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550Re: [MexicoDNAProject] Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website

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  • Heriberto Escamilla
    Aug 20, 2013
      Thanks Gary


      From: "garyf@..." <garyf@...>
      To: MexicoDNAProject@yahoogroups.com
      Sent: Tuesday, August 20, 2013 7:29 PM
      Subject: [MexicoDNAProject] Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website

      Hello Everyone,
      concerning women from the old world to the new. 
      Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. 
      Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined 
      her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. 
      Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in 
      Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, 
      either on horseback or on foot".
      Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.

      This entry is from the same page:
      Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
      Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt 
      against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. 
      He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed 
      Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he 
      would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to 
      Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also 
      had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife 
      was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the 
      Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of 
      Oaxaca in 1981. 
      One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
      Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
      Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
      Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
      Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
      Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas 
      de Lara.
      Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, 
      don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
      Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
      the Order of Santiago .
      This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
      Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 
      1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche)  
         Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana
         Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz
         The New World of Martin Cortes
         The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". 
         Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico.
         A good read with a lot of insight. 
      Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of 
      Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of 
      Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none
                   Died 1522 in Coyoacan.
      Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga,
                   daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count
                   of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. 
      1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco.
      2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531.
      3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca 
                  in 1532.
      4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between
                 1533 and 1536.           
      5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father.
                    Born between 1533 and 1536.
      6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was 
                 given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa.
                 Born between 1533 and 1536.
      Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes 
      Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
      Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return 
      to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the 
      voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with 
      "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the 
      Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound
      judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is
      natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good
      of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize
      this document..."
      He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a 
      monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already 
      He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. 
      In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners.
      He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and 
      Cotton fields.
      He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians 
      and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and 
      opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves,
      whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and 
      those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the 
      peace of my conscience and their own."
      He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children.
      Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very 
      generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was 
      Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family 
      name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and 
      in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted 
      that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he 
      ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced
      Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her 
      shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent.
      In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the 
      niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were 
      involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of 
      the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute
      won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin 
      the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King.  
      The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. 
      Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more 
      considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of 
      the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he 
      received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence 
      brought chaos and power struggles.
      In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church 
      of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant 
      son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried 
      in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as 
      the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley 
      of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, 
      another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's 
      independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico 
      City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence 
      from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary 
      Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was 
      done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth 
      Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many 
      years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried 
      in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of 
      Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. 
      Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug 
      in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital 
      of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed 
      black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was 
      of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. 
      Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was 
      a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet 
      bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a 
      notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. 
      He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his 
      bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national
      Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual
      pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because
      Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old 
      enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia. 
      Genealogy of Mexico Website

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