Resolution on Cultural Ethnocide Towards Carpathian Rusins
The Resolution Of The International Conference
«henocide And Cultural Ethnocide Towards
Carpathian Rusins» (The End Xix - The Beginning Of Xxi Centuries)»
The resolution is accepted by the international
conference of scientists and representatives of
the public of Ukraine, Russia, Serbia, Czechia,
Moldova in Rostov-on-Don on December, 19th, 2008.
According to results of work on conference its participants resolve:
1. Rusins of Carpathian Rus were the first ethnic
group in history of a XX century (alongside with
the Armenian population of Ottoman empire)
concerning which the policy of a direct genocide
was spent. Active, appreciably organizing role in
a genocide towards Rusins the Ukrainian
nationalism has played. As the reason for a
genocide towards Rusins have served their
national consciousness and sympathies to Russia
which was at war with Austro-Hungarian empire.
The Rusins tragedy still is not estimated to the
full by scientific community and wide public
circles. The careful attitude to memory of
Rusins tragedy demands from the scientists of
different countries and, first of all, Russia and
Ukraine, purposeful laborious work on studying
the reasons and scales of this tragedy.
2. The cultural ethnocide policy towards Rusin
population in modern Ukraine is followed. It
means deprivation of people of its historical
name and historical memory, creation of obstacles
to development of national culture and to receive
education using the native language. Authorities
of Ukraine on all extent of existence of the
independent Ukrainian state since December, 1991
carry out the policy contradicting the base
democratic norms towards Rusins. Especially rigid
forms were got by this policy during board of president V. Yushchenko.
3. Carrying out concerning Rusins a policy of
violent ukrainization, the Ukrainian authorities
consider them as ethnographic group (part) of
Ukrainians. Meanwhile itself ethnonime «Rusin»
much more ancient than «Ukrainian». Rusins of
Carpathian Rus - the autochthonous people of the
Central Europe since olden days occupying
southern slopes of Carpathians. Ethnically,
linguistically, mentally, culturally and
religiously Rusins sharply differ from the
neighbours Ukrainians (from Galicia). This fact
puts under doubt the official version of the
Ukrainian science about Rusins as to ethnographic
group of Ukrainians and demands complex
scientific studying of Rusin as an ethnic group.
The modern scientific methodology names one of
the basic criteria of identification of people
its ethnic consciousness (self-identification).
Rusins realize itself as separate East Slavic
people alongside with Russians, Ukrainians and Byelorussians.
4. Originality of Rusins legislatively recognize
all Central European countries in which Rusin
communities historically live - Czechia,
Slovakia, Serbia, Hungary, etc. In Poland Lemkos
are officially recognized as a separate ethnic
group, a subethnic group of Rusins.
Rusins are recognized as the separate ethnic
group in the international documents. In 2006 the
Committee of the United Nations for liquidation
of a racial discrimination has expressed concern
with a state of affairs with Rusin national
minority in Ukraine - « absence of an official
recognition of Rusins as the national minority,
despite of its obvious ethnic features » and
recommended « to consider the problem on a
recognition Rusins as a national minority » as
there are « essential differences between Rusins
and Ukrainians » (Committee of the United Nations
for liquidation of a racial discrimination. The
Sixty ninth session. On July, 31st - on August, 18th, 2006. Paragraph 20).
5. From the legal point of view status of
Zakarpatye (historical area Podkarpatskaya Rus)
till now is not certain. The constitution of
Ukraine (item 9) gives exhaustive list of
international legal norms which constitute a part
of the national legislation: " valid
international treaties, signed by Ukraine, the
consent to which compulsion is been given by the
Supreme Soviet of Ukraine ". The contract 1946 "
About the Zakarpatye Ukraine " was signed by the
USSR, instead of Ukrainian Soviet Republic.
Ukraine according to the Law of Ukraine " About
succession of Ukraine " is assignee only of those
contracts of the USSR, " the consent to which
compulsion is given by the Supreme Soviet of
Ukraine ". Till now officially published Act of
expression by the Supreme Soviet of Ukraine of
the consent to compulsion of the international
Contract " About the Zakarpatye Ukraine " is not
present, and, hence, the specified Contract for Ukraine is void.
6. Ukraine did not implant results of a
referendum of 1991 (78 % of the population of the
Zakarpatskaya oblast have voted on this
referendum for autonomic territory in borders of
Ukraine, 90 % - for independence of Ukraine
itself). Thereby authorities of Ukraine have
broken the basic right of Zakarpatye inhabitants.
Proceeding from a political conjuncture, the
second part of results of a referendum according
to which Ukraine proclaimed itself the
independent state at ones own choosing has been implanted only.
7. Participants of the international conference
pay attention of the Ukrainian officials,
remedial organizations, to scientific community
on inadmissibility of continuation of
discrimination policy towards Rusin national
minority in Ukraine and express hope, that the
international public will render all-round
support to lawful and fair requirements of people of Podkarpatskaya Rus.
Rostov-on-Don, on December, 19th, 2008