Orthodoxy in Norway
Orthodoxy in Norway
M. Michael Brady Jun 19th, 2013
Orthodoxy in Norway has long had a Russian connection. In Viking times,
various Viking chiefs and kings lived in Novgorod and contributed to
making Kiev a cultural centre.
Orthodox Saint Typhon of Pechenga (1495-1583) left his native Novgorod
in the early 16th Century, and spent the rest of his life evangelising
the Skolt Sami of the border areas between Russia, Finland and Norway.
Typhon's legacy is much evident in the far north. He founded the
monastery at Petsamo and built several churches on the Kola Peninsula,
notably the first church at Boris Glebm. In 1565, he constructed the
Saint George Chapel at Neiden in Norway, in what now is Sør-Varanger
Municipality in Finnmark County. The small, ten square metre Chapel
stands to this day, and Orthodox liturgy still is held in it every summer.
Many Orthodox refugees fled from Russia to Sweden and then on to Norway
after the revolution of 1917. The Orthodox Church in Russia tended to
their spiritual needs through the Orthodox Church in Stockholm, founded
The Saint Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church
<http://www.ortodoks.com/> was founded in Oslo in 1931. It was
subordinate to the Patriarchate of Constantinople and was the first
modern Orthodox congregation to be established in Norway.
Today, the Saint Nicholas congregation has a church in Oslo and
associate congregations in Bergen, Bodø, Neiden (Sør-Varanger),
Stavanger and Tromsø. Most of the members of the congregations are
immigrants from Orthodox countries. That said, there now are an
increasing number of Norwegian members.
Services are held on Sundays in Church Slavic and Norwegian, and the
liturgy is held in Norwegian on the first Sunday of each month. The
Saint Nicholas congregation now is one of 14 Russian Orthodox
congregations in the country that together have some 4,000 registered
Increasing mobility and job migrations in latter 20th century Europe
brought about the founding of other Orthodox congregations in Norway.
The Bulgarian Orthodox Church <http://bg-patriarshia.bg/> is subordinate
to the Eparchy in Berlin and has two congregations, St. Kiril and St.
Metodij in Oslo. It has about 200 registered members.
The Greek Orthodox Church <http://greskorthodokskirke.no/> is
subordinate to the Bishopric in Stockholm and has the Annunciation of
the Virgin Mary church in Oslo. It has about 350 registered members.
The Rumanian Orthodox Church <http://www.parohiaoslo.net/> is
subordinate to the Bishopric in Stockholm and has congregations in
Bergen, Oslo, Stavanger and Ålesund. It has about 400 registered members.
The Serbian Orthodox Church <http://www.vasilijeostroski.no/> is
subordinate to the Eparchy in Stockholm and has congregations in Bergen,
Oslo, Porsgrunn and Trondheim. It has about 3,000 registered members.
*Source: *The Foreigner
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