Dhammacakkappavattanasutta, no 23.
Text commentary: In this connection it is said that when the Wheel of
dhamma was set in motion by the Blessed One, the Earth Devas exulted.
Here Earth refers to the devas dwelling on the earth. As to the
expression, they exulted (uttered a sound), they gave expression to
their appreciation (sadhukaara.m) all at once (at one stroke,
ekappahaarena). They exulted, saying,
� The unsurpassed Wheel of Dhamma has been set in motion by the
As to the radiance, obhaaso, this is the radiance of omniscience.
This brilliance surpasses the divine power of the devas.
As to the words "Konda~n~na indeed has understood, the exultation of
this joyful utterance (udaana) resounded loudly and permeated the
tenthousand worldsystems (lokadhaatu) and settled.
The subcommentary explains as to obhaaso, radiance, that this is
materiality originated from the element of heat (utu), conditioned by
citta by the power of his omniscience. It also mentions that
enthusiasm (piiti) and happy feeling (somanassa) arose also at the
occasion of this joyful utterance (udaana).
Commentary text: Ta.m sandhaaya pavattite ca pana bhagavataa
dhammacakke bhummaa devaa saddamanussaavesuntiaadi vutta.m.
Tattha bhummaati bhuuma.t.thakadevataa. Saddamanussaavesunti
ekappahaareneva saadhukaara.m datvaa. "Eta.m bhagavataa"tiaadiini
vadantaa anusaavayi.msu. Obhaasoti sabba~n~nuta~n~naa.nobhaaso. So hi
tadaa devaana.m devaanubhaava.m atikkamitvaa virocittha. A~n~naasi
vata, bho, ko.n.da~n~noti imassapi udaanassa udaahaaranigghoso
dasasahassilokadhaatu.m pharitvaa a.t.thaasi.
N: Konda~n~na who attained the first stage of enlightenment, the
stage of the sotaapanna, together with the eighteen crores of
brahmas, was the first who clearly understood the Dhamma. He was
named A~n~naa-Konda~n~na, Konda~n~na who has understood. While he
listened to the Buddha he developed clear understanding of all mental
phenomena (naama) and physical phenomena (ruupa) that appeared at
those moments. He realized their arising and falling away, their
nature of dukkha.
At the moment of enlightenment the magga-citta arises that directly
experiences nibbaana and eradicates defilements in accordance with
the stage of enlightenment that is attained. At the stage of the
sotaapanna wrong view and doubt about realities is eradicated. But
the sotaapanna still has desire, aversion and other defilements. Only
at the fourth and final stage, the stage of the arahat, all
defilements are eradicated.
The sotaapanna is sure to reach final enlightenment and he does not
have to be reborn more than seven times. But as to A~n~naa-
Konda~n~na, after five days he attained final enlightenment, the
stage of the arahat, when the Buddha preached the �Anatta lakkha.na
sutta�. He reached final liberation from the aeons of wandering in
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