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  • rahula_80
    Hi, There are several arguments below. If they are wrong, please correct it. My comment will be in //.....//. Please correct me if I am wrong. Sabbe dhammaa
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 3, 2002
      Hi,

      There are several arguments below. If they are wrong, please correct
      it. My comment will be in //.....//. Please correct me if I am wrong.

      Sabbe dhammaa anattaa - Dhammapada 279

      Some says that "sabbe" only pertains the five khandhas. He provide
      several evidence for this.

      1. They quote the Sabba Sutta (The All) Salayatana Vagga, Samyutta
      Nikaya {S iv 15; CDB ii 1140}

      //The word 'sabbe' belongs to the Middle Indic
      vocabulary first, and only secondly to specialized doctrine. //

      2. They quote Dhammapada Att. 3.406

      sabbe dhammaati pañcakkhandhaa (sabbe dhammaa designates the five
      khandhas)

      //A friend, Suan, told me "When Section 279 in Dhammapada commentary
      said "Tattha sabbe dhammaati pancakkhandhaa eva adhippetaa", we need
      to remember the context indicated by the term "Tattha" (On that
      occasion, in that context)..... That is why the Dhammapada commentary
      on Section 279 has to say that "On that occasion, all things means
      the five aggregates only".//


      3. Sabba in standalone.

      SN 4.28 "sabbam., bhikkhave, anatta"
      The 'all', bhikkhus, are not the Soul.
      The word dhamma is not even in this passage. Dhammaa is not the
      subject of anatta's modification.
      Similarly for these two passage:

      SN 4.21 "sabbam., bhikkhave, addhabhu'tam" Bhikkhus, the 'all' are
      afflictions.

      SN 4.19 "sabbam., bhikkhave, a'dittam." Bhikkhus, the 'all' are
      ablaze.


      //The Buddha said "All is burning" But he define, in the very sutta
      what he meant. "And what is the all that is burning? Bhikkhus, the
      eye....the ear...the nose...the tongue...the body....the mind...."//

      5. Grammar

      sabbe (noun [see SN 4.15], direct object, in accusative. Sabba is
      nominative, sensory-determinates. 'the all')

      dhammaa (proper noun, plural, subject, undeclined in nominative,
      dharmas)

      anattaa (adjective, modifying sabba. An [is not] atta' [attan: Soul]).
      Sabbe "the All" is the subject of Anatta in sabbe dhammaa anatta.



      //sabbe: sabba-, Adj.: all, every. Nom.Pl.m. = sabbe.

      'Sabbe' there is not a direct object. There is no direct object,
      because a direct object requires a TRANSITIVE VERB. There is no
      transitive verb in that snippet.

      The word 'sabba' uses the PRONOMINAL DECLENSION. Hence 'sabbe' is
      actually the nominative plural here.


      dhamma: dhamma-, N.m. Nom.Pl.

      anatta: anatta-, Adj. Nom.Pl.m. //

      But I have two questions.
      First, which is correct and why? Second, is "sabba" a pronoun?

      Thanks, Rahula
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