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The Meaning of dhamma, no 8.

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  • nina van gorkom
    The Meaning of dhamma, no 8. The Saddaniti mentions further on more meanings of dhamma. some of them have been classified already and some of them not yet:
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 12, 2006
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      The Meaning of dhamma, no 8.

      The Saddaniti mentions further on more meanings of dhamma. some of them have
      been classified already and some of them not yet:

      <Atha vaa dhammasaddo
      pariyatti-sacca-samaadhi-pa~n~naa-pakati-pu~n~na-apatti-~neyya-adiisu

      And then the word dhamma means: scriptures, truth, concentration, wisdom,
      nature, merit, disciplinary offense, that which can be known, and so on.

      bahuusu atthesu di.t.thappayogo.
      Its application is seen in many meanings.>

      N: words:
      payoga (m): means, undertaking, practice.
      di.t.tha: seen, understood.

      The Saddaniti explains dhamma as scriptures:

      <Tathaa hi "idha bhikkhu dhamma.m pariyaapu.naatii"ti-aadiisu pariyattiya.m
      dissati.
      Thus, in a passage as ³Here a monk learns the dhamma thoroughly², the word
      dhamma is to be seen as the scriptures. >

      Words: tathaa: thus.
      idha: here.
      pariyaapu.naati: to master, learn thoroughly.
      dissati: it seems, appears.

      The Saddaniti explains dhamma as sacca, truth:

      <"Di.t.thadhammo pattadhammo"ti-aadiisu sacce.
      In such passages as ³The dhamma that is understood, the dhamma that is
      realized², dhamma means truth. >

      Word: patta : p.p. of paapu.nati: to attain.

      The Commentary to the ³Muulapariyaayasutta², Discourse on the Synopsis of
      Fundamentals, (M I, 1, translated by Ven. Bodhi as ³The root of Existence²,
      B.P.S.), several meanings of dhamma are explained.

      Sacca, truth is explained in a similar passage: <³He saw the Dhamma,
      understood the Dhamma² (D. 13) -in the sense of the (four noble) Truths.>

      The word dhamma as samaadhi, concentration is explained:

      <"Eva.mdhammaa te bhagavanto ahesun"ti-aadiisu samaadhimhi.
      In the passage of ³Those Exalted Ones were of such dhammas² dhamma refers to
      concentration.>

      This is said in the Commentary to the ³Muulapariyaayasutta², and here is a
      reference to D. 13.

      The Saddaniti explains dhamma as pa~n~naa, wisdom, in the same way as
      above, classified under the four virtues of a householder:

      <"Sacca.m dhammo dhiti caago"ti evamaadiisu pa~n~naaya.m.
      In a passage such as ³truth, dhamma, courage and generosity² dhamma refers
      to wisdom.>

      The Saddaniti explains dhamma as nature (pakati):

      <"Jaatidhammaana.m bhikkhave sattaanan"ti evamaadiisu pakatiya.m.
      In such passages as ³Living beings, monks, are of a nature to be born²,
      dhamma refers to nature.>

      The Commentary to the ³Muulapariyaayasutta² states about dhamma as nature:
      ³Of a nature to be born, of a nature to grow old, of a nature to die² (D.
      22.)
      ****
      Nina.
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