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Volume 2, No. 98

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  • jlupia2
    ROMAN CATHOLIC NEWS Volume 2, Issue 98 THURSDAY 2 May, 2002 * * * WEAR THE BROWN SCAPULAR OF OUR LADY OF MOUNT CARMEL AND PRAY THE ROSARY DAILY FOR THE
    Message 1 of 1 , May 2, 2002
      ROMAN CATHOLIC NEWS

      Volume 2, Issue 98
      THURSDAY 2 May, 2002

      * * *

      WEAR THE BROWN SCAPULAR OF OUR LADY OF MOUNT
      CARMEL AND PRAY THE ROSARY DAILY FOR THE
      CONVERSION OF THE WHOLE WORLD AND FOR CHURCH
      UNITY

      * * *

      INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • GENERAL AUDIENCE: POPE REQUESTS PRAYERS FOR THE
      UNEMPLOYED
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • SHOWING THE FACE OF CHRIST TO THE ILL AND
      SUFFERING
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • CONFESSION MUST BE FULL AND ABSOLUTION PERSONAL
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • APOSTOLIC LETTER ON CELEBRATION OF THE SACRAMENT
      OF PENANCE
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • PAPAL ENVOY TO MIDEAST RELEASES STATEMENT IN
      JERUSALEM
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • AUDIENCES
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • OTHER PONTIFICAL ACTS
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • CATALOGUE OF LINKS
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • HOW TO POST A QUESTION TO THE CATHOLIC REFERENCE
      DESK AND HOW TO SUBMIT AN ARTICLE FOR PUBLICATION
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • EUCHARISTIC PRAYER IN HONOR OF THE SORROWFUL
      HEART OF MARY
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • DAILY REMINDER
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • ROMAN CATHOLIC NEWS ARCHIVES
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------
      • COPYRIGHT NOTICES
      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      * * *

      GENERAL AUDIENCE: POPE REQUESTS PRAYERS FOR THE
      UNEMPLOYED

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - "Today, May 1, is Labor Day"
      said the Pope in today's general audience which was held in St.
      Peter's Square. "For us Christians, this occasion comes under
      the protection of St. Joseph the Worker."

      The fruit of work, said John Paul II, "is 'daily bread' which we
      invoke in the Our Father. It could be said that, in a certain sense,
      through work man becomes more human. This is why
      industriousness is a virtue. However, in order for
      industriousness to truly enable man to become more human, it
      must always be joined to the social order of work. Only in this
      way can we safeguard the inalienable dignity of the individual
      and the human and social value of work."

      The Holy Father recalled that today marks the beginning of "the
      month dedicated to the Virgin Mary," and he called for it to be "a
      month of intense prayer with Mary. This is the heartfelt wish that I
      have for each of you as I once again recommend that you recite
      the Rosary daily."

      "I invite you," he concluded, "to join me in praying for workers,
      especially those who are undergoing employment difficulties.
      Moreover, we cannot but intensify our trusting and incessant
      prayers for peace in the Holy Land where we hope that the Israeli
      and Palestinian people, both so dear to my heart, may return as
      soon as possible to a secure and serene coexistence. May this
      come about through the intercession of the Holy Virgin and her
      husband St. Joseph, guardian of the Redeemer."

      * * *

      SHOWING THE FACE OF CHRIST TO THE ILL AND SUFFERING

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - Participants in the Plenary
      Assembly of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Ministry of
      Health were welcomed by the Pope today. In his talk to them, he
      underscored the "broad and articulated pastoral activity that is
      undertaken at a world level in the field of health care with the
      stimulus and support of your dicastery."

      He noted that the assembly's objective is "how to better show
      the Face of Christ, in agony and in glory, illuminating with the
      Gospel the world of health, suffering and illness, sanctifying the
      sick and those in health care, and promoting the coordination of
      the pastoral ministry of health
      in the Church."

      "The new frontiers opened by the progress of the sciences of
      life and the applications that derive from them," said the Holy
      Father, "have placed an enormous power and responsibility in
      the hands of man. If the culture of death prevails, if in the fields of
      medicine and biomedical research men allow themselves to be
      conditioned by egotistical choices or promethean ambitions, it is
      inevitable that human dignity and life itself will be dangerously
      threatened. If, on the contrary, work in this important sector of
      health is marked by the culture of life, guided by an upright
      conscience, man will find valid answers to his deepest
      longings."

      Pointing to the "new and complex problems" facing the ministry
      of health care, the Pope urged the council to remain "faithful to its
      mission ... and always behave with respect for the life and dignity
      of the human
      being."

      * * *

      CONFESSION MUST BE FULL AND ABSOLUTION PERSONAL

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - Today in the Holy See Press
      Office, Cardinals Joseph Ratzinger and Jorge Arturo Medina
      Estevez and Archbishop Julian Herranz presented the Apostolic
      Letter In The Form Of Motu Proprio "Misericordia Dei" On Certain
      Aspects of the Celebration of the Sacrament of Penance.

      Cardinal Ratzinger, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine
      of the Faith, highlighted the personal nature of the Sacrament of
      Penance as underlined in the document. This means that both
      guilt and pardon "must be entirely personal." This aspect has
      become confused over the last few decades as recourse to
      collective absolution "came ever more frequently to be
      considered as a normal form of the Sacrament of Penance: an
      abuse that has contributed to the progressive disappearance of
      this Sacrament in some parts of the Church."

      The cardinal said that "the obligation of confession is instituted
      - as the Council of Trent says - by the Lord Himself and is
      constituted by the Sacrament, thus it is not left to the disposition
      of the Church. It is not, then, in the Church's power to substitute
      personal confession with general absolution."

      Cardinal Medina, prefect of the Congregation for Divine
      Worship and the Discipline of Sacraments, stressed that "the
      ministry of reconciliation is not a privilege or exercise of power, it
      is the expression of the pastoral responsibility that each bishop
      and priest assumed before God the day they were ordained. It is
      their dutiful service to their brothers and sisters."

      "The Motu Proprio 'Misericordia Dei' underlines the traditional
      teaching of Church doctrine according to which the only ordinary
      way to celebrate the Sacrament of Penance is that of a full
      confession of sins to a priest, followed by personal absolution.
      So-called 'collective' or 'general' absolutions are to be
      considered as extraordinary and exceptional, to be used only
      and exclusively when threatened by death or when it is physically
      or morally impossible to celebrate the Sacrament in the ordinary
      way."

      Archbishop Herranz, president of the Pontifical Council for
      Legislative Texts, indicated that this legislative document
      represents "an act of ecclesial governance that is not only
      judicious and timely but also fully responsive to John Paul II's
      Magisterium on the value of justice as a primary requirement of
      charity and, at the same time, as inseparable from mercy in the
      Church's legal code."

      Two dimensions are highlighted in the Motu Proprio: "The
      fundamental right of the faithful to receive from their pastors the
      Sacraments instituted by Christ," and the duty of the latter to
      "establish and secure the unfailing application of canonical and
      liturgical laws that ensure the valid and legal celebration of the
      Sacraments."

      Archbishop Herranz affirmed that the norms of this document
      concern "the only ordinary way" to receive divine forgiveness for
      grave sins, in other words "individual confession," and, secondly,
      the "extraordinary way to administer the Sacrament, in other
      words the absolution of a number of penitents together without
      prior individual confession," which must happen in only two
      cases: "imminent danger of death and cases of dire necessity."

      Finally, the archbishop recalled, the affirmation of the Pope that
      "what is written in the Motu Proprio is, by its nature, valid for the
      venerable Oriental Catholic Churches, in conformity with the
      respective Canons of their own Code."

      * * *

      APOSTOLIC LETTER ON CELEBRATION OF THE SACRAMENT
      OF PENANCE

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - Made public today was Pope
      John Paul II's Apostolic Letter in the Form of Motu Proprio
      'Misericordia Dei' on Certain Aspects of the Celebration of the
      Sacrament of Penance. In the Letter, dated April 7, Divine Mercy
      Sunday, the Pope affirmed: "I decree that everything I have set
      down in this Apostolic Letter issued Motu Proprio shall have full
      and lasting force and be observed from this day forth,
      notwithstanding any provisions to the contrary. All that I have
      decreed in this Letter is, by its nature, valid for the venerable
      Oriental Catholic Churches in conformity with the respective
      Canons of their own Code."

      Following are excerpts:

      "Through the centuries, the celebration of the Sacrament of
      Penance has developed in different forms, but it has always kept
      the same basic structure: it necessarily entails not only the
      action of the minister -only a Bishop or priest, who judges and
      absolves, tends and heals in the name of Christ - but also the
      actions of the penitent: contrition, confession and satisfaction."

      "In order that the minister of the Sacrament may know the
      dispositions of penitents with a view to granting or withholding
      absolution and imposing a suitable penance, it is necessary that
      the faithful, as well as being aware of the sins they have
      committed, of being sorry for them and resolved not to fall into
      them again, should also confess their sins. In this sense, the
      Council of Trent declared that it is necessary 'by divine decree to
      confess each and every mortal sin'. ... Since, therefore, the
      integral confession of serious sins is by divine decree a
      constitutive part of the Sacrament, it is in no way subject to the
      discretion of pastors (dispensation, interpretation, local
      customs, etc.)."

      "In the present circumstances of the care of souls and
      responding to the concerned requests of many Brothers in the
      Episcopate, I consider it useful to recall some of the canonical
      laws in force regarding the celebration of this Sacrament and
      clarify certain aspects of them. ... This seems especially
      necessary, given that in some places there has been a tendency
      to abandon individual confession and wrongly to resort to
      'general' or 'communal' absolution. In this case general
      absolution is no longer seen as an extraordinary means to be
      used in wholly exceptional situations."

      "Thus, after consultation with the Congregation for the Doctrine
      of the Faith, the Congregation for Divine Worship and the
      Discipline of the Sacraments, and the Pontifical Council for
      Legislative Texts, and after hearing the views of venerable
      Brother Cardinals in charge of the dicasteries of the Roman
      Curia, ... I decree the following:

      "1. Ordinaries are to remind all the ministers of the Sacrament of
      Penance that the universal law of the Church, applying Catholic
      doctrine in this area, has established that:

      "a) 'Individual and integral confession and absolution are the
      sole ordinary means by which the faithful, conscious of grave
      sin, are reconciled with God and the Church; only physical or
      moral impossibility excuses from such confession, in which
      case reconciliation can be obtained in other ways' (Can. 960).

      "b) Therefore, 'all those of whom it is required by virtue of their
      ministry in the care of souls are obliged to ensure that the
      confessions of the faithful entrusted to them are heard when they
      reasonably ask, and that they are given the opportunity to
      approach individual confession, on days and at times set down
      for their convenience'. (Can. 986, '1.)"

      "2. Local Ordinaries, and parish priests and rectors of churches
      and shrines, should periodically verify that the greatest possible
      provision is in fact being made for the faithful to confess their
      sins."

      "3. Since 'the faithful are obliged to confess, according to kind
      and number, all grave sins committed after Baptism of which
      they are conscious after careful examination and which have not
      yet been directly remitted by the Church's power of the keys, nor
      acknowledged in individual confession' (Can. 988, '1), any
      practice which restricts confession to a generic accusation of sin
      or of only one or two sins judged to be more important is to be
      reproved."

      "4. In the light of and within the framework of the above norms,
      the absolution of a number of penitents at once without previous
      confession, as envisaged by Can. 961 of the Code of Canon
      Law, is to be correctly understood and administered. Such
      absolution is in fact 'exceptional in character' and 'cannot be
      imparted in a general manner unless:

      "1. the danger of death is imminent and there is not time for the
      priest or priests to hear the confessions of the individual
      penitents;

      "2. a grave necessity exists, that is, when in light of the number
      of penitents a supply of confessors is not readily available to
      hear the confessions of individuals in an appropriate way within
      an appropriate time, so that the penitents would be deprived of
      sacramental grace or Holy Communion for a long time through
      no fault of their own; it is not considered sufficient necessity if
      confessors cannot be readily available only because of the great
      number of penitents, as can occur on the occasion of some
      great feast or pilgrimage'.

      "With reference to the case of grave necessity, the following
      clarification is made:

      "a) It refers to situations which are objectively exceptional, such
      as can occur in mission territories or in isolated communities of
      the faithful, where the priest can visit only once or very few times
      a year, or when war or weather conditions or similar factors
      permit.

      "b) The two conditions set down in the Canon to determine
      grave necessity are inseparable."

      "c) The first condition, the impossibility of hearing confessions
      'in an appropriate way' 'within an appropriate time', refers only to
      the time reasonably required for the elements of a valid and
      worthy celebration of the Sacrament."

      "d) The second condition calls for a prudential judgement in
      order to assess how long penitents can be deprived of
      sacramental grace for there to be a true impossibility as
      described in Can. 960, presuming that there is no imminent
      danger of death."

      "e) It is not acceptable to contrive or to allow the contrivance of
      situations of apparent grave necessity, ... still less because of
      penitents' preference for general absolution, as if this were a
      normal option equivalent to the two ordinary forms set out in the
      Ritual.

      "f) The large number of penitents gathered on the occasion of a
      great feast or pilgrimage, or for reasons of tourism or because of
      today's increased mobility of people, does not in itself constitute
      sufficient
      necessity.

      "5. Judgement as to whether there exist the conditions required
      by Can. 961,1, 2 is not a matter for the confessor but for 'the
      diocesan Bishop who can determine cases of such necessity in
      the light of criteria agreed upon with other members of the
      Episcopal Conference' (Can.961, '2).

      "6. Given the fundamental importance of full harmony among the
      Bishops' Conferences of the world in a matter so essential to the
      life of the Church, the various Conferences, observing Can. 455 '
      2 of the Code of Canon Law, shall send as soon as possible to
      the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the
      Sacraments the text of the norms which they intend to issue or
      update in the light of this Motu Proprio on the application of Can.
      961."

      "7. As regards the personal disposition of penitents, it should be
      reiterated that:

      "a) 'For the faithful to avail themselves validly of sacramental
      absolution given to many at one time, it is required that they not
      only be suitably disposed but also at the same time intend to
      confess individually the serious sins which at present cannot be
      so confessed' (Can. 962, 1).

      "b) As far as possible, including cases of imminent danger of
      death, there should be a preliminary exhortation to the faithful
      'that each person take care to make an act of contrition'
      (Can.962, '2).

      "c) It is clear that penitents living in a habitual state of serious
      sin and who do not intend to change their situation cannot validly
      receive absolution.

      "8. The obligation 'to confess serious sins at least once a year'
      (Can. 989) remains, and therefore 'a person who has had
      serious sins remitted by general absolution is to approach
      individual confession as soon as there is an opportunity to do so
      before receiving another general absolution, unless a just cause
      intervenes' (Can. 963).

      "9. Concerning the place and confessional for the celebration of
      the Sacrament, it should be remembered that:

      "a) 'the proper place to hear sacramental confessions is a
      church or an oratory' (Can. 964 '1) though it remains clear that
      pastoral reasons can justify celebrating the Sacrament in other
      places (Cf. Can. 964, '3).

      "b) confessionals are regulated by the norms issued by the
      respective Episcopal Conferences, who shall ensure that
      confessionals are located 'in an open area' and have 'a fixed
      grille', so as to permit the faithful and confessors themselves
      who may wish to make use of them to do so freely."

      * * *

      PAPAL ENVOY TO MIDEAST RELEASES STATEMENT IN
      JERUSALEM

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - The following declaration was
      released this morning in Jerusalem by Cardinal Roger
      Etchegaray, the Holy Father's envoy on a special mission to the
      Holy Land:

      "I am - simply - the envoy of Pope John Paul II whose only
      mission, which is spiritual, is to proclaim the Good News of
      Peace, Love and Mercy that was first proclaimed, after the
      Prophets, by Christ in this Holy Land, in this Holy City of
      Jerusalem.

      "I come, in the name of the Gospel, to place my small stone on
      the building-block of peace opened on this bloodied soil. I will
      apply myself in solidarity with all the Christian Churches.

      "I come in the name of John Paul II who resolutely never
      ceases to witness respect for and confidence in the two
      peoples, Israelis and Palestinians, both lacerated today but
      united by a deep aspiration to live in freedom, justice and
      security, to which they have a right.

      "I come to ask that everything be done to end the tragic
      situation in Bethlehem and that the Basilica of the Nativity be
      returned to God and to believers. Everything can be hoped for
      when each man believes in the other and follows the path of love
      and not violence.

      "I am also thinking of the political leaders of the Israelis and
      Palestinians. I have just been received by Moshe Katvaz,
      president of the State of Israel. I will be received this evening by
      Yasser Arafat, president of the Palestinian Authority. I pray for all
      those who have in their hands the destiny of these two peoples.

      "Shalom, Salam, peace is only built with the stones of a true
      dialogue."

      * * *

      AUDIENCES

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - The Holy Father today
      received in separate audiences five prelates from the Antilles
      Episcopal Conference, on their "ad limina" visit:

      - Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida, archbishop of Detroit, U.S.A.,
      and superior of the "sui iuris" mission of the Cayman Islands.
      - Archbishop Edgerton Roland Clarke of Kingston in Jamaica,
      Jamaica.
      - Archbishop Kelvin Edward Felix of Castries, Santa Lucia.
      - Archbishop Lawrence Aloysius Burke S.J., of Nassau,
      Bahamas.
      - Archbishop Edward Joseph Gilbert C.SS.R., of Port of Spain,
      Trinidad and Tobago.

      * * *

      OTHER PONTIFICAL ACTS

      VATICAN CITY, MAY 2, 2002 (VIS) - The Holy Father appointed:

      - As members of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the
      Discipline of the Sacraments: Cardinal Dario Castrillon Hoyos,
      prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, and Archbishop Luigi
      De Magistris, Major Pro-Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary.

      - As members of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints:
      Cardinals Ignace Moussa I Daoud, Jan Schotte C.I.C.M.,
      Agostino Cacciavillan and Sergio Sebastiani; Archbishops Luigi
      Dossena and Giovanni Coppa; Bishops Lino Fumagalli, Javier
      Echevarria Rodriguez, Jozef Zlatnansky and Franco Croci.

      - Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, archbishop of
      Westminster, England, as a member of the Pontifical Council for
      Culture.

      - Msgr. Carlo Pinto of the archdiocese of Naples, Italy, as a
      consultor of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the
      Discipline of Sacraments.

      * * *

      CATALOGUE OF LINKS

      1. HOW TO USE LINKS -- RealPlayer

      Roman catholic News is very happy to announce new exciting
      links available to you, our fine subscribers. Some links require
      Realplayer a software program that allows you to see live
      television and hear audio recordings as well as listen to live
      radio. The software is free. To obtain your free copy go to EWTN
      Live TV and Radio on the link below and scroll down until you
      find the Download Free RealPlayer link and click it on.


      2. Live EWTN TV and Radio
      http://www.ewtn.com/audiovideo/index.htm

      CONTAINS:

      • Live EWTN TV - English • EWTN AM/FM RADIO
      • Live EWTN TV - Spanish • Catholic World Today Radio
      • Today's Homily (Video) • Audio of Today's Homily
      • Audio of Pope's Wednesday Audience • Radio Catolica Mundial
      • Audio of EWTN's The World Over • Mother Angelica Live (Video)
      • Audio Library • Life On The Rock (Video)
      • The Journey Home (Video) • EWTN Religious Catalogue (Video)

      Send EWTN donations online:
      https://www.ewtn.com/ewtn/ssl/donation/donation_ewtn.asp

      * * *

      3. Today's Lectionary Readings Text
      http://www.nccbuscc.org/nab/050202.htm

      * * *

      4.DIVINE OFFICE TEXTS & AUDIO ONLINE:

      OFFICE OF READINGS, TEXTS
      http://www.universalis.com/cgi-bin/display/-600/USA/Readings.html

      MORNING, EVENING & NIGHT PRAYERS, TEXTS:
      http://www.liturgyhours.org

      AUDIO RECORDINGS OF THE DIVINE OFFICE: recited by the
      Monks of Adoration:
      http://www.monksofadoration.org/audiolit.html

      * * *

      5. English and Polish-speaking radio Lenten retreats Fr. Justin
      Rosary Hour http://www.RosaryHour.net

      Polish Rosary Hour by the Conventual Franciscans
      http://www.rosaryhour.net/ra/program.ram

      * * *

      6. CHANTED ROSARY ONLINE
      http://www.monksofadoration.org/rosarych.html

      DOWNLOAD FREE SCRIPTURAL ROSARY
      http://www.virtualrosary.org/

      * * *

      7. CHAPLET OF DIVINE MERCY ONLINE
      http://www.suba.com/~gunkel/divinemercy/dmvirtchap.htm

      * * *

      8. BIOGRAPHY OF MAMA GILI WITH PHOTO
      http://www.holyfaceofjesus.com/mama.html
      Then once inside click on
      PRAYER FOR THE BEATIFICATION OF MAMA GILI

      Cause of Mama Gili as Servant of God (Part 1)
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Roman-Catholic-News/message/33

      Cause of Mama Gili as Servant of God (Part 2)
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Roman-Catholic-News/message/37

      Need a Miracle?
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Roman-Catholic-News/message/55

      Dolores Immacolata "Mama" Gili (1892-1985)
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Roman-Catholic-News/message/117

      MAMA GILI GUILD

      The Mama Gili Guild was established several years ago to
      gather, collect, and publish information on Dolores Immacolata
      Gili (1892-1985) for an investigation into her cause as a Servant
      of God, as well as to promote her cause and to perpetuate her
      cult by directing prayer groups assembled in her honor. It has
      continuously enjoyed the ecclesiastical approval of Theodore
      Cardinal McCarrick, and the Most Reverend John Joseph Myers,
      Archbishop of Newark, New Jersey.

      Call or write today regarding favors granted through the
      intercession of Dolores Immacolata "Mama" Gili, or, for more
      information about the cause of her investigation for canonization to:

      Rev. Dante DiGirolamo, Director
      Mama Gili Guild
      P. O. Box 455
      Kearny, New Jersey 07032
      Phone (973) 412-1170
      Fax (973) 412-7011

      * * *

      HOW TO POST A QUESTION TO THE CATHOLIC REFERENCE
      DESK AND HOW TO SUBMIT AN ARTICLE FOR PUBLICATION

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      * * *

      EUCHARISTIC PRAYER IN HONOR OF THE SORROWFUL
      HEART OF MARY

      When the Eucharistic host is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of
      Mary, I offer you the crucified Body of Your dearly beloved Son,
      Jesus Christ, in reparation for all the sins committed against you
      and for the conversion and salvation of the whole world."

      When the Eucharistic chalice is elevated at Mass say:

      "Eternal Father, through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of
      Mary, I offer you the precious Blood of Your dearly beloved Son,
      Jesus Christ, in reparation for all the sins committed against you
      and for the conversion and salvation of the whole world."

      * * *

      DAILY REMINDER

      "during this important time, as the eve of the new millennium
      approaches unity among all Christians of the various
      confessions will increase until they reach full communion." John
      Paul II, Tertio Millennio Adveniente, 16

      "Keep close to the Mother of God as if you were the child Jesus
      clinging to her robes while walking down a dusty and busy
      crowded street and you'll always be safe."

      * * *

      ROMAN CATHOLIC NEWS ARCHIVES
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      * * *

      __________________________________________________
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