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The Meaning of Dhamma no 11, corrected.

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  • Nina van Gorkom
    The Meaning of Dhamma no 11, corrected. words: upeti: approach, obtain. icceva.m: iti+eva.m: thus indeed koci: someone (pl: keci) vattati: turn, proceed, take
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 11, 2006
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      The Meaning of Dhamma no 11, corrected.
      words:
      upeti: approach, obtain.
      icceva.m: iti+eva.m: thus indeed
      koci: someone (pl: keci)
      vattati: turn, proceed, take place.
      pariccheda (m); measure, division, classification.
      vatthu (n): ground, object, thing.
      *****
      The Saddaniti explains dhamma as nibbaana:

      <"Sata~nca dhammo na jara.m upetii"ti ettha nibbaane vattati.
      In the passage �And the dhamma of the true ones is not susceptible to
      decay�, here dhamma means nibbaana...>

      Sata.m stands for santaana.m according to the commentary on the
      Dhammapada, vs. 151. �Of the true ones such as the Buddha�, it
      states. The true persons are the enlightened ones who have realized
      nibbaana. Nibbaana is the unconditioned dhamma that does not arise
      and fall away, and thus it is not susceptible to decay.

      We read about dhamma as anattaa:
      <Tatra yaa nissattataa, saa eva nijjiivataa.
      Here what is devoid of a living being, that is indeed without a soul.>

      We read about dhamma as cause:

      <Yo ca hetu, so eva paccayo.
      What is a cause, that is indeed a condition.>

      N: The terms hetu and paccaya are often used together, for example in
      the �Kindred Sayings�(IV, XXXV, � 93, Duality: yo pi hetu, yo pi
      paccaya...so pi hetu, so pi paccaya.. : that condition, that relation...

      The Saddaniti ends with a summary in verse:

      Icceva.m-
      Thus indeed the word dhamma occurs with reference to the following
      words:

      Pariyattipaccayesu, gu.ne nissattataaya ca;
      scriptures and conditions, virtue and what is devoid of a
      living being;

      sabhaave ceva pa~n~naaya.m, pu~n~ne pa~n~nattiyampi ca.
      what has its own characteristic and wisdom, merit and also
      concept.
      Aapattiya.m vikaare ca, paccayuppannakepi ca;
      disciplinary offense and alteration, and also what is
      conditioned;

      saccasamaadhipakati-~neyyesu yuttiyampi ca;
      truth, concentration and nature, what is to be known and
      also what is
      suitable;

      visaye ceva nibbaane, dhammasaddo pavattati.
      object and nibbaana, thus the word dhamma occurs.


      Keci pana dhammasaddassa pavattivisayaana.m dasadhaava pariccheda.m
      vadanti.
      Some teachers, however, indicate the classification of the
      applications of the word dhamma as tenfold:

      Neyyamagge ca nibbaane, sabhaave atha jaatiya.m;
      What is to be known, the Path, nibbaana, what has its own
      nature, and
      also birth;

      mane visayapu~n~nesu, bhaave paavacanepi ca;
      mind, object and merit, nature and also the scriptures;

      imesu dasavatthesu, dhammasaddo pavattati.
      in these ten applications the word dhamma occurs.

      ********
      Nina.

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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