- Just one thing to mention. It is not very accurate to state that the Church observes Julian calendar. The Church time counting/chronological System is much more complicate and contains the Julian one as a part. Would not be rather to define the Orthodox Church calendar as Indictional Circular System? Byzantine Indiction consists 532 years, which is multiplication of 28-annual cycle of the Sun and 19-annual cycle of the Moon. In other words it is a combination of the Julian Calendar and the Nicean Paschalia. As astronomically this system gives perfect possible algorithm to harmonize broad spectrum of astronomical data. As practically each subsequent 532nd year is the 'calendarical' mirror-like copy of all previous 532nd years.
There is no other Calendar with this "throughout eschatological vision" of the Time, though there are more precise Calendars in particular circles as of the Moon or the Sun. One friend of mine time ago said, "the Church Calendar is the Icon of the Time".
It would be very useful to have comprehensive article on this subject.
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