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225 years ago today - Horn Creek, South Carolina

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  • Patrick J O'Kelley
    Horn Creek, South Carolina 3 April 1781 After the action at Beattie’s Mill, General Pickens began to systematically reduce Loyalist strongholds and gather
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 3, 2006
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      Horn Creek, South Carolina

      3 April 1781

      After the action at Beattie’s Mill, General Pickens began to
      systematically reduce Loyalist strongholds and gather forces. Major
      Samuel Hammond wrote that after Guilford Courthouse he “halted on the
      South fork of Catawba river, several of his men taken with the Small Pox,
      he had the whole of command inoculated upwards of 100, which detained him
      sometime, after which, he joined Genl. Pickens & was immediately ordered
      to prepare for the command of a detachment intended to pass into the
      District of 96 to cause the people friendly to the cause to join & give
      them aid to expel the Enemy from Carolina and Georgia -- selected for
      such service & with the assistance of support in Company with Major
      Jackson of Georgia, an Officer of much popularity & superior military
      understanding, left Genl. Pickens, date not remembered & not material,
      passed through District of 96 with one hundred Citizen Soldiers & arrived
      safe on the margin of the Savannah river near Paces Ferry.”
      At Pace's Ferry Hammond was joined by Captain Thomas Key and Henry
      Graybill of LeRoy Hammond’s command. He sent out Captain Thomas Key to
      engage the Loyalist forces north of Augusta.
      Captain Key attacked a party of Loyalists, under the command of Captain
      John Clark, at his home at Horn Creek. Captain Clark was killed and his
      entire company was captured. Key paroled all the prisoners, then moved
      up the Savannah River and attacked Hammond’s Mill. Hammond’s Mill had
      been the property of Key’s commander, Colonel LeRoy Hammond, but it had
      been captured and made into a Loyalist fort. Key captured the garrison,
      destroyed the mill, and seized the Loyalists provisions.

      Patrick O'Kelley http://www.2nc.org/
      Author of "Nothing but Blood and Slaughter" The Revolutionary War in the
      Carolinas
      Volume One 1771-1779 http://www.booklocker.com/books/1469.html
      Volume Two 1780
      http://www.booklocker.com/books/1707.html
      Volume Three 1781
      http://www.booklocker.com/books/1965.html
      Volume Four 1782
      http://www.booklocker.com/books/2167.html

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