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912Re: [MexicoDNAProject] Re: Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europe

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    Jan 1, 2014
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      Good to hear from you.

      I have been in conference with Dr. Eske Willerslev, Geneticist, professor with Copenhagen University, Denmark.

      I have held one Skype conference with Eske and we are planning another Skype conference for sometime in January 2014.

      The male child found dates back to 24,000 in Mal'ta Siberia. His Y DNA was hg R and his mt DNA was U. HG P  held both hg Q and hg R.  HG U is related to another sister hg that is Native American.

      The main issue was there was no East Asian DNA in the child.

      Eske wants to extract DNA from about 20 members of the 7 clans within our tribe. Snip chips. Markers.

      The goal for the tribe is greater than just DNA extractions.  An academic and cultural relationship with Denmark and Copenhagen University.

      Our tribes has significant amount of land that is not being used. We presently have two buildings on the property. A tribal office and a cabin.

      Items to build on tribal land:
      1. A museum and a tribal office with the seven clans.
      2. Construct a traditional Cherokee village.
      3. Build a school and nursery school.
      4. Medical clinic.

      I was a student and played football in 1963 at Troy University, Troy, Alabama.
      Chancellor Hawkins and I have discussed the creation of an Alabama Indian Institute at Troy University and educational facilities on our tribal land for university disciplines as anthropology, biology etc..

      The issue for use of DNA. The main issue is the chain of custody from extraction from the individual to processing of the DNA at the lab and the personnel who handle the DNA and the protocol for sequencing processing of the DNA to final results and report.

      The DNA must meet the legal requirement that forensic and paternal does to be accepted by the federal and state courts. Otherwise the DNA results are not legal and do not prove one is a legal relative as a child with parents.

      All of the companies as Family Tree DNA etc.. do not employ a chain of custody for the DNA. There is no legal proof that the individual who had the DNA extracted is the one whose results are from the same person.       

      The DNA for the tribe would not be for the ancient origin. The primary goal would be to establish tribal family relationships. How much blood kin do we have within the tribe?

      The chain of custody for the DNA must meet all legal requirements for both federal and state courts to become legal relatives.

      All of the Family Tree DNA relatives for me are not legal because there is no chain of custody of the evidence by FTDNA. There is no proof that my DNA is what FTDNA had tested and the results are not valid.

      Also, FTDNA protocol has no chain of custody of the evidence e.g. who received the DNA, evidence, who performed the testing and the results with the report.

      Family Tree DNA or others does not do legal DNA testing. Therefore, the DNA results are not legal or valid.

      This type of DNA testing may assist one with conventional genealogy research to trace ancestors and may locate current relatives.

      Lets stay in touch. Locate any other relatives?
      From: "earthchild_marie@..." <earthchild_marie@...>
      To: MexicoDNAProject@yahoogroups.com
      Sent: Tuesday, December 31, 2013 10:59 PM
      Subject: Re: [MexicoDNAProject] Re: Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europe
      Joel, the problem with DNA testing for the Cherokees is that there ARE NO MORE CHEROKEES.
      The Oklahoma tribe is practically totally white bloodlines, there are no fullbloods, they have all married out.
      The Eastern tribe I know less about, altho they are my ancestors.  The Cherokees as a people, from what I have learned by discussion and reading, do not trust the US government at all, although they are very dependant on the government for almost everything.  I do not blame them; the first census in 1835 was used by the states to round the Indians up, even then they were mostly only 1/4 actually blood Indian, having interbred with the whites since the 1600's.  Consequently, finding DNA of the Cherokees is a very iffy proposition, and it is not at all the same as testing an infant to prove who the child's parents are.  The DNA tests as presently given by FTDNA and 23&Me [Family Finder and Autosomal] will tell if there is Native American in the DNA, but it cannot tell the tribe because the tribes have not been tested.  Yes, a few tribes have done it, but not the Cherokees.  If someone tests at the above companies and then submits their raw DNA results to Gedmatch, they will get a printout which shows which chromosome carries the Native American genes.  Mine are on chromosome 15 and 22.  The raw data can also be submitted elsewhere, such as Dr. McDougal or others, for an analysis.  I got more information from Dr. McDougal than from Gedmatch, but both were worth doing--and free--because Gedmatch connects you with DNA cousins.  And Gedmatch is better in that than either FTDNA's family finder or the relative finder at 23&Me.   
         I hope this answers some of your questions--it is all an individual search unless someone can talk several hundred of the Eastern tribe into doing their autosomal test at 23&Me.  That might be possible if the tribe got a government grant to pay for it; motivation would be another matter however!  There is currently no real motivation to do DNA testing except for genealogy, and the federal tribal members do not need their genealogy because they all have it back to 1835....
          My genealogy paper trail goes back to England in the 1500's, but the Carter men of VA/SC/NC/TN had a habit of marrying part-Cherokee women, since there were more white men than white women, and it is the genealogy of the Cherokees which I am trying to find.  I have more information than any of the cousins which the DNA companies have connected me with....
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