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Re: The New Pali Course Part II [2-5/8]

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  • Ong Yong Peng
    Dear Nina, I wish you a safe and pleasant journey. metta, Yong Peng. ... I will not react much, since I am leaving on Wednesday for India.
    Message 1 of 24 , Oct 9, 2007
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      Dear Nina,

      I wish you a safe and pleasant journey.

      metta,
      Yong Peng.


      --- In Pali@yahoogroups.com, Nina van Gorkom wrote:

      I will not react much, since I am leaving on Wednesday for India.
    • Nina van Gorkom
      Dear Yong Peng, thank you very much. Nina. ... [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      Message 2 of 24 , Oct 9, 2007
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        Dear Yong Peng,
        thank you very much.
        Nina.
        Op 9-okt-2007, om 16:35 heeft Ong Yong Peng het volgende geschreven:

        > I wish you a safe and pleasant journey.



        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Ong Yong Peng
        [2-6/8] The New Pali Course Part II (1938) Ven. A. P. Buddhadatta Exercise 8 Translate into English and define the compounds 1. Mahaasatto pana aagacchanto
        Message 3 of 24 , Oct 13, 2007
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          [2-6/8]

          The New Pali Course Part II (1938)

          Ven. A. P. Buddhadatta

          Exercise 8

          Translate into English and define the compounds

          1. "Mahaasatto pana aagacchanto kahaapa.nasahassena saddhi.m eka.m
          saa.taka.m tambuulapasibbake .thapetvaa aagato." [J. Mahosadha]

          2. "Uttama`ngaruhaa mayha.m
          Ime jaataa vayoharaa;
          Paatubhuutaa devaduutaa;
          Pabbajjaasamayo mama." [J. Makhaadeva]

          3. Pa.n.dito uppaadita-dhana~n ca aaha.ta-dhana~n ca sabba.m tassaa
          maataapitunna.m datvaa te samassaasetvaa tam aadaya nagaram eva agamaasi.

          4. "Jarasakko amhe matte katvaa mahaasamuddapi.t.the khipitvaa
          amhaaka.m devanagara.m ga.nhi; maya.m tena saddhi.m yujjhitvaa
          amhaaka.m devanagaram eva ga.nhissaama." [J. Kulaavaka]

          5. "Tassa gamanamagge simbaliivana.m taalavana.m viya chijjitvaa
          samuddapi.t.the pati; supa.n.na-potakaa samuddapi.t.the parivattantaa
          mahaarava.m ravi.msu." [Ibid.]

          6. "Mahaamaayaa-devii... gandhodakena nahaayitvaa cattaari
          satasahassaani vissajjetvaa mahaadaana.m datvaa...
          ala`nkata-pa.tiyatta.m sirigabbha.m pavisitvaa sirisayane nipannaa...
          ima.m supinam addasa." [J. Nidaana]

          7. "Dvinnam pana nagaraana.m antare ubhaya-nagaravaasiinam pi
          Lumbiniivana.m naama ma`ngala-saalavana.m atthi." [Ibid]

          8. "Sakala.m Lumbiniivana.m Cittalataavana-sadisa.m mahaanubhaavassa
          ra~n~no susajjita-aapaanama.n.dala.m viya ahosi." [Ibid]

          9. "Bodhisatto pana dhammaasanato otaranto dhammakathiko viya... dve
          hatthe dve paade ca pasaaretvaa... Kaasika-vatthe
          nikkhitta-ma.niratana.m viya jotanto maatukucchito nikkhami." [Ibid]

          10. "Ath'ekadivasa.m bodhisatto uyyaanabhuumi.m gantukaamo saarathi.m
          aamantetvaa 'ratha.m yojehii'ti aaha." [Ibid]

          New words.

          aagacchanta (pr.p) coming.
          aapaanama.n.dala (n) drinking or banqueting hall.
          aamantetvaa (abs) having called.
          uttama`ngaruha (m) hair [on the head].
          uppaadita (pp) raised, produced.
          uyyaanabhuumi (f) park, garden.
          otaranta (pr.p) getting down.
          kahaapa.na (m/n) a coin [value of which was about 2s].
          kaasikavattha (n) cloth made in Kaasi-territory.
          khipitvaa (abs) having thrown.
          gandhodaka (n) scented water.
          gamanamagga (n) the path that is to be gone.
          cittalataavana (n) name of a pleasance in Indra's city.
          jara-sakka (m) old Sakka, the king of devas.
          jaata (pp) born, come into existence.
          jotanta (pr.p) glowing.
          tambuula (n) betel [leaf].
          taalavana (n) palmyra grove.
          devaduuta (m) heavenly messenger.
          dhammaasana (n) pulpit.
          dhammakathika (m) preacher.
          nagaravaasii (m) citizen.
          nikkhitta (pp) kept, placed.
          nipanna (pp) lying down.
          pa.tiyatta (pp) prepared.
          pa.tivedeti (v) informs.
          pabbajjaasamaya (m) time to become a monk.
          payojayati (v) performs.
          parivattanta (pr.p) rolling, turning around.
          pasaaretvaa (abs) having stretched.
          pasibbaka (m) purse.
          paatubhuuta (pp) manifested.
          potaka (m) young one.
          ma`ngala (adj) royal, lit. auspicious.
          ma.niratana (n) a precious gem.
          matta (pp) intoxicated.
          maatukucchi (m/f) mother's womb.
          yujjhitvaa (abs) having fought.
          ravi (v) screamed.
          vayohara (adj) snatching the life.
          sadisa (adj) similar.
          samassaasetvaa (abs) having consoled.
          samudda-pi.t.tha (n) surface of the sea.
          simbalii (m) silk cotton tree.
          supa.n.na (m) a kind of fairy bird.
          saataka (m/n) cloth.
          sirigabbha (m) royal chamber.
          sirisayana (n) state couch.
          supina (n) dream.
          susajjita (pp) well prepared.

          Translate into Pali, forming compounds where it is suited

          1. The man who went to the village brought a heap of corn to the city
          and sold them to the citizens.

          2. Lions, tigers, leopards, bears and deer will not live in a burnt
          forest.

          3. There are coconut trees, palmyras, jak trees, mango and bread-fruit
          trees in the villages and towns in Ceylon.

          4. The sun, moon and stars move in the sky giving light and delight to
          the people living in the world.

          5. All, young and old, rich and poor, suffer great pain when they are
          bitten by serpents.

          6. The monkey, fallen from the branch of that tree, was bitten by the
          village dogs.

          7. The horses, cattle, buffaloes, goats and sheep released from their
          confinements, wandered in forests and fields eating grass and drinking
          water.

          8. The frog dwelling in a well takes it as the greatest deposit of
          water in the world; in the same way, a foolish man thinks this
          knowledge is very extensive.

          9. Then the Enlightened One, at the end of those seven days, rose from
          the seat at the foot of the Bodhi-tree and went to the Ajapaala
          banyan-tree.

          10. Tapussa and Bhalluka, the merchants, bowed down in reverence at
          the feet of the Blessed One and said: "We take our refuge, lord, in
          the Blessed One and in the Dhamma."

          11. Now the young prince bade his charioteer to make ready the state
          chariot, saying: "Let us go to the pleasance."

          12. At that time the Buddha, Diipa`nkara, accompanied by a hundred
          thousand saints, reached the city of Ramma, and took up His residence
          in the great monastery of Sudassana.

          New words.

          accompanied by = parivuta (pp).
          bade = aa.naapesi (v).
          buffalo = mahisa (m).
          banyan-tree = nigrodha (m).
          bear = accha (m).
          bread-fruit = labuja (m).

          (to be continued...)
        • Ong Yong Peng
          [2-7/8] The New Pali Course Part II (1938) Ven. A. P. Buddhadatta delight = piiti (f). deposit = aasaya, aakara (m). extensive = pattha.ta (pp). frog =
          Message 4 of 24 , Oct 19, 2007
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            [2-7/8]

            The New Pali Course Part II (1938)

            Ven. A. P. Buddhadatta

            delight = piiti (f).
            deposit = aasaya, aakara (m).
            extensive = pattha.ta (pp).
            frog = ma.n.duuka (m).
            greatest = mahattama (adj).
            in reverence = gaaravena, sagaarava.m (adv).
            knowledge = ~naa.na (n).
            lord = bhante (voc).
            makes ready = yojeti, pa.tiyaadeti (v).
            mango = amba (m).
            moves = sa~ncarati (v).
            pain = vedanaa (f).
            pleasance = uyyaana (n).
            poor = dukkhita, da.lidda (adj).
            reached = upaagami (v).
            saying = vadanta (pr.p).
            sheep = me.n.da (m).
            star = taarakaa (f).
            suffers = vindati (v).
            takes refuge = sara.na.m gacchati (v).
            tiger = vyaggha (m).
            took up his residence = vihari (v).
            town = nagara (n).
            washing = dhovana (ger).
            well = kuupa (m).
            went forth to meet = paccuggamana.m kari (v).

            Combine the following words

            1. rukkha.m + aaruu.lho
            2. buddhena + bhaasito
            3. ratta.m + vattha.m
            4. seto + go.no
            5. raajato + bhaya.m
            6. tisso + rattiyo
            7. cattaari + saccaani
            8. nacca~nca giita~nca vaadita~nca

            Define the following compounds

            1. gehagato
            2. mukha-naasika.m
            3. pattaciivara.m
            4. khattiya-braahma.naa
            5. mahaamoho
            6. majjhimapuriso
            7. cha.laayatana.m
            8. alaabho
            9. anasso
            10. puraa.navihaaro
            11. guttilaacariyo
            12. mahosadha-pa.n.dito
            13. dasasiila.m

            5. Avyayiibhaava-samaasa

            Adverbial Compounds

            54. When the first member of a compound is an indeclinable and the
            second a substantive, it is called an Avyayiibhaava Compound.

            The whole compound becomes an adverb, taking the ending of the
            (neuter) accusative singular. Some case (usually oblique) is implied
            in the substantial member according to the meaning of the indeclinable.

            Examples

            nagarassa + upa = upanagara.m (near the town)
            rathassa + anu = anuratha.m (behind the chariot)
            ghara.m + anu = anughara.m (house after house)
            anu + addhamaasa.m = anvaddhamaasa.m (once in a fortnight)
            ma~ncassa + he.t.thaa = he.t.thaama~nca.m (under the bed)
            paasaadassa + upari = uparipaasaada.m (upon the mansion, i.e. on the
            terrace, upstairs)
            paakaarassa + tiro = tiropaakaara.m (across or through the rampart)
            gaamassa + anto = antogaama.m (inside the village)
            sota.m + pa.ti = pa.tisota.m (against the current)
            kamo + yathaa = yathaakkama.m (according to the order)
            vuddhaana.m (pa.tipaa.ti) + yathaa = yathaavuddha.m (following seniority)
            bhattassa + pacchaa = pacchaabhatta.m (after the meal, i.e. afternoon)
            ga`ngaaya + adho = adhoga`nga.m (down the river)
            jiivo + yaava = yaavajiiva.m (as long as life lasts)
            bala.m + yathaa = yathaabala.m (according to one's strength, i.e. to
            the best of one's ability)
            nagarato + bahi = bahinagara.m (outside the town)
            attho + yaava = yaavadattha.m (as much as desired, to the full)
            aa (yaava) + samudda.m = aasamudda.m (as far as the sea-coast)
            vaatassa + anu = anuvaata.m (following or with the wind)

            6. Bahubbiihi (Relative) Compounds

            55. When two or more substantives are combined together and the
            resultant denotes something other than what is meant by the two
            members severally, the compound is called Bahubbiihi = Relative or
            Attributive.

            This compound requires the addition of such relative pronouns as: "he,
            who, that, which", etc. to express its full meaning; therefore this is
            used as an adjective and takes any gender according to that of the
            noun which it qualifies.

            Examples

            chinnaa + hatthaa (yassa, so) = chinnahattho, (a man) whose hand have
            been cut off
            lohitena + makkhita.m + siisa.m (yassa, so) = lohitamakkhitasiiso, (a
            man) whose head is besmeared with blood
            aaruu.lhaa + vaa.nijaa (ya.m, saa) = aaruu.lhavaa.nijaa, (a ship) on
            which the merchants have embarked
            jitaani + indriyaani (yena, so) = jitindriyo, (a monk) who has subdued
            his senses
            dinno + su`nko (yassa, so) = dinnasu`nko, (an official) to whom the
            tax is given
            niggataa + janaa (yasmaa, so) = niggatajano, (a village) from where
            the people have departed
            khii.naa + aasavaa (yassa, so) = khii.naasavo, (a saint) whose
            passions are destroyed
            sampannaani + sassaani (yasmi.m, so) = sampannasasso, (a province) in
            which the crops are abundant

            56. Feminine nouns ending in ii, uu, and the stems ending in -tu,
            generally take the suffix ka, when they are the last member of a
            Bahubbiihi.

            Examples

            bahavo + nadiyo (yasmi.m, so) = bahunadiko, (a country) where there
            are many rivers
            apagato + satthaa (yasmaa, so) = apagatasatthuka.m, (the doctrine)
            whose founder is dead
            bahuu + vadhuyo (yassa, so) = bahuvadhuko, (a person) who has many wives

            57. When a feminine noun is the last member of a Bahubbiihi, it takes
            the masculine, or neuter form, if it is determining a masculine or
            neuter noun; also the first member, if it is feminine, drops its
            feminine sign.

            Examples

            mahantii + pa~n~naa (yassa, so) = mahaapa~n~no, (a person) who has
            great wisdom
            pahuutaa + jivhaa (yassa, so) = pahuutajivho, (a man) whose tongue is
            broader (than that of others)

            (to be continued...)
          • Ong Yong Peng
            [2-8/8] The New Pali Course Part II (1938) Ven. A. P. Buddhadatta acalaa + saddhaa (yassa, so) = acalasaddho, (a man) with an unshakable faith diighaa +
            Message 5 of 24 , Oct 26, 2007
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              [2-8/8]

              The New Pali Course Part II (1938)

              Ven. A. P. Buddhadatta

              acalaa + saddhaa (yassa, so) = acalasaddho, (a man) with an unshakable
              faith
              diighaa + ja`nghaa (yassa, so) = diighaja`ngho, (a man) whose shanks
              are long

              Exercise 9

              Translate into English and define the compounds

              1. Sura-nara-mahito Satthaa bhikkhusahassa-parivuto
              aaki.n.na-manussa.m Raajagahanagara.m paavisi.

              2. Aaruu.lha-vaa.nijaa mahaanaavaa nirupaddavena mahaasamudda.m
              taritvaa sattaahena Jambudiipa.m sampaapu.ni.

              3. Saparivaaro raajaa anvaddhamaasam antopuraa nikkhamitvaa
              naanaa-tarusa.n.da-ma.n.dita.m dijaga.na-kuujita.m uyyaana.m gacchati.

              4. "Siilagandha-samo gandho
              Kuto naama bhavissati,
              Yo sama.m anuvaate ca
              Pa.tivaate ca vaayati?" [Vism. i, 10]

              5. Bahavo Braahma.naa bahinagarato antonagaram pavisitvaa yaavadattham
              bhu~njitvaa saka-saka-gehaani agami.msu.

              6. Dussiilaa yaavajiivam akusalaani katvaa param mara.naa niraye
              uppajjitvaa atika.tuka-dukkha.m vindanti.

              7. Sambuddha-parinibbaanato vassa-sataccayena Vesaalivaasino
              Vajjiputtakaa bhikkhuu saasane abbuda.m uppaadesu.m.

              8. "Tasmi.m samaye Satthaa anupubben'aagantvaa Anaathapi.n.dikena
              mahaase.t.thinaa kaarite Jetavana-mahaa vihaare viharati, mahaajana.m
              saggamagge ca mokkha-magge ca pati.t.thaapayamaano." [Dh.A.i, 4]

              9. Cha.labhi~n~naappattaa pa~ncasatta-khii.naasavaa antovassa.m
              Raajagahasamiipe vasantaa dhamma-vinaya-sa`ngiitim aka.msu.

              10. "Tadaa Saavatthiya.m satta-manussa-ko.tiyo vasanti; tesu
              ariyasaavakaana.m dve yeva kiccaani ahesu.m: pure-bhatta.m daana.m
              denti, pacchaabhatta.m gandha-maalaadihatthaa
              vattha-bhesajja-paanakaadi.m gaahaapetvaa dhammasava.natthaaya
              gacchanti." [Dh.A.i, 5]

              New Words.

              atika.tuka (adj) very severe.
              anupubbena (adv) in regular order, in due course.
              antovassam (adv) within the rainy season.
              abbuda (m) contention, dissension. [lit] tumour.
              ariyasaavaka (m) a disciple who has attained the path.
              aaki.n.na (pp) full of, scattered with.
              kicca (n) work, business.
              gaahaapetvaa (abs) having caused to be taken.
              cha.labhi~n~naappatta (adj) one who has attained the six supernatural
              powers.
              tarusa.n.da (m) grove of trees.
              dijaga.na-kuujita (adj) resounding with [the singing of] birds.
              dussiila (adj) of bad character.
              dhammasangiiti (f) rehearsal of the Dhamma.
              nirupaddava (adj) free from danger.
              pati.t.thaapayamaana (pr.p) establishing.
              para.m (adv) after.
              parinibbaana (n) final passing away.
              parivuta (pp) surrounded by.
              paanakaadi (n) syrups and such other things.
              ma`n.dita (adj) adorned, beautiful.
              mahita (pp) honoured.
              vajjiputtaka (m) sons of Vajjis.
              vaayati (v) blows.
              vindati (v) suffers, gets.
              satta-manussa-kotiyo (f, pl) 70 millions of people.
              sama (adj) equal, even.
              samiipa (n) proximity. (adj) near, adjacent.
              samaya (m) time, religion.
              saparivaara (adv) together with the following or retinue.
              siilagandha (m) fragrance of virtue.

              Translate into Pali, forming compounds where it is possible

              1. Bimbisaara, the king of Magadha, came with his retinue to his
              garden named Veluvana to listen to the doctrine preached by the Buddha.

              2. Having heard the Dhamma, he, together with one hundred and twenty
              thousands of men, became a disciple of the Blessed One.

              3. The man whose sons are dead went to a monastery (situated) outside
              the town and made an offering of alms and robes to the monks dwelling
              there.

              4. On the next day, having prepared alms for the bhikkhus and having
              decked the town, they repaired the road by which the Buddha was to come.

              5. He said to the men, "If you are clearing this road for the Buddha,
              assign to me a piece of ground. I will clear it in company with you."

              6. But, before the ground could be cleared by him, the Buddha
              Diipa`nkara with a train of a hundred thousand saints, endowed with
              the six supernatural powers, came down into the road all decked and
              made ready for Him.

              7. Having received at the foot of a banyan tree a meal of rice-milk,
              and partaken of it by the banks of the Nera~njaraa, he will attain, at
              the foot of a fig tree, the Supreme Knowledge.

              8. The saints, four hundred thousand in number, having made offerings
              of perfume and garlands to the Great Being, saluted him and departed.

              9. While the earth was trembling, the people of the city of Ramma,
              unable to endure it, fell here and there, while waterpots and other
              vessels were dashed into pieces.

              10. At that moment the throne on which Sakka was seated became warm.

              New words.

              assigns = niyameti (v).
              Blessed One = bhagavantu (m).
              as before = pubbe, viya.
              clearing = sodhenta (pr.p).
              dashed into pieces = kha.n.daakha.n.dikajaata (pp).
              fig tree = assattha (m).
              having partaken (of it) = paribhu~njitvaa (abs).
              in company with = saha (indec).
              made ready = pa.tiyatta (pp).
              meal of rice-milk = khiirapaayaasa (m).
              on one side = ekamanta.m (adv).
              piece = kha.n.da, bhaaga (m).
              represented = upaniita (pp).
              supreme knowledge = sabba~n~nuta~naa.na (n).
              to endure = sahitu.m (inf).
              vessel = bhaajana (n).

              (to be continued...)
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