Hopewell lectures at Chillicothe, OH
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park - Special EventsFor anyone around or planning to visit the Mound City National Park at Chillicothe, Ohio, there is a special lecture series coming up that you could plan around.
As a reminder, the state parks of Serpent Mound and Fort Ancient will have extended hours on Wednesday, June 21 so that you can enjoy the summer solstice alignments: Fort Ancient will be open at 5:30am for sunrise; Serpent Mound will stay open until 9:30 pm so you can experience the sunset alignment from the head of the serpent.
SPECIAL EVENTS Summer Archeological Lecture Series 2006
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is pleased to host the summer archeological lecture series. The weekly series will begin June 1 and end on July 6. The programs will be held at the park Visitor Center at Mound City Group and will begin at 7:30 PM.
June 1, 2006
Mystery of the Moundbuilders: Were the Ohio Hopewell Builders of the Great Earthworks Mobile Hunter-Gatherers?
Dr. Paul J. Pacheco, SUNY Geneseo
Recent debate in the literature has refocused on the issue of Ohio Hopewell settlement patterns. Our model of Ohio Hopewell populations as dispersed sedentary communities integrated through sacred precincts has been challenged by the view that the builders of the great earthworks were instead mobile hunter-gatherers. To address this issue I will discuss the preliminary results of our 2005 archaeological research at the Browns Bottom #1 (33Ro21) site, located on the Harness farm in Liberty Twp, Ross County, Ohio. This site, first tested by Prufer in 1963 represents a classic Ohio Hopewell domestic settlement. Our research at Browns Bottom #1 included GPS surface survey, magnetometry, and block excavations. Results include evidence of an Ohio Hopewell structure (the first of its kind in Ross Co.) and associated pit features.
June 8, 2006
Flowers for the Dead: New Investigations into Hopewell Ritual
Dr. DeeAnne Wymer
Dr. DeeAnne Wymer, known for her analysis of Hopewell plant utilization, is expanding her research into new territory. She has been identifying organic material that is present on ceremonial copper artifacts from a number of famous mound sites, such as Hopewell, Seip, Liberty/Edwin Harness, as well as others. Copper has an unusual property - the material inhibits bacterial decomposition of organic material that is in contact with the metal. Early descriptions (and later research) noted fine textiles and other substances recovered from copper objects but until this recent series of investigations there has not been a systematic assessment of the entire range of materials that are still identifiable on the copper artifacts. Wymer has analyzed nearly 200 copper objects, including some of the most recognized in Hopewell archaeology, from collections from the Ohio Historical Society, the Peabody Museum, the Field Museum of Chicago, as well as various Ross County institutions. To date she has identified woven fur textiles and finely woven plant textiles, worked hide/leather, seeds, flowers, feathers, bark, reed matting, wood, pearls, and many other substances that often been used to create once elaborate and beautiful items that had been placed in burial contexts. Preliminary assessment of the results indicates some intriguing patterns of materials that are correlated with type of object (from headdresses to breastplates), burial/cache associations, and differences (and similarities) between the various mound sites. This unique research is revealing an unexpected glimpse into a little understood realm of Hopewell archaeology.
June 15, 2006
The Kennewick Ancient One and the Peopling of the New World
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act was passed in 1990 to protect the burial sites of Native Americans and formally establish the rights of Indian tribes to the remains of their ancestors. Ten years ago, the discovery of ancient human remains near Kennewick, Washington led to a court challenge whose outcome continues to reverberate across the United States, from Washington state to Washington DC. In this presentation, we will review the history of the discovery and the ensuing court case. We will discuss tribal concerns about sovereignty and respect for native traditions. Finally, the scientific findings about the remains will be considered in light of recent research on the history of people in the New World. Archeological and environmental studies now suggest that the peopling of the New World involved much more than crossing the Bering Land Bridge.
June 22, 2006
Revisiting Archaeologys Past: The Legacy of Squier and Davis
Dr. Terry Barnhart
Historians and archaeologists have long recognized the importance of the contributions of Ephraim George Squier (1821-1888) and Edwin Hamilton Davis (1811-1888) to the development of pre-professional American archaeology. The collaborative archaeological surveys and mound explorations of Squier and Davis remain of interest due to the cultural significance of the sites they investigated in the Scioto Valley and the lengths to which they went to document their findings. Although the methods of Squier and Davis are crude by later standards of archaeological practice, they were quite innovative and thorough for their day. The survey maps and archaeological collection resulting from the Squier-Davis investigations are original and enduring contributions to knowledge. The legacy of Squier and Davis will be presented as a case study in the history of American archaeology, and why archival records relating to archaeologys past continue to inform current practice through the ongoing process of archaeological reanalysis of sites and associated museum collections.
June 29, 2006
Identifying Ancient Quarries with PIMA Technology
Thomas E. Emerson, Randall E. Hughes, and Sarah U. Wisseman
A team of archaeologists and geologists demonstrate how Portable Infrared Mineral Analyzer (PIMA) shortwave infrared technology can be applied to provenance studies. The result from this non-destructive method for determining mineral composition is corroborated by analyses employing XRD and SAD-ICP techniques. The PIMA's advantages (portability, speed, accuracy, and non-destructiveness) make it a valuable addition to the archaeometrist's arsenal of analytical techniques, most of which are laboratory-based and require some degree of destructive sampling. Good results have been achieved on flintclay Cahokia "red goddess" figurines and Hopewellian pipestone pipes. The combined results are forcing archaeologists to reevaluate raw material procurement, artifact production, and redistribution for the Mississippian (ca. A.D. 1000-1400) and Middle Woodland (ca. 50 B.C.-A.D. 250) periods in the Midwestern United States.
July 6, 2006
Rediscovering Hopewell Earthworks
Dr. Jarrod Burks
After almost 200 years of mapping and study, you'd think that we would know all there is to know about the Hopewell earthworks and settlements of southern Ohio. Well, think again! In this presentation I discuss the results of recent geophysical surveys at three Hopewell earthworks and a settlement. New earthen enclosures at old sites, weirdly shaped earthworks at little-known earthwork sites, and more cooking pits than we know what to do with--what else might be out there waiting to be discovered?
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- Recently, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch held an election for the "Seven Wonders of St. Louis". The results were atrocious, in leaving out the World Heritage site called Cahokia Mounds. Many people believe that Cahokia Mounds is not part of the city of St. Louis because it is on the Illinois Side. However, St. Louis itself did have hundreds of ancient earthworks forming architectural masterpieces that were directly related to the Cahokia Mounds Civilization. These earthen "mounds" in St. Louis were leveled by 1860 and the dirt was used for railroad fill. Americas Largest Pyramid and celestial clock called "Woodhenge" are located just 10 minutes drive from the Arch. The Pyramids and Stonehenge are on the list of the Seven Wonders of the World, a celebration of religion, mythology, art, power, and science. Cahokia Mounds includes religion in the form of heralding the Sun, Moon, and Stars as Gods. Mythology at the mounds is included as the form of the union of opposites and central mythological hero "Birdman" that is found at the mounds. Magnificent artworks have been discovered including the "Birdman tablet", as well figurines such as the maize god. Power is evident by the enormity of the largest architecture, "Monks Mound" and the trade structure. Advanced scientific evidence including engineering, astronomical knowledge and geophysics have been clearly identified in the ancient city. Cahokia Mounds is an international treasure that deserves to be on the list of the Seven Wonders of St. Louis and the World because it brings the wisdom of eternity (stillness) and time (movement) through Woodhenge as well as contains the largest earthen archatecture in the new world.Nevertheless, the past does prevail against destructors.Vince Barrows
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