pariyada research 1
- Dear friends,
Recapitulating, we discussed this passage in the Mahaaraahulovaadasutta:
``pathaviisama.m, raahula, bhaavana.m bhaavehi.
Apply yourself to the mental development that is like the earth, Rahula.
pathaviisama~nhi te, raahula, bhaavana.m bhaavayato
For when you apply yourself to the mental development that is like the
uppannaa manaapaamanaapaa phassaa citta.m na pariyaadaaya .thassanti.
agreeable and disagreeable impressions that have arisen, will not overwhelm
the mind and persist.
pariyaadaaya: having overcome (pariyaadaati, exhaust, take up
.thassanti: they will remain, persist.
The negation na is placed before pariyaadaaya .thassanti. Since this
passage is not easy Jim suggested to make a research and study similar
passages. He kindly provided me with a long list of cross references and it
is interesting to see how different people have translated this passage. I
shall just make a choice from this list. It will become clearer why the
negation <na> is placed before pariyaadaaya and not before .thassanti.
To start with, Piya Tan has the following translation:
³Rahula, cultivate an earth-like meditation. For when you
cultivate an earth-like meditation, agreeable and disagreeable contacts
that have arisen will not overpower your mind and remain.²
Now I begin with Jim¹s list, I shall refer to as pariyada research:
D.N.-3:, .248 (PTS. p. 233): about someone has developed mental
emancipation by mettaa, ³Nevertheless malevolance persistently possesses my
Here is no negation, pariyaadaaya and .thassanti are taken as a whole,
M I, 239 (p. 294, PTS): Mahaasaccakasutta: The Buddha said: ³This
pleasurable feeling, Aggivessana, that has arisen in him, impinging on the
mind, persists, because of the non-development of body; and the painful
feeling that has arisen, impinging on the mind, persists, because of the
non-development of mind...
As to the ariyan disciple: ³This pleasurable feeling, Aggivessana, that has
arisen in him, impinging on his mind, does not persist, because of the
development of the body...
..uppannaa pi sukhaavedanaa citta.m na pariyaadaaya ti.t.thati bhaavitattaa
M II: I, 463 (II, p. 136): Na.lakapaanasutta:
Anuruddhas, aloof from pleasures of the senses...if he does not win joy and
happiness or something more peaceful than that, then coveting persists in
obsessing his mind, and malevolence...
Viveka.m Anuruddhaa kaamehi ... tassa abhijjhaa pi citta.m pariyaadaaya
..if he wins joy and happiness or something more peaceful than that, then
coveting does not persist in obsessing his mind...
... piitisukha.m adhigacchati a~n~na~n-ca tato santatara.m, tassa abhijjhaa
pi citta.m na pariyaadaaya ti.t.thati...
(to be continued)