Mayon Volcano Stirs; 1000 Families May Be Evacuate
- Mayon Volcano Stirs; 1000 Families May Be Evacuated...10/13/03
by Mitch Battros (ECTV)
The Provincial Disaster Management Office of Legazpi City has reactivated
all municipal and cities disaster councils in Albay
to brace for an imminent eruption.
On Saturday, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
(PHIVOLCS) confirmed a general increasing trend of
volcanic activity and the likely involvement of magma as the cause of
previous eruption trends, PHIVOLCS has now raised
the Mayon assessment to Alert Level 2.
Incandescence inside the summit crater was confirmed last night as a
persistent and significant phenomenon. The speck of
glow appears to be soured from lava deposits inside the crater and is
inferred to be emanating from the eastern portion of the
volcano�s conduit. In addition, Sulfur Dioxide emission rates on 09 October
9th rose to 2,386 tons per day (t/d) from the
previous measurement of 1,616 t/d of October 1st. Seismic activity for the
past 24 hours was relatively low as three (3)
Low-Frequency Volcanic Quakes (LFVQ) was detected by the Anoling
The glow occurring in the crater is likely caused by a renewed episode of
magma intrusion that could have delivered hot lava
to shallow levels or perhaps by opening of cracks that exposed still-hot
lava beneath the crater. The increased Sulfur Dioxide
emission rates, along with a general slight increase in volcanic quakes over
the period of several weeks, suggest a more direct
involvement of hot lava to cause the crater glow. However, PHIVOLCS notes
that these observations also indicate slow
magma intrusion. The glow from the crater remains faint so that it is
visible only with telescopes or night-view cameras. The
earthquake levels are still generally low and the absence of tremor, in
consideration of the above observations also indicate
sluggish magma activity.
This alert condition signifies a volcano instability that may eventually
lead to ash explosions or to magmatic eruption.
PHIVOLCS reminds the public to avoid venturing inside the six (6) kilometer
radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) to
minimize risks associated with volcanic explosions and flows.
Mayon remains the most active volcano in the country. It has erupted 50
times since l616. The deadliest blast took place in
1814 where 1,200 people were killed. The Cagsawa ruin in Daraga town stood
as mute witness of Mayon�s deadly majesty.
In l993, Mayon killed at least 77 people when it erupted without Phivolcs
warning. The most recent eruption, in 1993, began
unexpectedly with an explosion. The initial eruption lasted only 30 minutes
but it generated pyroclastic flows that killed 77
people and prompted the evacuation of 60,000 others.
Monkeys Control Robotic Arm With Brain Implants
By Rick Weiss - Washington Post Staff Writer
Scientists in North Carolina have built a brain implant that lets monkeys
control a robotic arm with their thoughts, marking the
first time that mental intentions have been harnessed to move a mechanical
The technology could someday allow people with paralyzing spinal cord
injuries to operate machines or tools with their
thoughts as naturally as others today do with their hands. It might even
allow some paralyzed people to move their own arms
or legs again, by transmitting the brain's directions not to a machine but
directly to the muscles in those latent limbs.
The brain implants could also allow scientists or soldiers to control,
hands-free, small robots that could perform tasks in
inhospitable environments or in war zones. In the new experiments, monkeys
with wires running from their brains to a robotic
arm were able to use their thoughts to make the arm perform tasks. But
before long, the scientists said, they will upgrade the
implants so the monkeys can transmit their mental commands to machines
"It's a major advance," University of Washington neuroscientist Eberhard E.
Fetz said of the monkey studies. "This bodes
well for the success of brain-machine interfaces."
Earth Changes TV 'Radio Hour'
Tuesday October 14th - Johnny Mirehiel - "The Harmonic Concordance" - Like
its spiritual ancestor, the 'Harmonic
Convergence' of 1987, The 'Harmonic Concordance' of 2003 also is a call to
the Spirit of Humankind to awaken to the idea
that we are, in fact, Spiritual beings sharing a physical experience.
Consequently, ceremonies and celebrations in honor of
this idea are now being scheduled at multiple sacred sites and pilgrimage
places throughout the world.
**I would suggest you tune in early to ensure you get in - before bandwidth
gives out! The link will be on 20 minutes prior to
each show. Link is "live" 20 minutes prior to each show:
Thought For The Day
"None of us has gotten where we are solely by pulling ourselves up from our
own bootstraps. We got here
because somebody bent down and helped us."
- Thurgood Marshall
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