[Fwd: November 2006 Carbon Sequestration Newsletter]
- I scrubbed the PDF from the email as the identical material is below.....
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Subject: November 2006 Carbon Sequestration Newsletter Date: Wed, 01 Nov 2006 09:12:02 -0500 From: sequestration@... Reply-To: sequestration@... To: sequestration@... References: <4547692B020000BE0000046E@...> <454864E2020000BE0000053D@...>
Dear Carbon Sequestration Newsletter Subscribers,Please find attached, and appended below, the November 2006 edition of the Carbon Sequestration Newsletter.Please encourage others interested in the topic of Carbon Sequestration to subscribe to the newsletter.As always, we welcome your comments and feedback!Thank you.
The Carbon Sequestration Newsletter
This newsletter is produced by the National Energy Technology Laboratory to provide information on recent activities and publications related to carbon sequestration. It covers domestic, international, public sector, and private sector news in the following areas:
· Sequestration in the News
· Events and Announcements
· Recent Publications
· Legislative Activity
· Contact Information
DOE Techline, "DOE Project Injects 700 Tons of Carbon Dioxide Into Texas Sandstone Formation;
Researchers to Determine the Ability of Brine Formations to Sequester Greenhouse Gas," and United Press International, "US Tests CO2 Underground Storage Options." As part of the Carbon Sequestration program, the US Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory is following up on its 2004 effort to determine the feasibility of storing carbon dioxide in brine formations though the Frio Brine Project. The Frio Brine test site is located 40 miles northeast of Houston , Texas near Dayton , Texas . The latest stage in the research consists of pumping more than 700 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) underground to determine how the CO2 moves though brine-filled highly porous sandstone. This sandstone is representative of formations found worldwide. The Frio Brine project is a carbon sequestration project funded by the US Department of Energy and managed by the DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory. The lead project partner is the University of Texas at Austin 's Bureau of Economic Geology, and the research team includes: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the US Geological Survey, and Sandia Technologies LLC. The Frio Brine Pilot project falls within the Gulf Coast Carbon Center area, a participant in DOE's Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership. In 2004, the researchers used computer models to predict that the CO2 would stop quickly after traveling a short distance through the formation, and that the researchers were able to accurately measure the pattern of movement and the final distribution of the CO2. For the current year-long monitoring project, researchers have begun to collect chemistry, pressure and temperature data, and by the end of the project, will have collected information to better assess and monitor larger-scale, longer-duration injections of CO2. "This current project will ... help to advance our injection and monitoring technology to the point where we know what formations can safely and effectively store greenhouse gases in each region of the country to address global climate change," said Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Jeffrey Jarrett. October 12, 2006, http://www.netl.doe.gov/publications/press/2006/06057-Frio_CO2_Injection.html, and October 12, 2006, http://www.upi.com/NewsTrack/view.php?StoryID=20061012-011940-4991r.
China Daily, "Nation Ready To Join US FutureGen Power Project." At the 12th US-China Joint Commission Meeting on Scientific and Technological Co-operation, China announced that it plans to join the FutureGen International Partnership. The US Department of Energy's plans to collect about $950 million in international funds to help to build FutureGen, a zero-emission, coal-fired electric and hydrogen production plant. As a member of the International Partnership, China would need to contribute $10 million to the FutureGen program. India and South Korea are already members of the International Partnership. China 's Huaneng Group, the country's leading power corporation, is one of the corporate members that are part of the FutureGen Industrial Alliance. Final talks between the US and China regarding the International Partnership will be held once the draft of the general agreement for the FutureGen partners is finalized by the US Department of State. November 19, 2006, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2006-10/19/content_711519.htm
Sequestration in the News
E&E News, " Idaho Considers Carbon Sequestering Projects." Idaho is exploring the possibility of sequestering carbon dioxide (CO2) in lava flow formations and using the projects to offset carbon emissions in the state. In 2002, the Idaho Soil Conservation Commission created an advisory committee at the request of the state. Two pilot project areas have been proposed by the committee. The Idaho National Laboratories are trying to inject CO2 into lava formation in east-central Idaho . The Soil Conservation Commission met with a group of carbon emitters in January, and also with members of the National Carbon Offset Coalition, a Montana-based group that helps landowners plan sequestration activities. September 27, 2006, http://www.eenews.net/Greenwire/print/2006/09/27/17. (Subscription may be required.)
Reuters, " Norway To Build World's Biggest CO2 Capture Facility." The Norwegian government will help finance carbon capture and storage for the Statoil project in Mongstad , Norway . Statoil is building the world's largest facility for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage, near where Statoil plans to build a gas-fired power plant to feed one of its refineries. A technology company will be created of which the government will own 80 percent. Norway will spend $594 million on the facility, which will capture 100,000 tons of CO2 in 2010, and 1.3 million tons in 2014. October 13, 2006, http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/38487/story.htm.
Energy Central, "ALSTOM, EPRI and We Energies To Build Pilot Plant In the US To Demonstrate Its Unique CO2 Capture Process." A five megawatt pilot plant will be built in order to demonstrate a carbon dioxide (CO2) capture process, capturing CO2 from a portion of boiler flue gas at the We Energies power plant in Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin . This capture process was developed by the engineering firm ALSTOM, and uses chilled ammonia to capture the CO2. This specific process has not yet been demonstrated in the US . The process reduces the required energy for capture and isolation of the CO2 in a highly concentrated, highly pressurized form. In previous laboratory testing, the process was shown to be 90 percent efficient at removing CO2, at a much lower cost than other methods. The pilot project will be commissioned in mid-2007 at the We Energies Pleasant Prairie Power Plant and operated for approximately one year. An engineering/environmental performance and cost analysis will be conducted by Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) during the operation. October 3, 2006, http://www.energycentral.com/centers/news/daily/article.cfm?aid=7226310. (Registration may be required.)
Central Valley Business Times ( California ), "Central Valley May Be Site for 'Carbon Repository' In Global Warming Battle ," and San Mateo County Times , "Delta Explored As Place To Stash Carbon Dioxide: Global Warming Solution Could Be To Put Gases In Underground Caverns." The West Coast Regional Sequestration Partnership (WestCarb)-comprised of industry and government from California , Nevada , Arizona , Oregon , Washington and British Columbia -is planning a sequestration project at a site near Thorton , California . Westcarb is part of the National Energy Technology Laboratory's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program. The project site consists of a saline deposit (salt water and sand 3,500 feet underground) which is capped by a thick layer of shale, above which is a depleted natural gas deposit also topped by a layer of shale. Plans are to inject carbon dioxide (CO2) into both formations. The site will be the first tested, among other potential sites in the northern Central Valley of California, for its potential to store carbon dioxide (CO2) from 20 power plants from the Bay area. Before pumping the CO2 underground, public hearings will be held and permits obtained from the US Environmental Protection Agency, state oil and gas regulators, or both. The volume of carbon dioxide injected will be small, roughly amounting to what a coal-fired power plant would release in a day. The scientists will then monitor the CO2 in the formations. The injection could begin as early as spring 2007. October 12, 2006, http://www.centralvalleybusinesstimes.com/stories/001/?ID=3265, and October 1, 2006, http://www.insidebayarea.com/sanmateocountytimes/localnews/ci_4426718.
2006 Gasification Technologies Council Annual Conference Papers and Presentations. The papers and presentations from the 2006 Gasification Technologies Conference, which was held from October 1-4 in Washington , DC , are available to download. Visit http://www.gasification.org/Presentations/2006.htm to view the papers, with several papers under the heading of "Carbon Management with Gasification Technologies." Also available is a presentation given by Mike Mudd of the FutureGen Alliance on the Status and Schedule of the FutureGen Plant at: http://www.gasification.org/Docs/2006_Papers/39MUDD.pdf.
Federal Loan Guarantees for Projects that Employ Innovative Technologies in Support of the Advanced Energy Initiative. (Funding Opportunity Number: DE-PS01-06LG00001) This Solicitation Announcement invites the submission of Pre-Applications seeking Loan Guarantees from the United States Department of Energy in support of debt financing on projects that promote the President's Advanced Energy Initiative and are eligible to receive loan guarantees under Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. One of the categories of projects eligible for a loan guarantee includes those that employ carbon capture and sequestration practices and technologies. Pre-Applications are due at 5:00 PM Eastern Time on November 06, 2006. Successful pre-applicants will be contacted with an invitation to submit a full application. For more information please see: https://e-center.doe.gov/iips/faopor.nsf/UNID/D230E80D10F4AAD4852571C5004A1749?OpenDocument.
Solicitation for Natural Gas & Petroleum Exploration & Production, Emissions Reduction, and Carbon Sequestration Soon To Be Released. The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) announces its Program Opportunity Notice (PON) 1111: Natural Gas & Petroleum Exploration & Production, Emissions Reduction, and Carbon Sequestration. NYSERDA anticipates making multiple awards in the following categories: Type 1: Resource Characterization ($100,000 maximum NYSERDA funding per project); Type 2: Resource Development ($150,000 maximum NYSERDA funding per project); Type 3: Efficiency Increases and Emissions Reduction in Resource Extraction, Transportation, and Distribution ($150,000 maximum NYSERDA funding per project); and Type 4: CO2 Sequestration ($400,000 maximum NYSERDA funding per project). Proposals can be submitted by individual companies, research institutions, or teams. Teaming arrangements are encouraged, including the use of outside technical expertise or joint ventures between companies/organizations. The submission deadlines will be December 28, 2006, and August 8, 2007. Check for the full solicitation soon to be found under Funding Opportunities on NYSERDA's website: http://www.nyserda.org/Funding/funding.asp?i=2.
"The Great Warming," a new documentary film, to be released November 3. The film examines world-wide issues of climate change and offers many real-world solutions. Filmed on four continents and narrated by Keanu Reeves and Alanis Morissette, the film will be released nationwide through the Regal Cinema chain in the top 50 U.S. markets. http://www.prweb.com/releases/2006/10/prweb445785.htm.
Television show "The Climate Code with Dr. Heidi Cullen" to be launched on the Weather Channel. The Weather Channel is launching a new show called "The Climate Code" that will focus on global warming and environmental issues. The host is Heidi Cullen, who holds a Ph.D. from Columbia University . The show will air at 5 p.m. every Sunday with reruns on Saturdays at 5 p.m., 7 p.m. and 11 p.m. http://climate.weather.com/onair.html.
Point Carbon's Carbon Market North America free e-newsletter. View and/or register for Point Carbon's newsletter covering North America 's carbon market news and commentary. Also included is a summary of global carbon politics and markets. http://www.pointcarbon.com/Home/Carbon%20Market%20North%20America/category1325.html.
Reuters, "US Northeast Could Warm Drastically by 2100 - Study." In a two-year study by the Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment group, the US Northeast could see a rise in average summer temperatures of more than 12 degrees Fahrenheit (F) by 2100 if emissions go unchecked. The Northeast region is comprised of nine states and ranks just behind Germany for quantity of emissions, and ahead of all of Canada . If 3 percent of the emissions are cut, then the temperatures may only rise to between 3.5 degrees and 6.5 degrees F by 2100. With the higher emissions projections, cities would see 60 or more summer days over 90 degrees, and 14 to 28 days with temperatures over 100 degrees F by 2100. With lower emissions projections, cities may see 30 or more days over 90 degrees F and 9 days with over 100 degrees F by 2100. Currently, Northeast cities have one or two days each year with temperatures over 100 degrees F. October 5, 2006, http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/38380/story.htm.
Reuters, "Branson Commits US$3 Billion to Fight Global Warming." British billionaire Richard Branson has committed to spending all the profits from his airline and rail businesses on combating global warming, approximately $3 billion over the next 10 years. One venture already in existence, Virgin Fuels, will invest $400 million over three years in renewable energy initiatives. Profits from the transport business which comprises one half of the company, will be invested in biofuels research, development, production and distribution, and also used to fund projects to combat emissions though a planned Environmental Trust. September 22, 2006, http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=38212&newsdate=22-Sep-2006.
EPA Press Release, "Companies Set Aggressive Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Goals." Through the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Climate Leaders program, 13 companies are setting new emission reduction targets and 21 new companies are joining the program. The greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets for the 13 companies range from 9 percent to net zero emissions. The Climate Leaders represent a broad range of industry sectors and more than $1 trillion in revenue. Over 100 companies take part, and represent more than 8 percent of the total annual US greenhouse gas emissions. Reduction efforts by the group are estimated to prevent greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to those from 7 million cars. See the news link at the end of this paragraph to view a list of the companies and their reduction goals. For more information on the EPA's Climate Leaders program, see: http://epa.gov/climateleaders/. October 12, 2006, http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/4d84d5d9a719de8c85257018005467c2/abaf76a31c93d2e685257205006305cb!OpenDocument
"Geographically explicit global modeling of land-use change, carbon sequestration, and biomass supply." This study aims to determine whether carbon sequestration policies could present a significant contribution to the global portfolio of climate change mitigation options. The objective is to model the effects of policies designed to induce landowners to change land use and management patterns with a view to sequester carbon or to reduce deforestation. The approach uses the spatially explicit Dynamic Integrated Model of Forestry and Alternative Land Use (DIMA) to quantify the economic potential of global forests. The model chooses which of the land-use processes (afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, or conservation and management options) would be applied in a specific location, based on land prices, cost of forest production and harvesting, site productivity, population density, and estimates of economic growth. The approach is relevant in that it (1) couples a revised and updated version of the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios with the dynamic development of climate policy implications through integration with the Model for Energy Supply Strategy Alternatives and their General Environmental Impact (MESSAGE); (2) is spatially explicit on a 0.5 degree grid; and (3) is constrained by guaranteeing food security and land for urban development. As outputs, DIMA produces 100-year forecasts of land-use change, carbon sequestration, impacts of carbon incentives (e.g., avoided deforestation), biomass for bioenergy, and climate policy impacts. The modeling results indicate that carbon sequestration policies could contribute to a significant part of the global portfolio of efficient climate mitigation policies, dependent upon carbon prices. Dmitry Rokityanskiy, Pablo C. Benítez, Florian Kraxner, Ian McCallum, Michael Obersteiner, Ewald Rametsteiner and Yoshiki Yamagata, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Available online October 4, 2006. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V71-4M1TSSW-1/2/47317f4790cb9904c5823656b6af0d6e. (Subscription may be required.)
"Enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) using CO2 as working fluid-A novel approach for generating renewable energy with simultaneous sequestration of carbon." Responding to the need to reduce atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide, Brown [Brown, D., 2000. A Hot Dry Rock geothermal energy concept utilizing supercritical CO2 instead of water. In: Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, pp. 233-238] proposed a novel enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) concept that would use carbon dioxide (CO2) instead of water as heat transmission fluid, and would achieve geologic sequestration of CO2 as an ancillary benefit. Following up on his suggestion, the authors have evaluated thermophysical properties and performed numerical simulations to explore the fluid dynamics and heat transfer issues in an engineered geothermal reservoir that would be operated with CO2. The authors find that CO2 is superior to water in its ability to mine heat from hot fractured rock. Carbon dioxide also offers certain advantages with respect to wellbore hydraulics, in that its larger compressibility and expansivity as compared to water would increase buoyancy forces and would reduce the parasitic power consumption of the fluid circulation system. While the thermal and hydraulic aspects of a CO2-EGS system look promising, major uncertainties remain with regard to chemical interactions between fluids and rocks. An EGS system running on CO2 has sufficiently attractive features to warrant further investigation. Karsten Pruess, Geothermics, Volume 35, Issue 4, August 2006, Pages 351-367. Available online September 27, 2006. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VCN-4M0BHBT-1/2/37fce8fddfd341ff8190583b6c62e25c. (Subscription may be required.)
"Characterization and selectivity for methane and carbon dioxide adsorption on the all-silica DD3R zeolite." Clathrasil Deca-dodecasil 3R (DD3R) zeolite was synthesized in this study. Then, adsorption properties of carbon dioxide and methane were examined on the all-silica DD3R zeolite. Pure component adsorption isotherms are reported at temperatures of 273-348 Kelvin (K) and pressures as high as 3 megapascals (MPa). The isotherms follow a typical Type-I shape according to the Brunauer classification. They are well described using Langmuir and multi-site Langmuir models. Isosteric heats of adsorption and Henry's Law constants of all adsorbates were determined. High selectivity of adsorption for carbon dioxide over methane suggests that the all-silica DD3R is an effective adsorbent or zeolite membrane material that can separate carbon dioxide and methane gaseous mixtures. Shuji Himeno, Toshihiro Tomita, Kenji Suzuki and Shuichi Yoshida, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Available online October 2, 2006, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TH4-4M1D0HR-3/2/1333505f2fe51b588a8072b3fa0d2fb5. (Subscription may be required.)
"Production of hydrogen through the carbonation-calcination reaction applied to CH4/CO2 mixtures." The production of hydrogen combined with carbon capture represents a possible option for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in atmosphere and anthropogenic greenhouse effect. Nowadays the worldwide hydrogen production is based mainly on natural gas reforming, but the attention of the scientific community is focused also on other gas mixtures with significant methane (CH4) content. In particular mixtures constituted mainly by methane and carbon dioxide are extensively used in energy conversion applications, as they include land-fill gas, digester gas and natural gas. The present paper addresses the development of an innovative system for hydrogen production and CO2 capture starting from these mixtures. The plant is based on steam methane reforming, coupled with the carbonation and calcination reactions for CO2 absorption and desorption, respectively. A thermodynamic approach is proposed to investigate the plant performance in relation to the methane content in the feeding gas. The results suggest that, in order to optimize the hydrogen purity and the efficiency, two different methodologies can be adopted involving both the system layout and operating parameters. In particular such methodologies are suitable for a methane content, respectively, higher and lower than 65 percent.
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