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Terrorism in India
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Terrorism in India is primarily attributable to Islamic, Hindu, Sikh, Christian and Naxalite radical movements.
The regions with long term terrorist activities today are Jammu and Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India (Naxalism) and Seven Sister States (independence and autonomy movements). In the past, the Punjab insurgency led to militant activities in the Indian state of Punjab as well as the national capital Delhi.
As of 2006, at least 232 of the country's 608 districts were afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and terrorist movements.  In August 2008, National Security Advisor M K Narayanan has said that there are as many as 800 terrorist cells operating in the country.
* 1 Chronology of major incidents
* 2 Western India
o 2.1 Mumbai
* 3 Jammu and Kashmir
* 4 Northern and Northwestern India
o 4.1 Bihar
o 4.2 Punjab
o 4.3 New Delhi
+ 4.3.1 Delhi security summit
+ 4.3.2 Attack on Indian parliament
o 4.4 Uttar Pradesh
+ 4.4.1 Ayodhya crisis
+ 4.4.2 Varanasi blasts
* 5 Northeastern India
o 5.1 Nagaland
o 5.2 Assam
o 5.3 Tripura
o 5.4 Manipur
o 5.5 Mizoram
* 6 South India
o 6.1 Karnataka
o 6.2 Andhra Pradesh
o 6.3 Tamil Nadu
* 7 Air India Flight 182
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 Notes
* 11 External links
Chronology of major incidents
v d e
Terrorism in India since 2001
Attacks with 50+ deaths in bold
Indian Parliament attack Srinagar Akshardham Temple attack Kolkata 2002 Rafiganj rail disaster Mumbai 2002 1st Mumbai 2003 2nd Mumbai 2003 3rd Mumbai 2003 Ayodhya Delhi 2005 Jaunpur 2005 Varanasi Jama Masjid Mumbai 2006 Malegaon Samjhauta Express Mecca Masjid Hyderabad Uttar Pradesh Jaipur Bangalore Ahmedabad 1st Delhi 2008 2nd Delhi 2008 Western India Agartala Imphal Assam 2008 Mumbai 2008 1st Guwahati 2009 2nd Guwahati 2009
Main article: Chronology of major terrorist incidents in India
Mumbai has been the most preferred target for most terrorist organizations, primarily the separatist forces from Kashmir. Over the past few years a series of attacks including explosions in local trains in July 2006, to the most recent and unprecedented attacks of 26 November, 2008, where two of the prime hotels, a landmark train station and a jewish Chabad house, in south Mumbai, were attacked and sieged.
Terrorist attacks in Mumbai include:*
* 12 March 1993 - Series of 13 bombs go off killing 257
* 6 December 2002 - Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 2
* 27 January 2003 - Bomb goes off on a bicycle in Vile Parle killing 1
* 14 March 2003 - Bomb goes off in a train in Mulund killing 10
* 28 July 2003 - Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 4
* 25 August 2003 - Two Bombs go off in cars near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar killing 50
* 11 July 2006 - Series of seven bombs go off in trains killing 209
* 26 November 2008 to 29 November 2008 - Coordinated series of attacks killing at least 172.
Jammu and Kashmir
Main article: Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
Armed insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir killed tens of thousands till date.
Northern and Northwestern India
Although terrorism is not considered a major issue in the state, existence of certain groups like the CPI-ML, Peoples war, MCC,Ranvir Sena and Balbir militias is a major concern as they frequently attack local policemen and politicians.
Poor governance and the law and order system in Bihar have helped increase the menace caused by the militias. The Ranvir Sena is a militia of forward caste land owners which is taking on the might of powerful Naxalites in the area.
The State has witnessed many massacres by these caste groups and retaliatory action by other groups. All the militias represent interest of some caste groups.
The main victims of the violence by these groups are helpless people (including women, old and children) who are killed in caste massacres. The state police is ill equipped to take on the AK-47, AK-56 of the militants with their vintage 303 rifles. The militants have used landmines to kill ambush police parties as well.
The root cause of the militant activities in the state is huge disparity among different caste groups. After Independence, land reforms were supposed to be implemented, thereby giving the low caste and the poor a share in the lands which was till then held mostly by high caste people.
However, due to caste based divisive politics in the state land reforms were never implemented properly. This led to growing sense of alienation among the low caste.
Communist groups like CPI-ML, MCC and People's War took advantage of this and instigated the low caste people to take up arms against establishment which was seen as a tool in the hands of rich. They started taking up lands of rich by force killing the high caste people.
The high caste people resorted to use of force by forming their own army Ranvir Sena to take on the naxalites. The State witnessed a bloody period in which the groups tried to prove their supremacy by mass killings. The Police remained a mute witness to these killings as it lacked the means to take any action.
However now the Ranvir Sena has significantly weakened with the arrest of its top brass. The other groups are still active.
There have been arrests in various parts of the country, particularly those made by the Delhi and Mumbai police in the recent past, indicating that extremist/terrorist outfits have been spreading their networks in this State. There is a strong suspicion that Bihar is also being used as a transit point by the small-arms, fake currency and drug dealers entering from Nepal and terrorists reportedly infiltrating through Nepal and Bangladesh.
However, in recent years these attacks by various caste groups have come down with better government being practised.
During 1970s, the Indian Green Revolution brought increased economic prosperity for the Sikh community in Punjab. This propensity kindled an age old fear in the Sikh community - that of being absorbed into the Hindu fold - and led to the rise of Sikh militants.
The insurgency intensified during 1980s when the movement turned violent and the name Khalistan resurfaced and sought independence from the Indian Union. Led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale who , though not in favor in the creation of Khalistan but also was not against it, began using militancy to stress the movement's demands. Soon things turned bloody with India alleging that neighboring Pakistan supported these militants, who, by 1983-4, had begun to enjoy widespread support among Sikhs.
In 1984, Operation Blue Star was conducted by the Indian government to stem out the movement. It involved an assault on the Golden Temple complex, which Sant Bhindranwale had fortifed in preparation of an army assault. Indira Gandhi, India's then prime minister, ordered the military to storm the temple, who eventually had to use tanks.
After a seventy-four-hour firefight, the army successfully took control of the temple. In doing so, it damaged some portions of the Akal Takht, the Sikh Reference Library and some damaged to the Golden Temple itself. According to Indian government sources, eighty-three army personnel were killed and 249 injured. Militant casualties were 493 killed and eighty-six injured.
During same year, the assassination of Indira Gandhi by two Sikh bodyguards, believed to be driven by the Golden Temple affair, resulted in widespread anti-Sikh riots, especially in New Delhi. Following Operation Black Thunder in 1988, Punjab Police, first under Julio Ribeiro and then under KPS Gill, together with the Indian Army eventually succeeded in pushing the movement underground.
In 1985, Sikh terrorists bombed an Air India flight from Canada to India, killing all 329 people on board Air India Flight 182. It is the worst terrorist act in Canada's history.
The ending of Sikh militancy and the desire for a Khalistan catalyzed when the then-Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto handed all intelligence material concerning Punjab militancy to the Indian government, as a goodwill gesture. The Indian government used that intelligence to put an end to those who were behind attacks in India and militancy.
The ending of overt Sikh militancy in 1993 led to a period of relative calm, punctuated by militant acts (i.e. the assassination of Punjab CM, Beant Singh in 1995) attributed to half a dozen or so operating Sikh militant organisations. These organisations include Babbar Khalsa International, Khalistan Commando Force, Khalistan Liberation Force and Khalistan Zindabad Force.
Support for Khalistan is still widespread among Sikh communities in Canada and the United Kingdom.
Main article: 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings
Three explosions went off in the Indian capital of New Delhi on October 29, 2005 which killed more than 60 people and injured at least 200 others. The high number of casualties made the bombings the deadliest attack in India of 2005.It was followed by 5 bomb blasts on 13 September 2008.
Delhi security summit
Main article: 2007 Delhi security summit
The Delhi summit on security took place on February 14, 2007 with the foreign ministers of China, India, and Russia meeting in Hyderabad House, Delhi, India to discuss terrorism, drug trafficking, reform of the United Nations, and the security situations in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, and North Korea.
Attack on Indian parliament
Terrorists on December 13, 2001 attacked the Parliament of India resulting in a 45-minute gun battle in which 9 policemen and parliament staffer were killed. All the five terrorists were also killed by the security forces and were identified as Pakistani nationals. The attack took place around 11:40 am (IST), minutes after both Houses of Parliament had adjourned for the day.
The suspected terrorists dressed in commando fatigues entered Parliament in a car through the VIP gate of the building. Displaying Parliament and Home Ministry security stickers, the vehicle entered the Parliament premises.
The terrorists set off massive blasts and used AK-47 rifles, explosives and grenades for the attack. Senior Ministers and over 200 Members of Parliament were inside the Central Hall of Parliament when the attack took place. Security personnel sealed the entire premises which saved many lives.
Main article: 2005 Ram Janmabhoomi attack in Ayodhya
The long simmering Ayodhya crisis finally culminated in a terrorist attack on the site of the 16th century Babri Masjid -Demolished Ancient Masjid in Ayodhya on July 5, 2005. Following the two-hour gunfight between Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists based in Pakistan and Indian police, in which six terrorists were killed, opposition parties called for a nationwide strike with the country's leaders condemning the attack, believed to have been masterminded by Dawood Ibrahim.
Main article: 2006 Varanasi bombings
A series of blasts occurred across the Hindu holy city of Varanasi on 7 March 2006. Fifteen people are reported to have been killed and as many as 101 others were injured. No-one has accepted responsibility for the attacks, but it is speculated that the bombings were carried out in retaliation of the arrest of a Lashkar-e-Toiba agent in Varanasi earlier in February 2006.
On April 5, 2006 the Indian police arrested six Islamic militants, including a cleric who helped plan bomb blasts. The cleric is believed to be a commander of a banned Bangladeshi Islamic militant group, Harkatul Jihad-al Islami and is linked to the Inter-Services Intelligence, the Pakistani spy agency.
Main article: Insurgency in North-East India
Northeastern India consists 7 states (also known as the seven sisters): Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland. Tensions exists between these states and the central government as well as amongst the tribal people, who are natives of these states, and migrant peoples from other parts of India.
The states have accused New Delhi of ignoring the issues concerning them. It is this feeling which has led the natives of these states to seek greater participation in self-governance. There are existing territorial disputes between Manipur and Nagaland.
There is a rise of insurgent activities and regional movements in the northeast, especially in the states of Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tripura. Most of these organizations demand independent state status or increased regional autonomy and sovereignty.
North Eastern region tension have eased off-late with Indian and state government's concerted effort to raise the living standards of the people in these regions. However, militancy still exists in this region of India supported by external sources.
The first and perhaps the most significant insurgency was in Nagaland from the early 1950s until it was finally quelled in the early 1980s through a mixture of repression and co-optation. The National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), demands an independent Nagaland and has carried out several attacks on Indian military installations in the region. According to government officials, 599 civilians, 235 security forces and 862 terrorists have lost their lives between 1992 and 2000.
On June 14, 2001, a cease-fire agreement was signed between the Government of India and the NSCN-IM which had received widespread approval and support in Nagaland. Terrorist outfits such as the Naga National Council-Federal (NNC-F) and the National Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) also welcomed the development.
Certain neighbouring states, especially Manipur, raised serious concerns over the cease-fire. They feared that NSCN would continue insurgent activities in its state and demanded New Delhi scrap the ceasefire deal and renew military action. Despite the cease-fire the NSCN has continued its insurgency.
After Nagaland, Assam is the most volatile state in the region. Beginning 1979, the indigenous people of Assam demanded that the illegal immigrants who had emigrated from Bangladesh to Assam be detected and deported. The movement lead by All Assam Students Union began non-violently with satyagraha, boycotts, picketing and courting arrests.
Those protesting frequently came under police action. In 1983 an election was conducted which was opposed by the movement leaders. The election lead to widespread violence. The movement finally ended after the movement leaders signed an agreement (called Assam Accord) with the central government in August 15, 1985.
Under the provisions of this accord, anyone who entered the state illegally between January 1966 and March 1971 were allowed to remain but were disenfranchised for ten years, while those who entered after 1971 faced expulsion. A November 1985 amendment to the Indian citizenship law allows non citizens who entered Assam between 1961 and 1971 to have all the rights of citizenship except the right to vote for a period of ten years.
New Delhi also gave special administration autonomy to the Bodos in the state. However, the Bodos demanded for a separate Bodoland which led to a clash between the Bengalis, the Bodos and the Indian military resulting in hundreds of deaths.
There are several organizations which advocate the independence of Assam. The most prominent of which is the ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam). Formed in 1971, the ULFA has two main goals, the independence of Assam and the establishment of a socialist government.
The ULFA has carried out several terrorist attacks in the region targeting the Indian Military and non-combatants. The group assassinates political opponents, attacks police and other security forces, blasts railroad tracks, and attacks other infrastructure facilities. The ULFA is believed to have strong links with Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), Maoists and the Naxalites.
It is also believed that they carry out most of their operations from the Kingdom of Bhutan. Because of ULFA's increased visibility, the Indian government outlawed the group in 1986 and declared Assam a troubled area. Under pressure from New Delhi, Bhutan carried a massive operation to drive out the ULFA militants from its territory.
Backed by the Indian Army, Thimphu was successful in killing more than a thousand terrorists and extraditing many more to India while sustaining only 120 casualties. The Indian military undertook several successful operations aimed at countering future ULFA terrorist attacks, but the ULFA continues to be active in the region. In 2004, the ULFA targeted a public school in Assam killing 19 children and 5 adults.
Assam remains the only state in the northeast where terrorism is still a major issue. The Indian Military was successful in dismantling terrorist outfits in other areas, but have been criticized by human rights groups for allegedly using harsh methods when dealing with terrorists.
On September 18, 2005, a soldier was killed in Jiribam, Manipur, near the Manipur-Assam border by members of the ULFA.
Tripura witnessed a surge in terrorist activities in the 1990s. New Delhi blamed Bangladesh for providing a safe haven to the insurgents operating from its territory. The area under control of the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council was increased after a tripartite agreement between New Delhi, the state government of Tripura, and the Council. The government has since been brought the movement under control though certain rebellious factions still linger.
In Manipur, militants formed an organization known as the People's Liberation Army. Their main goal was to unite the Meitei tribes of Burma and establish an independent state of Manipur. However, the movement was thought to have been suppressed after a fierce clash with Indian security forces in the mid 1990s.
On September 18, 2005, six separatist rebels were killed in fighting between Zomi Revolutionary Army and Zomi Revolutionary Front in the Churachandpur District.
On September 20, 2005, 14 Indian soldiers were ambushed and killed by 20 rebels from the Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL) terrorist organization, armed with AK-56 rifles, in the village of Nariang, 22 miles southwest of Manipur's capital Imphal. "Unidentified rebels using automatic weapons ambushed a road patrol of the army's Gorkha Rifles killing eight on the spot," said a spokesman for the Indian government.
The Mizo National Front fought for over 2 decades with the Indian Military in an effort to gain independence. As in neighbouring states the insurgency was quelled by force.
Karnataka is considerably less affected by terrorism in spite of having many places of historical importance and the IT hub of India, Bengaluru. However, recently Naxal activity has been increasing in the Western Ghats. Also, a few attacks have occurred, major ones including an attack on IISc on 28 December 2005 and serial blasts in Bengaluru on 26 July 2008.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the few southern states affected by terrorism, although of a far different kind and on a much smaller scale. The terrorism in Andhra Pradesh stems from the People's War Group or PWG, popularly known as Naxalites.
The 'PWG, has been operating in India for over two decades with most of its operations in the Telangana region in Andhra Pradesh. The group is also active in Orissa and Bihar. Unlike the Kashmiri insurgents and ULFA, PWG is a Maoist terrorist organisation and communism is one of its primary goals.
Having failed to capture popular support in the elections, they resorted to violence as a means to voice their opinions. The group targets Indian Police, multinational companies and other influential institutions in the name of the communism. PWG has also targeted senior government officials, including the attempted assassination of former Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu.
It reportedly has a strength of 800 to 1,000 well armed militiants and is believed to have close links with the Maoists in Nepal and the LTTE of Sri Lanka. According to the Indian government, on an average, more than 60 civilians, 60 naxal rebels and a dozen policemen are killed every year because of PWG led insurgency.Also one of the major terrorist attack is 25 August 2007 Hyderabad Bombing.
Tamil Nadu had LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam militants operating in state Tamil Nadu up until the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. LTTE had given many speeches in state Tamil Nadu led by Velupillai Prabhakaran, Tamilselvan and other Eelam members. Tamil Tigers, now a banned organisation, have been receiving many donations and support from India in the past. The Tamil Nadu Liberation Army, a militant Tamil movement in India that have ties to LTTE.
Tamil Nadu also faced terrorist attacks orchestrated by Muslim funadamentalists. For more information refer, 1998 Coimbatore bombings.
Air India Flight 182
Main article: Air India Flight 182
Air India Flight 182 was an Air India flight operating on the Montreal-London-Delhi-Bombay route. On 23 June 1985 the Boeing 747-237B operating on the route was bombed over Irish airspace, killing all onboard. Until 11 September 2001, the Air India bombing was the single deadliest terrorist attack involving aircraft. It remains to this day the largest mass murder in Canadian history. This act was taken responsibility by Babbar Khalsa known as being a hardcore terrorist group which was and still is banned in Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and India in 1985.
The incident occurred within an hour of the Narita Airport Bombing. The plane, a Boeing 747-237B (c/n 21473/330, reg VT-EFO) named Emperor Kanishka exploded at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9500 m), crashing into the Atlantic Ocean killing all 329 people on board, of whom 280 were Canadian citizens and 22 were Indian nationals
* List of terrorist organisations in India
* Operation Blue Star
* Terrorism in Kashmir
* Sikh Extremism
* Bombay Blasts
* Islamic terrorism
* Communalism (South Asia)
* Pakistani state terrorism
* Bajrang Dal
1. ^ India Assessment 2007
2. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/india/800-terror-cells-active-in-country/articleshow/3356589.cms
3. ^ 'Big three' hold key Delhi talks BBC News
4. ^ Foreign Ministers of India, China, Russia meet to take forward strategic ties New Kerala
5. ^ "Indian Police Arrest Islamic Cleric for Blasts". Reuters. 05/04/2006. http://aawsat.com/english/news.asp?section=1&id=4412. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
* ^ "Sleeping over security". (26 August - 8 Sep) Business and Economy, p 38
* Islam, Women, and the Violence in Kashmir between India and Pakistan
* Scholars respond to the attacks in Mumbai
* Inside a jihadi training camp in Azad Kashmir, Radio France Internatioinale in English
* Dossier on the Mumbai attacks by Radio France Internationale's English-language service
v d e
Terrorism in Asia
Afghanistan · Armenia1 · Azerbaijan1 · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Bhutan · Brunei · Burma2 · Cambodia · People's Republic of China · Cyprus1 · East Timor3 · Egypt4 · Georgia4 · India · Indonesia · Iran · Iraq · Israel · Japan · Jordan · Kazakhstan4 · North Korea · South Korea · Kuwait · Kyrgyzstan · Laos · Lebanon · Malaysia · Maldives · Mongolia · Nepal · Oman · Pakistan · Philippines · Qatar · Russia4 · Saudi Arabia · Singapore · Sri Lanka · Syria · Tajikistan · Republic of China5 · Thailand · Turkey4 · Turkmenistan · United Arab Emirates · Uzbekistan · Vietnam · Yemen
Aceh · Adjara1 · Abkhazia1 · Akrotiri and Dhekelia · Altai · British Indian Ocean Territory · Buryatia · Christmas Island · Cocos (Keeling) Islands · Guangxi · Hong Kong · Inner Mongolia · Iraqi Kurdistan · Jakarta · Khakassia · Macau · Nagorno-Karabakh · Nakhchivan · Ningxia · Northern Cyprus · Palestine · Papua · Sakha · South Ossetia1 · Tibet · Tuva · West Papua · Xinjiang · Yogyakarta
Italics indicates an unrecognised or partially recognised country. 1 Sometimes included in Europe, depending on the border definitions. 2 Officially known as Myanmar. 3 Sometimes included in Oceania, and also known as Timor-Leste. 4 Transcontinental country. 5 Commonly known as Taiwan.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism_in_India"
Categories: Terrorism in India | Political repression
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Kabir with Mamata but not singing yet
Calcutta Telegraph - Amit Datta - 17 hours ago
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Tension with Suman palpable on dais
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Enter Maoists, exit Mamata
Calcutta Telegraph - Barun Ghosh, Naresh Jana - Jan 4, 2010
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Buddha to PC: Make it short
Calcutta Telegraph - Jan 3, 2010
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Centre leaves governor choice to West Bengal govt
Times of India - Dec 27, 2009
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The Hindu : National : Maoists, Marxists playing a game: Mamata ...
27 Oct 2009 ... Maoists, Marxists playing a game: Mamata Banerjee ... From "Maoist to Marxist, their [the State government's] game is a total set-up," Ms. ...
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Yechury has close links with Maoists: Mamata
12 Nov 2009 ... TALKS ON: Mamata Banerjee said that we believe in the teachings of Mahatma ... Mamata herself is guilty of making use of Maoists to attack ...
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Please, don't 'disturb' trains, Mamata to Maoists
20 Nov 2009 ... NEW DELHI - "Please, don't disturb trains," Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee appealed to Maoists Friday, a day after the rebels blew up ...
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India economy likely to grow 9% in FY12: Advisor
Economic Times - 6 hours ago
NEW DELHI: Indian economy is likely to return to an annual growth rate of 9 per cent by the fiscal year ending in March 2012, a top policy adviser said on ...
'Govt to ease education sector norms to clock 10% growth' Times of India
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Economy may grow at 7% this year: PM
Economic Times - Jan 7, 2010
NEW DELHI: The Indian economy is expected to grow at 7 percent this year and may soon return to sustained high growth path of 9-10 percent, Prime Minister ...
Expect 9 per cent growth in 2 years, PM tells NRIs Hindustan Times
Growth in the 'fast' lane, says PM NDTV.com
NRIs to get voting rights by next LS polls: PM Times of India
Zee News - Financial Times
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'Gujarat gained from investments by Indian diaspora'
Economic Times - 5 hours ago
NEW DELHI: Despite the global financial crisis, Gujarat's economy was boosted by record-breaking investments made by the Indian diaspora and companies, ...
Indian economy to grow by 7.75 per cent: Pranab Mukherjee
domain-B - Jan 8, 2010
... Divas in New Delhi, India's annual conclave to connect with its vast diaspora, Mukherjee said, "The Indian economy is on the growth trajectory path. ...
9-10% growth possible in near future: Pranab Hindu Business Line
Mukherjee asks taxmen to achieve revised mop-up target The Hindu
India can achieve 9-10 percent growth: Mukherjee Sify
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The Indian Economy In The Next Decade
Forbes - Jan 7, 2010
These signs point to an upbeat outlook for the Indian economy in 2010 which, in the view of some observers, seems as bright as the gold the country has ...
India Urged To Boost Investment Opportunities For Overseas Indians
Bernama - 9 hours ago
By P.Vijian NEW DELHI, Jan 9 (Bernama) -- MIC president, Datuk Seri S. Samy Vellu, has proposed that India, the third fastest growing economy in Asia, ...
India Gearing Up To Accommodate Returning Expat Workforce Blog of India (blog)
President salutes Indian workers in Gulf, Samman award presented Mangalorean.com
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Macroeconomic indicators - Economy may grow at 7 pct in 2010 - PM
SteelGuru - 10 hours ago
Dr Manohan Singh prime minister of India said that Indian economy is expected to grow at 7% this year and may soon return to sustained high growth path of ...
India 2009 Car Sales Rise Most in Three Years on Economy, Rates
Bloomberg - Vipin V. Nair - Jan 8, 2010
Maruti Suzuki India Ltd., with its seven hatchbacks, had a 52 percent share of the total car market. India's economy expanded at the fastest pace in 1 1/2 ...
India Car Sales Rise 40% in December Wall Street Journal
Vehicle sales seen up 12-13 pct in 2010/11 Economic Times
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Indian students to face extra scrutiny in Britain
Economic Times - 5 hours ago
Some estimates suggest foreign students bring in 8.5 billion pounds to the British economy each year. "International students do not come automatically to ...
ET Awards: Lifetime achievement - Keshub Mahindra
Economic Times - 12 hours ago
... did was to open up the economy. "I think, it's competition that changed the face of Indian industry, although all of us were very apprehensive then. ...
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Mamata Banerjee distances herself from Maoists
By: prabirghose send a private message
Kolkata : India | 4 days ago
The Trinamul Congress chief Mamata BanerjeeMamata Banerjee has an extremely difficult balancing task on hand she wants to distance herself from Maoist links. That is why she cancelled the 10th anniversary program to commemorate the Chhota Angaria killings which had reportedly been unleashed by the CPM on Trinamul cadres in 2001. Her supporters are not happy with her decision. It has caught her own party men unawares. She is trying to, on the one hand, woo Bengalis from every corner via the largesse that she enjoys being the Railway Minister so that they vote for her party to come to power. That way she can become the next Chief Minister of West Bengal. Simultaneously, she has to ensure that her connections with Mao rebels are never revealed otherwise the CPM would take advantage. That is why she cancelled the proposed visit that her men were looking forward to she cited some pressing appointments connected with the railways, a convenient excuse.
Telangana in no man's land, lack of consensus hampers talks
New Delhi: The cabinet Saturday discussed the vexed issue of statehood for Telangana but could arrive at no decision on the roadmap ahead, informed sources said.
"There was a meeting between the cabinet and the cabinet committee on economic affairs. It lasted about 10 minutes," the sources said.
"The main dilemma is that within the (Congress) party, there seems to be no consensus (on the issue). Maybe there will be more behind the scene discussions before a decision can be arrived at," the sources added.
One possible reason why Saturday's meeting was inconclusive was that Home Minister P. Chidambaram was away in Tamil Nadu.
Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee and Urban Development Minister Jaipal Reddy were among those who attended the meeting, presided over by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
Auto sales up 68% in December
New Delhi: Automobile sales for December 2009 stood at 1,000,500 units, an increase of 67.5 per cent against the low base of 597,622 units in December 2008. This growth is the highest so far in 200910. The second highest growth of 46 per cent was witnessed in November.
"A combination of factors like the three fiscal stimulus packages, low interest rates on vehicle financing made possible by PSU banks, cash infusion from the sixth pay commission and new models from manufacturers have helped December sales to rise," says Pawan Goenka, President of the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers and President of Mahindra & Mahindra. He was addressing the media today at the ongoing Auto Expo 2010.
The 68 per cent rise in December 2009 sales was made possible by the sustained growth in cars and utility vehicles (50 per cent), continued growth in medium & heavy commercial vehicles on a low base last year (248 per cent), and in two-wheeler sales (67 per cent) last month.
Sales of passenger vehicles in December grew by 50 per cent, with the industry selling 149,097 units. November sales growth were the highest, at 67 per cent. "Despite the maintenance shutdowns initiated by car manufacturers, despatch on a wholesale basis (to dealers) was high. Broadly, we expect the sales trend to continue for the new year," said Shashank Srivastava, chief general manager (marketing) of Maruti Suzuki.
Industry executives are cautious on maintaining sustained growth. "Sales (growth) from January onwards would moderate, since the first quarter of 2009 was a high base," says Goenka. Other factors like rising interest rates, withdrawal of the government's stimulus package, which could force manufacturers to increase prices, introduction of the new vehicle tailpipe emission norms in April and newer safety standards forcing manufacturers to adopt new technologies in cars, would increase prices of vehicles. " In addition to these negative factors, prices of commodities are set to rise by 500 basis points, making vehicles more expensive," says Vaishali Jajoo.
Headley may not appear in court hearing next week
Chicago: Pakistani-American David Coleman Headley, charged with conspiracy in the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks, may not be present at a status hearing of his case scheduled next week in a court here.
The hearing, during which the court will be updated on the progress of the case, has been set for January 12 before Judge Harry Leinenweber in the US District Court in the Northern District of Illinois.
After his arrest, Headley had first appeared in the court on December 9 when he had pleaded not guilty to charges that he plotted terrorist attacks in India and Denmark.
US citizen Headley, along with another terror suspect Pakistani-Canadian Tahawwur Rana, were arrested by FBI in October last year. Indian investigators say that he conducted a recce of the Mumbai attack sites.
The FBI has also charged him with criminal conspiracy in the 26/11 attacks.
"It is possible that Headley will not be present for the hearing on Tuesday since his presence has been waived by the defence," a spokesman for US Attorney's office said today.
He said "nothing significant" is expected to happen during Tuesday's hearing for which Headley would be needed in the court. Headley's attorney John Theis said the January 12 hearing would be a routine matter during which the court would be updated by the defence and prosecution on the progress and status of the case.
Theis said no new plea or motion would be filed during that hearing and added that there is no change in Headley's not guilty plea. Suspected Lashkar-e-Toiba operative Headley was arraigned in December in a hearing that lasted for only a couple of minutes.
During that court appearance, he had waived his right to be indicted by a grand jury, which meant that he had waived his right to have prosecutors present their evidence against him to a grand jury and obtain an indictment.
If convicted, Headley could face the "maximum statutory penalty" of life imprisonment or death.
However, in the charges filed by the FBI, the government has said that Headley is cooperating with the investigation, possibly to avoid the death penalty.
Security agencies in India, probing the footprints Headley and Rana, may also file a chargesheet against the duo in the country by this month-end for allegedly waging a war against India, Home Ministry sources said in New Delhi.
Once the chargesheet is filed against the two, Indian security agencies are likely to press America for the access of both for interrogation and subsequent extradition.
India, B'desh to sign 3 pacts on terrorism
Press Trust of India / New Delhi January 9, 2010, 14:10 IST
India and Bangladesh will sign three pacts related to counter-terrorism and organised crime during Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's visit here from Monday, a step that could help address India's concerns about Northeast insurgents taking shelter in that country.
The two countries will also sign an Memorundum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in the power sector during the three-day visit that is expected to give a push to the bilateral relations in the backdrop of recent positive atmospherics.
Clearing the way for their signing, the Union Cabinet today approved an agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters and a pact on Combating International Terrorism, Organised Crime and Illicit Drug Trafficking.
The meeting, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, also gave a nod to the MoU on sharing of power between the two countries, official sources said.
The Cabinet had earlier approved an agreement on Transfer of Sentenced Persons, which also will be signed on Monday after the talks between Singh and Hasina, who is making her maiden trip to India after taking over last January.
The agreements are aimed at addressing India's concerns with regard to north-east insurgents taking shelter in Bangladesh as a legal framework would be put in place to transfer them, including those having undergone sentences in that country.
India has a lot of expectations on this front from the Hasina government. Dhaka has already taken a number of discreet measures to deny safe haven to north-east insurgents, which is reflected by the arrest of some top ULFA leaders like Arabinda Rajkhowa.
The MoU on power provides for import and export of electricity to the tune of over 900 million units per annum depending on availability, need and price, the sources said.
The price and various modalities for exchange of power will be worked out later for the MoU under which about 250 MW is expected to be exchanged initially and eventually it could touch 1,000 MW.
Energy-deficient Bangladesh will receive the power from Indian grids in West Bengal and Tripura.
India likely to grow 9% in FY12: Montek
Posted: Jan 09, 2010 at 1550 hrs IST
New Delhi The economy is likely to return to an annual growth rate of 9 per cent by the fiscal year ending in March 2012, a top policy adviser said on Saturday.
Asia's third-largest economy expanded 6.7 per cent in 2008/09 (April-March), slower than the 9 per cent or more recorded in the previous three years.
"By the end of the 11th five-year plan we hope to back to 9 per cent growth rate. In the 12th plan the aim of the government is to bring the economy to 10 per cent growth rate," said Montek Singh Ahluwalia, deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.
India's 11th five-year plan began in April 2007.
Ahluwalia said: "This may not be easy but not unrealistic. One critical objective for the government is massive expenditure in education."
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Friday said he was optimistic that India, which along with China is leading the drive out of a global recession, could return to annual growth of 9-10 per cent in a few years time.
He said the economy was expected to grow by around 7 per cent in the 2009/2010 fiscal year, slightly below previous forecasts by his policymakers.
The economy grew an annual 7.9 per cent in the quarter through September, its fastest in 18 months, prompting policymakers, including the finance minister, to revise the growth forecast for the current fiscal year to around 8 per cent from 7 per cent.
Fight like a brave not as coward, Mamata warns Maoists!Railway minister Mamata Banerjee on Saturday accused both Union and state government of not being serious about tackling the Maoist issue.
"Neither the state, nor the Centre is serious about the Maoist issue," the Trinamool Congress chief said.
Challenging the Maoists, she said the Red Rebels would be separated from the mass.
"They (Maoists) have hindered development and are keeping people hungry," she said.
Stating that the Maoists are the 'most corrupt' of all, Banerjee sarcastically said, "Who are these Maoists? Who is Kishenji?"
"They are constantly threatening people in Junglemahal (forested areas) with guns," she added.
Skirt lengths and economy!Indian Economy is all about Services and Consumer Culture with a little spice of Information technology focused on Outsourcing. Wellness Index misrepresent the national health as Reality Shows and Fairness Industry, Auto Boom, Infrastructure, Power, Energy, Construction and realty sector blind us in an Intense Mind Control System Zionist as well as Brahaminical!Production system is destroyed as destroyed is Agriculture. Job loss, Alienation, Depression, Unemployment, Displacement, Exodus, Ethnioc Cleansing, Food Insecurity and starvation realities NEVER projected on Economy Mapping. Statics are manipulated and Planning is BASTARDISED to feed Human Meat and Blood to the Killer Money Machine!Defence expanditure, Oil Economy, Energy Crisis, Bail Out and Pay for the Govt.employess divert the national Revenue on the on hand , while Natural Resources are Divested by the LPG Mafia, India incorporation and MNCS, Builders and Promoters! India Incs have taken over the Polity as well as Economy. Parliament and Constitution remain IRRELEVANt as Unconstitutional Corporate MNC Elements do all the decision making in Legislation, Governace and Planning!Terror and Maoism play as STIMULUS to the Hegemony Rule under zionist Dynasty!
The Ruling Hegemony Icon and Master Mind of marxist Capitalist Genocide culture, Basu on ventilator support while Bengali Brahamin Lady, the Fire Brand Human face of the India Incs governemt declaring Waragainst Maoism and Marxism introduce a new Phenomenon in the Monopolistic Agrresion and capture Equations in the Divided geopolitics, Divided land scape and Divided human Scape!An early morning scare on 7th January last fuelled daylong alarm about CPM patriarch Jyoti Basu's health on Wednesday. `Jyoti Basu dead,' screamed some websites, fuelling rumours that had the entire city holding its breath. A medical bulletin in the evening finally reined in the alarmists. Basu is in a critical condition, but improving, it said. Basu is ALIVE very well and Mamata is Pro Active to defend the Skirt Length ECONOMY in the global Village ruled by Zionism, Apartheid and Post Modern galaxy Manusmriti!Firing a salvo at the UPA government of which her party is a major ally, Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee on Saturday alleged that the Centre had "surrendered" to the CPI(M) and failed to do enough to check Marxist violence in West Bengal.
Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee warned the Maoists not to target railways and innocent passengers to pressurise the government to give in to their demands.
Speaking after flag off six new trains from the Howrah station in Kolkata on Wednesday, Mamata Banerjee said: "I want to tell those who carry out subversive activities and play with the human lives that if you want to fight, fight politically, fight like a brave not as a coward."
Baffled over Maoists removing fish plates along 400 metres of railway tracks near Gidhni in West Midnapore on Wednesday, she said Maoists are fighting like cowards and targeting the railways.
"Sabotaging trains, killing people is fighting like cowards," she added.
Asserting that she was not politically biased while discharging her duty as the Railway Minister, she pointed out that passenger security was her topmost concern.
Nevertheless,Despite land acquisition problems, West Bengal has received investments of up to Rs 5.3 lakh crore till September 2009 over a 12-year period, according to the Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham) study.
Mind you, MAMATA BANERJEE'S silence in condemning the Maoists, her act of dubbing a lady journalist and her crew members as `contact killers', filing of FIR against them and alleged acts of covering up a raid on Writers' Buildings by her party legislators to demand the arrest of the Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, has put the Trinamool Congress leader into a tight spot in West Bengal.
As a result, her announced programme of a sit-in demonstration at Esplanade to protest the arrest of party legislators, turned out to be a damp squib. Even though she had announced she would address the gathering, she cancelled it at the last moment after getting report of a poor turnout.
"What is she up to? She must stop these gimmicks and should not deviate from her agenda of capturing power in the next assembly election," said a retired government employee, who voted for her party in the last Lok Sabha election.
Her constant refusal to condemn the attacks by the Maoists in the state and growing demand to withdraw the central para-military forces, engaged in combating the rebels in three districts of the state, has raised many questions in the political circle. While CPI (M) leader Mohammed Salim asked Banerjee to clearly spell out her party's stand against the Maoists, a senior state Congress leader said she could not oppose the Centre's actions as a partner of the UPA Government.
Railway Minister and Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee Saturday lashed out at the union home ministry, saying it lacked seriousness in tackling the Maoist menace in West Bengal. She also accused the central government of giving "oxygen" to the state's ruling communists by deploying joint security forces in Lalgarh.
A day after the Maoists shot dead two Trinamool supporters in Muriboni village of West Midnapore district, Banerjee slammed the rebels giving them an "ultimatum" to "behave properly". She also called upon the masses in the three western districts of West Midnapore, Bankura and Purulia to stand up to the Left wing ultras.
In a stinging attack on the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government, of which the Trinamool is the second largest partner, Banerjee said that her party henceforth would not expect "anything from anybody. We will fight out own battles".
"The union home ministry is not at all serious about tackling the Maoist menace in West Bengal. The central government has facilitated the joint forces' operation for providing oxygen to the CPI-M, which is desperate to regain its lost political ground," Banrjee said during a press conference at her Kalighat residence in South Kolkata.
"The Trinamool Congress demands immediate army action in Lalgarh and adjoining areas," she said.
The joint forces comprising central paramilitary troopers and state armed police have been deployed in the Lalgarh belt of West Midnapore district since June 18 after the Left wing ultras created a virtual free zone in the area by torching police camps and killing political opponents.
Asked whether she has raised her grievances on the issue with the Congress leaders, Banerjee said: "I have said so many times. I have informed the prime minister (Manmohan Singh) and union home minister (P. Chidambaram) repeatedly."
Banerjee also pointed out that the UPA did not have any coordination committee of the alliance now.
To a query whether he had spoken to UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi on the matter, she said: "She is not in the government. Why should I disturb her?"
Launching a virulent assault on the Maoists, who are active in the three western districts, Banerjee termed them as "most corrupt". They kill people and then leave behind chits saying they have punished the corrupt. But they are themselves most corrupt".
"And who are they to give out such punishments? There is law, administration, courts and police. We will rip off their masks. They are actually cowards," said a fuming Banerjee.
Talking tough, the railway minister said: "We are not like the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) that they will murder us and we will bear it calmly. We will isolate them from the masses. I am giving these terrorists an ultimatum to either behave properly or face the people's wrath.
Banerjee also came down heavily on the CPI-M for misusing the Lalgarh "security operation" to regain lost ground.
Alleging collusion between the CPI-M and the Maoists, she said: "They are Marxists in the morning and Maoists in the evening. They have joined hands to kill Trinamool supporters and innocent civilians."
She claimed that seven of her party supporters have been killed in the past five days.
Read more: http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/politics/mamata-lashes-out-at-centre-for-lalgarh-operation_100301474.html#ixzz0c83DVXT8
Though the Trinamool Congress Chief preferred to remain silent, her lieutenants made ridiculous statements accusing the CPI (M), for encouraging Maoist attacks in the state. Leader of the opposition Partho Chattopadhyay, demanded a central probe into Tuesday's attack on Sankaril Police station and alleged that the CPI (M) cadres had been trying to gain lost ground, with the help of the central and state forces. He also claimed that there was no Maoist in the state.
Union Minister Sisir Adhikari, went a step ahead and blamed the Chief Minister "for organising the attack on the police station", while his son Subhendu Adhikari, also an MP, urged the policemen in the state to revolt.
The Maoists, who reportedly came on motorcycles, killed two police officers, kidnapped the officer in charge and looted firearms from the police station and cash from a nearby nationalised bank, before escaping onto the jungles at Sankrail near Jhargram, West Midnapore district on Tuesday.
The state government has been demanding a joint operation by the security forces from West Bengal, Jharkhand and Orissa, to flush out the Maoists. The CPI (M) has alleged that big money powers from within the country and abroad had been playing a heinous role to forge an alliance between the extreme leftists and the extreme rightists to overthrow the Left Front government.
Intelligence agencies have also been probing the role of two foreigners, who recently visited the Maoist dominated areas of Jharkhand and Lalgarh. The two were reportedly members of a foreign NGO. The agencies were also looking into a report that the Maoists attended a couple of meetings with their Nepalese counterparts and other rebel groups from the North eastern parts of the country.
Political observers said the Congress leaders Sonia Gandhi and Dr Manmohan Singh must pursue Ms Banerjee to take and against the Maoists and support the joint actions by the Centre and the states to crush the Maoist depredations.
Some Maoists have claimed that they had been working jointly with the Trinamool Congress in Nandigram, Singur, Khejuri and Lalgarh against the CPI (M). The Trinamool Congress leaders had repeatedly denied the existence of the Maoists in the state.
In west Bengal, however,Around 42.5 per cent of the proposals were in various stages of implementation. The study was released by Venugopal Dhoot, past president of Assocham.
Swati Piramal, president Assocham said, West Bengal would be able to see execution of couple of more projects amounting to Rs 1,00,000 crore in the remaining part of the current fiscal.
She pointed out that services, manufacturing and real estate hub centre in Wes<br/><br/>(Message over 64 KB, truncated)