AN2.4 Samacitta Vagga (1)
- Dear friends,
The mind of tranquility.
samacitta (n) mind of tranquility.
- sama (m) calmness, tranquility, peacefulness.
- citta (n) mind.
According to PTS English (Woodward, 1995), the title is derived from sutta #5, which we will only look at later.
33. "Asappurisabhuumi~nca vo, bhikkhave, desessaami sappurisabhuumi~nca. Ta.m su.naatha, saadhuka.m manasi karotha. Bhaasissaamii"ti. "Eva.m, bhante"ti kho te bhikkhuu bhagavato paccassosu.m. Bhagavaa etadavoca -
"Katamaa ca, bhikkhave, asappurisabhuumi? Asappuriso, bhikkhave, akata~n~nuu hoti akatavedii. Asabbhi heta.m, bhikkhave, upa~n~naata.m yadida.m akata~n~nutaa akataveditaa. Kevalaa esaa, bhikkhave, asappurisabhuumi yadida.m akata~n~nutaa akataveditaa. Sappuriso ca kho, bhikkhave, kata~n~nuu hoti katavedii. Sabbhi heta.m, bhikkhave, upa~n~naata.m yadida.m kata~n~nutaa kataveditaa. Kevalaa esaa, bhikkhave, sappurisabhuumi yadida.m kata~n~nutaa kataveditaa"ti.
"Asappurisabhuumi~nca vo, bhikkhave, desessaami sappurisabhuumi~nca.
basis of an unworthy person-and / you / monks / will teach / basis of a worthy person-and
"O monks, I will teach you the basis of an unworthy person, and the basis of a worthy person.
sappurisabhuumi (f) basis of a worthy person.
- sappurisa (m) good, worthy man.
- bhuumi (f) basis.
ca (conj) and.
tva.m (per. pron.) you.
bhikkhu (m) monk.
deseti (v) teach.
Ta.m su.naatha, saadhuka.m manasi karotha.
it / listen / pay attention
Listen to this, and pay full attention.
ta.m (dem. pron.) it.
su.naati (v) hears.
saadhuka.m manasi karoti (phrase) pay full attention.
- saadhuka.m (adv) well, thoroughly.
- mano (n) mind.
- karoti (v) does.
I shall speak."
bhaasati (v) speaks.
"Eva.m, bhante"ti kho te bhikkhuu bhagavato paccassosu.m.
thus / venerable sir / indeed / those / monks / to the Blessed One / assented
"Make it so, sir," indeed, to the Blessed One, those monks assented.
eva.m (adv) thus, so.
bhante (voc) venerable sir.
kho (indec) indeed.
bhagavant (adj) the Blessed One.
pa.tissu.naati (v) assents.
Bhagavaa etadavoca -
the Blessed One / said this -
The Blessed One said this -
vatti (v) says.
"Katamaa ca, bhikkhave, asappurisabhuumi?
which / and / monks / basis of an unworthy person
Which (of these), O monks, is the basis of an unworthy person?
katama (pron) which.
Asappuriso, bhikkhave, akata~n~nuu hoti akatavedii.
unworthy person / monks / ungrateful / is / forgetful of benefits
O monks, an unworthy person is ungrateful and forgetful of benefits.
kata~n~nuu (adj) grateful.
hoti (v) verb to be.
katavedin (adj) mindful of benefits.
Asabbhi heta.m, bhikkhave, upa~n~naata.m yadida.m akata~n~nutaa akataveditaa.
??? Help needed for asabbhi.
sabbhi = instrumental plural of sant.
- sant (ppr of atthi) being.
heta.m = hi eta.m.
- hi (indec) indeed.
upa~n~naata (pp of upajaanaati) known.
yadida.m = yad ida.m: which is this, namely.
kata~n~nutaa (f) gratitude.
kataveditaa (f) mindfulness of benefits.
Kevalaa esaa, bhikkhave, asappurisabhuumi yadida.m akata~n~nutaa akataveditaa.
altogether / this / monks / basis of an unworthy person / namely / ingratitude / forgetfulness of benefits
O monks, altogether this is the basis of an unworthy person, namely, ingratitude and forgetfulness of benefits.
kevala (adv) altogether.
Sappuriso ca kho, bhikkhave, kata~n~nuu hoti katavedii.
worthy person / monks / grateful / is / mindful of benefits
O monks, a worthy person is grateful and mindful of benefits.
Sabbhi heta.m, bhikkhave, upa~n~naata.m yadida.m kata~n~nutaa kataveditaa.
Kevalaa esaa, bhikkhave, sappurisabhuumi yadida.m kata~n~nutaa kataveditaa"ti.
altogether / this / monks / basis of a worthy person / namely / gratitude / mindfulness of benefits
O monks, altogether this is the basis of a worthy person, namely, gratitude and mindfulness of benefits."
- Dear Ven. Sobhana,
thank you. The name is Yong Peng.
It is good you look up another source, but you have not gone much into details. Allow me to help elaborate on point 1(a). This is exactly what the commentary says:
saadhuuti aayaacanatthe nipaato.
First, I annotate it for the beginners:
saadhuuti aayaacan'atthe nipaato.
Now, translating the commentary:
'saadhu' (is) a particle for asking*, adhortation*, addressing*.
* see PTS PED - aayaacana.
In Pali, nipaata includes conjunctions and adverbs. So, we can translate 'saadhu' as 'please'.
Finally, I make an attempt with the original sentence to show what I mean:
Saadhu, bhante, bhagavaa yena aayasmaa saariputto tenupasa`nkamatu anukampa.m upaadaayaa'ti.
please / venerable sir / Blessed One / where / venerable / Sariputta /
there-let...approach / out of compassion
Please, sir, may the Blessed One, out of compassion, approach there [the place] where the venerable Sariputta (is staying).'
There is a tendency for some, as I pointed in a recent post, to rationalise the Pali using an existing English translation. I find it uncomprehensible when given our level of Pali understanding, we can do a slightly better job. In fact, I also see lurking dangers in doing so. I do not intend to elaborate on this.
As a PTS sponsoring member, I am also using F.L.Woodward's translation as a reference in this exercise, i.e., from AN1.1.1, another point which I have mentioned several times too. However, that does not mean it is my only reference, or that I have to reproduce directly from PTS or any other existing works. This "read and follow" mentality is more suitable for someone who only needs an English translation, and does not bother with the original Pali passage, not a Pali student.
It is in fact much easier for me to type out the PTS translation, than doing extensive referencing on dictionaries, grammars, and cross checking other translations. However, this is not a "typing" exercise for me, and I would rather spend my time doing something more meaningful. Let's make this a good learning opportunity for everyone, so that the time and effort we put in is rewarding.
Lastly, if you use additional examples in Pali, please bear in mind, it is your responsibility to provide an accurate English translation. Anyone can generate Pali sentences using the appropriate search tool/program.
I will make this post as a 'landmark' message for the future. Thank you.
--- In Pali@yahoogroups.com, USO wrote:
Here are some of the meanings of Saadhu from One of the Pali-Myanmar Dictionaries.
1. "i request you" (aayaacana); "I order you" (aanatti).
2. o.k., alright(sampa.ticchana)
3. interjection used to rejoice (anumodana)
4. good, beautiful (sunadara, bhaddaka, sobhana)
5. well (adverb)
7. wholesome action...
Here, we take the first meaning in cases like the one you are discussing. The commentaries also explain as 'aayaacana'. In Burma, we explain like this: yena aayasmaa saariputto (atthi) tena upasa'nkamatu. 'Tena' here is used in the sense of second case: 'to', 'towards'. Here, it will be 'aayaacama' for a group of deities are requesting the Buddha.