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RECREATION : ENTERTAINMENT : TIME: Time Use for Leisure Pursuits: Selected Sources

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  • David P. Dillard
    RECREATION : ENTERTAINMENT : TIME: Time Use for Leisure Pursuits: Selected Sources WEBBIB0708 This document provides a webliography and bibliography of a
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 2, 2008
      Time Use for Leisure Pursuits: Selected Sources


      This document provides a webliography and bibliography of a sampling of
      sources dealing with a wide range of aspects of the use of free time and
      covers various age groupings in the sources cited.

      Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities
      2006 SURVEY

      2006 SURVEY

      Outline of the Survey
      Questionnaire (2006 survey)
      Results (Questionnaire A)
      Leisure Activities
      Statistical Tables
      Time Use
      Statistical Tables
      Activities by Time of the Day
      Statistical Tables
      Average Time of Main Activities
      Statistical Tables
      Results (Questionnaire B)
      Time Use
      Statistical Tables
      Activities by Time of the Day
      Statistical Tables

      2001 SURVEY

      Outline of the Survey
      Results (Questionnaire A)
      Time Use
      Statistical Tables
      Leisure Activities
      Statistical Tables
      Time Series Tables
      Results (Questionnaire B)
      Time Use for Japan by Detailed
      Activity Coding
      Statistical Tables
      Special Tabulation related to
      Unpaid work
      Statistical Tables
      Explanation of Terms

      1996 SURVEY

      Outline of the Survey
      Summary of Results

      American Time Use Survey Summary
      Technical information: (202) 691-6339 USDL 07-0930
      For release: 10:00 A.M. EDT
      Media contact: 691-5902 Thursday, June 28, 2007
      (NOTE: This release was reissued on Thursday, July 19, 2007,
      to correct the phrase in the first paragraph of "The Average
      Day" section that originally read "remaining 5.1 hours" to
      read "remaining 4.7 hours." This correction did not affect
      any tables in the release.)
      The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department of Labor

      in 2006:

      --Employed persons worked 7.6 hours on average on the days that they
      worked. They worked more hours on weekdays than on weekend days--
      8.0 versus 5.4 hours.

      --On the days that they worked, employed men worked about an hour
      more than employed women--8.0 versus 7.1 hours.

      --On the days that they worked, 21 percent of employed persons did
      some or all of their work at home and 86 percent did some or all of
      their work at their workplace.

      --On an average day (which includes weekends), persons ages 15 to 19
      spent 3.3 hours engaged in educational activities, more than
      quadruple the amount of time spent by individuals in any other age

      How do people around the world use their leisure time?
      Article information
      Product: Focus on Culture
      Issue: vol. 14 no. 04
      Statistics Canada


      This article examines how people spend their leisure time and compares
      participation rates for various leisure activities internationally. The
      article looks at leisure activities such as reading, television viewing,
      radio listening, attendance at cultural activities, using the Internet and
      playing computer games. Income level, education, age, labour force
      activity and household type are taken into consideration when making
      international comparisons of how people spend their free time.


      Culture and leisure
      Leisure activities and spending


      analytical products, art galleries, computer games, cultural events,
      international comparisons, internet use, leisure time, movies, museums,
      nature parks, opera, performing arts, radios, reading, social activities,
      sports events, television viewing, time use.

      Adolescent Time Use, Risky Behavior and Outcomes: An Analysis of National
      Nicholas Zill, Christine Winquist Nord, and Laura Spencer Loomis
      Westat, Inc.
      September 11, 1995
      For the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
      U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

      Older Adults, Leisure, and Wellness
      Roger C. Mannell*
      Journal of Leisurability
      Volume 26 Number 2 Spring 1999

      Current theory and research do not provide a detailed blueprint for
      enhancing the quality of life and wellness of older adults through
      leisure, however, the picture is becoming clearer. The research on leisure
      and non-leisure factors that influence wellness suggests that there exists
      a tremendous diversity of lifestyles that is accompanied by substantial
      variety in the developmental paths that people take over the life-span
      People who are single or divorced, parents, partners in childless or
      same-sex couples, and people with different ethnic and cultural
      backgrounds likely follow different routes and face different issues as
      they age and strive for wellness.

      Time Use Survey
      We mostly sleep, work and watch TV
      National Statistics
      Great Britain

      White Paper #8: The Problem of Free Time: It's Not What You Think
      Academy of Leisure Sciences
      White Papers

      In the 1920s, increases in free time caused many social critics to wonder
      out loudwhether leisure constituted a threat to those who were
      ill-prepared to use it insatisfying ways. Our high rates of drug abuse and
      crime suggest our preparation forthe use of free-time is still a problem.
      The psychological evidence we have is that one ofthe most satisfying uses
      of leisure involves activities in which skills and abilities havebeen
      developed and in which challenges match such skills and abilities. In
      suchactivities, as diverse as playing the trumpet, rock climbing or chess,
      challenges may beincreased as skills and abilities increase. Such
      behaviors involve extensive educationalpreparation and such preparation
      requires not only the learning of skills but also ofappreciations.

      The ability to use leisure wisely, Bertrand Russell believed, was the
      final test of acivilization. While we cannot say with precision what
      constitutes "wise use," it appears that America would have flunked such a
      test. Further public dialogueis urgently needed on this issue if we are to
      improve our use of leisure. Increased freetime is where science and
      technology must ultimately take us.

      Rethinking LEISURE TIME:

      The importance of leisure timefor young people, particularly as it relates
      to personal and community development, is examined in this chapter. It is
      imperative that youth be given awide range of opportunities for meaningful
      participation within the community, provided or facilitated by a multitude
      of organizations, institutions and programmes in all sectors. The various
      sections in the chapter focus on how young people spend their free time,
      thedevelopmental opportunities presented within diverse contexts, and the
      virtuous cycle of mutual benefit created through reciprocal
      youth-community support (illustrated in several detailed case studies).

      Time use and leisure: Subjective and objective aspects
      Journal Social Indicators Research
      Publisher Springer Netherlands
      ISSN 0303-8300 (Print) 1573-0921 (Online)
      Issue Volume 23, Number 4 / December, 1990
      DOI 10.1007/BF00572528
      Pages 337-352

      Title: Cultural Continuity amid Social Change: Adolescents' Use of Free
      Time in India.
      Authors: Verma, Suman; Sharma, Deepali
      Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior; Adolescents; Comparative Analysis;
      Context Effect; Emotional Response; Foreign Countries; Leisure Time; Mass
      Media Effects; Modernization; Rural Urban Differences; Sex Differences;
      Social Differences; Traditionalism
      Source: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development,
      no. 99 p. 37-51 Spring 2003

      Whose Work and Whose Leisure? Time Use and Overlapping Activities of Men
      and Women
      Brown Bag Seminar
      by Maria Sagrario Floro (American University)
      June 15, 1999
      The Gender Newsletter

      Time use research
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Time use research is a developing interdisciplinary field of study
      dedicated to knowing how people allocate their time during an average day.


      1 Categories of time
      1.1 Contracted time
      1.2 Committed time
      1.3 Necessary time
      1.4 Free time
      2 External links

      English Title: Leisure participation and time-use surveys: Canada.
      Personal Authors: Zuzanek, J.
      Author Affiliation: Department of Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo,
      200 University Ave. W., Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.
      Editors: Cushman, G., Veal, A. J., Zuzanek, J.
      Document Title: Free time and leisure participation: international
      perspectives, 2005


      The first section of this chapter provides an overview of the history of
      leisure and time-use surveys in Canada during the period 1967-2000. The
      second section examines trends in time use, feelings of time pressure, and
      leisure participation. The third section explores social differences in
      time use and leisure participation with respect to gender, age,
      educational level, and socio-occupational status. The fourth section
      presents observations on some conceptual, political and methodological
      issues of time-use and leisure research.

      Publisher: CABI Publishing

      Urban Youth Leisure, Time Use Research and Quality of Life: the Comparison
      of Leisure Preferences of University Students in Athens and Larissa,
      Kleanthis Sirakoulis
      Alex Deffner

      The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) measures the amount of time people
      spend doing various activities, such as paid work, childcare,
      volunteering, and socializing.
      U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

      General Overview
      Economic News Releases
      Obtaining ATUS Data
      NEW Charts
      Survey Documents
      Papers and Publications
      Related Links
      UPDATED Information for Respondents
      Frequently Asked Questions
      Contact Us

      General Overview:

      Overview | Uses | Publications| Estimates | Fact Sheet (PDF)

      Economic News Releases:

      NEW Married Parents' Use of Time, 2003-06 (HTML) (PDF)
      Time Use Survey, 2006 (HTML) (PDF)
      Time Use Survey, 2005 (TXT) (PDF)
      Time Use Survey, 2004 (TXT) (PDF)
      Time Use Survey, 2003 (TXT) (PDF) (Corrections)

      Obtaining ATUS Data:

      American Time Use Survey--2006 Microdata files
      American Time Use Survey--2005 Microdata files
      American Time Use Survey--2004 Microdata files
      American Time Use Survey--2003 Microdata files
      NEW American Time Use Survey--Eating & Health Module Microdata files


      Overview of charts
      Older Americans
      Child care
      Household activities
      Leisure and sports activities
      NEW Volunteer activities
      Work and employment

      Survey Documents:

      ATUS User's Guide (PDF)
      ATUS Coding Lexicons
      ATUS Data Dictionaries
      Changes between the 2003-2006 Data Files (PDF)
      ATUS Coding Rules Manual (PDFs): (2006) (2005) (2004) (2003)
      ATUS Frequently Used Variables (PDF)
      ATUS Questionnaire (PDF)
      Conversion Chart: Fraction of an Hour to Minutes (PDF)

      Papers and Publications:

      Papers and Publications

      Related Links:

      Disclaimer: Links to non-BLS Internet sites are provided for your
      convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

      International Data on Time Use:

      Statistics Australia
      Statistics Finland Time Use Survey
      Time Budget Survey of the Netherlands Social and Cultural Planning Office
      Time Use Studies in New Zealand
      United Nations: Time use site
      International Association for Time Use Research
      International Journal on Time Use Research
      Multinational Time Use Study
      St. Mary's University Time Use Research Program
      Statistics Canada: General Social Survey-Time Use
      The United Kingdom 2000 Time Use Survey
      Thailand National Statistical Office: Time Use Survey
      Japanese Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities
      Other Useful Information:

      Centre for Time Use Research
      American Time Use Survey (ATUS) Early Results Conference

      Contact Us:

      Email: ATUS staff
      Telephone number: (202) 691-6339
      Fax number: (202) 691-6426
      Postal address: American Time Use Survey
      2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
      Suite 4675
      Washington, DC 20212-0001

      Fact Sheet: The effects of time use and time pressure on child-parent
      relationships (28)
      Public Health Canada

      A shorter URL for the above link:


      Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet
      Consumer and Textile Sciences
      1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210
      Ways to Improve Time Use
      Judith A. Wessel
      The following are some strategies that could help you find more time

      Leora Friedberg
      University of Virginia and National Bureau of Economic Research,
      Anthony Webb
      Center for Retirement Research, Boston College, webbaa@...
      December 2005

      Time use survey highlights changing working conditions
      Quality of life of employed people

      A shorter URL for the above link:


      Time Use Survey 2000
      More time for leisure activities

      Wednesday, December 8, 1999
      Presented by Hitoshi Mikami
      Statistics Bureau and Statistics Center, Management and Coordination


      1. Time Use Surveys in Japan
      2. Outline of the Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities
      3. Activity Classifications
      4. Major Findings concerning Time Use
      5. Characteristics of Women in Work
      6. Women's Time Use for Housework
      7. Status of Daily Activities by Time of the Day
      8. Issues concerning Time Use and Leisure Activities



      By Robert E. Goodin, James Mahmud Rice, Michael
      Bittman and Peter Saunders
      SPRC Discussion Paper No. 115
      September 2002

      Chapter 8
      Measuring Culture, Leisure, and Time Use
      Richard A. Peterson
      The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol.
      453, No. 1, 169-178 (1981)
      DOI: 10.1177/000271628145300109
      1981 American Academy of Political and Social Science

      Time Well Spent? Relating Television Use to Children's Free-Time
      Elizabeth A. Vandewater, PhD, David S. Bickham, PhDb,
      and June H. Lee, PhDb
      Vol. 117 No. 2 February 2006 p. e181-e191

      Measuring Culture, Leisure, and Time Use
      Richard A. Peterson
      Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,
      Vol. 453,
      America Enters the Eighties: Some Social Indicators
      (January 1981) p. 169-179

      Time use and leisure occupations of young offenders
      Farnworth L.
      American Journal of Occupational Therpay
      2000 May / June v. 54 no. 3 p. 315-325

      October 2004, Issue 5
      Working More, Playing Less: Changing Patterns of Time Use
      among Young Adults
      Anne H. Gauthier and Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr.
      Network on Transitions to Adulthood
      Policy Brief

      time use
      Duncan Ironmonger
      From The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2008
      Edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume

      Time use
      New Zealand

      Incentive for the Homogenization of Time Use
      University of Texas at Austin - Department of Economics; National Bureau
      of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
      July 1986
      NBER Working Paper No. W1397

      Leisure Passive Leisure Time
      Human Resources and Social Development

      British Household Panel Survey, 1991-2004 (Waves 1-13): Teaching Dataset
      (Time Use, Leisure and Social Membership)

      Comparable time use statistics
      Main results for Spain, Italy,Latvia,
      Lithuania and Poland
      February 2006

      Culture, Media and Time Use
      Leisure Survey
      Statistics Finland

      Time Use and Leisures Charts and tables in French
      Statistics Institute
      Quebec, Canada

      A shorter URL for the above link:


      A. D. J. Flowerdew
      Reviewed work(s): The Use of Time. Daily Activities of Urban and Suburban
      Populations in Twelve Countries. by A. Szalai
      The Economic Journal
      v. 84 no. 335 September 1974 p. 691-694

      Leisure, Home Production, and Work--the Theory of the Allocation of Time
      Reuben Gronau
      The Journal of Political Economy
      1977 v. 85 no. 6

      Time for Life: The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time
      By John P. Robinson, Anne Jaap Jacobson, Geoffrey Godbey
      Published 1999
      Penn State Press
      Feminist theory
      402 pages


      Introduction and Methods 3
      theit, U.S. Census Bureau, Machiguenga
      Work and Other Obligations 81
      numbers, Men Employed Nonemployed, nonemployed women
      Free Time 123
      African American, quintile, time-diary
      Home Computers and Use of Time 154
      home computer, word processing, personal computer
      Social Capital and the Rest of Free Time 167
      social capital, yoga, NHIS
      The Demographics of Time 189
      personal grooming, adult education, theit free
      Toward an Androgynous 197
      androgyny, feminist, gender equity
      Widening Age Gaps in Time Use 205
      conspicuous consumption, white Americans, blue-collar workers
      Subjective Time 229
      Alexis de Tocqueville, feeling rushed, Maryland
      The Results from Inputs of Time 252
      Pskov, microwave oven, Japan
      Only Time Will Tell 287
      workweek, Dutch, Americans
      Brother Can You Spare Some Time? 303
      postmodern, social construction, vacation days
      Trends Since 319
      Figure 17, Down 2.0 hrs, nonemployed men
      A Activity Differences Between 1965 1975 and 355
      classes 52, Trave, Child Care
      H Proportionate Time Spent on Various Aspects of Household 368
      Personal Computer, Mass Media, inro

      Gender, Time Use, and Health
      Chloe E. Bird and Allen M. Fremont
      Journal of Health and Social Behavior
      v. 32 no. 2 June 1991 p. 114-129

      Family Time Use: Leisure, Home Production, Market Work, and Work Related
      Eric J. Solberg and David C. Wong
      The Journal of Human Resources
      v. 27 no. 3 Summer, 1992 p. 485-510

      Sex differences in children's time use
      Teresa Mauldin and Carol B. Meeks
      Journal Sex Roles
      Publisher Springer Netherlands
      ISSN 0360-0025 (Print) 1573-2762 (Online)
      Issue Volume 22, Numbers 9-10 / May, 1990
      DOI 10.1007/BF00288233
      Pages 537-554

      Studies of Time-Use: Problems and Prospects
      Dagfinn As
      Acta Sociologica
      v. 21 no. 2 p. 125-141 1978

      A retrospective and prospective survey of time-use research
      Chandra R. Bhat and Frank S. Koppelman
      Journal Transportation
      Publisher Springer Netherlands
      ISSN 0049-4488 (Print) 1572-9435 (Online)
      Issue Volume 26, Number 2 / May, 1999
      DOI 10.1023/A:1005196331393
      Pages 119-139

      The Rush Hour: The Character of Leisure Time and Gender Equity
      Michael Bittman and Judy Wajcman
      Social Forces
      v. 79 no. 1 September 2000 p. 165-189

      Guidelines for time use data collection
      Andrew S. Harvey
      Journal Social Indicators Research
      Publisher Springer Netherlands
      ISSN 0303-8300 (Print) 1573-0921 (Online)
      Issue Volume 30, Numbers 2-3 / November, 1993
      DOI 10.1007/BF01078728
      Pages 197-228

      Time use of old and very old Berliners: productive and consumptive
      activities as functions of resources
      PL Klumb and MM Baltes
      Free University Berlin, Germany. klumb@...-berlin.de
      Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social
      Sciences, Vol 54, Issue 5 S271-S278, Copyright 1999 by The Gerontological
      Society of America

      Exploring More than 24 Hours a Day: A Preliminary Investigation of
      Polychronic Time Use
      Carol Felker Kaufman,
      Paul M. Lane, and
      Jay D. Lindquist
      Journal of Consumer Research
      Vol. 18 January 1991

      Quality of time use by adults with spinal cord injuries
      Yerxa EJ, Locker SB.
      American Journal of Occupational Therapy
      1990 April v. 44 no. 4 p. 318-326

      Free-Time Activities in Middle Childhood:
      Links with Adjustment in Early Adolescence
      Susan M. McHale
      Ann C. Crouter
      Corinna J. Tucker
      Child Development
      v. 72 no. 6 p. 1764-1778 November 2001

      Measuring Trends in Leisure: The Allocation of Time over Five Decades*
      Mark Aguiar
      Department of Economics, University of Rochester
      Erik Hurst
      Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, and National Bureau of
      Economic Research
      The Quarterly Journal of Economics
      August 2007, Vol. 122, No. 3, Pages 969-1006
      Posted Online July 30, 2007.

      Time Use, Gender, and Public Policy Regimes
      Jonathan Gershuny
      Oriel Sullivan
      Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society
      v. 10 no. 2 p. 205-228

      Spare time use and psychological well-being in employed and unemployed
      young people
      Auteur(s) / Author(s)
      Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)
      Univ. Adelaide, dep. psychology, Adelaide N. Aust. 5001, AUSTRALIE

      Rsum / Abstract
      Results are presented front a longitudinal study of school leavers
      spanning the years 1980-1987. Those who were unemployed in 1987 reported
      spending relatively more of their spare time doing nothing in particular
      than those who were employed, although the groups did not differ in their
      reported use of spare time when they were at school. Also there were no
      differences in reported spare time use between those employed in
      satisfactory jobs and those employed in unsatisfactory jobs. As other
      studies have shown, in the unemployed spare time spent in purposeful
      activities with other people was positively correlated with psychological

      Revue / Journal Title
      Journal of occupational and organizational psychology ISSN 0963-1798
      Source / Source
      1992, vol. 65, no 4 (26 ref.), pp. 307-313

      Changes in American Childrens Time, 1981-1997
      SL Hofferth, JF Sandberg - Advances in Life Course Research, 2001

      Gender Differences in the Quantity and Quality of Free Time: The U.S.
      Marybeth J. Mattingly and Suzanne M. Bianchi
      Social Forces, Vol. 81, No. 3 (Mar., 2003), pp. 999-1030


      David Dillard
      Temple University
      (215) 204 - 4584
      General Internet & Print Resources
      Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
      Net-Gold Membership Required to View Photos
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