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Living things are designed to evolve.

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  • Charles Palm
    Charles P: My purpose for giving this example of technical stuff is to assure the average readers on Origins Talk that living things are designed to evolve.
    Message 1 of 38 , Oct 17, 2012
      Charles P: My purpose for giving this example of technical stuff is to
      assure the average readers on Origins Talk that living things are designed
      to evolve. None of this evolution could have possibly occurred by random
      processes. Molecular biologists and the average reader can easily
      recognize the design in these processes.


      Charles P: The information discovered in the DNA digital code is not
      contained in the "hardware" chemical bonds of each phosphate-deoxyribose
      backbone. The information is in the "software" hydrogen bonds. There must
      exist a perfect "electromagnetic attractive interaction of a hydrogen atom
      and an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen or fluorine, that
      comes from another molecule or chemical group. It is not a true chemical
      bond". Without the "software" hydrogen bonds the two phosphate-deoxyribose
      backbones would not come together to form the double helix. The
      translation of the information depends on the "software" hydrogen bonds.

      Charles P:
      Adenine always forms hydrogen bonds with thymine.

      Charles P:
      Guanine always forms hydrogen bonds with cytosine.

      Charles P: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DNA_chemical_structure.svg
      All living things contain the same DNA digital code.

      Charles P: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/OriginsTalk/message/29517
      trade-offs in natural genetic engineering.

      Charles P: The phrase "natural genetic engineering" suggests a finding of
      final truth based upon repeatable scientific experiments. Engineering
      always involves trade-offs in the final design. DNA digital code
      information design also involves trade-offs in the final design in each
      population that survives natural selection.

      Trade-off: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade-off A trade-off
      (or tradeoff) is a situation that involves losing one quality or aspect
      of something in return for gaining another quality or aspect. It often
      implies a decision to be made with full comprehension of both the upside
      and downside of a particular choice; the term is also used in an
      evolutionary context, in which case the selection process acts as the

      Charles P: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dog_breeds Let us
      study the evolution of the many dog breeds from their common ancestor,
      probably from the male and female wolf populations.

      Charles P: http://www.upei.ca/~cidd/intro.htm To "engineer" or to select
      each dog breed for desirable traits, each breed has unintended genetic
      defects that are passed on from one generation to the next. Here are a few
      examples from a list of 142 breeds and their unintended trade-offs in the
      descendant populations. Note: Please select "Dog breeds" to see the
      complete list and the trade-offs that are the result of artificial
      selection. Here are some examples of trade-offs in 4 dog breeds.

      Australian Shepherd ==> deafness, hip dysplasia.

      Basset Hound ==> thrombopathea, seborrhea.

      Chihuahua ==> patellar luxation.

      Doberman pinscher ==> cardiomyopathy, cervical vertebral instability
      (Wobbler syndrome), intervertebral disk disease, von Willebrand's disease.

      Charles P: The Internet link shows 142 examples of genetic disorders
      that are trade-offs as a result of artificial selection in the evolution of

      1 The information in the genome of a male great dane and a female great
      dane will only provide the instructions to build a baby great dane.

      2 The information in the genome of a male chihuahua and a female chihuahua
      will only provide the instructions to build a baby chihuahua.

      3 The great dane and the chihuahua have a common design.

      4 Verify for yourself the trade-offs in canine natural genetic engineering
      as a result of selection.


      Charles P: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA These links should be helpful
      to us on Origins Talk for future discussions about how living things are
      designed to evolve based upon their common design.

      1 History of DNA research.

      2 History of molecular biology.

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • Charles Palm
      Tia Ghose: http://www.livescience.com/25190-genetic-roots-vertebrate-intelligence.html Cognitive Big Bang Discovered in Tiny Sea Worm. Several brainy
      Message 38 of 38 , Dec 5, 2012
        Tia Ghose:
        'Cognitive Big Bang' Discovered in Tiny Sea Worm. Several "brainy"
        that were duplicated in a tiny sea creature nearly 550 million years ago
        may have led to the massive expansion in intelligence in vertebrate
        species, two new studies have found.

        James A Shapiro: References #40, #41: Life requires cognition at all

        James A Shapiro: References #93 - #95: We can think of this two-level
        proofreading process as equivalent to a quality-control system in human
        manufacturing. Like human quality-control systems, it is based on
        surveillance and correction (cognitive processes) rather than mechanical
        precision. The multistep nature of proofreading is typical of many control
        processes in cells,
        where final precision is achieved by a sequence of two or more interactions
        that are each themselves inherently less precise. In this regard, the most
        applicable cybernetic models are fuzzy logic control systems. In such
        systems, accurate regulation occurs by overlaying multiple imprecise
        (“fuzzy”) feedback controls arranged so that each successive event results
        in greater precision.

        James A Shapiro: In other words, we have numerous precise molecular
        descriptions of cell cognition, which range all the way from bacterial
        nutrition to mammalian cell biology and development. The cognitive,
        informatic view of how living cells operate and utilize their genomes is
        radically different from the genetic determinism perspective articulated
        most succinctly, in the
        last century, by Francis Crick’s famous “Central Dogma of Molecular
        Biology.” So it is appropriate to direct our attention to evaluating the
        validity of Crick’s formulation in light of 21st Century knowledge.

        James A Shapiro: A shift from thinking about gradual selection of
        localized random changes to sudden genome restructuring by sensory
        network-influenced cell systems is a major conceptual change. It replaces
        the “invisible hands” of geological time and natural selection with
        cognitive networks and cellular functions for self-modification. The
        emphasis is systemic rather than atomistic and information-based rather
        than stochastic.

        Stochastic: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/stochastic Involving chance
        or probability.

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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