For where misery
      caused by injustice and hardness of heart prevails, conflict is to
      be expected. ... Furthermore, in those regions of the world where
      a measure of prosperity is to be found, the bishop is additionally
      required to remind his people in clearest terms of their
      obligations to the poor and destitute beyond the boundaries of
      their diocese or nation."

      "In this context, the issue of globalization immediately comes to
      mind. ... (It) can be an opportunity for the bishop to evangelize,
      proclaiming the Gospel message of justice and compassion.
      Borrowing the formula of our Holy Father, we must continually
      and urgently strive for a 'globalization in solidarity,' one that
      responds to the needs of all peoples fi rich and poor alike fi
      honorably, generously and nobly. Intimately bound up with
      poverty, peace and globalization is another critically important
      matter begging for episcopal leadership in our day fi the mass
      movements of men, women and children seeking to escape
      wars, civil strife, misery and disease. This phenomenon can
      easily evoke attitudes ... in opposition to the basic human rights
      of immigrants and refugees ... which are altogether incompatible
      with the Gospel of compassion preached by the Son of God. ...
      Against all such, the successors of the Apostles may not
      hesitate even for a moment. Our hopes here and hereafter
      reside with a God Who warned us in the plainest of language
      that He is often hidden behind the mask of a 'stranger' who cries
      out to be fed, clothed and welcomed.

      "All of these issues of social justice render us ever more
      sensitive to certain evil and growing practices in our time which
      violate the most elementary of human rights, the right to life. ...
      We spoke and struggled against abortion, euthanasia and
      capital punishment. ... Now ... we renew our resolve to defend life
      in its every phase as a blessing from God."

      "One last challenge to the leadership of bishops ... is dialogue.
      ... Dialogue with adherents of other world religions has become
      a key factor in the current life of the Church. It presumes
      knowledge of and sympathy for their values and beliefs, a
      willingness to share insights and understandings and a sincere
      desire to cooperate in worthy causes of all kinds. ... Always,
      however, the bishop must keep in mind that no cloaking or
      compromising of the essentials of the Catholic faith may ever be

      * * *

      Embrace Poverty, Pope Urges as Synod of Bishops Opens

      An Indispensable Requirement for Proclaiming Gospel, He Says

      VATICAN CITY, SEPT. 30, 2001 (Zenit.org).- John Paul II today
      inaugurated the 10th General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops
      with an urgent call to poverty, so that the bishops become
      heralds of the salvation of Christ.

      "Indeed, poverty is an essential feature of Jesus« person and of
      his mystery of salvation, and it represents one of the
      indispensable requirements so that the proclamation of the
      Gospel will be heard and accepted by humanity today," the Pope

      He concelebrated Mass in St. Peter«s Basilica with the synod«s
      participants, including 55 cardinals, seven patriarchs, 70
      archbishops, 106 bishops and 10 priests. All the world«s 112
      bishops« conferences are represented at the synod.

      The synod, which ends Oct. 27, will focus on the role of the
      bishop. It is the culmination of a series of synods since the
      Second Vatican Council analyzing ministries and states of life in
      the Church.

      During the homily, the Pontiff asked the bishops to make an
      examination of conscience "on our attitude toward earthly goods,
      especially the use made of them."

      "We are asked to verify to what degree there is personal and
      communal conversion in the Church connected to effective
      evangelical poverty," John Paul II said.

      "The way of poverty will help us transmit the fruits of salvation to
      our contemporaries," he stressed. "Therefore, as bishops, we
      are called to be poor in the service of the Gospel."

      Bishops must be "servants of the revealed Word who,
      denouncing abuses, raise their voice when necessary in
      defense of the last," the Pontiff said.

      Today, bishops must be "prophets who courageously manifest
      social sins connected to consumerism, hedonism, an economy
      that produces an unacceptable division between luxury and
      misery," John Paul II emphasized.

      The key to accomplish the above is that bishops teach and
      support "that ensemble of principles of solidarity and social
      justice that make up the social doctrine of the Church," the Holy
      Father explained.

      However, poverty in the bishop«s life only has meaning if he is a
      "man of God," if his life and ministry are totally under divine
      lordship, and if they draw light and vigor from the unfathomable
      mystery of God," the Pope added.

      He added: "Episcopal ordination does not infuse the perfection
      of virtues: The bishop is called to follow his way of sanctification
      with greater intensity, in order to reach the stature of Christ, the
      perfect Man."

      John Paul II said that the bishop«s mission to teach, sanctify and
      govern is a "difficult and wearisome mission" and, because of
      this, might lead to discouragement.

      He reminded the world«s prelates, however, that their vocation is
      a call from Christ. The Pope concluded: "[We] want to serve his
      Gospel for the hope of the world!"

      * * *

      Religious Illiteracy Seen as a Key Challenge for Bishops

      Episcopal Office Is Foremost at Service of Gospel, Not Society,
      Says Cardinal

      VATICAN CITY, SEPT. 30, 2001 (Zenit.org).- Transmitting the faith
      in a religiously illiterate culture is the challenge facing the Synod
      of Bishops, says the assembly«s secretary-general.

      Belgian Cardinal Jan Schotte told reporters Saturday, "The
      assembly«s question will be, What kind of bishop does the
      Church need in the third millennium?"

      "The role of the bishop must be seen in relation to Jesus Christ,"
      he said. "To be his servant does not mean to be at the service of
      society, but at the service of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and in
      this way, by definition, the bishop becomes an evangelizer -- all
      this for the hope of the world."

      To illustrate this message, Cardinal Schotte mentioned the case
      of Cardinal Edward Michael Egan, archbishop of New York, who,
      10 minutes after the Sept. 11 attacks on the Twin Towers, went
      to the scene of the tragedy to administer the sacraments and be
      with the people.

      Cardinal Schotte emphasized that it is important that in the
      synod, which opened today, every bishop "express himself and
      speak about the work of his diocese." He said that 213 of the
      247 bishops present head dioceses.

      According to the Belgian cardinal, the answers to a pre-synod
      questionnaire sent by the assembly«s secretariat reveal "the
      importance for the bishop of the spiritual journey and formation."
      The questionnaire was sent to dioceses, episcopal conferences
      and religious congregations.

      "The bishops« primary concern is to see how it is possible to
      transmit the faith in today«s culture, and how it is possible to
      overcome the religious illiteracy of the members of the Church,"
      Cardinal Schotte added.

      He explained that special attention is being given to the
      regulation of the sessions, so that all bishops have the same
      opportunity to speak. All will have eight minutes to express their
      point of view, he said.

      "All the bishops are equal; the procedure does not leave room
      for «prime donne,« to use an expression borrowed from the
      opera," the cardinal confirmed.

      He noted that the synod, which opened today and runs until Oct.
      27, concludes the cycle of assemblies on ministries and states
      of life in the Church. Previous assemblies focused on the family
      (1980), the laity (1987), priests (1990) and consecrated life

      * * *

      Synods Since Vatican II

      Established in 1965 by Paul VI

      VATICAN CITY, SEPT. 30, 2001 (Zenit.org).- The term "synod"
      stems from two Greek words: "syn," which means "together,"
      and "hodos," which means "way," in other words, to "come
      together," to "walk together."

      The institution of the synod of bishops was established by Paul
      VI on Sept. 15, 1965, in keeping with the request of the Fathers of
      the Second Vatican Council, to maintain the collegial spirit
      fostered by the council.

      In synod assemblies, the Holy Father and the bishops generally
      discuss questions relating to the universal Church, although
      they can also address issues of local Churches. Usually the
      participants are representatives of the episcopate.

      The synod exercises its function primarily as a consultative body
      under the direct authority of the Pope. He convokes the synod;
      chooses the topic; designates its members; in general,
      presides over the assembly; and decides how to implement
      suggestions made by the bishops.

      There are three types of synod sessions: 1) ordinary general
      assemblies, which attend to matters concerning the whole
      Church; 2) extraordinary general assemblies, which address
      issues that need rapid resolution; 3) special assemblies, which
      focus on problems relating directly to specific Churches or

      The Holy Father is the president of the synod. There is also a
      secretary-general, assisted by an ordinary Council of the
      General Secretariat, composed of bishops.

      There have been 19 synods: nine ordinary, two extraordinary and
      eight special. The following is a list of all the synods held to date,
      and the documents stemming from them.

      Ordinary synods

      1. Revision of the Code of Canon Law (Sept. 29-Oct. 29, 1967).
      Documents: Institution of the International Theological
      Commission, and "Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis

      2. Ministerial Priesthood; Justice in the World (Sept. 30-Nov. 6,
      1971). Documents on Justice in the World and on the Ministerial

      3. Evangelization of the Contemporary World (Sept. 27-Oct. 26,
      1974). Documents: Declaration of Synodal Fathers, and Paul
      VI«s apostolic exhortation "Evangelii Nuntiandi."

      4. Catechesis in Our Time, Especially of Children and Youth
      (Sept. 30-Oct. 29, 1977). Document: John Paul II«s apostolic
      exhortation "Catechesi Tradendae."

      5. The Christian Family (Sept. 26-Oct. 25, 1980). Document:
      John Paul II«s apostolic exhortation "Familiaris Consortio."

      6. Reconciliation and Penance in the Pastoral Mission of the
      Church (Sept. 29-Oct. 20, 1983). Document: John Paul II«s
      apostolic exhortation "Reconciliatio et Paenitentia."

      7. Vocation and Mission of the Laity in the Church and in the
      World 20 Years after Vatican Council II (Oct. 1-30, 1987).
      Document: John Paul II«s apostolic exhortation "Christifedeles

      8. Formation of Priests in Contemporary Society (Oct. 1-28,
      1990). Document: John Paul II«s apostolic exhortation "Pastores
      Dabo Vobis."

      9. Consecrated Life and Its Function in the Church and in the
      World (Oct. 2-29, 1995). Document: John Paul II«s apostolic
      exhortation "Vita Consecrata."

      Extraordinary synods

      1. Cooperation of Episcopal Conferences with the Holy See and
      Among Themselves (Sept. 11-Oct. 28, 1968). Documents:
      Message to Priests and Final Declaration.

      2. Commemoration, Evaluation and Promotion of Vatican
      Council II on the 20th Anniversary of Its Conclusion (Nov. 25-Dec.
      8, 1985). Documents: Message to Christians and Final Report of
      the Synod.

      Special synods

      1. Special Synod of the Bishops of the Low Countries: The
      Church«s Pastoral Care in Holland in the Present Situation (Jan.
      14-31, 1980). Final document of the special synod.

      2. Special Assembly for Europe: We Are Witnesses of Christ
      Who Has Delivered Us (Nov. 28-Dec. 14, 1991).

      3. Synod of Bishops Special Assembly for Africa: Africa and Its
      Mission of Evangelization Toward the Year 2000: You Will Be My
      Witnesses (April 10-May 8, 1994). Document: apostolic
      exhortation "Ecclesia in Africa" (Sept. 14, 1995).

      4. Synod of Bishops Special Assembly for Lebanon: Christ Is
      Our Hope: Renewed by His Spirit, in Solidarity, We Witness to
      His Love (Nov. 26-Dec. 14, 1995). Document: apostolic
      exhortation "A New Hope for Lebanon (May 10, 1997).

      5. Synod of Bishops Special Assembly for America: Encounter
      with the Living Jesus Christ, the Way to Conversion, Communion
      and Solidarity in America (Nov. 16 to Dec. 12, 1997). Document:
      apostolic exhortation "Ecclesia in America" (Jan. 22, 1999).

      6. Synod of Bishops Special Assembly for Asia: Jesus Christ the
      Savior and His Mission of Love and Service in Asia: "That They
      May Have Life, and that They May Have It in Abundance" (April
      19-May 14, 1998). Document: apostolic exhortation "Ecclesia in
      Asia" (Nov. 6, 1999).

      7. Synod of Bishop Special Assembly for Oceania: Jesus Christ
      and the Peoples of Oceania: To Walk His Way, Tell His Truth,
      Live His Life (Nov. 22-Feb. 12, 1998).

      8. Synod of Bishops 2nd Special Assembly for Europe: Jesus
      Christ Living in His Church, Source of Hope for Europe (Oct.
      1-23, 1999).

      * * *


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      When the Eucharistic host is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of
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      When the Eucharistic chalice is elevated at Mass say:

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      Mary, I offer you the precious blood of your son Jesus Christ, in
      reparation for all the sins committed against you and for the
      conversion and salvation of the world."

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      "during this important time, as the eve of the new millennium
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