Re: [PPLetterpress] Re: Dampening
- The first paper machine was patented by Louis Robert in France in 1798,
followed by the Fourdrinier brothers, Henry and Sealy, working with Brian
Donkin in England. Between 1803 and 1807 they developed the paper machine
design still used today called the "fourdrinier". So it wasn't an American
invention. Paper machines came to this country around mid 19th C. but by
1860, even though machines were being used for a lot of papermaking, the
content of most papers is still rags. So the paper is still similar to
handmade and would respond to dampening the same.
I'd guess that dampened paper would be slower to feed through the
increasingly faster presses of the late 19th C. and so dry paper would be
an advantage for speedier production. Those printing with hand presses
probably still dampened, whether using handmade or machine made.
Here in arid Arizona, I find dampened paper just too difficult to print on
reliably. Maintaining a consistent moisture content through repeated
printings and maintaining registration is impossible. Dry printing works
for me just fine.
>Do you think this is the reason for the switch? or was it the resultJohn L. Risseeuw, Professor
>of the American invention of the Fourdriner(sp? my reference books are
>in storage) paper machine, which eliminated the need for handmade
>paper? and served as the impetus for the success of the machine-driven
>cylinder presses. Or do I have my dates wrong?
Director, Pyracantha Press
School of Art
Arizona State University
Tempe, Arizona 85287-1505
480-965-3713 office; 480-965-8338 fax