547Colonial Mexico from the Genealogy of Mexico Website
- Aug 20, 2013Hello Everyone,concerning women from the old world to the new.
Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada. Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest. Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons, either on horseback or on foot".Cortes had entered into Mexico without authorization from the crown.This entry is from the same page:
Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble family. Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects. He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of Oaxaca in 1981. One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio. Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra . Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza. Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas. Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor. Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas de Lara. Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes, don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes. Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of the Order of Santiago .
This entry has the line of Hernando Cortes:
Natural children of Don Hernando Cortes: 1. Martin Cortes - son of dona Marina (Malinche) Married: dona Bernaldina de Porras Daughter: Ana Son: Fernando Cortes - Principal judge of Veracruz The New World of Martin Cortes The life story of the person called the "First Mestizo". Descendants of this line are alive today in Mexico. A good read with a lot of insight.
Don Hernando Cortes received the title of Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca in 1529 and died on December 2nd 1547. Here is his line of succession. Marriage 1 - In Cuba to Catalina Xuarez Marcaida, Children: none Died 1522 in Coyoacan. Marriage 2 - In 1529 to dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga, daughter of don Carlos Ramirez de Arellano, second Count of Aguilar and the Countess dona Juana de Zuniga. Children: 1. Luis - died a child in 1530 in Texcoco. 2. Catalina - died a short time after birth in 1531. 3. Martin - 2nd Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca in 1532. 4. Maria - married don Luis de Quinones, Count of Luna. Born between 1533 and 1536. 5. Catalina - died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father. Born between 1533 and 1536. 6. Juana - married the duke Don Fernando Enriquez de Ribera and was given the title duchess of Alcala and Marquesa of Tarifa. Born between 1533 and 1536.
Above are the the two Sons of Hernando Cortes
Natural means illegitimate but his status changed by the pope.
Of interest might be THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
Fifty two days before his death, Cortes was in Seville, preparing to return to New Spain (Mexico). He believed correctly he would not live to make the voyage so he drew up his will. He said he was settling his "account with God". "I... Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, Captain General of New Spain for the Caesarian Majesty of Emperor Charles... being ill but in such free and sound judgement with which it has pleased God to endow me, fearing death, as is natural in every creature, and desiring to prepare myself...do for the good of my soul and the peace and discharge of my conscience execute and recognize this document..." He provided for the establishment of a hospital in Mexico City and a monestary and seminary in Coyoacan, in addition to the ones he had already established. He admitted that much of his property could rightly be claimed by others. In such cases he ordered restitution and compensation to the rightful owners. He specifically included Indian lands that he had used for agriculture and Cotton fields. He was troubled by the issue of slavery of which Cortes had 25 (16 Indians and 9 Black African). He said in his will "There have been many doubts and opinions as to whether it is permitted with good conscience to hold...slaves, whether captives of war or by purchase...I direct my son and successor...and those who may follow him, to use all diligence to settle this point for the peace of my conscience and their own." He made generous provisions for his family including 5 natural children. Whom were of course older and he felt closer to. In particular he was very generous to a daughter he had with a Cuban Indian woman. Her name was Catalina Pizarro (Cortes had her mother baptized and given the family name of his mother). While alive Cortes gave her many properties and in his will he provided her with a dowry and other bequests. He admitted that he had continued to receive the income from these properties and he ordered she be reimbursed. In later years Cortes' widow, Doña Juana forced Catalina to sign over these properties to the legitimate family and had her shipped off to Spain, where she was placed in a convent. In 1565 three sons of Cortes (the legitimate Martin by now married to the niece of the King of Spain and Martin's half brothers Martin and Luis) were involved in what is known as the "Conspiracy of 1565". The grandchildren of the Conquistadors fearing the crown was going to take away lands and tribute won in the conquest by their grandfathers tried to revolt and install Martin the second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (legitimate son of Cortes) as King. The 3 brothers were ultimately exiled from Mexico. Scholars of this time and place would agree that Cortes was by far, more considerate and more thoughtful of the Indian masses of Mexico than most of the leaders of his contemporaries. The proof being in the warm welcome he received by the Indians upon each of his returns to Mexico. His absence brought chaos and power struggles. In 1566 Cortes' remains were taken from Spain and reburied in the church of San Francisco in Texcoco, (Mexico), along side his mother and infant son. In 1629 Cortes' body was again moved so that they could be buried in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City in the same mausoleum as the body of Don Pedro Cortes his grandson the fourth Marquis of the valley of Oaxaca. In 1794 his remains were again moved to the Hospital of Jesus, another of the institutions Cortes had founded. In 1823 after Mexico's independence from Spain there was a plan to bring Cortes remains to Mexico City and publicly burn them on the anniversary of Mexico's independence from Spain, September 16th. Fearing this on the eve of this anniversary Cortes' remains were secretly reburied by the church authorities. This was done in the presence of a representative of the Duke of Terranova, fourteenth Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (a direct descendant of Cortes). For many years his burial place was kept a secret and he was believed to be buried in Italy, but in 1929 Antonio Pignatelli, 18th Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, said Cortes' remains were still in Mexico's Hospital of Jesus. Finally in 1946 after careful examinations of records, a hole was dug in the wall near the altar of the old abandoned church of the Hospital of Jesus. A casket was found. This casket was covered with gold trimmed black velvet and decorated with a gold cross. The outer casket was of lead containing a wooden casket protected by another sheath of lead. Inside was a glass urn decorated with gilded metal. In the urn was a skull wrapped in a handkerchief and a clutch of bones in a white sheet bordered with black lace. There was also a blue tube containing a notarized statement that these were the remains of Hernando Cortes. He had died 399 years earlier. The president of Mexico ordered his bones be reburied at the same location and he made the site a national monument. Note: the Codicil was written hours before his death canceling a generous annual pension to his natural son Luis. The reason, it was believed was because Luis planned on marrying Guiomar Vazquez de Escobar, the niece of an old enemy of Cortes, Bernaldino Vazquez de Tapia.Saludos,GaryGenealogy of Mexico Website
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