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Busway systems in other cities - Jakarta

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  • eric.britton@ecoplan.org
    ... From: sustran-discuss-bounces+ecoplan.adsl=wanadoo.fr@list.jca.apc.org Behalf Of Robert Cowherd - robert_cowherd@yahoo.com Sent: Friday, February 20, 2004
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 25, 2004
      -----Original Message-----
      From: sustran-discuss-bounces+ecoplan.adsl=wanadoo.fr@...
      Behalf Of Robert Cowherd - robert_cowherd@...
      Sent: Friday, February 20, 2004 4:19 PM
      Subject: [sustran] Re: feeder systems in other cities

      Alan and others,

      Here are some responses to your questions on the Jakarta BRT:

      1. Operation: The Jakarta Busway opened (in haste) on 15 January and
      was free for two weeks. Fares of Rp2500 (US$0.30) have been charged
      since 1 February.

      2. Capacity: The private and public buses running along the Jl.
      Thamrin-Jl. Sudirman corridor from Blok M in the South to Kota in the
      north used to carry an estimated 60,000 passengers a day sharing the
      three fast travel lanes. Officially these bus routes have been either
      cancelled or rerouted so that no competing routes overlap for more than
      a short segment of the 12.9 kilometer busway route. Still, even in the
      initial excitement of the no-fare period, only an estimated 20,000
      passengers a day used the busway.

      One factor is Indonesian public transportation culture: Bus riders are
      used to being picked up and dropped at any point along a bus route, a
      privilege they have come to count on dressing for the air-conditioned
      office not a long walk in the equatorial sun. I have seen bus
      passengers request (and get) buses to stop less than ten meters from
      where the last passengers got off. In contrast, busway shelters are
      spaced an average of two thirds of a kilometer apart along the
      corridor. Undisciplined drivers reverting to smoking and eating have
      also been cited as a significant factor.

      Jakartans have become incensed at the folly of being stuck in the jams
      of the remaining two free travel lanes while the busway sits empty
      except for the half-empty BRT buses coming by every 3 to 4
      minutes--thus the planned "minor adjustment" of adding back the lost
      free travel lane via road widening by taking space from the planted
      medians and sidewalks. The road widening is scheduled to start in
      March--perhaps a new record in acknowledging failure of a public
      transportation project. Jakarta Gov. Sutiyoso is no Penalosa.

      3. Feeders: Of the 17 identified feeder bus routes many are located too
      far from Busway shelters and with inadequate sidewalk access to be
      practical in the context of Jakarta. The Jakarta Post reports
      widespread confusion, inconsistent implementation, and reluctance by
      drivers and conductors to accept the joint feeder bus ticketing system.
      The Blok M-Kota busway is the first of 14 planned busway corridors with
      the next four planned for implementation by 2007.

      4. Sources: I know of no useful website but was able to get some
      information from newspapers with web archives. The Jakarta Post is the
      best English language source (<www.thejakartapost.com>). There have
      been two studies released recently that deal in whole or part with the
      busway that might be available for acquisition. These are from the
      Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and one from
      Pelangi/Intrans, (I thought that Pelangi was an active Sustran

      I hope you find this of interest,

      Robert Cowherd
      Cambridge, USA
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