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19045We are NOT a Nation Until CASTE and CREED Annihilated,Annihilated are Inequality

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  • palashc b
    Oct 28, 2010
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      We are NOT a Nation Until CASTE and CREED Annihilated,Annihilated are Inequality, Injustice and EXCLUSION! Arundhati Raises Voice against Manusmriti Rule Post Modern and the Issues Must be Addressed! DR BR Ambedkar Warned Long Before!Was it an Act of Sedition?

      Govt not to file case against Geelani, Roy!Politicians must have some theoretical construct, says PM

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      We are NOT a Nation Until CASTE and CREED Annihilated,Annihilated are Inequality, Injustice and EXCLUSION! Arundhati Raises Voice against Manusmriti Rule Post Modern and the Issues Must be Addressed! DR BR Ambedkar Warned Long Before!Was it an Act of Sedition?

      "Jammu & Kashmir was a former princely state in the British Empire in India, from 1846 until 1947, after which India then gained independence, and was partitioned into the Dominion of Pakistan (mostly Muslim), and the Union of India (mostly Hindu). Each Indian state was given a choice to join either India or Pakistan, and when the ruler of Kashmir & Jammu decided to remain independent, a war broke out between India and Pakistan, dividing the population of Jammu & Kashmir between the two sides. The Indian government then said it had made a formal agreement with Hari Singh, the Maharajah of Jammu & Kashmir, called The Instrument of Accession, which handed over the entire lands of Jammu & Kashmir to Indian control. Pakistan disputed this, due to the population being mostly Muslim, and to this day, Pakistan denies such a document exists. After some horrendous wars in the area, Jammu & Kashmir is now split into Indian territory (the northern state of Jammu & Kashmir, which is actually just a large slice of Kashmir), Pakistani territory (the Northern Areas) and Chinese territory (Aksai Chin). India claims sovereignty over all of these areas, as does Pakistan, whilst China only holds claim over Aksai Chin, albeit with a small slice of current Indian land which it claims is part of it's Tibet Autonomous Region"
      http://www.blatantworld.com/feature/the_world/disputed_territories.html
      The Economics of Exclusion in India Incs, MNC and LPG mafia ruled Peripheri of US Zionist War Corporate Economy boasts as Emerging Market diluting Indigenous aboriginal Identity, history and legacy as Market turnover hits new high at Rs 2.82 lakh crore!US President Barack Obama faces a range of trade hurdles when he travels to India in early November to unlock a huge untapped commercial potential that would help ballast the rise of Asian giant China. Ahead of President Barack Obama's India trip next week, a top US official today said India's rise and its strength and progress on the global stage is deeply in the strategic interest of the United States.

      "Kashmir has never been an integral part of India - it is a historical fact. Even the Indian government has accepted this"
      Oct 25, 2010 IBNLive.com (90 occurrences)
      more by Arundhati Roy
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      Jethmalani: Arundhati is entitled to her right to expression
      Hindustan Times - ‎40 minutes ago‎
      "I do not approve of what Arundhati Roy has been saying on Kashmir these days. I do not see any merit in her observations. Yet, it must be kept in mind that ...
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      Arundhati Roy and Kashmir's struggle for justice
      The Guardian - ‎2 hours ago‎
      The news that the prize-winning Indian author Arundhati Roy may be arrested for her remarks about Kashmir is not surprising. It is a sign of growing Indian ...
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      Bajrang Dal's warning to Arundhati Roy
      The Hindu - ‎16 hours ago‎
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      हिंदी मेंEmail this story
      Judicial hearing against Rahul Gandhi & Arundhati Roy
      Times of India - ‎Oct 26, 2010‎
      A Ranchi court on Tuesday transferred cases filed against Congress general secretary, Rahul Gandhi, and social activist, Arundhati Roy, for their remarks to ...
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      It's Smriti Irani vs Arundhati Roy in sedition debate
      Humsafar News Site - ‎6 hours ago‎
      Mumbai, Maharashtra, October 27, 2010: Bharatia Janata Party Mahila Morcha has demanded legal action against writer activist Arundhati Roy for her ...
      It'll be hard to charge Arundhati Roy with sedition
      Daily News & Analysis - Rakesh Bhatnagar - ‎Oct 26, 2010‎
      ... doesn't find any basis for registering a case under the extreme provision against author-activist Arundhati Roy for what she said about Kashmir. ...
      Shattering some myths on Kashmir
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      Arundhati Roy says Kashmir was never a part of India. We look at why she is wrong & why India's position is not as vulnerable as it is portrayed to be At ...
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      Case might be filed against Geelani, Arundhati Roy
      IBNLive.com - ‎Oct 25, 2010‎
      At a seminar on Kashmir on Sunday, writer Arundhati Roy said, "Kashmir has never been an integral part of India - it is a historical fact. ...
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      Goutam Ghose defends Arundhati Roy
      Times of India - Priyanka Das Gupta - ‎22 hours ago‎
      Goutam Ghose has reacted to the charges made against Arundhati Roy. "The charges made by a section of people are funny and undemocratic. ...

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      B. R. Ambedkar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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      Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, political leader, Buddhist activist, philosopher, thinker, anthropologist, historian, ...
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      "The US-Indian partnership for a number of years has been a genuine bipartisan priority in Washington. Same is true in India. Over the last decade, through three administrations of both of our parties and two Indian governments of different parties, we've transformed the relationship," Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Bill Burns said.

      "India's rise and its strength and progress on the global stage is deeply in the strategic interest of the United States ," he told reporters at a special White House briefing.

      Burns said President Obama has called Indo-US ties a defining partnership of the 21st century, and in many ways the two countries are "natural partners".

      We're the world's two largest democracies. We're both big, diverse, tolerant societies. We're two of the world's largest economies. We both have an increasing stake in global stability and prosperity, especially across Asia and the Pacific," he observed.

      Noting that the defence cooperation between the two countries is expanding in ways that were hard to imagine a decade ago, he said India now holds more defence exercises every year with the US than it does with any other country.

      "Some $4 billion in defence sales have been made by the US to India over the last couple of years alone, with more possibilities ahead. India is today one of the biggest contributors to UN peacekeeping forces," he said.

      "We have a lot to gain by working together in high- tech cooperation and innovation. The civilian nuclear deal that was completed at the end of the last administration removed the single biggest irritant in our relationship and opened the door to wider cooperation. We've worked hard in this administration to follow through and completing, for example, a reprocessing agreement between the US and India six months ahead of schedule," he said.

      "We look forward to US companies contributing to Indian civil nuclear development. And the signing today by the Indian government in Vienna of the Convention on Supplemental Compensation is a very positive step toward ensuring that international standards apply and that US companies are going to have a level playing field on which to compete," he said.

      Stock market turnover today touched a record high of Rs 2.82 lakh crore, as bullish investors took fresh positions on account of month-end expiry in the derivative segment.Meanwhile,Coming from a not-so-privileged African-American background, Barack Obama feels that he has "some kind of a personal tie" with the extraordinary history of India in the 20th century, even though he is yet to visit the country, says a top personal aide of the US President.

      "There is a particular connection for the President as an African-American. As someone who comes from not a privileged background, the Indian story speaks to that in a sense that you have a country that inspired the world with its own story," Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategic Communication, Ben Rhodes, said.

      "Obviously India has its own civilisation and history, but in the 20th century its ability to move past colonialism in such an inspiring way ... reflects a model thriving, multi cultural diverse democracy that is very close to the core of the President's own story," Rhodes told Washington-based Indian reporters at a special White House briefing on Obama's India trip scheduled for next week.

      While planning for his maiden trip to India, Obama directed his White House staff to schedule events that would reflect the breadth of American ties with India. And therefore there are events that have economic, political and security components; besides the cultural component.

      "It is also very important for the President that we have events where he is capable of speaking to younger people. One of the things that he admires about countries like India is just how vast the young population is, the number of people below 30 and the potential is there within that.

      "So having a town hall event with young people is kind of a signature events that the President likes to do if he has an opportunity," said Rhodes, who played a key role in finalising Obama's trip to India and closely interacted with him on a regular basis.

      The combined turnover in the futures and options segment and cash segment on the two premier bourses--the NSE and BSE-- was at Rs 2.82 lakh crore, up by Rs 46 crore compared to the previous record of Rs 2.36 lakh crore seen last month only.

      The turnover in the futures and options (F&O) segment of National Stock Exchange was about Rs 2.43 lakh crore today.

      Analysts said that volume was high, mainly due to heavy transaction on the last date for settlement in F&O contracts .

      "The turnover crossed all time high surging past the Rs 2.82 lakh crore. It was possible mainly on the account of fresh positions taken by the investors," SMC Global Securities Head of Research Jagannadham Thunuguntla said.

      Interestingly, the previous record was also made on the settlement (F&O) day last month.

      The Government on Thursday decided not to file any case against hardline Kashmiri separatist leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani and activist Arundhati Roy for purportedly giving "hate speeches" at a seminar held in New Delhi last week.

      The decision was taken after considering various issues and it was decided that such a move would give unnecessary publicity to them and a handle to separatists in the Valley, officials in the Union Home Ministry said.

      "We have decided to ignore them," they said. After the October 21 incident, when Geelani and others made statements, which were seen as an attempt to instigate secession, the Home Ministry sought legal opinion on the issue which suggested that a case could be made out under Section 124 (A) of IPC (disaffection against the State).

      However, after taking political opinion, the Ministry decided not to file any case against Geelani and Roy.

      At the convention on 'Azadi--The Only Way', Geelani had shared the stage with writer Roy and pro-Maoist leader Vara Vara Rao among others. Geelani was heckled by the audience with one of them throwing a shoe at him.

      Despite India's growing global weight, it is only the United States' 14th biggest trading partner and obstacles, from outsourcing controversies to the Doha world trade round, have put the brakes on faster integration.

      The stakes on trade are high as the United States and India need each other to meet ambitious export targets amid a sluggish US economic recovery, yawning trade deficits with China and fears of global imbalances sparking a standoff. On the issue of global economic imbalances that have raised fears of currency wars, India and the United States often differ.

      Obama may ask Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for help in Washington's push to prevent countries unilaterally devaluing currency to make exports more competitive in the run-up to the G20 heads of state meeting in Seoul next month. But at the G20 finance ministers' meet in South Korea, India and China shot a US proposal to cap current accounts of countries with quantitative targets linked to their GDP.

      While ties bloomed during the Bush administration, the two countries have entered what a former Indian envoy to Washington told Reuters was a "sobering phase". "It's only natural that people have high expectations," Naresh Chandra said, adding "now we are coming from the general to the specific.

      The problem lies in the detail." "When you start concluding agreements then each side wants to have the best of both worlds and that is where the friction starts. So what we are going through is what I would call a sobering phase of managing the details." A bilateral trade boom has seen total flows treble to $36.5 billion in goods in the decade to 2009-10, but the United States. slipped from number one to three in India's trade partners.

      India lags China, which is the United States' third biggest trading partner. The Obama administration wants to double its exports within five years to bolster domestic growth and create jobs. Bilateral trade in goods and services between India and the United States stands at $50 billion, a tenth of America's trade with China, according to Ron Somers, President of the US India Business Council.

      Indo-US business has basked in the warmth of closer ties underscored by a landmark civilian nuclear deal signed in 2008. But both must work to overcome irritants including fears of growing US protectionism after the financial crisis, demands on both sides for greater market access and differences over Doha.

      TRADE DEFICITS

      The United States can push for deals including billion dollar defence contracts. The powerful lobby group the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) has pushed for a relaxation in US export controls to speed up high-tech and defence industry trade.

      Politicians must have some theoretical construct, says PM

      PUTRAJAYA (Malaysia): Politicians who seek to influence the "course of economic policy and history" must have some theoretical construct at the back of their minds, India's technocrat-academic Prime Minister Manmohan Singh told a gathering in Malaysian administrative capital Putrajaya on Wednesday.

      Manmohan Singh, who is here on a three-day bilateral visit and held extensive talks with Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak, was answering questions after delivering the Khazanah Global Lecture here.

      The luncheon meeting, attended by the business elite of Malaysia and India as well as university students, was followed by a question from a student who asked the Cambridge-educated economist-politician whether he was ruled by theoretical reasoning or gut feeling.

      "I have no definitive answers but I do know Lord Keynes said most practical politicians are slave to some defunct economics," Manmohan Singh said, evoking laughter in the room.

      Politicians must have some "theoretical perspective" at the back of their minds, he said, adding that there was a "plethora of information" available these days.

      You must know "how to organise facts into a model to arrive at a solution", said Manmohan Singh, often under attack for being too much of an academic and less of a politician.

      "Everybody who is in politics, who seeks to influence the course of economic policy and history has some notion of what is workable... Whether that is good or bad is judged by history," the usually phlegmatic prime minister said.

      "Practical men and women are driven to rely on some theoretical construct," he added, giving a rare insight into the working of his mind - and perhaps sending a message to his detractors back home.
      Face recognition to replace passwords, PINs
      LONDON: A new software that can track your facial features in real time is likely to replace passwords and PIN numbers when you log into internet sites from a mobile phone.

      Eventually, it will be able to tell who the user is, where they are looking and even how they are feeling. Face verification is already used in laptops, webcams and the Xbox 360 Kinect but this is the first time the technology is being used with such sophistication in mobile devices such as smartphones.

      "Existing mobile face trackers give only an approximate position and scale of the face," said Phil Tresadern from the University of Manchester, Britain, who led the project, the Daily Mail reported.

      "Our model runs in real time and accurately tracks a number of landmarks on and around the face such as the eyes, nose, mouth and jaw line," he said. "A mobile phone with a camera on the front captures a video of your face and tracks 22 facial features."

      This can make face recognition more accurate, and has great potential for novel ways of interacting with a mobile phone, Tresadern said. "At this stage, we're particularly interested in demonstrating uses for the face-tracking part of the technology," he said. "It is very fast and I can't find anything that can rival it on a mobile phone."

      The new software, built on 20 years of research at the university, has been demonstrated on a Nokia N900 for the EU-funded "Mobile Biometrics" (MoBio) project.
      LAW RESOURCE INDIA
      LEGAL RESOURCE CENTRE / COURT JUDGMENTS / LEGAL ARCHIVES
      SPEECH OF BHARAT RATNA DR BHIM RAO AMBEDKAR DETAILING THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE CONSTIUENT ASSEMBLY OF INDIA
      The following matter is the part of Ambedkar`s historical speech in which he deals with the concept of Nation and democracy, the future of democracy in India. Let us see how ACCURATE was the man who had the Perfect Future Vision!Just read!
      There is only one point of constitutional import to which I propose to make a reference. A serious complaint is made on the ground that there is too much of centralization and that the States have been reduced to Municipalities. It is clear that this view is not only an exaggeration, but is also founded on a misunderstanding of what exactly the Constitution contrives to do. As to the relation between the Centre and the States, it is necessary to bear in mind the fundamental principle on which it rests. The basic principle of Federalism is that the Legislative and Executive authority is partitioned between the Centre and the States not by any law to be made by the Centre but by the Constitution itself. This is what Constitution does. The States under our Constitution are in no way dependent upon the Centre for their legislative or executive authority. The Centre and the States are co-equal in this matter. It is difficult to see how such a Constitution can be called centralism. It may be that the Constitution assigns to the Centre too large a field for the operation of its legislative and executive authority than is to be found in any other federal Constitution. It may be that the residuary powers are given to the Centre and not to the States. But these features do not form the essence of federalism. The chief mark of federalism as I said lies in the partition of the legislative and executive authority between the Centre and the Units by the Constitution. This is the principle embodied in our constitution. There can be no mistake about it. It is, therefore, wrong to say that the States have been placed under the Centre. Centre cannot by its own will alter the boundary of that partition. Nor can the Judiciary. For as has been well said:

      "Courts may modify, they cannot replace. They can revise earlier interpretations as new arguments, new points of view are presented, they can shift the dividing line in marginal cases, but there are barriers they cannot pass, definite assignments of power they cannot reallocate. They can give a broadening construction of existing powers, but they cannot assign to one authority powers explicitly granted to another."

      The first charge of centralization defeating federalism must therefore fall.

      The second charge is that the Centre has been given the power to override the States. This charge must be admitted. But before condemning the Constitution for containing such overriding powers, certain considerations must be borne in mind. The first is that these overriding powers do not form the normal feature of the constitution. Their use and operation are expressly confined to emergencies only. The second consideration is : Could we avoid giving overriding powers to the Centre when an emergency has arisen? Those who do not admit the justification for such overriding powers to the Centre even in an emergency, do not seem to have a clear idea of the problem which lies at the root of the matter. The problem is so clearly set out by a writer in that well-known magazine "The Round Table" in its issue of December 1935 that I offer no apology for quoting the following extract from it. Says the writer :

      "Political systems are a complex of rights and duties resting ultimately on the question, to whom, or to what authority, does the citizen owe allegiance. In normal affairs the question is not present, for the law works smoothly, and a man, goes about his business obeying one authority in this set of matters and another authority in that. But in a moment of crisis, a conflict of claims may arise, and it is then apparent that ultimate allegiance cannot be divided. The issue of allegiance cannot be determined in the last resort by a juristic interpretation of statutes. The law must conform to the facts or so much the worse for the law. When all formalism is stripped away, the bare question is, what authority commands the residual loyalty of the citizen. Is it the Centre or the Constituent State ?"

      The solution of this problem depends upon one's answer to this question which is the crux of the problem. There can be no doubt that in the opinion of the vast majority of the people, the residual loyalty of the citizen in an emergency must be to the Centre and not to the Constituent States. For it is only the Centre which can work for a common end and for the general interests of the country as a whole. Herein lies the justification for giving to all Centre certain overriding powers to be used in an emergency. And after all what is the obligation imposed upon the Constituent States by these emergency powers? No more than this – that in an emergency, they should take into consideration alongside their own local interests, the opinions and interests of the nation as a whole. Only those who have not understood the problem, can complain against it.

      Here I could have ended. But my mind is so full of the future of our country that I feel I ought to take this occasion to give expression to some of my reflections thereon. On 26th January 1950, India will be an independent country (Cheers). What would happen to her independence? Will she maintain her independence or will she lose it again? This is the first thought that comes to my mind. It is not that India was never an independent country. The point is that she once lost the independence she had. Will she lost it a second time? It is this thought which makes me most anxious for the future. What perturbs me greatly is the fact that not only India has once before lost her independence, but she lost it by the infidelity and treachery of some of her own people. In the invasion of Sind by Mahommed-Bin-Kasim, the military commanders of King Dahar accepted bribes from the agents of Mahommed-Bin-Kasim and refused to fight on the side of their King. It was Jaichand who invited Mahommed Gohri to invade India and fight against Prithvi Raj and promised him the help of himself and the Solanki Kings. When Shivaji was fighting for the liberation of Hindus, the other Maratha noblemen and the Rajput Kings were fighting the battle on the side of Moghul Emperors. When the British were trying to destroy the Sikh Rulers, Gulab Singh, their principal commander sat silent and did not help to save the Sikh Kingdom. In 1857, when a large part of India had declared a war of independence against the British, the Sikhs stood and watched the event as silent spectators.

      Will history repeat itself? It is this thought which fills me with anxiety. This anxiety is deepened by the realization of the fact that in addition to our old enemies in the form of castes and creeds we are going to have many political parties with diverse and opposing political creeds. Will Indian place the country above their creed or will they place creed above country? I do not know. But this much is certain that if the parties place creed above country, our independence will be put in jeopardy a second time and probably be lost for ever. This eventuality we must all resolutely guard against. We must be determined to defend our independence with the last drop of our blood.(Cheers)

      On the 26th of January 1950, India would be a democratic country in the sense that India from that day would have a government of the people, by the people and for the people. The same thought comes to my mind. What would happen to her democratic Constitution? Will she be able to maintain it or will she lost it again. This is the second thought that comes to my mind and makes me as anxious as the first.

      It is not that India did not know what is Democracy. There was a time when India was studded with republics, and even where there were monarchies, they were either elected or limited. They were never absolute. It is not that India did not know Parliaments or Parliamentary Procedure. A study of the Buddhist Bhikshu Sanghas discloses that not only there were Parliaments-for the Sanghas were nothing but Parliaments – but the Sanghas knew and observed all the rules of Parliamentary Procedure known to modern times. They had rules regarding seating arrangements, rules regarding Motions, Resolutions, Quorum, Whip, Counting of Votes, Voting by Ballot, Censure Motion, Regularization, Res Judicata, etc. Although these rules of Parliamentary Procedure were applied by the Buddha to the meetings of the Sanghas, he must have borrowed them from the rules of the Political Assemblies functioning in the country in his time.

      This democratic system India lost. Will she lost it a second time? I do not know. But it is quite possible in a country like India – where democracy from its long disuse must be regarded as something quite new – there is danger of democracy giving place to dictatorship. It is quite possible for this new born democracy to retain its form but give place to dictatorship in fact. If there is a landslide, the danger of the second possibility becoming actuality is much greater.

      If we wish to maintain democracy not merely in form, but also in fact, what must we do? The first thing in my judgement we must do is to hold fast to constitutional methods of achieving our social and economic objectives. It means we must abandon the bloody methods of revolution. It means that we must abandon the method of civil disobedience, non-cooperation and satyagraha. When there was no way left for constitutional methods for achieving economic and social objectives, there was a great deal of justification for unconstitutional methods. But where constitutional methods are open, there can be no justification for these unconstitutional methods. These methods are nothing but the Grammar of Anarchy and the sooner they are abandoned, the better for us.

      The second thing we must do is to observe the caution which John Stuart Mill has given to all who are interested in the maintenance of democracy, namely, not "to lay their liberties at the feet of even a great man, or to trust him with power which enable him to subvert their institutions". There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men who have rendered life-long services to the country. But there are limits to gratefulness. As has been well said by the Irish Patriot Daniel O'Connel, no man can be grateful at the cost of his honour, no woman can be grateful at the cost of her chastity and no nation can be grateful at the cost of its liberty. This caution is far more necessary in the case of India than in the case of any other country. For in India, Bhakti or what may be called the path of devotion or hero-worship, plays a part in its politics unequalled in magnitude by the part it plays in the politics of any other country in the world. Bhakti in religion may be a road to the salvation of the soul. But in politics, Bhakti or hero-worship is a sure road to degradation and to eventual dictatorship.

      The third thing we must do is not to be content with mere political democracy. We must make our political democracy a social democracy as well. Political democracy cannot last unless there lies at the base of it social democracy. What does social democracy mean? It means a way of life which recognizes liberty, equality and fraternity as the principles of life. These principles of liberty, equality and fraternity as the principles of life. These principles of liberty, equality and fraternity are not to be treated as separate items in a trinity. They form a union of trinity in the sense that to divorce one from the other is to defeat the very purpose of democracy. Liberty cannot be divorced from equality, equality cannot be divorced from liberty. Nor can liberty and equality be divorced from fraternity. Without equality, liberty would produce the supremacy of the few over the many. Equality without liberty would kill individual initiative. Without fraternity, liberty would produce the supremacy of the few over the many. Equality without liberty would kill individual initiative. Without fraternity, liberty and equality could not become a natural course of things. It would require a constable to enforce them. We must begin by acknowledging the fact that there is complete absence of two things in Indian Society. One of these is equality. On the social plane, we have in India a society based on the principle of graded inequality which we have a society in which there are some who have immense wealth as against many who live in abject poverty. On the 26th of January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have inequality. In politics we will be recognizing the principle of one man one vote and one vote one value. In our social and economic life, we shall, by reason of our social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment or else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of political democracy which is Assembly has to laboriously built up.

      The second thing we are wanting in is recognition of the principle of fraternity. what does fraternity mean? Fraternity means a sense of common brotherhood of all Indians-if Indians being one people. It is the principle which gives unity and solidarity to social life. It is a difficult thing to achieve. How difficult it is, can be realized from the story related by James Bryce in his volume on American Commonwealth about the United States of America.

      The story is- I propose to recount it in the words of Bryce himself- that-

      "Some years ago the American Protestant Episcopal Church was occupied at its triennial Convention in revising its liturgy. It was thought desirable to introduce among the short sentence prayers a prayer for the whole people, and an eminent New England divine proposed the words `O Lord, bless our nation'. Accepted one afternoon, on the spur of the moment, the sentence was brought up next day for reconsideration, when so many objections were raised by the laity to the word nation' as importing too definite a recognition of national unity, that it was dropped, and instead there were adopted the words `O Lord, bless these United States."

      There was so little solidarity in the U.S.A. at the time when this incident occurred that the people of America did not think that they were a nation. If the people of the United States could not feel that they were a nation, how difficult it is for Indians to think that they are a nation. I remember the days when politically-minded Indians, resented the expression "the people of India". They preferred the expression "the Indian nation." I am of opinion that in believing that we are a nation, we are cherishing a great delusion. How can people divided into several thousands of castes be a nation? The sooner we realize that we are not as yet a nation in the social and psychological sense of the world, the better for us. For then only we shall realize the necessity of becoming a nation and seriously think of ways and means of realizing the goal. The realization of this goal is going to be very difficult – far more difficult than it has been in the United States. The United States has no caste problem. In India there are castes. The castes are anti-national. In the first place because they bring about separation in social life. They are anti-national also because they generate jealousy and antipathy between caste and caste. But we must overcome all these difficulties if we wish to become a nation in reality. For fraternity can be a fact only when there is a nation. Without fraternity equality and liberty will be no deeper than coats of paint.

      These are my reflections about the tasks that lie ahead of us. They may not be very pleasant to some. But there can be no gainsaying that political power in this country has too long been the monopoly of a few and the many are only beasts of burden, but also beasts of prey. This monopoly has not merely deprived them of their chance of betterment, it has sapped them of what may be called the significance of life. These down-trodden classes are tired of being governed. They are impatient to govern themselves. This urge for self-realization in the down-trodden classes must no be allowed to devolve into a class struggle or class war. It would lead to a division of the House. That would indeed be a day of disaster. For, as has been well said by Abraham Lincoln, a House divided against itself cannot stand very long. Therefore the sooner room is made for the realization of their aspiration, the better for the few, the better for the country, the better for the maintenance for its independence and the better for the continuance of its democratic structure. This can only be done by the establishment of equality and fraternity in all spheres of life. That is why I have laid so much stresses on them.

      I do not wish to weary the House any further. Independence is no doubt a matter of joy. But let us not forget that this independence has thrown on us great responsibilities. By independence, we have lost the excuse of blaming the British for anything going wrong. If hereafter things go wrong, we will have nobody to blame except ourselves. There is great danger of things going wrong. Times are fast changing. People including our own are being moved by new ideologies. They are getting tired of Government by the people. They are prepared to have Governments for the people and are indifferent whether it is Government of the people and by the people. If we wish to preserve the Constitution in which we have sought to enshrine the principle of Government of the people, for the people and by the people, let us resolve not to be tardy in the recognition of the evils that lie across our path and which induce people to prefer Government for the people to Government by the people, nor to be weak in our initiative to remove them. That is the only way to serve the country. I know of no better.

      Mr. President : The House will adjourn till Ten of the clock tomorrow morning when we shall take up the voting on the motion which was moved by Dr. Ambedkar.

      The Assembly then adjourned till Ten of the Clock on Saturday, the 26th November 1949.
      FROM THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY DEBATES VOLUME 11
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      http://indialawyers.wordpress.com/2010/01/24/speech-of-bharat-ratna-dr-bhim-rao-ambedkar-detailing-the-accomplishments-of-the-constiuent-assembly-of-india/
      Change in Left's 'olden' perception towards Obama?
      Though the Left parties had unanimously boycotted Bill Clinton's address to the Indian parliament in 2000, they are not yet decided on how to receive US President Barack Obama, with some maintaining that "a change" was needed from their olden "perception of diplomacy".

      Left leader TJ Chandrachoodan said that Obama "explicitly has not done any aggression" on any other nation.

      "There must be a change in the Left parties' perception of diplomacy. These are not olden days. So far, explicitly Obama has not done any aggression on any other nation," Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) general secretary Chandrachoodan said when asked whether the Left party MPs would boycott Obama's address to the joint sitting of parliament November 8.

      Chandrachoodan also said his party would not welcome any suggestion from Left parties that a mass protest should be organised across the country and the national capital against the "imperialist policies of the United States".

      "There is no rule that all the US presidents must be boycotted. We will have to change our perception with the changing times," he said on phone from Thiruvananthapuram.

      He, however, said his party would protest, if Obama opted for the ways of his predecessor, George. W. Bush, who launched aggression on Iraq and Afghanistan.

      Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) leader and Rajya Sabha member Tapan Sen said Obama is "just a new man" and there is no change in the "US' imperialist policies".

      Sen said the Left parties have not decided about whether to protest or not during the US president's India visit as "the government has not communicated so far" about it.

      However, Forward Bloc general secretary Debabrata Biswas said that the party would organise one week protests against the "imperialist policies of the United States" during Obama's visit.

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      The party has not taken a decision yet whether to boycott Obama's address to the joint sitting of parliament.

      Communist Party of India (CPI) deputy general secretary Sudhakar Reddy said Obama was continuing with the US' imperialist policies.

      The party would discuss its action plan later.

      The Left parties had boycotted Bill Clinton's address to parliament in 2000.

      The Left parties, which supported the United Progressive Alliance-I (UPA), forced the government to drop its plan to invite then president Bush to address joint sitting of parliament in 2006.
      India says fears militant attack during Obama visit
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      Home Secretary Gopal Pillai on Wednesday told a TV news channel on Wednesday that the country was on alert to prevent attacks, such as the killing of 35 Sikhs in Kashmir by militants in 2000, when then U.S. President Bill Clinton visited India.

      "That's the type of fear we have, that innocent civilians will be killed," said Pillai, the country's top internal security official. "Definitely they (separatists) will like to see if they can have any spectacular event where they can get worldwide attention." Obama is due to visit India in early November to help boost trade and diplomatic ties with the emerging Asian power.

      New Delhi's rule in Muslim-majority Kashmir has been a leading reason cited by Islamist militants for several strikes on India, including the 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed 166 people.

      India blames neighbour Pakistan for backing the militants and providing support for the attacks, charges Islamabad denies.

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      28 Oct, 2010, 01.20AM IST, Reeba Zachariah,TNN
      Ratan Tata to host Obama at Taj
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      Thursday October 28, 01:55 AM Source: Indian Express Finance


      Must grow fast to minimise rich-poor gap: PM
      By P. Vaidyanathan Iyer
      Prime Minister Manmohan Singh today unequivocally stated that to find solutions to the problems of poor, India needs a fast growing economy and a strong stimulus to growth. "We have to walk on two legs," he said, in response to a query on how India plans to minimise the gap between the rich and the poor.
      "The primary purpose of development is to get rid of chronic poverty, ignorance and disease which have affected millions of people. But for this, growth must be made truly inclusive," he said after delivering the prestigious Khazanah Global Lecture. It is important to focus on poor areas which lack in education, health and other infrastructural facilities, he added.
      While it is important to empower the poor, it is also equally important to develop agriculture, which still accounts for the livelihoods for more than half of India's population, the Prime Minister said. "We are increasing our investment in agriculture. We hope to use our scientific capabilities to create a new growth momentum in agriculture through a second green revolution. This is vital for our food security and to ensure an inclusive growth process," he said.
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      Humayun tomb, private dinner with Singhs, first on Obamas plan
      The nearly 450-year-old Humayun's tomb will be the first stop for President Barack Obama when he arrives here with his wife Michelle on November 7, followed by a private dinner with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and his wife Gursharan Kaur.

      "The President felt it was important give the rich civilization that India has, to pay tribute to that through this stop... We wanted to ensure that we had a culture stop in Delhi, in this instance visiting a tomb that has served as a precursor to the Taj Mahal...," Deputy National Security Advisor Ben Rhodes said in Washington.

      The tomb, which made its place in the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1993, is one of the most frequented historic monuments by tourists in the national capital.

      The cultural stop, which will make up for the Obamas not making a trip to the Taj Mahal, will be followed by a private dinner with Singh and his wife.

      "...the President has had a very close personal relationship with Prime Minister Singh from his first meeting in London at the G20," Rhodes said, adding the two leaders have a close intellectual connection.

      "...so he (Obama) is very much looking forward to this opportunity to have a private dinner with the Prime Minister," he said.

      Next day, Obama have a back-to-back official engagements which will include bilateral talks with Singh followed by presser and address to joint session of Parliament.

      In Mumbai, where Obamas are landing on November six, the US President will have series of business meetings.

      Next day he will visit a local Mumbai school and will celebrate Diwali with school children before attending a town hall and round table on agriculture and food security in an university there.
      PM unveils statues of Gandhi, Nehru and Ambedkar at the Kerala Assembly



      September 3, 2005
      Kerala



      Hindi Version

      Ladies and Gentlemen,

      I am delighted to be here once again in this beautiful and green city of Thiruvananthapuram. I deem it an honour to be here to unveil the statues of our great national heroes outside this elegant building which is an excellent example of fine architecture.

      This is a historic occasion for our country as a whole because I do not think we have anywhere the statues of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Balasaheb Ambedkar all in the same premises. These premises will now become part of our national heritage for these three leaders are indeed the three great architects of our nation. Mahatma Gandhi was the architect of our freedom and our nationhood. Balasaheb Ambedkar was the architect of our Constitution. Jawaharlal Nehru the architect of modern India. I salute them today, as I unveil their statues here.

      Each one of them has left a lasting impression on the fabric of our nation and on the edifice of our democracy. In spite of differences in views and approach among them, these outstanding leaders were united in their outlook to uphold the cause of India. I recall the words of our former Rashtrapathiji, Shri K.R. Narayanan, a great son of Kerala and a remarkable public figure of modern India, who inaugurated this new legislature complex. Synthesizing the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Ambedkar he once wrote, "If Mahatma Gandhi gave to the nationalist movement a mass dimension and a moral purpose and Jawaharlal Nehru an economic and socialist dimension, Dr Ambedkar gave it a profound social content and a challenging social-democratic vision". By erecting these statues here we pay tribute to the humanism, the modernism and social commitment of Gandhiji, Panditji and Ambedkarji.

      Historically, Kerala was perhaps one of the earliest examples of the pluralism and inclusiveness that each of these three patriots has aspired for India. The tradition of tolerance for a multi-cultural and multi-religious society that we have seen for long in Kerala is what they wanted to establish all over the country. That every Malayali, irrespective of religion and creed, shares common cultural bonds through music, dance, cuisine and language is an inspiring example of "Unity in Diversity". It has fostered a culture of tolerance that symbolizes the idea of India and should inspire Indians across the sub-continent, across the world.

      Here, in "God's Own Country", Sankara's philosophy co-existed harmoniously with the ideals of Islam and Christianity. For centuries the people of Kerala prayed to different Gods, but their "Unity in Diversity" has truly made this "God's Own Country". May the future of this great land and people be truly blessed.

      This culture of accommodation, of give-and-take, of inclusiveness, of cosmopolitanism is what inspired the leaders of our national movement to fight for an India that belonged to all Indians. The foundation of our democracy is built on this ancient Indian idea of "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam" – the universe is one family. Every leader of our national movement, and not just these three tall men whose memory we perpetuate today, was wedded to this ideal of an inclusive, secular India. We must constantly, and at all times, renew our commitment to these ideals.

      Kerala is also an outstanding example of humane economic development. Your commitment to education, to social justice and to the empowerment of women, workers and farmers, stands out for the entire country to follow. Kerala has succeeded in this struggle for humane development because of the modernism and social commitment of your leaders. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar told the Constituent Assembly that "social and economic democracy are the tissue and fibre of political democracy". The impressive performance of Kerala in the realm of social and economic fields is in consonance with the vision of Gandhiji, Panditji and Ambedkarji. The challenge before the State now is to augment its industrial and<br/><br/>(Message over 64 KB, truncated)