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Living things are designed to evolve.

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  • Charles Palm
    Stewart: This is the kind of arse gravy that illustrates your contempt for facts, and your hypocrisy in lecturing others on the scientific validity of their
    Message 1 of 38 , Oct 26, 2012
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      Stewart: This is the kind of arse gravy that illustrates your contempt for
      facts, and your hypocrisy in lecturing others on the scientific validity of
      their conclusions. Both of those sentences are 21st century bollocks! The
      21st century evolution you describe exists only in the abandoned recesses
      of your mind. The 'actual' theory of Evolution assumes nothing, it is a
      science and as such isn't in the business of making assumptions on design.

      Debate tactic:
      http://www.creationastronomy.com/evolution-has-nothing-to-do-with-astronomy/
      There�s
      a debating tactic that�s as old as the ancient Greeks. When your opponent
      is correct and you can�t refute his arguments, you use an ad hominem attack
      instead. You smear his character. Mock and ridicule him personally. Call
      him a liar, even when you know he�s correct. Anything to cover up the fact
      that he�s right.


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    • Charles Palm
      Tia Ghose: http://www.livescience.com/25190-genetic-roots-vertebrate-intelligence.html Cognitive Big Bang Discovered in Tiny Sea Worm. Several brainy
      Message 38 of 38 , Dec 5, 2012
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        Tia Ghose:
        http://www.livescience.com/25190-genetic-roots-vertebrate-intelligence.html
        'Cognitive Big Bang' Discovered in Tiny Sea Worm. Several "brainy"
        genes
        that were duplicated in a tiny sea creature nearly 550 million years ago
        may have led to the massive expansion in intelligence in vertebrate
        species, two new studies have found.

        James A Shapiro: References #40, #41: Life requires cognition at all
        levels.

        James A Shapiro: References #93 - #95: We can think of this two-level
        proofreading process as equivalent to a quality-control system in human
        manufacturing. Like human quality-control systems, it is based on
        surveillance and correction (cognitive processes) rather than mechanical
        precision. The multistep nature of proofreading is typical of many control
        processes in cells,
        where final precision is achieved by a sequence of two or more interactions
        that are each themselves inherently less precise. In this regard, the most
        applicable cybernetic models are fuzzy logic control systems. In such
        systems, accurate regulation occurs by overlaying multiple imprecise
        (“fuzzy”) feedback controls arranged so that each successive event results
        in greater precision.

        James A Shapiro: In other words, we have numerous precise molecular
        descriptions of cell cognition, which range all the way from bacterial
        nutrition to mammalian cell biology and development. The cognitive,
        informatic view of how living cells operate and utilize their genomes is
        radically different from the genetic determinism perspective articulated
        most succinctly, in the
        last century, by Francis Crick’s famous “Central Dogma of Molecular
        Biology.” So it is appropriate to direct our attention to evaluating the
        validity of Crick’s formulation in light of 21st Century knowledge.

        James A Shapiro: A shift from thinking about gradual selection of
        localized random changes to sudden genome restructuring by sensory
        network-influenced cell systems is a major conceptual change. It replaces
        the “invisible hands” of geological time and natural selection with
        cognitive networks and cellular functions for self-modification. The
        emphasis is systemic rather than atomistic and information-based rather
        than stochastic.

        Stochastic: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/stochastic Involving chance
        or probability.


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