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"Highjacking sustainable transport"

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  • Eric.Britton
    Highjacking sustainable transport - What a great and useful phrase! One that we will do well to keep in our sights as proposals and propositions that try to
    Message 1 of 5 , May 13, 2006
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      "Highjacking sustainable transport" – What a great and useful phrase! One that we will do well to keep in our sights as proposals and propositions that try to associate with the label step forth. Thanks Rory.

       

      Which gets me back to Fair Transport and our idea for a set of Jacobs Rules “tests” for sustainability and fairness, on which up to now we have had no concrete feedback and commentary. So I wonder if I might encourage those of you who care about these things enough to take the time to work your way down this provisional short list, and then to share your comments and suggestions with me and us with a view to turning it into a more bullet proof and practically useful working tool.  I must say that I have been trying to make it shorter, but at the same time I think it is important that we make sure there are no huge loopholes here.

       

      So there you have our latest on this. And thanks for giving this your time and thought.  Your reward? Well you know that.

      org

       

       

       

      “Fair Transport” targets is a new policy model for the sector, which seeks to build on and extend the somewhat abstract and often ambiguous concept of sustainable transport or sustainable mobility. The specific idea behind Fair Transport is to move beyond generalities and instead come up with a number of specific criteria, sign posts and tests to guide investments, decisions and actions in the transport field, and in particular those that are funded through taxpayer contributions or which require public support or authorization. 

       

      The shortlist that follows, while still provisional and subject to review and comment, is our present best-stab at providing such a check list. We are convinced that no public or publicly supported projects should be carried out without these tests being applied and the results made openly and publicly available in time to make, support or eventually block or modify the go-ahead decisions that traditionally have been made more or less in isolation in central places.

       

      1. Human and social impacts: Requires as the very first priority a detailed and mature understanding of how the proposed new, improved or restructured transport investment, policy or action is going to impact on “we, ordinary people, step by step in our daily lives”.  Low income groups need as a priority excellent walking, cycling and bus service provision and the means to get rural produce to market. 
      2. Near term improvements: The Fair Transport approach places heavy emphasis on projects and policies which lead to measurable near term improvements within the electoral cycle of the decision makers in place. (say less than 2-4 years to achievement).   All such targeted improvements must, however, be within the broader strategic (that is long term) policy frame as set out here and mandated by the concepts of sustainable development..
      3. Non-Transport Solutions: Recognizes that at least a good half of the solutions needed to deal with problems or insufficiencies that in a first instance are identified with ‘transport shortcomings’ must in fact involve non-transport solutions . This means that the policy and decision makers need to have full knowledge of these parts of the solution set as well (typical examples being locational and land use changes, public spaces, TDM, time management, mobility substitutes, etc.)
      4. Full Access for All: All projects much provide or lead to full, fair and safe access to people of all ages, conditions of health, economic situation and in terms of where they live and work. Convenient rural accessibility to all services and functions is critical.
      5. Modal choice: Provides full and fair consideration of all forms of mobility (human-powered, public transport, intermediate/shared transport forms, motorized private transport) in the areas of planning, financing  and infrastructure provision, maintenance and operation – but subjecting them to strict consideration of lowest life-cycle CO2 emissions, least polluting, most equitable, most cost effective, and most resource economical. Given the fact that the majority of people are not car owner/drivers (or should not be), non “own-car” solutions should be heavily favored
      6. Cost effectiveness: (a) Represents the cheapest way to get the (full) job done to the key targeted specifications (those being human) while (b) also fully serving non-drivers and lower income groups.
      7. Gender, Women and Children: Gives full consideration to critical (and heretofore generally neglected) gender differences and needs at all stages of the discussion, planning, and decision process.  This can only be assured through full representation and participation of female leaders and active participants. Thus no project should be allowed to go ahead unless there is a strong plurality at least of female participation and leadership in the decision stage.
      8. Packages of Measures: the Fair Transport paradigm will be distinguished from the old ways of planning and making investments by the fact that it will in most places be characterized by very large numbers of often quite small projects and initiatives. And by many more actors and participants. One of the main challenges of an effective Fair Transport policy will be to find ways to see these various  measures as interactive synergistic and mutually supporting projects within a unified greater whole.  This is a significant challenge to our planners at all levels.
      9. New Actors/Entrepreneurship:  The transport sector has traditionally been heavily regulated in ways in which new approaches and new actors are more or less actively discouraged or blocked. A Fair Transport policy will create a much more open attitude and support structure for innovation, from the private and public sectors and from volunteer and community groups.
      10. Small project strategies and management: On the understanding that what is needed is large numbers of small projects each doing their own job, requires that at least 50% of the total investment budget be allocated to small projects (criteria?).  These projects should be generated through local actions and participation.
      11. Large projects: Suggests that any large project (say more than $100k) be carefully inspected to ensure that its most important human and social (this includes economic and environmental) objectives cannot be better met by one or a set of smaller projects or policies.
      12. Public spaces and community: Serves to improve quantity, quality, and social usefulness of public spaces, thereby reinforcing human contacts, sense of community, local and regional culture
      13.  New Tools: The traditional toolset (and mindset) of the planners and policy makers in the sector need to be dramatically expanded and more fully integrated in all project stages. A very incomplete list would include direct involvement of behavioral psychologists gender specialists, public space experts, and new forms of pubic participation and interactive communications. (This list is incomplete and intended here only for the purposes of giving a first indication.)
      14. Open public reporting:  All planning and project information, technical analysis, cost information, key parameters, etc. should be publicly available in a convenient transparent form which is make available both locally and nationally and to the international community with expertise and longer term interests in these areas.

       

       

       

       

       

      -----Original Message-----
      Behalf Of Rory McMullan Sent:
      Friday, May 12, 2006 12:53 PM To: NewMobilityCafe@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: Re: [NewMobilityCafe]
      Paris at slower speeds with cleaner exhaust, Fair?

       

      Perhaps this is part of the fair transport debate. Although cleaner fuels are a great advance and should be applauded and promoted, I do have the feeling that the auto, green fuel, and auto accessory companies are highjacking the sustainable transport and environmentally friendly transport issues.

       

      I believe demand management should be the priority for the movement, combined with the issues of smart growth and accessibility. One aim of sustainable transport must be to reduce the overall need for travel by powered vehicles, in the interest not only of reduced emissions and cleaner air, but also for safer streets and more livable equitable cities.

       

      Rory McMullan, - http://www.urbangreenfair.org.uk/

       

    • Lee Schipper
      Fair comment. The focus of my remarks in this 4 day even are on just that. clean is necessary but not sufficient for fair and sustainable access. Michelin, as
      Message 2 of 5 , May 13, 2006
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        Fair comment. The focus of my remarks in this 4 day even are on just
        that. clean is necessary but not sufficient for fair and sustainable
        access. Michelin, as a member of the World Bus. Council Sustainable
        Mobility Project, understands this. U nfortunately not all the auto
        companies who were part of that group get it.

        >>> roryer@... 05/12/06 6:52 AM >>>
        Perhaps this is part of the fair transport debate.

        Although cleaner fuels are a great advance and should be appauded and
        promoted, I do have the feeling that the auto, green fuel, and auto
        accessory companies are highjacking the sustainable transport and
        environmentally friendly transport issues.

        I believe demand management should be the priority for the movement,
        combined with the issues of smart growth and accessability.

        One aim of sustainable transport must be to reduce the overall need
        for travel by powered vehicles, in the interest not only of reduced
        emissions and cleaner air, but also for safer streets and more livable
        equitable cities.

        Rory McMullan,

        http://www.urbangreenfair.org.uk/


        Lee Schipper <SCHIPPER@...> wrote:
        Just a heads up that on June 11 Michelin's BIBENDUM Challenge will
        drive
        a bunch of what should be the cleanest cars in the world..at
        reasonable
        speeds, to the Champs de Mars. There are seminars and other events. I
        attended this in Shanghai and it was quite interesting, since Michelin
        realizes that the issues go far far beyond the question of cleaning up
        the exhaust.

        http://www.challengebibendum.com/challenge/front/affich.jsp?&lang=EN


        Lee Schipper, Ph.D., Director of Research
        EMBARQ, the WRI Center for Transport and Environment
        World Resources Institute
        10 G St NE, Washington DC 20002 USA
        Phone +1 202 729 7735; Fax +1 202 729 7775
        http://www.embarq.wri.org

        >>> eric.britton@... 05/11/06 1:35 PM >>>
        I am rather sure that we are going to have some rather different
        reactions here to this, but let me at least tell me why I am sending
        it
        to you. Let me start by telling you what it is:


        On an August morning in 1978, French filmmaker Claude Lelouch mounted
        a
        gyro-stabilized camera to the bumper of a Ferrari 275 GTB and had a
        friend, a professional Formula 1 racer, drive at breakneck speed
        through
        the heart of Paris. The film was limited for technical reasons to 10
        minutes; the course was from Porte Dauphine, through the Louvre, to
        the
        Basilica of Sacre Coeur.

        No streets were closed, for Lelouch was unable to obtain a permit.

        The driver completed the course in about 9 minutes, reaching nearly
        140
        MPH in some stretches. The footage reveals him running real red
        lights,
        nearly hitting real pedestrians, and driving the wrong way up real
        one-way streets.

        Upon showing the film in public for the first time, Lelouch was
        arrested. He has never revealed the identity of the driver, and the
        film
        went underground until a DVD release a few years ago.




        <http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2851488008488190547&q=lelouch%3


        E> Click here: Rendezvous - Google Video


        Now, why? Well, I don't really quite know but there is something about
        this obvious madness, this patently anti-social behaviour that is not
        just one isolated corner of our society; it is somehow in many of our
        heads. My own theory has for years been that when you put anyone into
        the driver's seat and slam the door, a monster emerges. You or I may
        not
        see it, but to almost anyone at the wheel there is a more than modest
        ration of kinetic impatience and aggressive behavior that suddenly is
        there. You or I may be (or think we are) civil, responsible, careful,
        but that basic character deformation comes with the murderous, two
        tons
        of hurtling steel and glass that we think we possess/have control
        over.




        Executive Summary: Weird, but probably worth troubling ourselves with
        for a few minutes.





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      • Stephen Plowden
        Jane Jacobs principles Thanks to Eric for formulating these principles. I think we would all agree that the thrust of them is right, but some of them seem a
        Message 3 of 5 , Jun 1, 2006
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          Jane Jacobs principles

          Thanks to Eric for formulating these principles. I think we would all
          agree that the thrust of them is right, but some of them seem a bit
          arbitrary (especially the figures mentioned in numbers 3, 10 and 11);
          also I think we need some examples of the small projects we favour;
          also, since the number of fruitful actions is so large, we need some
          indication of the order in which things should be looked at.

          Deadline pressures mean that I cannot contribute to this or other café
          discussion for at least the next month, but here is a shot at two
          non-arbitrary principles (the wording of both needs improvement) which I
          think would help.

          1. Management before investment. No plans to increase road capacity
          should be put forward (where capacity is measured in terms of motor
          vehicles) unless it can be shown that they would still be necessary even
          when the existing roads were optimally managed. Showing this would
          usually require actually implementing management measures and observing
          their effects, not just trying to model them. (This is a common sense
          principle. Large schemes are expensive, damaging and irreversible. Of
          course they should not be undertaken if there is serious reason to
          suppose that the claimed benefits would not materialise or that they
          could be achieved in other less expensive and damaging ways.)

          2. There should be a single transport budget for a town, or other local
          authority area, to be allocated as benefit/cost ratios, as modified or
          reinforced by social and environmental considerations, indicate. It
          should also be legitimate to include some land-uses schemes in the
          budget (e.g. subsidies for small local facilities such as shops, post
          offices, swimming pools, to reduce the need for people to travel, often
          by motorised means, outside their neighbourhoods).

          These two principles point in the same direction. Small projects such as
          bus priorities, safety schemes, commonly show much higher benefit/cost
          ratios, even when assessed by methods which leave out important
          benefits, than large projects, even when assessed in unduly flattering
          ways.



          Eric.Britton wrote:

          > /"Highjacking sustainable transport"/ – What a great and useful
          > phrase! One that we will do well to keep in our sights as proposals
          > and propositions that try to associate with the label step forth.
          > Thanks Rory.
          >
          > Which gets me back to Fair Transport and our idea for a set of Jacobs
          > Rules “tests” for sustainability and fairness, on which up to now we
          > have had no concrete feedback and commentary. So I wonder if I might
          > encourage those of you who care about these things enough to take the
          > time to work your way down this provisional short list, and then to
          > share your comments and suggestions with me and us with a view to
          > turning it into a more bullet proof and practically useful working
          > tool. I must say that I have been trying to make it shorter, but at
          > the same time I think it is important that we make sure there are no
          > huge loopholes here.
          >
          > So there you have our latest on this. And thanks for giving this your
          > time and thought. Your reward? Well you know that.
          >
          > org
          >
          > *Fair Transport -- and Jacobs Rules** *
          >
          > “Fair Transport” targets is a new policy model for the sector, which
          > seeks to build on and extend the somewhat abstract and often ambiguous
          > concept of sustainable transport or sustainable mobility. The specific
          > idea behind Fair Transport is to move beyond generalities and instead
          > come up with a number of /specific criteria,/ /sign posts and tests/
          > to guide investments, decisions and actions in the transport field,
          > and in particular those that are funded through taxpayer contributions
          > or which require public support or authorization.
          >
          > The shortlist that follows, while still provisional and subject to
          > review and comment, is our present best-stab at providing such a check
          > list. We are convinced that no public or publicly supported projects
          > should be carried out without these tests being applied and the
          > results made openly and publicly available in time to make, support or
          > eventually block or modify the go-ahead decisions that traditionally
          > have been made more or less in isolation in central places.
          >
          > 1. *Human and social impacts:* Requires as the very first priority
          > a detailed and mature understanding of how the proposed new,
          > improved or restructured transport investment, policy or action
          > is going to impact on “we, ordinary people, step by step in our
          > daily lives”. Low income groups need as a priority excellent
          > walking, cycling and bus service provision and the means to get
          > rural produce to market.
          > 2. *Near term improvements:* The Fair Transport approach places
          > heavy emphasis on projects and policies which lead to
          > /measurable near term improvements/ within the electoral cycle
          > of the decision makers in place. (say less than 2-4 years to
          > achievement). All such targeted improvements must, however, be
          > within the broader strategic (that is long term) policy frame as
          > set out here and mandated by the concepts of sustainable
          > development..
          > 3. *Non-Transport Solutions*: Recognizes that at least a good half
          > of the solutions needed to deal with problems or insufficiencies
          > that in a first instance are identified with ‘transport
          > shortcomings’ must in fact involve non-transport solutions .
          > This means that the policy and decision makers need to have full
          > knowledge of these parts of the solution set as well (typical
          > examples being locational and land use changes, public spaces,
          > TDM, time management, mobility substitutes, etc.)
          > 4. *Full Access for All*: All projects much provide or lead to
          > full, fair and safe access to people of all ages, conditions of
          > health, economic situation and in terms of where they live and
          > work. Convenient rural accessibility to all services and
          > functions is critical.
          > 5. *Modal choice*: Provides full and fair consideration of all
          > forms of mobility (human-powered, public transport,
          > intermediate/shared transport forms, motorized private
          > transport) in the areas of planning, financing and
          > infrastructure provision, maintenance and operation – but
          > subjecting them to strict consideration of lowest life-cycle CO2
          > emissions, least polluting, most equitable, most cost effective,
          > and most resource economical. Given the fact that the majority
          > of people are not car owner/drivers (or should not be), non
          > “own-car” solutions should be heavily favored
          > 6. *Cost effectiveness*: (a) Represents the cheapest way to get the
          > (full) job done to the key targeted specifications (those being
          > human) while (b) also fully serving non-drivers and lower income
          > groups.
          > 7. *Gender, Women and Children*: Gives full consideration to
          > critical (and heretofore generally neglected) gender differences
          > and needs at all stages of the discussion, planning, and
          > decision process. This can only be assured through full
          > representation and participation of female leaders and active
          > participants. Thus no project should be allowed to go ahead
          > unless there is a strong plurality at least of female
          > participation and leadership in the decision stage.
          > 8. *Packages of Measures*: the Fair Transport paradigm will be
          > distinguished from the old ways of planning and making
          > investments by the fact that it will in most places be
          > characterized by very large numbers of often quite small
          > projects and initiatives. And by many more actors and
          > participants. One of the main challenges of an effective Fair
          > Transport policy will be to find ways to see these various
          > measures as interactive synergistic and mutually supporting
          > projects within a unified greater whole. This is a significant
          > challenge to our planners at all levels.
          > 9. *New Actors/Entrepreneurship:* The transport sector has
          > traditionally been heavily regulated in ways in which new
          > approaches and new actors are more or less actively discouraged
          > or blocked. A Fair Transport policy will create a much more open
          > attitude and support structure for innovation, from the private
          > and public sectors and from volunteer and community groups.
          > 10. *Small project strategies and management:* On the understanding
          > that what is needed is large numbers of small projects each
          > doing their own job, requires that at least 50% of the total
          > investment budget be allocated to small projects (criteria?).
          > These projects should be generated through local actions and
          > participation.
          > 11. *Large projects*: Suggests that any large project (say more than
          > $100k) be carefully inspected to ensure that its most important
          > human and social (this includes economic and environmental)
          > objectives cannot be better met by one or a set of smaller
          > projects or policies.
          > 12. *Public spaces and community*: Serves to improve quantity,
          > quality, and social usefulness of public spaces, thereby
          > reinforcing human contacts, sense of community, local and
          > regional culture
          > 13. *New Tools:* The traditional toolset (and mindset) of the
          > planners and policy makers in the sector need to be dramatically
          > expanded and more fully integrated in all project stages. A very
          > incomplete list would include direct involvement of behavioral
          > psychologists gender specialists, public space experts, and new
          > forms of pubic participation and interactive communications.
          > (This list is incomplete and intended here only for the purposes
          > of giving a first indication.)
          > 14. *Open public reporting:* All planning and project information,
          > technical analysis, cost information, key parameters, etc.
          > should be publicly available in a convenient transparent form
          > which is make available both locally and nationally and to the
          > international community with expertise and longer term interests
          > in these areas.
          >
          > -----Original Message-----
          > *Behalf Of *Rory McMullan *Sent:* Friday, May 12, 2006 12:53 PM *To:*
          > NewMobilityCafe@yahoogroups.com
          > *Subject:* Re: [NewMobilityCafe] Paris at slower speeds with cleaner
          > exhaust, Fair?
          >
          > Perhaps this is part of the fair transport debate. Although cleaner
          > fuels are a great advance and should be applauded and promoted, I do
          > have the feeling that the auto, green fuel, and auto accessory
          > companies are highjacking the sustainable transport and
          > environmentally friendly transport issues.
          >
          > I believe demand management should be the priority for the movement,
          > combined with the issues of smart growth and accessibility. One aim of
          > sustainable transport must be to reduce the overall need for travel by
          > powered vehicles, in the interest not only of reduced emissions and
          > cleaner air, but also for safer streets and more livable equitable cities.
          >
          > Rory McMullan, - http://www.urbangreenfair.org.uk/
          >
          >
          >
          > Check in here via the homepage at http://www.newmobility.org
          > To post message to group: NewMobilityCafe@yahoogroups.com
          > But please think twice before posting to the group as a whole
          > (It might be that your note is best sent to one person?)
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          > SPONSORED LINKS
          > New mobility
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          > Ideas
          > <http://groups.yahoo.com/gads?t=ms&k=Ideas&w1=New+mobility&w2=Ideas&c=2&s=29&.sig=_kXXczzUOnjWXnPnsqt9BA>
          >
          >
          >
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