Government development programs have failed to
create prosperity in regions due to poor governance and subpar quality of human
resources in local governments,a study says.
The study, conducted
jointly by the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), the United
Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Germany-based Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) has found that the government is on track to
achieving its 2010-2014 National Mid Term Development Plan (RPJMN), however,
different understandings among regional leaders on how to implement the plan has
hampered regions from achieving equal prosperity.
The study concluded
that growth remained centered in Java and that poverty remained high in villages
all across the archipelago, where 52 percent of the country’s 240 million
Astia Dendi, research team leader, earlier this week
cited a lack of knowledge and technology transfer from the central government to
local administrations as a perennial challenge that had slowed down development
Other challenges include poor human resources, infrastructure
and low per capita income.
Research team member Budi Raharjo further
cited “different political promises” between President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
and his officials in the regions as another challenge that hampered the way for
an “integrated implementation of the national development plans”.
government officials, including the President, promote development agendas but
there has yet to be synergy on how to carry out the programs,” he told The
Jakarta Post on the sidelines of a discussion on the preliminary findings of the
study at Bappenas headquarters in Jakarta on Monday.
The ongoing study,
which started last year, used six provinces as samples: Central Java, Bangka
Belitung, East Kalimantan, Gorontalo, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) and East Nusa
Despite human development index improvements in these
regions, as well as the majority areas in Indonesia, the study has revealed that
Central Java achieved the highest quality of education and health as it
implemented best governance.
“Meanwhile, good governance remains a huge
challenge in NTT, the province where education and health remain relatively
poor,” researcher Robby Sirait said.
Robby said that based on the study,
the government would unlikely achieve its target to reduce the national poverty
rate to between 8 and 10 percent from last year’s 11.66 percent by 2014, unless
both central and local governments joined hands to equally improve governance,
human resources, infrastructure as well as competitiveness in country’s
He further suggested that the government recognize emerging
regions, such as North Sumatra, which, despite the Java-centered development
achievement, has shown significant growth that contributed 5.95 percent to
national growth by 2011