115492Re: Campaign Equipage: Officers and Common Soldiers
- Mar 3, 2009Steve,
I'm well along with my officers' campaign article (British and
American), but thanks for the research you posted. I will email you a
copy of the first part of my work-in-progress so you can see where
I'm going with it and what I now have. In the meantime here are the
titles and current section headings for the work:
"'Taking to the field only what is essential for decency and comfort
': Officers' Food, Mess, and Campaign Equipage during the American
Part 1. "'Those necessaries only which cannot be dispensed with ':
Revolutionary Officers' Campaign Experience and Equipage"
1. "Things necessary for a Gentleman to be furnished with "
Officers' Kit for Regimental Service
2. "Divers officers are intitled to two horse wagons "
3. The Absurdity of heavy Baggage ": American and British Attempts
to Reduce Excess Baggage
4."The officers must be satisfied walking ": Allotment of Horses
5. British Officers' Campaign Equipage and Living Conditions.
6. American Campaign Gear and Conditions
Part 2. "'A better repast ': Continental Army Field and Company
Part 3. "'The repast was in the English fashion': Revolutionary
General Officers' Culinary Equipage in Camp and on Campaign"
1. "Plates, once tin but now Iron ": General Washington's Mess
2. "40 Dozens Lemons, in a Box": British Generals' Provisions and
3. "My poor cook is almost always sick ": General Riedesel Goes to
4. "A Major General & family": Nathanael Greene's Food Ware
This work will be followed by a study of common soldiers' knapsacks
"The Necessaries of a Soldier ...": The Common Soldier's Burden in
the American War for Independence
Current tenative subheadings:
2. "An enormous bulk, weighing about sixty pounds": British Troops
A. "The load a soldier generally carries during a campaign "
3. "The burden on their backs.": American Troops
1780 Paramus article: http://tinyurl.com/bja36
--- In Revlist@yahoogroups.com, "raynersteve" <steverayner@...> wrote:
> Hi John;
> There are also a few of the descriptive mentions of how the Officers
> were equipped for the campaign.
> The period could be from several days for small commands to several
> months or the duration of the campaign. It all depended on when or
> the baggage caught up to them.
> In the case of the 1776 New York campaign Howe's army began to land
> Staten Island and gather reinforcements in late June. During this
> period, some troops were cantoned in the villages, while others were
> encamped in tents. By the end of August, the army crossed to Long
> Island, again leaving baggage behind. In mid-September, the army
> crossed to New York (Manhattan) island, repeating the cycle. As
> territory was gained, troops were posted to hold it, effectually
> ending the campaign for them for the time being. The elite of the
> and some Infantry Brigades however, proceeded to the mainland and
> New Jersey continuing the campaign into December. There were
> marches and changes of quarters, but the army in the Jerseys was
> fairly settled down by Christmas. Then followed the Trenton-
> campaign. Letters from Officers in New Jersey tell that they had to
> without their baggage. Some never got theirs, some was captured on
> way to them. The troops in this campaign were essentially,
> bounding ahead of their baggage.
> In the case of the New York - New Jersey campaign, it appears that
> Officers and Soldiers had only the kit as described for the
> In the spring 1777 New Jersey campaign, Howe made plans to bring
> baggage, but lightened it prior to the opening of the campaign. The
> campaign was of short duration, the troops being moved to transports
> shortly after their return.
> In the 1777 Philadelphia campaign, Howe landed at head of Elk,
> Maryland, landed the baggage after about a week, giving the men and
> horses a chance to get back in shape after the long sea voyage and
> waiting out a period of heavy rains. But before marching, he sent
> baggage aboard ship, and the troops marched to Philadelphia with
> the lightest kit. They occupied Philadelphia on September 26, though
> part of the army remained in hut camps north of the city. The
> was brought by transports up the Delaware during the winter, but
> of it was driven ashore by ice and captured.
> In the evacuation of Philadelphia in June 1778, the light baggage
> sent by wagon, with the troops following behind between it and
> Washington's army. Some of the army appears to have got their
> by sea, or to have partly replaced it in Philadelphia.
> I haven't studied the later main army campaigns in detail, but they
> appear to have followed much the same pattern.
> Burgoyne's campaign sticks out in that we find references to
> being carried. In this case, Burgoyne intended to take up winter
> quarters at Albany. Marching with too much unnecessary baggage
> (although not more than the issue allowance as far as I can tell)
> be counted among the reasons why Burgoyne bogged down and ran short
> Howe on the other hand, marched light and succeeded. Cornwallis and
> several others followed suit.
> Any individual unit can see how the historical evidence applies to
> them by creating a chronology of its movements.
> Best Regards,
> Steve Rayner
> --- In Revlist@yahoogroups.com, Sgt42RHR@ wrote:
> > Gentle List,
> > What is listed here is evidence about when men were specifically
> asked to
> > lay aside things they normally had; that is, it records when times
> were such
> > that these items should not be carried. What if we pose the
> question from the
> > other side of the coin?
> > In the first few examples it appears that something was afoot in
> > 1776, no telling, but in those instances men were told to lay
> the things
> > they normally carried. When did they get those things back? What
> is the
> > evidence about the amount of time that men had access to those
> things that on
> > occasion they were told to lay aside?
> > How often was a given private soldier with--as well as
> without--those items
> > they were sometimes asked to lay aside? Are orders recorded for
> when they
> > got their stuff back? What is the evidence regarding when they
> this stuff
> > (as each order asking them to lay it aside suggests that they had
> at that
> > point)?
> > Cheers,
> > John
> > John M. Johnston,
> > "There is a fine line between hobby and mental illness." Dave
> > In a message dated 3/2/2009 6:41:38 P.M. Central Standard Time,
> > steverayner@ writes:
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