Under Threat: irreparable damage to Albanian historical site
Jan 15th, 2013
Following destruction of ‘Albania’s Sistine Chapel’, state officials say
they don’t have the ability to protect all of the country’s heritage jewels
TIRANA, Jan. 10 – The medieval frescoes of St. Premte Chapel in central
Albania survived the Ottoman Empire, various uprisings, two world wars
and the world’s only officially atheist regime — but they could not
survive one or more amateurish thieves who tried to chisel them out of
the wall in the evenings of Dec. 30 and Jan. 4.Most of the frescoes at
the small church in southeastern Elbasan County were the work of Onufri,
a painter of the 1500s considered to be Albania’s Michelangelo for his
work on Orthodox churches in central and southern Albania.The attempt to
steal the frescoes has made irreparable damage to the historical site,
authorities say.Gifted with a great wealth of cultural damage,
post-communist Albania has seen a trend of destruction and theft at its
cultural monuments in the past 20 years. Experts say investment, better
infrastructure, tougher punishments and more education are needed to to
protect the country’s historical, cultural and art heritage.
Site unguarded, authorities slow to respond
St. Premte Chapel is located in a very rural mountainous area in the
Shpat region of Elbasan County. Its walls are covered in Biblical
depictions of the Virgin Mary and various saints, including that of St.
Premte, an indigenous Albanian saint whose name is carried by several
Catholic and Orthodox churches across Albania. The Onufri paintings were
dated at 1554 and contained an inscription by the author, which is now
gone.On Dec. 30, the chapel was closed and unguarded, and it took some
time for state and church authorities to be notified by the area’s local
residents who first discovered the damage. But the local media reported
the authorities were very slow to act, which allowed the thieves to
return to the site on a different night and do more damage.
Authorities have yet to identify the authors, but experts say they were
“They used none of the tools a professional would use to dismount art
works like these,” said a Culture Ministry official.
The thieves used an ax-like tool to go after the heads of the saints in
the frescoes, leaving behind the bare walls. Many of these parts were
taken — likely for illegal sale — and some were left destroyed because
they had crumbled on the floor. It is the fact that the chiseled
paintings were taken away from the church that has led authorities to
believe they are dealing with thieves rather than vandals or something
more sinister, like a religious hate crime.
Activists demand accountability
Two heritage experts, Artan Shkreli and Auron Tare, traveled to the area
after they heard of the incident and notified the media of what had
happened, accusing authorities of trying to keep the damage quiet and
Shkreli, who heads the Forum for the Protection of Heritage, told the
local media this is possibly the worst crime of its type to Albania’s
cultural heritage in the past 20 years.
“In a way, this is the Sistine Chapel of Albanian frescoes, one of the
most extraordinary scenes in all the manuals of medieval Albanian art,”
Shkreli told the local media.
Tare said the Onfri frescoes, in the Albanian context, are as important
as those Michelangelo and Da Vinci to Italian heritage.
“Some has to be held accountable … The Culture Minister and the Director
of Heritage should resign,” Tare, who is also an opposition MP, told the
Gazeta Shqiptare newspaper.
The activists are calling for far tougher punishment of those who damage
or steal from cultural heritage sites, pointing out that prosecutions
and punishments have been rare and have not served as a deterrent.
Authorities say they lack resources, infrastructure to protect rural
Olsi Lafe, who heads the heritage department at the Ministry of Culture,
said in a press conference that his institution simply does not possess
the money and infrastructure to protect all cultural monuments 24 hours
“We manage a very large territory. Given that the number of monuments is
large and many of them are located in very rural areas, away from
residential centers, it is impossible to control them 24 hours a day,”
Lafe added the ministry is working with police to apprehend the people
who caused irreversible damage to the church and Albanian medieval art
Theft highlights fate of Albania’s cultural heritage
Heritage experts that work for the government and civil society
institutions say this is a grave incident which is part of a trend of
destruction and theft of Albania’s cultural heritage in the past two
They say investment, better infrastructure and tougher punishments are
needed — in combination with better education for the population at
large on how to protect and value the share heritage of the community.
Albania, which for hundreds of years has been at the crossroads of
different cultures, has a vast wealth of cultural heritage, much of
which is known and appreciated worldwide.
Due to Albania’s difficult post-communist transition, many international
institutions and the embassies of the several EU countries have offered
funding to reconstruct monuments of culture in Albania. In fact, much of
the reconstruction work that has taken place in large and small heritage
sites has been done thanks to funding provided by UNESCO, governments of
EU members states and the other friends of Albania.
But experts note taking local ownership is very important and providing
proper education and manpower to protect and restore monuments is
Available options for the future discussed
Lafe said the ministry needs the help of the religious communities (in
this case, the Orthodox Church) and the public to protect such
monuments. He also added it needs more funding, pointing to requests
made to the Ministry of Finance in the past.
But Lafe underlined that the ministry needs an entirely different
infrastructure in the place if it were to protect all monuments across
Albania from such damage.
Apollon Bace, the head of the Institute of Monuments, the state body
charged with protecting and restoring moments, told the local newspaper
Mapo that ideally a system of overseers should be in place to protect
each monument, a variation on the system used before the fall of
communism. An overseer is a semi-volunteer position where the state pays
a small sum every month to a local inhabitant to keep an eye on the
monument and the area around it.
Others say local authorities should interfere, creating a regional
system of protection brigades that doesn’t entirely depend on the
“The local government should definitely have a guard at these monuments
of culture. But these mountain municipalities have no funding to do so,”
Kristaq Shqau, head of the Gjinar Commune, where the chapel is located,
told private television channel, Albanian Screen.