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1169Re: [Raspberry_Pi_4-Ham_RADIO] Humble Pie (:-/ Re: an alternative to Linux

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  • Ian Bennett
    Apr 1, 2013
      The apt-cache command will allow you to search for packages from the
      command line. For example:

      apt-cache search ax25

      returns the following on my Xubuntu 12.04 installation:

      ax25-apps - AX.25 ham radio applications
      ax25-tools - tools for AX.25 interface configuration
      ax25-xtools - tools for AX.25 interface configuration -- X11-based
      ax25mail-utils - hamradio utilities for fbb
      libax25 - ax25 library for hamradio applications
      libax25-dev - ax25 library development files
      linamc - Qt based AX-25 Mail Client

      The package names are on the left. As we are talking about fbb, I'd do:

      apt-get install ax25mail-utils

      This will install the ax25mail-utils package, along with any
      dependencies. Just keep an eye on the output of the command(s) as this
      is extremely useful in fixing problems.


      On 01/04/13 19:27, Ray Wells wrote:
      > Kerry,
      > That's the spirit!!
      > Specifically, what are you being asked/told re ax25. What was your
      > action and what was the response? Can you cut and paste?
      > In kernel ax25 each port has a name, as defined in axports. This can be
      > essentially what you want it to be. You could call it 1, aprs, 5175 (to
      > reference the frequency) vhf1, kerrysvhfport, etc. It could also be
      > called ax0, ax1, etc to reflect the port name given by the kernel when
      > it attaches a port with the kissattach command. The ports allocated
      > start at 0 (zero) and increment with each additional port. For ax ports
      > they would be ax0, ax1, ax2, etc. Netrom ports would be nr0, nr1, nr2,
      > etc. In FBB you direct to the port name(s) specified in axports.
      > Kissattach provides the link between software ports and hardware (real)
      > ports. Com1 (in DOS) would be /dev/ttyS0, or more commonly these days,
      > /dev/ttyUSB0 in Linux.
      > Even with DOS FBB, it couldn't handle KISS ports directly. It handled
      > WA8DED (something like that - my DOS FBB days ended in 1996) which
      > required a special EPROM for the TNC. You might recall that under DOS
      > (and Win95), BPQ was started as a TSR (Terminate & Stay Resident) to
      > provide the interface between FBB and KISS, USCC, bpqether and a host of
      > others hardware types. John Wiseman, G8BPQ, contributes to this list and
      > I'm sure he would be happy to provide more info in this regard. BTW,
      > thanks John, for your ongoing contribution to packet radio.
      > A bit more inline ...
      > On 01/04/13 15:48, vk4tub wrote:
      >> greetings again from Oz
      >> I know I said I was totally over Linux but I have to thank the group
      >> for your words of encouragement have made me keep going and I do
      >> thankyou all for that.
      >> After a nights sleep and a morning coffee I started into my forth
      >> solid day of installing and configuring fbb for Linux onto the
      >> Rasberry PI.
      >> Now I am no stranger to fbb and have been using the dos and windoze
      >> versions for over 20 years and enjoy it very much. I have restarted my
      >> BBS after a 7 year absence and when the PRI's came on the market I
      >> immediately thought that what a great little bbs they would make
      >> However all the effort to get it installed on the rasberian little box
      >> has been a major undertaking and I have been on this for just over a
      >> month now.
      >> I can and have plenty of practise at installing the pi software and
      >> setting up my PI's for networking and XRDP etc, and no problem finding
      >> my way around the Linux GUI.
      >> But I do have difficulty with the unknown commands that make it
      >> possible to install software.
      > If the package is in the repositories you can install it with sudo
      > apt-get install <packagename>. That process will also take care of and
      > dependencies, other software that your package needs. If you are
      > installing a third-party deb package you will install it with sudo dpkg
      > -i <packagename.deb>. You may or may not run into dependency issues.
      > On package names, they are not always intuitive which makes apt-get a
      > bit hit and miss. If you are using the gui on the RPI install synaptic
      > (apt-get install synaptic) so you can search available packages based on
      > words or partial words.
      >> I had no idea how to extract, make ,make install, then configure the
      >> software from the command line.
      > Your best bet here is to consult some existing documentation that lists
      > prerequisites for compiling source software. Charley k4gbb pointed you
      > here http://k4gbb.no-ip.info/docs/Raspberry.html. Take a look. Although
      > Bernard has said his Fpac mini-HOWTO is out of date, the steps for
      > compiling kernel az25 from sources are still useful as a starting point.
      > Google for F6BVP fpac mini-Howto. As for extracting, there are two file
      > compression programs that are widely used in Linux ...
      > <name>.tar.gz (tar - tape archive and gz - gzip) or,
      > <name>.bzip2 (handles large files better).
      > To extract with the former use sudo tar zxvf <name>.tar.gz For the
      > latter use sudo tar zxjf <name>.bz2. A bz2 file may also be extracted
      > with sudo bunzip2 <name>.bz2 or sudo bunzip2 <name>.bz2 -v to display
      > some progress. You can use -v -v to be more verbose.
      > It's a good idea to place the source files in a directory like
      > /home/user/src or /usr/local/src and extract from there.
      > I won't go into the make process here. Have a look at the references
      > above and then come back with questions.
      >> Plus I am just battling through setting up the AX25 ports as I require
      >> telnet and one single radio port. My problem is I don't know what it
      >> is asking for, and or how this will interace with the com port and
      >> telnet port that I will setup for fbb?
      >> I have a usb to serial adaptor already recognized and don't understand
      >> why I cannot just point fbb at that, instead of all this AX25 stuff,
      >> as the easy bit is to configure fbb.
      >> I am pleased to say that I have made big in roads compared to
      >> yesterday which was almost the end of Linux for me.
      >> And at least I now have fbb installed but am stuck on what is being
      >> asked of the ax25 ports and does telnet come into this or any other
      >> ports? In dos it is just a mater of telling fbb that the port is 2f8
      >> or 3f8 and the speed pretty simple stuff.
      > That stuff is set up with axports, mainly.
      >> However I have another layer to contend with and I have so far
      >> downloaded 36 pages of how to ax25 and after I finish typing this I
      >> will take a look.
      >> As the fbb bit really is the easy part of this whole thing.
      > For me it's the kernel ax25 that's the easy part. I can provide a few of
      > my ax25 files if that might help.
      >> I will keep you posted as to my progress/frustration with this project.
      >> kind regards Kerry VK4TUB
      > Ask lots of questions and post error messages. Tell us what you were
      > trying to do at the time.
      > Ray vk2tv
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