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Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website

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  • garyf@pacbell.net
    Hello Everyone,concerning women from the old world to the new. http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1A.htm
    Message 1 of 6 , Aug 20, 2013
    • 0 Attachment
      Hello Everyone,
      concerning women from the old world to the new. 
      Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. 
      Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined 
      her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. 
      Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in 
      Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, 
      either on horseback or on foot".
      
      Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.

      This entry is from the same page:
      Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
      family. 
      Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt 
      against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. 
      He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed 
      Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he 
      would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to 
      Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also 
      had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife 
      was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the 
      Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of 
      Oaxaca in 1981. 
      One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
      Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
      Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
      Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
      Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
      Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas 
      de Lara.
      Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, 
      don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
      Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
      the Order of Santiago .
      This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
      http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index59.htm
      Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 
      1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche)  
         Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana
         Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz
         The New World of Martin Cortes
         The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". 
         Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico.
         A good read with a lot of insight. 
      
      Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of 
      Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of 
      succession. 
      
      Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none
                   Died 1522 in Coyoacan.
      Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga,
                   daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count
                   of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. 
      Children:
      1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco.
      2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531.
      3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca 
                  in 1532.
      4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between
                 1533 and 1536.           
      5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father.
                    Born between 1533 and 1536.
      6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was 
                 given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa.
                 Born between 1533 and 1536.
      Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes 
      Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
      Of interest might be THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
      http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/HCwill.htm
      Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return 
      to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the 
      voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with 
      God".
      "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the 
      Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound
      judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is
      natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good
      of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize
      this document..."
      He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a 
      monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already 
      established. 
      He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. 
      In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners.
      He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and 
      Cotton fields.
      He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians 
      and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and 
      opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves,
      whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and 
      those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the 
      peace of my conscience and their own."
      He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children.
      Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very 
      generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was 
      Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family 
      name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and 
      in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted 
      that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he 
      ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced
      Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her 
      shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent.
      
      In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the 
      niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were 
      involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of 
      the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute
      won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin 
      the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King.  
      The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. 
      
      Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more 
      considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of 
      the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he 
      received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence 
      brought chaos and power struggles.
      
      In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church 
      of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant 
      son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried 
      in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as 
      the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley 
      of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, 
      another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's 
      independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico 
      City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence 
      from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary 
      Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was 
      done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth 
      Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many 
      years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried 
      in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of 
      Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. 
      Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug 
      in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital 
      of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed 
      black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was 
      of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. 
      Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was 
      a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet 
      bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a 
      notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. 
      He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his 
      bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national
      monument. 
         
      Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual
      pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because
      Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old 
      enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia. 
      
      Saludos,
      Gary
      Genealogy of Mexico Website
      http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1.htm

    • Heriberto Escamilla
      Thanks Gary Beto ________________________________ From: garyf@pacbell.net To: MexicoDNAProject@yahoogroups.com Sent: Tuesday, August 20,
      Message 2 of 6 , Aug 20, 2013
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        Thanks Gary

        Beto


        From: "garyf@..." <garyf@...>
        To: MexicoDNAProject@yahoogroups.com
        Sent: Tuesday, August 20, 2013 7:29 PM
        Subject: [MexicoDNAProject] Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website

         
        Hello Everyone,
        concerning women from the old world to the new. 
        Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. 
        Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined 
        her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. 
        Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in 
        Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, 
        either on horseback or on foot".
        
        Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.

        This entry is from the same page:
        Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
        family. 
        Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt 
        against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. 
        He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed 
        Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he 
        would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to 
        Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also 
        had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife 
        was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the 
        Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of 
        Oaxaca in 1981. 
        One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
        Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
        Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
        Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
        Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
        Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas 
        de Lara.
        Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, 
        don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
        Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
        the Order of Santiago .
        This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
        http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index59.htm
        Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 
        1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche)  
           Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana
           Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz
           The New World of Martin Cortes
           The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". 
           Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico.
           A good read with a lot of insight. 
        
        Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of 
        Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of 
        succession. 
        
        Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none
                     Died 1522 in Coyoacan.
        Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga,
                     daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count
                     of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. 
        Children:
        1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco.
        2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531.
        3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca 
                    in 1532.
        4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between
                   1533 and 1536.           
        5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father.
                      Born between 1533 and 1536.
        6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was 
                   given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa.
                   Born between 1533 and 1536.
        Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes 
        Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
        Of interest might be THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
        http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/HCwill.htm
        Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return 
        to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the 
        voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with 
        God".
        "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the 
        Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound
        judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is
        natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good
        of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize
        this document..."
        He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a 
        monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already 
        established. 
        He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. 
        In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners.
        He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and 
        Cotton fields.
        He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians 
        and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and 
        opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves,
        whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and 
        those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the 
        peace of my conscience and their own."
        He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children.
        Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very 
        generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was 
        Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family 
        name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and 
        in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted 
        that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he 
        ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced
        Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her 
        shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent.
        
        In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the 
        niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were 
        involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of 
        the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute
        won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin 
        the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King.  
        The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. 
        
        Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more 
        considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of 
        the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he 
        received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence 
        brought chaos and power struggles.
        
        In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church 
        of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant 
        son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried 
        in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as 
        the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley 
        of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, 
        another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's 
        independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico 
        City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence 
        from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary 
        Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was 
        done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth 
        Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many 
        years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried 
        in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of 
        Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. 
        Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug 
        in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital 
        of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed 
        black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was 
        of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. 
        Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was 
        a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet 
        bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a 
        notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. 
        He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his 
        bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national
        monument. 
           
        Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual
        pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because
        Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old 
        enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia. 
        
        Saludos,
        Gary
        Genealogy of Mexico Website
        http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1.htm



      • Dahlia Palacios
        Thank You Gary what at interesting read. I thank you for sharing and for all your hard work. Dahlia   Dahlia Guajardo-Cantu de Palacios
        Message 3 of 6 , Aug 20, 2013
        • 0 Attachment
          Thank You Gary what at interesting read. I thank you for sharing and for all your hard work. Dahlia
           
          Dahlia Guajardo-Cantu de Palacios


          From: "garyf@..." <garyf@...>
          To: MexicoDNAProject@yahoogroups.com
          Sent: Tuesday, August 20, 2013 7:29 PM
          Subject: [MexicoDNAProject] Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website

           
          Hello Everyone,
          concerning women from the old world to the new. 
          Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. 
          Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined 
          her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. 
          Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in 
          Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, 
          either on horseback or on foot".
          
          Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.

          This entry is from the same page:
          Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
          family. 
          Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt 
          against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. 
          He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed 
          Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he 
          would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to 
          Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also 
          had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife 
          was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the 
          Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of 
          Oaxaca in 1981. 
          One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
          Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
          Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
          Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
          Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
          Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas 
          de Lara.
          Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, 
          don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
          Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
          the Order of Santiago .
          This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
          http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index59.htm
          Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 
          1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche)  
             Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana
             Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz
             The New World of Martin Cortes
             The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". 
             Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico.
             A good read with a lot of insight. 
          
          Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of 
          Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of 
          succession. 
          
          Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none
                       Died 1522 in Coyoacan.
          Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga,
                       daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count
                       of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. 
          Children:
          1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco.
          2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531.
          3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca 
                      in 1532.
          4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between
                     1533 and 1536.           
          5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father.
                        Born between 1533 and 1536.
          6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was 
                     given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa.
                     Born between 1533 and 1536.
          Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes 
          Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
          Of interest might be THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
          http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/HCwill.htm
          Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return 
          to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the 
          voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with 
          God".
          "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the 
          Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound
          judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is
          natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good
          of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize
          this document..."
          He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a 
          monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already 
          established. 
          He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. 
          In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners.
          He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and 
          Cotton fields.
          He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians 
          and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and 
          opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves,
          whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and 
          those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the 
          peace of my conscience and their own."
          He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children.
          Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very 
          generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was 
          Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family 
          name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and 
          in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted 
          that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he 
          ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced
          Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her 
          shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent.
          
          In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the 
          niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were 
          involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of 
          the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute
          won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin 
          the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King.  
          The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. 
          
          Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more 
          considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of 
          the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he 
          received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence 
          brought chaos and power struggles.
          
          In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church 
          of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant 
          son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried 
          in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as 
          the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley 
          of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, 
          another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's 
          independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico 
          City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence 
          from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary 
          Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was 
          done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth 
          Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many 
          years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried 
          in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of 
          Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. 
          Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug 
          in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital 
          of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed 
          black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was 
          of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. 
          Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was 
          a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet 
          bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a 
          notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. 
          He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his 
          bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national
          monument. 
             
          Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual
          pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because
          Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old 
          enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia. 
          
          Saludos,
          Gary
          Genealogy of Mexico Website
          http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1.htm



        • Karen Rodriguez
          Ditto Sent from my iPad ... Ditto Sent from my iPad On Aug 20, 2013, at 9:45 PM, Dahlia Palacios wrote: Thank You Gary what at
          Message 4 of 6 , Aug 20, 2013
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            Ditto

            Sent from my iPad

            On Aug 20, 2013, at 9:45 PM, Dahlia Palacios <dahlpalaci@...> wrote:

             

            Thank You Gary what at interesting read. I thank you for sharing and for all your hard work. Dahlia
             
            Dahlia Guajardo-Cantu de Palacios


            From: "garyf@..." <garyf@...>
            To: MexicoDNAProject@yahoogroups.com
            Sent: Tuesday, August 20, 2013 7:29 PM
            Subject: [MexicoDNAProject] Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website

             
            Hello Everyone,
            concerning women from the old world to the new. 
            Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. 
            Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined 
            her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. 
            Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in 
            Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, 
            either on horseback or on foot".
            
            Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.

            This entry is from the same page:
            Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
            family. 
            Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt 
            against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. 
            He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed 
            Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he 
            would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to 
            Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also 
            had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife 
            was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the 
            Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of 
            Oaxaca in 1981. 
            One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
            Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
            Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
            Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
            Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
            Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas 
            de Lara.
            Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, 
            don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
            Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
            the Order of Santiago .
            This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
            http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index59.htm
            Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 
            1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche)  
               Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana
               Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz
               The New World of Martin Cortes
               The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". 
               Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico.
               A good read with a lot of insight. 
            
            Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of 
            Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of 
            succession. 
            
            Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none
                         Died 1522 in Coyoacan.
            Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga,
                         daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count
                         of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. 
            Children:
            1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco.
            2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531.
            3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca 
                        in 1532.
            4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between
                       1533 and 1536.           
            5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father.
                          Born between 1533 and 1536.
            6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was 
                       given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa.
                       Born between 1533 and 1536.
            Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes 
            Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
            Of interest might be THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
            http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/HCwill.htm
            Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return 
            to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the 
            voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with 
            God".
            "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the 
            Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound
            judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is
            natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good
            of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize
            this document..."
            He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a 
            monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already 
            established. 
            He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. 
            In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners.
            He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and 
            Cotton fields.
            He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians 
            and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and 
            opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves,
            whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and 
            those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the 
            peace of my conscience and their own."
            He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children.
            Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very 
            generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was 
            Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family 
            name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and 
            in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted 
            that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he 
            ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced
            Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her 
            shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent.
            
            In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the 
            niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were 
            involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of 
            the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute
            won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin 
            the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King.  
            The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. 
            
            Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more 
            considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of 
            the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he 
            received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence 
            brought chaos and power struggles.
            
            In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church 
            of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant 
            son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried 
            in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as 
            the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley 
            of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, 
            another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's 
            independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico 
            City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence 
            from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary 
            Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was 
            done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth 
            Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many 
            years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried 
            in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of 
            Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. 
            Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug 
            in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital 
            of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed 
            black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was 
            of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. 
            Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was 
            a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet 
            bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a 
            notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. 
            He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his 
            bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national
            monument. 
               
            Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual
            pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because
            Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old 
            enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia. 
            
            Saludos,
            Gary
            Genealogy of Mexico Website
            http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1.htm



          • mexr1b@att.net
            Just to add here is another family that took his wife and had at least one daughter in Mexico with Spanish mtDNA and created a large number of descendants with
            Message 5 of 6 , Aug 21, 2013
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              Just to add here is another family that took his wife and had at least one daughter in Mexico with Spanish mtDNA and created a large number of descendants with Spanish mtDNA.

              En la solicitud de ordenes mayores de su bisnieto Gonzalo Ramirez de Hermosillo sabemos que Juan González de Hermosillo el genearca de los González de Hermosillo de los Alto era natural de Guadalcanal. Domingo de Lomellin, testigo de Gonzalo, dice que "abuelos del dicho gonzalo de hermosillo y que el dicho Juan de acebes era natural de la siudad de mexico y la dicha beatriz de hermosillo era natural desta juridision yja lijitima de Juan gonzales de hermosillo y de ana [maria] muños su lijitima mujer naturales de guadalcanal y se sabe que los susodichos los unos y los otros eran cristianos byejos sin tener Rasa de moros ni de judios....."
              http://www.nuestrosranchos.com/es/node/19948
            • earthchild_marie
              New to me! Thanks Gary!! ... Hello Everyone, concerning women from the old world to the new. http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1A.htm
              Message 6 of 6 , Oct 15, 2013
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                 New to me!  Thanks Gary!!



                ---In mexicodnaproject@yahoogroups.com, <garyf@...> wrote:

                Hello Everyone,
                concerning women from the old world to the new. 
                Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. 
                Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined 
                her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. 
                Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in 
                Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, 
                either on horseback or on foot".
                
                Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.

                This entry is from the same page:
                Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
                family. 
                Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt 
                against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. 
                He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed 
                Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he 
                would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to 
                Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also 
                had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife 
                was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the 
                Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of 
                Oaxaca in 1981. 
                One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
                Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
                Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
                Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
                Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
                Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas 
                de Lara.
                Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, 
                don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
                Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
                the Order of Santiago .
                This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
                http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index59.htm
                Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 
                1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche)  
                   Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana
                   Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz
                   The New World of Martin Cortes
                   The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". 
                   Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico.
                   A good read with a lot of insight. 
                
                Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of 
                Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of 
                succession. 
                
                Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none
                             Died 1522 in Coyoacan.
                Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga,
                             daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count
                             of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. 
                Children:
                1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco.
                2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531.
                3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca 
                            in 1532.
                4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between
                           1533 and 1536.           
                5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father.
                              Born between 1533 and 1536.
                6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was 
                           given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa.
                           Born between 1533 and 1536.
                Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes 
                Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
                Of interest might be THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
                http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/HCwill.htm
                Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return 
                to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the 
                voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with 
                God".
                "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the 
                Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound
                judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is
                natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good
                of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize
                this document..."
                He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a 
                monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already 
                established. 
                He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. 
                In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners.
                He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and 
                Cotton fields.
                He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians 
                and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and 
                opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves,
                whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and 
                those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the 
                peace of my conscience and their own."
                He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children.
                Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very 
                generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was 
                Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family 
                name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and 
                in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted 
                that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he 
                ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced
                Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her 
                shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent.
                
                In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the 
                niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were 
                involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of 
                the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute
                won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin 
                the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King.  
                The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. 
                
                Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more 
                considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of 
                the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he 
                received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence 
                brought chaos and power struggles.
                
                In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church 
                of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant 
                son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried 
                in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as 
                the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley 
                of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, 
                another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's 
                independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico 
                City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence 
                from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary 
                Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was 
                done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth 
                Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many 
                years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried 
                in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of 
                Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. 
                Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug 
                in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital 
                of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed 
                black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was 
                of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. 
                Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was 
                a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet 
                bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a 
                notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. 
                He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his 
                bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national
                monument. 
                   
                Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual
                pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because
                Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old 
                enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia. 
                
                Saludos,
                Gary
                Genealogy of Mexico Website
                http://garyfelix.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1.htm

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