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08_14_06: Vegan Food Pyramid, Listen to the Pig, Plant Challenges

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  • Mark Sutton
    Howdy! And welcome to the 53d edition of the Mad Cowboy Newsletter. Special News: Mad Cowboy: The Documentary is currently being shown on select PBS
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 14, 2006
      Howdy! And welcome to the 53d edition of the Mad Cowboy Newsletter.
      Special News: "Mad Cowboy: The Documentary" is currently being shown
      on select PBS stations. You can get the listing for showings at:


      Howard's been busy this month. A few weeks ago he and his family
      left for Africa, and he'll be back in about a week. We're really
      looking forward to being able to post digital pictures of his journey
      in the next newsletter.

      In the meantime, in this larger than normal issue, there's
      information about how plants are challenging scientists with their
      amazing positive impact on human physiology, how even one very
      saturated fatty meal can negatively affect your arteries, how a bad
      diet is worse than smoking, and a new possible connection between
      Alzheimer's disease and blood sugar levels. You'll also find out
      about the great "Vegan Food Pyramid" graphic/chart/poster that's
      available on the web, how the back-to-back two-time winner of the
      world's most grueling marathon is a vegan, and how a vegan diet seems
      beat medication in treating diabetes.

      We've also got some cartoons and a digital video from Dan "Bizarro"
      Piraro, how new research is blurring the line between species, the
      Great Ape Project, a GreenPeace notable win, a unique article on how
      the Climate Change Debate is changing and why the largest private
      consumer of electricity on the planet (Wal-Mart!) is going green, and
      why 25 million pairs of chopsticks a years are a major issue between
      China and Japan.

      ...and don't miss our extensive Quick Bytes section of articles, two
      tasty recipes from "No More Bull!", and noted Vegan Chef/Cookbook
      author, Bryanna Clark Grogan's photo/text blog coverage of dinner
      with Howard and Willow Jeane.

      As always, a tip of the hat to our new subscribers. Y'all can read
      past issues of the newsletter at:


      Finally, heartfelt congratulations to VegNews editor Joe Connelly and
      his staff for VegNews being selected as one of the top 50 magazines
      in the country! A well-earned honor.

      Mark, MC editor

      [rare and recent pics of Howard and ye olde editor:

      [personal vegan blog:


      00: Quote(s) from Howard
      01: Howard & Willow Visit Bryanna Clark Grogan
      02: The Vegan Mind-Bender Contest Winner/Challenge!
      03: "Sunburst Salsa" and "Cancer-Fighting Pesto" Recipes
      04: Mad Cow Info Round-up
      05: Plants Challenge, 1 Meal Impact, Diet/Smoking, Alzh./Blood Sugar
      06: Vegan: Food Pyramid/Marathoner/diet & diabetes, VegNews<Top 50
      07: Chopstick Tussle, Listen to the Pig, Cartoons/Video, Veg Codes
      08: Merrkats/Apes/Blurring Species Line, Using Rodents in Labs Debate
      09: Cancerous River, Enviro./Death, G'Peace Win, Climate Debate Chg.
      10: Upcoming Events of Note
      11: Howard Schedule
      12: Quick Bytes
      13: Closing Thought(s)

      *00: Quote(s) from Howard
      "...I call Alzheimer's a pink elephant not because nobody
      acknowledges that it is there, but rather because almost nobody
      acknowledges that it was there before. By historical standards,
      Alzheimer's is virtually a brand-new disease. Like CJD, Alzheimer's
      disease (AD) is a mere hundred years old, a significant fact that
      tends to be ignored... Today, the disease has reached epidemic
      proportions, as it affects roughly 10 percent of Americans over
      sixty-five years of age, and estimates are that an astounding 50
      percent of our compatriots over eight-five suffer from the
      affliction! How can it be that a disease that was once so rare is
      now so common?

      ...I believe that, like heart disease, it is a distinctly abnormal
      condition brought about by an abnormal diet. In the coming decades,
      science will probably be able to ascribe a cause to Alzheimer's with
      the same certainty that it can now ascribe a cause to heart disease.
      And I firmly believe that it will be the exact same cause: meat...
      Yes, of course, meat was eaten in the past when Alzheimer's was
      unknown. But meat was not produced in the same way it's produced
      today. Once upon a time, cows used to be vegetarians. In recent
      years, they've been turned into meat eaters, and even cannibals."

      [From: "No More Bull!" by Howard Lyman, pp. 55-56.

      *01: Howard & Willow Visit Bryanna Clark Grogan
      [Bryanna Clark Grogan, the noted vegan chef and prolific cookbook
      author, recently had "Mad Cowboy" Howard Lyman and his wife, Willow
      Jeane, over for dinner. She's posted a marvelous blog about the
      meal. Lotsa pictures, descriptions, and links:


      *02: The Vegan Mind-Bender Contest Winner/Challenge!

      "What percentage of total fossil fuel usage by the US in 2002 was for
      the production of food?"

      (a) 7% (b) 17% (c) 27% (d) 37% (e) 47%?

      Congratulations to Adrienne Cohen of Toronto, Canada for correctly
      guessing "(b) 17% and winning the luck of the draw. Enjoy your
      VegNews subscription, pardner!

      [Answer from: "Study Shows Vegan Diets Healthier for Planet, People
      Than Meat Diets:"


      "Of the load of pesticides in the average person, what percentage
      comes from eating dairy and milk?"

      (a) 90% (b) 80% (c) 70% (d) 60% (e) 50%

      Please e-mail guesses to: webmaster@... with the word
      "contest" in your subject line by NLT September 1st, 2006.

      [Many thanks to Joe Connelly, Editor, VegNews, who has offered a FREE
      one-year subscription to a winner chosen at random those submitting
      the correct answer to each MC Newsletter's Contest. Our thanks to
      Joe, and you can learn more about VegNews at:

      http://www.vegnews.com or e-mail: editor@... or call 1.415.665.6397]

      *03: "Sunburst Salsa" and "Cancer-Fighting Pesto" Recipes

      2 cups Roma tomatoes, seeded and diced
      1 cup yellow tomatoes or other heirloom variety tomatoes, seeded and diced
      1/2 cup diced green bell pepper
      1/2 cup diced orange bell pepper
      1/2 cup diced red onion
      1/3 cup thinly sliced green onion
      1/3 cup chopped fresh cilantro
      3 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
      1 serrano or green chile, stemmed, seeded, and minced
      1 jalapeno, stemmed, seeded, and minced
      1 1/2 teaspoons garlic, minced
      2 tablespoons lime juice
      1 teaspoon sea salt
      1/2 teaspoon pepper

      "In a glass bowl, combine all of the ingredients, and tos well to
      combine. Cover and chill for 1 hour to allow the flavors to blend.
      Ue as a topping for your favorite side and main dishes, as a
      condiment in wraps or sandwiches, or as a dip with tortilla chips,
      crackers, or raw veggies."

      Yields 4 cups - from Beverly Lynn Bennett (aka "the Vegan Chef")

      [As published in: "No More Bull!" by Howard Lyman. Check out
      Beverly's website at:


      1 bunch fresh basil
      2 cloves garlice
      1 (12-ounce) package silken tofu
      2 handfuls freshly toasted walnuts
      1 tablespoon nutritional yeast
      1 tablespoon ground flax seeds
      1 teaspoon miso
      Zest of 1 lemon
      1 bunch arugula (chopped)
      1 yam (chopped cooked)

      Yields 4 servings - from Dr. Michael Greger

      [As published in: "No More Bull!" by Howard Lyman. Check out Dr.
      Greger's website at:

      [Information about Howard's latest book, "No More Bull!" is at:

      *04: Mad Cow Info Round-up
      (06/04/06): "[Before going grass-fed, Mr. Taggart]... crowded his
      cattle onto pasture sprayed with weed killers and fertilizers. When
      they were half grown, he shipped them in diesel-fueled trucks to huge
      feedlots. There they were stuffed with corn and soy--pesticide
      treated, of course--and implanted with synthetic hormones to make
      them grow faster. To prevent disease, they were given antibiotics.
      They were trucked again to slaughterhouses, butchered and
      shrink-wrapped for far-flung supermarkets. "It was the chemical
      solution to everything," Taggart recalls....

      In the past five years, more than 1,000 U.S. ranchers have switched
      herds to an all-grass diet. Pure pasture-raised beef still represents
      less than 1% of the nation's supply, but sales reached some $120
      million last year and are expected to increase more than 20% a year
      over the next decade. Upscale groceries like Whole Foods and Trader
      Joe's are ramping up grass-fed offerings, including imports from
      Australia and Uruguay. Last month the U.S. Department of Agriculture
      (USDA) proposed a certified grass-fed label to provide a federal

      [Very edited from the well-written article, with good history and
      effects summation at:

      U.S. MAD COW CASES ARE MYSTERIOUS STRAIN: (06/11/06): "Two cases of
      mad cow disease in Texas and Alabama seem to have resulted from a
      mysterious strain that could appear spontaneously in cattle,
      researchers say. Government officials are trying to play down
      differences between the two U.S. cases and the mad cow epidemic that
      has led to the slaughter of thousands of cattle in Britain since the
      1980s... These cows appear to have had an "atypical" strain that
      scientists are only now starting to identify. Such cases have been
      described in about a dozen cows in France, Italy and other European
      countries, as well as in Japan. In the two U.S. cases, researchers
      did not detect the telltale spongy lesions caused by prions, the
      misfolded proteins that deposit plaque on the brain and kill brain
      cells. In addition, the prions in brain tissue samples from the Texas
      and Alabama cows seemed to be distributed differently from what would
      be expected to be found in cows with the classic form... Some
      scientists are raising the possibility that the atypical strain also
      might happen spontaneously in cattle."

      [Very edited from:

      "A new research institute in Alberta will study how people, animals
      and the environment may interact to threaten public health.
      Researchers will assess how animal-based diseases such as mad cow
      disease or avian flu could jump the species barrier to be transmitted
      to people more easily. Veterinary researchers, environmental
      scientists and medical doctors will work together at the $32-million
      facility at the Alberta Veterinary Research Institute in Edmonton.
      Another focus of the research will examine how the interactions may
      cause economic damage to the livestock industry."

      [Edited from:

      US/EASTERN MAD COW COMMENTS PROVOKE PROBE: (06/20/06): "Two workers
      at a national research center say they were threatened with their
      jobs after questioning how the facility handled the waste of animals
      used in mad cow disease research. Richard Auwerda and Timothy
      Gogerty alerted their bosses and Ames city officials in May that the
      National Animal Disease Center might be contaminating Ames' sewage
      plant with diseased tissue and fluids. Afterward, the two animal
      caretakers received threats and comments from their bosses who
      worried how the facility's research would be affected, said Michael
      Lewis, Auwerda's attorney. Research at the U.S. Department of
      Agriculture facility has been stopped until at least August while the
      caretakers' concerns are reviewed."

      [Edited from:

      MAD COW CASE CONFIRMED IN MANITOBA: (07/04/06): "Federal officials
      confirmed Canada's sixth case of mad cow disease since 2003 on
      Tuesday and promised a thorough investigation. The animal was at
      least 15 years of age and was born before Canada implemented
      restrictions on potentially-dangerous feed in 1997, Dr. George
      Luterbach, a senior veterinarian with the agency, told reporters. An
      investigation will be launched to confirm where the cow was born and
      what other animals may have eaten the same feed."

      [Edited from:

      'MAD COW' TREATMENT MAY PROLONG LIVES: (07/12/06): "A controversial
      treatment may prolong the lives of people with the human form of "mad
      cow" disease, a new study suggests. The treatment -- with an
      anti-coagulant and anti-inflammatory drug called pentosan
      polysulphate -- appears to slow the loss of brain tissue, although it
      does not halt it, said the study, reported by London's Guardian
      newspaper. The independent researchers stopped short of sanctioning
      the treatment, although eight British patients have already had the
      treatment and the father of one reports his son is "solid as a rock"
      after being on the drug for 42 months, the Guardian says."

      [Edited from:

      yesterday confirmed its seventh case of bovine spongiform
      encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease, the second case verified
      this month. The case was in a 50-month-old dairy cow from Alberta,
      according to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). The cow was
      born several years after Canada banned the use of cattle protein in
      feed for cattle and other ruminants in 1997. Canada's sixth case, in
      a cow from Manitoba, was confirmed Jul 4.

      The new case drew concern from US Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns,
      who said he was sending a US expert to join the investigation.
      Finding the disease in a cow born more than 4 years after the feed
      ban took effect "does raise questions that must be answered," he
      commented in a prepared statement. The United States banned imports
      of Canadian cattle and beef after Canada's first BSE case in May
      2003. The border was reopened to boneless beef from young cattle a
      few months later, but live cattle were banned until July 2005, when
      officials reopened the border to cattle intended for slaughter before
      reaching 30 months of age."

      [Edited from:

      FOR MAD COW DISEASE: (07/15/06): "The chief executive and founder
      of Creekstone Farms said Friday that even if Japan accepts U.S. beef,
      his company should still be allowed to test all its cattle for mad
      cow disease to help grow the Japanese market. Testing for bovine
      spongiform encephalopathy "will help us instill confidence in our
      consumers," said John Stewart of Arkansas City-based Creekstone. "We
      still know that consumers there are skittish on U.S. beef."

      Creekstone filed for summary judgment in its suit against the U.S.
      Agriculture Department in federal court Friday, arguing that the
      government has no right to keep the company from testing its cattle
      for mad cow disease. The USDA has until Aug. 25 to respond to
      Creekstone's filing. The USDA has kept Creekstone from testing,
      saying it controls testing and citing scientific evidence that
      Creekstone would test cattle too young to register a reliable result.
      Stewart said the science on testing is "too young, and it's unproven"
      to conclude that."

      [Edited from:

      MAD COW TESTING SCALED BACK BY 90%: (07/20/06): "Agriculture
      Secretary Mike Johanns said there is little justification for the
      current level [of testing], which rose to about 1,000 tests a day
      after the first U.S. case of mad cow disease in December 2003. The
      new level will be around 110 tests per day for the disease, known
      medically as bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Johanns said testing
      has nothing to do with the safety of U.S. beef for consumers here and
      abroad. From a food safety standpoint, the real key is the removal at
      slaughter of cattle parts known to carry mad cow disease, Johanns
      said. "Those who are trying to convince their consumers that
      universal testing or 100 percent testing somehow solves the problem
      really are misleading you," he said.

      A consumer advocate said Johanns is the one misleading consumers.
      "If you do testing of 100 percent of your animals, any ones that test
      positive never go into the food chain," said Michael Hansen of
      Consumers Union. "That's in part why they do it in Europe, because
      they've seen animals that look perfectly fine, and they catch them
      just before they go to slaughter." On an annual basis, the current
      level of 1,000 tests a day represents about 1 percent of the 35
      million cattle slaughtered last year in the United States."

      [Very edited from:

      (07/25/06): "Thousands may have Mad Cow Disease according to Lancet
      study The British Lancet medical journal reports on a study, which
      suggests that variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), the human
      variant of Mad Cow Disease, may not reach its peak in the human
      population for several decades. By which time many thousands of
      beefeaters and hospital patients that have received tainted blood
      transfusions could die from the disease.

      Apparently Kuru, a similar fatal brain-wasting prion disease that has
      been found in New Guinea, has been discovered to have an incubation
      period of 35 to 41 years and researchers suspect it could be longer
      for vCJD because the infection is transmitted between cows and
      humans, which are two different species."

      [Edited from:

      JAPAN SET TO LIFT BAN ON US BEEF IMPORTS: (07/26/06): "Japan is set
      to lift a ban on U.S. beef reinstated six months ago due to fears of
      mad cow disease as early as Thursday. However, it may not accept
      imports from all U.S. beef processing plants immediately due to
      problems found by Japanese inspectors, government officials said on
      Wednesday. Japan's ban on beef from the United States has been one
      of the thorniest economic issues between Tokyo and Washington.
      Japanese officials have said shipments will only be allowed into
      Japan from U.S. plants that they confirm as meeting the export

      Japan is considering keeping a ban on imports from one of the plants,
      now changing its operations manual, until the government confirms the
      final contents of the manual, the officials said. Before the ban,
      Japan was the top importer of U.S. beef, buying 240,000 tons valued
      at $1.4 billion in 2003."

      [Edited from:

      EDITOR/OPINION: The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced last
      week that it is cutting testing for mad cow disease by 90 percent,
      from one per hundred of cows slaughtered to one per thousand. The
      move was applauded by the National Cattlemen's Beef Association and
      condemned by consumer groups and by Japan, which called for more
      intensive testing before resuming imports of U.S. beef... Human
      consumption of infected beef leads to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a
      deadly dementia frequently confused with Alzheimer's disease that
      affects millions. Federal safety measures, including the 1997 ban on
      feeding potentially infected cow body parts to other cows, lack
      adequate enforcement. USDA has reported 50 violations of mad cow
      disease regulations per month by U.S. meat plants. Its failure to
      institute an adequate testing program smacks of a crude attempt to
      hide the problem from the American people. This failure undermines
      consumer confidence in the safety of our nation's meat supply and
      provides one more reason to replace beef in our diet with a veggie
      burger or another soy-based meat alternative in the frozen food
      section of our supermarket. Lamont Simons, Lexington Ridge Drive."

      United States will delay lifting a ban on importing older Canadian
      cattle, but the Canadian Food Inspection Agency said the move will
      have little effect on the country's cattle industry. "For now it's a
      delay only," Francis Lord, director of animal health at the agency,
      told The Canadian Press Friday. "Not such a big deal. We had a new
      case and they just want to be sure that everything is accounted for
      in their risk assessment." Seven cows have been found infected with
      mad cow disease in Canada -- four of them just this year. Some were
      born after Canada took safety precautions related to cattle feed that
      should have prevented the animals from being infected. "We're
      committed to resuming normal trade with Canada and other trading
      partners based on scientific and international guidelines,"
      department spokesman Ed Loyd told reporters. "But we also want to
      ensure that all the scientific information is taken into account in
      the development of those guidelines.""

      [Very edited from:

      (07/28/06): "The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has
      hosted a meeting to review the Harvard Risk Assessment of Bovine
      Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), also known as "mad cow disease," in
      the United States on July 25. The FSIS, a part of the U.S.
      Department of Agriculture (USDA), took a look at new data, and says
      the risk of a human contracting BSE has fallen. Under Secretary for
      Food Safety Dr. Richard Raymond explains, "We have the safest food
      supply in the world. The more people understand the science behind
      it, the more they will believe us. In addition to looking at the
      actions we have already taken, this report also analyzes the
      recommendations made by the panel that was convened to review the
      actions taken by the United States in response to the BSE case in
      Washington State."

      [Edited from:

      Foods Inc., the world's biggest meat processor, reported a second
      straight quarterly loss and projected its first yearly loss since
      1994 because of a glut in the chicken and beef markets. The net loss
      was $52 million, or 15 cents a share, in the fiscal third quarter,
      after net income of $131 million, or 36 cents, a year earlier, Tyson
      Foods said Monday in a statement. Analysts expected a 3-cent loss,
      based on the average of 11 estimates in a Thomson Financial survey.
      Sales fell 4.8 percent to $6.38 billion as avian flu and mad cow
      disease hurt poultry and beef exports. The results "reflected the
      challenging protein environment," said Stephens Inc. analyst Farha

      [Edited from:

      Azores islands confirmed its new case of mad cow disease. It is the
      country's sixth instance of the affliction since November 2000.
      Scientifically known as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) or mad
      cow disease, it was found in screening tests and verified by the
      national veterinary laboratory. The infected 15-year-old
      Holstein-Frisian cow was found on the island of Pico. Its carcass was
      destroyed immediately following sanitation procedures. The Azores
      government also had other animals in contact with the infected cow

      [Edited from:

      only is USDA blocking Creekstone [from testing cows for bse], the
      department said last month that it's reducing its mad cow testing
      program by 90%. The industry and its sympathetic regulators seem to
      believe that the problem isn't mad cow disease. It's tests that find
      mad cow. The department tests only 1% of the roughly 100,000 cattle
      slaughtered daily. The new plan will test only 110 cows a day. By
      cutting back on testing, USDA will save about $35 million a year.
      That's a pittance compared with the devastation the cattle industry
      could face if just one human case of mad cow disease is linked to
      domestic beef. Sixty-five nations have full or partial restrictions
      on importing U.S. beef products because of fears that the testing
      isn't rigorous enough. As a result, U.S. beef product exports
      declined from $3.8 billion in 2003, before the first mad cow was
      detected in the USA, to $1.4 billion last year. Foreign buyers are
      demanding that USDA do more.

      "In a nation dedicated to free market competition," says John
      Stewart, CEO of Creekstone, which is suing USDA, "a company that
      wants to do more than is required to ensure the quality of its
      product and to satisfy customer demand should be allowed to do so."
      When regulators disagree with reasoning like that, you know the game
      is rigged."

      [Edited from:

      (08/08/06): "Japan will today inspect the first shipment of U.S.
      beef to arrive since the country ended a six- month ban imposed over
      mad cow disease concern. Costco Wholesale Japan Inc., the Japanese
      unit of the U.S. discount warehouse retailer, imported the 5.1-ton
      shipment, processed by Cargill Inc., in Colorado state, Japan's
      Ministry of Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries said in a statement.
      Japanese inspectors checked U.S. meatpackers and approved 34 as
      exporters to Japan after the U.S. pressed Japan to re-open its

      [Edited from:

      "South Korea has agreed to send a new delegation of auditors to the
      U.S. to review several beef-processing plants where the country
      previously found problems, U.S. Department of Agriculture officials
      said Tuesday. Concerns that six U.S. plants didn't segregate U.S.
      and Canadian cattle and one U.S. plant didn't use separate equipment
      to cut up younger and older cattle are partly why the U.S. isn't
      exporting beef to South Korea.... Another dispute between the two
      countries centers on the U.S.' request that South Korea agree to
      tolerance levels for bone fragments in U.S. beef shipments, but an
      agreement hasn't been reached."

      -By Bill Tomson, Dow Jones Newswires; 202-646-0088; bill.tomson@...

      government on Sunday said it expanded a recall of beef to a total of
      eight states and the territory of Guam as a precaution after the
      discovery of one case of mad cow disease. Beef recalls on slightly
      more than 10,000 pounds of beef already were underway in Washington
      state, Oregon, California and Nevada. Kenneth Petersen, an official
      with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety Inspection
      Service, told reporters the recalls have been expanded to Alaska,
      Montana, Hawaii, Idaho and Guam. Stores in these states could have
      been sold beef from one of the animals slaughtered on Dec. 9 at a
      Washington state facility. That plant had the confirmed case of mad
      cow disease that was announced on Dec. 23.

      Petersen said investigators were still trying to determine how much
      of the beef in question could have been shipped to the four
      additional states and Guam. Following slaughter and processing, "The
      meat gets boxed up and cut and perhaps commingled with other
      products," Petersen said. Even though they have not recaptured all
      of the 10,000 pounds of beef, and some of it may have been consumed,
      USDA officials insisted the meat posed no human health risks."

      [Edited from:

      *05: Plants Challenge, 1 Meal Impact, Diet/Smoking, Alzh./Blood Sugar
      with elevated blood sugar levels may have an increased risk of
      developing Alzheimer's disease, researchers reported yesterday at an
      international conference. Scientists already have linked Type 2
      diabetes with Alzheimer's, which afflicts 4.5 million Americans. But
      researchers from Stockholm's Karolinska Institute said the link to
      Alzheimer's disease may take hold earlier, in people who have
      higher-than-normal blood sugar levels but not in the diabetic range
      -- a condition known as pre-diabetes.

      Pre-diabetes affects 41 million Americans between the ages of 40 and
      74, according to the American Diabetes Association, while diabetes
      has been diagnosed in 14.6 million Americans. Alzheimer's disease
      robs the brain of its memory and processing skills. The number of
      victims is expected to grow fourfold by the middle of the century as
      the population ages and baby boomers reach retirement, according to
      the Chicago-based Alzheimer's Association. Alzheimer's disease still
      can only be diagnosed with certainty with an autopsy."

      [Edited from:

      EVEN ONE FATTY MEAL AFFECTS ARTERIES: (08/08/06): "Eating just one
      fatty meal can have a major impact on your arteries -- for worse or
      for better. So says a new study that shows eating a meal high in
      saturated fats, like a cheeseburger and fries, can reduce the ability
      of the body's "good" HDL cholesterolHDL cholesterol to protect
      against clogged arteries. However, a single meal high in
      heart-healthy polyunsaturated fats, like those found in sunflower and
      corn oil, can have the opposite effect, helping protect the arteries
      from plaque buildup.

      Saturated fats are mostly found in animal products like butter, red
      meat, and lard. But they are also in some plant products, such as
      coconut and palm oils. Polyunsaturated fats are primarily
      plant-based and include safflower, corn, and sunflower oils. They are
      usually liquid at room temperature."

      SOURCES: Nicholls, S. Journal of the American College of Cardiology,
      Aug. 15, 2006; vol 48: pp 715-720. News release, American College of
      Cardiology. News release, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation

      [Very edited from:

      people may not take their diet seriously. But insufficient intake of
      certain foods such as fish, fruit, and vegetables is just as bad for
      human health as smoking cigarettes, finds a new Dutch report
      published Monday by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health
      and the Environment (RIVM). To many people's surprise, the 264-page
      report titled "our food our health - Healthy diet and safe food in
      The Netherlands" claimed that most cases of serious illness and death
      in the Netherlands results from poor diet. Many scientists have
      already come to an agreement that at least more than 75% of diseases,
      particularly those seen in affluent countries can be prevented by
      just using a healthy diet.

      Based on what they learned from their extensive research into the
      effects of current food trends in The Netherlands, the authors say
      "Much greater health gains are to be made through encouraging a
      healthy diet than through improving food safety." The report
      identifies low intake of fish, fruit and vegetables among all the
      dietary factors as the cause responsible for the most cases of
      serious illness and death in The Netherlands."

      [Edited from:

      often said that phytochemicals are to the twenty-first century what
      vitamins were to the twentieth. Just as the intensive study of
      vitamins led to a new understanding of nutrition so research on
      phytochemicals will lead to a new science of prevention through
      diet," said AICR Nutrition Advisor Karen Collins, RD. Phytochemicals
      are chemical compounds whose primary function is to provide

      Scientists have identified thousands of phytochemicals in plant
      foods, and many seem to be involved in protecting our bodies against
      disease. It is estimated, for instance, that a diet rich in
      phytochemicals can reduce cancer risk by 20 percent. Phytochemicals
      work together in several senses. They may have an additive effect;
      that is, two or more performing the same function at the same time
      get more done. They may have a synergistic effect; that is, two
      enhance each other's performance far beyond the capacity of each
      acting alone... What is known about phytochemicals derives from two
      kinds of research: population studies showing that people who eat
      more plant foods have less cancer and laboratory studies showing how
      chemical compounds in plants affect the progression of cancer."

      The full text of [the brochure] "A Closer Look at Phytochemicals" can
      be read, downloaded, or ordered at http: www.aicr.org/phyto

      [Very edited from:

      *06: Vegan: Food Pyramid/Marathoner/diet & diabetes, VegNews<Top 50
      THE VEGAN FOOD PYRAMID: (2006): "Our bodies are especially created
      for living foods: plant based foods. We thrive off of fresh greens,
      veggies, fruits, nuts, whole grains, etc. All the nutrition we need
      can be found in the plant kingdom. The Vegan Food Pyramid is
      designed to show a suggested daily intake of food. As you may notice,
      this pyramid is slightly, at the least, and drastically, at most,
      different then many other pyramids out there. One difference is the
      lack of animal based foods [another is the lack of eggs and dairy]."

      [This great graphic can be downloaded in printable and web-based sizes at:

      Re: 'City woman conquers Death Valley again' (The Spectator, July 27)
      - In your coverage of Scott Jurek, seven-time winner of the Western
      States marathon and two-time winner of the Badwater Ultramarathon,
      there was no mention that Jurek is a vegan. This is important
      because a vegan diet is a more natural, healthy diet for humans than
      an omnivorous one and Jurek is proof that even world-class athletes
      don't need animal protein to compete.

      With obesity and other weight-related diseases at epidemic
      proportions among Americans, the benefits of a vegan diet is
      important news for everyone.

      [Note: Dan Piraro is the author of the "Bizarro" newspaper comic and
      some of his cartoons and a video are in the "humor" section below]

      [Edited from:

      [For more on the incredibly and arguably the toughtest marathon of them all:

      VEGNEWS IN TOP 50 BEST MAGAZINES: "18. VegNews. This hard-hitting,
      political and entertaining vegetarian staple should be on every
      magazine fan's plate. We love the fantastic roundup of stories that
      informs readers of everything from which ballparks serve veggie dogs
      and burgers to a forthcoming KFC in India with vegetarian dishes."

      [Very edited from:

      [VegNews Magazine:

      VEGAN DIET MAY TREAT DIABETES: (07/26/06): "Eating a low-fat vegan
      diet may be better at managing type 2 diabetes than traditional
      diets, according to a new study. Researchers found 43% of people
      with type 2 diabetes who followed a low-fat vegan diet for 22 weeks
      reduced their need to take medications to manage their disease
      compared with 26% of those who followed the diet recommended by the
      American Diabetes Association (ADA).

      In addition, participants who followed the vegan diet experienced
      greater reductions in cholesterol levels and weight loss than those
      on the other diet. A vegan diet is plant-based and consists of
      vegetables, fruits, grains, and legumes and avoids animal products,
      such as meat and dairy. People who are on a vegan diet are at risk
      for vitamin B12 deficiency, and so B12 vitamins were given to the
      participants on that diet... The results showed that both diets
      improved diabetes management and reduced unhealthy cholesterol
      levels, but some improvements were greater with the low-fat vegan

      SOURCES:Barnard, N. Diabetes Care, August 2006; vol 29: pp 1777-1783.
      News release, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine.

      [Edited from:

      *07: Chopstick Tussle, Listen to the Pig, Cartoons/Video, Veg Codes
      "As if China didn't have its hands full keeping tabs on its 1.3
      billion people, the country will now begin tracking its vegetables.
      In an attempt to ensure food safety during the 2008 Olympics, Beijing
      is to give every cabbage, carrot and pea pod its own identity number
      and file, the Beijing News reported on Wednesday. If there is a
      "safety incident" the vegetable's file can be immediately checked and
      its origins traced, the newspaper said, in a report accompanied by
      graphics showing personnel at computers tracking each vegetable's
      path from farm to plate.

      "Safety incidents" was a likely reference to pesticide or pollutants
      in the soil. The environment group Greenpeace has found banned
      pesticides and excessive levels of other chemicals in vegetables
      supplied from China. The city will need more than 5,000 tonnes of
      vegetables during the Olympics, mostly from Beijing and the northern
      Chinese provinces of Hebei and Shandong. The report made no mention
      of fruit."

      [Edited from:

      "The diplomatic wrangling between Beijing and Tokyo has spilt on to
      dinner tables, forcing Japanese to contemplate the unthinkable:
      eating their food the way China wants them to. For more than two
      decades Japan's addiction to disposable chopsticks has been the
      ultimate indication of its success. What other Asian nation, runs the
      unspoken boast, can afford to throw away 25 billion pairs of wooden
      chopsticks every year after only a single use? The use of disposable
      chopsticks, or waribashi, surged in the late 1970s and through the

      About 93 per cent of those 25 billion pairs are produced in China,
      and Beijing, citing the environmental concerns of deforestation, has
      slapped a heavy duty on chopstick exports, and is planning more
      increases. Beijing is reportedly considering an end to all chopstick
      exports in 2008. High oil prices have also inflated waribashi
      costs... With the economics of waribashi becoming more difficult to
      sustain, and other sources such as Vietnam unable to match the old
      prices, Japan is turning to plastic - an investment that is likely to
      pay for itself in about a year."

      [Very edited from:

      ["Big Mac:"

      ["Free Range:"

      ["Red Paint:"

      ["Salmonella Sandwich:"

      LISTEN TO THE PIG ("are humans meant to eat meat?")
      [Caution: needs high-bandwidth:

      *08: Merrkats/Apes/Blurring Species Line, Using Rodents in Labs Debate
      "...We now understand that all vertebrates, and it is argued even
      some invertebrates, share many biological structures and processes
      that underlie attributes once considered uniquely human: empathy,
      personality, culture, emotion, language, intention, tool-use and
      violence. Furthermore, we are able to see beyond species differences
      in ways we have never been able to before. Neuroimaging advances such
      as PET and fMRI can help map more elusive subjective qualities-such
      as emotion, states of consciousness and sense of self-to specific
      regions of the brain...

      ...The idea that humans share a psyche with other animals is
      enormously challenging... Concepts like sense of self, empathy and
      intention have largely been considered exclusive to humans, and have
      therefore defined what animals are not. Such perceived
      dissimilarities have shaped theory, practice, law and custom for
      centuries. The human-animal gap influences how we live, how we
      formulate scientific questions, how we practice science and even what
      we eat. Today, in contrast, models of species' similarity are
      replacing models of difference, and the lines between species have
      become increasingly blurred-blurred to the extent that many insist on
      limits to stem cell-chimera research to avoid mixing the neuronal and
      psychological capacities of humans and other species.

      Accordingly then, today's theory, practice, law and customs in
      science and society, which have been shaped by human-animal
      dissimilarities, must be revised. Clearly, ethical considerations may
      be compelled to change, but science itself is also affected..."

      [Very edited from the much much longer and fascinating essay/article at:

      (06/27/06): "Standard laboratory housing thwarts the basic behavioral
      needs of rats, mice, and other rodents, inflicting physiological and
      psychological harm and raising serious scientific and ethical
      questions about using these animals in experiments, according to a
      scientific review in the July issue of the journal Laboratory Animals.

      In "Laboratory Environments and Rodents' Behavioral Needs: A Review,"
      author Jonathan Balcombe, Ph.D., an ethologist with the Physicians
      Committee for Responsible Medicine, examined more than 200 published
      studies addressing the ill effects of impoverished housing typical of
      laboratories. Among the many findings: both rats and mice value and
      will work for the opportunity to forage, build nests, explore, and
      have social contact; rats kept in impoverished environments have
      smaller brains than stimulated rats; solitary rats try to escape more
      than group-housed rats; tens of millions of lab-bound mice dig, gnaw
      and/or circle neurotically for hours at a time, mostly at night when
      researchers have gone home; and mice kept in barren cages consume
      more stress-relieving drugs.

      Dr. Balcombe's findings also show that physiological and
      psychological effects of laboratory housing contaminate scientific
      data, amplifying the futility of using rodents to advance human
      health. "

      [Edited from:

      MEERKATS TEACH PUPS HOW TO EAT RISKY FOOD: (0713/06): "Faced with a
      potentially deadly diet, adult meerkats teach their pups how to deal
      with scorpions and other prey, a new study shows. The behavior is
      the first hard evidence of active teaching by a nonhuman mammal,
      researchers say. Chimpanzees and other mammals have been shown to
      teach their young passively-babies learn by watching adults. But
      adult meerkats in the Kalahari Desert of southern Africa were
      observed devoting much time and effort to teaching pups how to handle
      tricky food items-a task that carried no immediate advantage for the
      adults. In addition to lizards, beetles, and millipedes, deadly
      scorpions are on the meerkats' menu... The report, which will be
      published tomorrow in the journal Science, suggests that teaching may
      be much more widespread in animals than previously thought."

      [Edited from:

      DEMANDING RIGHTS FOR GREAT APES: (2006)"The Great Ape Project: An
      Idea, A Book, An Organization - The idea is founded upon undeniable
      scientific proof that non-human great apes share more than
      genetically similar DNA with their human counterparts. They enjoy a
      rich emotional and cultural existence in which they experience
      emotions such as fear, anxiety and happiness. They share the
      intellectual capacity to create and use tools, learn and teach other
      languages. They remember their past and plan for their future... The
      Great Ape Project seeks to end the unconscionable treatment of our
      nearest living relatives by obtaining for non-human great apes the
      fundamental moral and legal protections of the right to life, the
      freedom from arbitrary deprivation of liberty, and protection from

      ...The organization is an international group founded to work for the
      global removal of non-human great apes from the category of mere
      property, and for their immediate protection through the
      implementation of basic legal principles designed to provide these
      amazing creatures with the right to life, the freedom of liberty and
      protection from torture. "

      [Edited from:

      *09: Cancerous River, Enviro./Death, G'Peace Win, Climate Debate Chg.
      "China's longest river is "cancerous" with pollution and rapidly
      dying, threatening drinking water supplies in 186 cities along its
      banks, state media said on Tuesday. Chinese environmental experts
      fear worsening pollution could kill the Yangtze river within five
      years, Xinhua news agency said, calling for an urgent clean-up.
      Industrial waste and sewage, agricultural pollution and shipping
      discharges were to blame for the river's declining health, experts
      said. The river, the third longest in the world after the Nile and
      the Amazon, runs from remote far west Qinghai and Tibet through 186
      cities including Chongqing, Wuhan and Nanjing and empties into the
      sea at Shanghai. It absorbs more than 40 percent of the country's
      waste water, 80 percent is untreated, said Lu Jianjian, from East
      China Normal University.

      "As the river is the only source of drinking water in Shanghai, it
      has been a great challenge for Shanghai to get clean water," Xinhua
      quoted him as saying. China is facing a severe water crisis -- 300
      million people do not have access to drinkable water -- and the
      government has been spending heavily to clean major waterways like
      the Yellow, Huaihe and Yangtze rivers. Most of the Yellow River, the
      second-longest in China and the cradle of early Chinese civilization,
      is so polluted it is not safe for drinking or swimming, Xinhua news
      agency said in May last year.

      [Very edited from:

      "Environmental factors such as dirty water and air pollution cause 23
      percent of all deaths globally, the United Nations' World Health
      Organization said. Developing countries are worst impacted, with
      environmental factors accounting for 25 percent of all deaths
      compared with 17 percent of all deaths in developed regions, the WHO
      said in a report being published today. Maria Neira, director of
      WHO's Department for Public Health and Environment, said at a press
      conference... "We're talking about diseases linked to the air we
      breathe, the water we drink and the chemicals we're exposed to. Every
      year, 13 million deaths could be prevented.''

      The diseases most closely linked to such environmental factors
      include diarrhea, respiratory infections and malaria, the report
      said. Safe household water storage, better hygienic measures and the
      use of cleaner and safer fuels could cut the impact of the
      environment on disease now, the WHO said.

      While the developing world is harder hit by infectious diseases such
      as malaria and diarrhea, the impact of environmental factors on
      cardiovascular disease and cancer is higher in the developed world.
      Physical inactivity, for example, is a risk factor for diseases
      including heart disease, breast, colon and rectum cancers as well as
      diabetes. The WHO estimates that the number of healthy life years
      lost is seven times higher per capita in certain developed regions
      than in developing regions and cancer rates were four times higher."

      [Very edited from:

      (07/25/06): "In a statement released in Brazil, multinational soya
      traders have agreed to a two year moratorium on buying soya from
      newly deforested land in the Amazon. This move shows that the
      international soya trade has been affected by the negative publicity
      around the huge environmental crisis in the Amazon rainforest. This
      is an important move forward, but it is their actions not their words
      that is important. Following a Greenpeace investigation into the
      impacts of the soya trade in the Amazon, McDonald's and other leading
      European food retailers have formed a unique alliance with Greenpeace
      to demand action from soya traders to stop deforestation in the
      Amazon rainforest.

      As a result of pressure from this alliance, the US commodities giants
      Cargill, ADM, Bunge, French-owned Dreyfus, and Brazilian-owned Amaggi
      - which between them account for the majority of the soya trade in
      Brazil - along with the rest of the soya trade in Brazil have been
      brought to the negotiating table... The soya traders' statement
      follows a three year Greenpeace investigation into the negative
      impacts of soya in the Amazon. Soya is the leading cash crop in
      Brazil and soya farming - much of it illegal - is now one of the
      biggest drivers, along with cattle ranching and illegal logging, of
      deforestation in the Amazon rainforest. Violent conflict over
      illegally cleared land is not uncommon. Most of this soya is exported
      to Europe to feed chicken, pigs and cows for meat products..."

      [Very edited from:

      Wal-Mart chief executive Lee Scott Jr. announced this month that his
      company would double the energy efficiency of its 7,000-truck fleet
      in a decade, reduce waste from its U.S. stores by 25 percent in three
      years and design a new prototype store that will reduce greenhouse
      emissions by 30 percent. "Have you ever known Wal-Mart not to follow
      through on a commitment of this kind?" one speaker asked. "I have
      not." The speaker was Al Gore.

      Indeed, Wal-Mart is already cutting emissions, which is a big deal,
      because the company is the largest private consumer of electricity on
      the planet. Wal-Mart has reduced its fuel use 8 percent by preventing
      its trucks from idling, saving $25 million in the past year while
      cutting 100,000 metric tons of emissions. It recently began buying
      organic cotton, and all 3,700 of its U.S. stores are using
      energy-efficient light bulbs. Wal-Mart is so big that a slight
      reduction in the packaging of one of its toy lines saved the company
      $2.4 million last year by cutting trucking costs, while saving 1,000
      barrels of oil and 3,800 trees.

      Scott thinks waste reduction and energy efficiency are good for
      business as well as the Earth; he eventually wants his company to
      generate zero waste and use only renewable energy, and he wants his
      60,000 suppliers to follow suit. That could drive the climate debate
      faster than years of congressional bloviation..."

      [Very very edited from the extremely long and most interesting article at:

      *10: Upcoming Events of Note
      TAKING ACTION FOR ANIMALS 2006, a leading event for the animal
      protection movement is on Sept. 2-5 in Wash. DC. The Conference is
      designed to motivate, skill and inspire activists nationwide. This
      year: renowned speakers from the animal protection movement and
      beyond who will share their knowledge and a vision for the future of
      the movement, eynote sessions and training sessions designed to
      ensure the development of practical skills for seasoned activists and
      those new to the animal protection movement, a Lobby Day on Capitol
      Hill, exhibitions, social events and opportunities for networking.


      *11: Howard's Schedule
      AUG: AUG 3 - 20th: Africa

      SEP 16: Sequim, WA > carylturner@...
      SEP 30: SF, CA SFVS > dixiemahy@...

      *12: Quick Bytes

      ["10 Reasons to Eat Local Food:"

      ["Salt Initiative Backed by Professionals:"

      ["What Does Your Grocery Shopping Cart Say About Your Values?:"

      ["Wild Oats launches nationwide initiative to promote local produce:"


      ["Can Organic Food Feed the World?:"

      ["Organic food goes mainstream:"

      ["Comparing the So-Called Cheap Costs of Industrial Food Versus Organic Food:"

      ["Heirloom Vegetables have Stood the Test of Time:"

      ["Power in Agriculture Markets Shifts to China, Brazil, OECD Says:"

      ["Study links pesticides with Parkinson's:"


      ["Journey of a New Vegan:"

      ["Organic Consumers: Read, Blog & Meet-up!:"

      [The Mad Cowboy Newsletter Editor's Vegan Blog:

      [Podcasts, radio:

      ["The FatFreeVegan Blog:"

      ["The Vegan Lunch Box Blog (PETA & Bloggy Award-winning:"

      [Bryanna Clark Grogan's Blog:

      ["Raw Vegan Blog and Podcasts:"

      ["Recommended Blogs & Websites for Food & Farming Information:"


      ["The salad solution to diet success:"

      ["Forget the USDA's Food Pyramid: Change Your Eating Habits and Get Healthier:"

      ["What is a Normal Diet?"

      ["More Problems for Coke and Pepsi in India:"

      ["What You Drink May be Ruining Your Diet:"

      ["Super-size Not a Super Deal:"

      ["Surgery with a Side of Fries:"

      ["Meat Associated with Pancreatic Cancer:"

      ["Artificial hormones in U.S. beef linked to breast cancer, prostate cancer:"

      "Interactive Map of Obesity, the US (by State), over time:"

      ["Slim Down Get Healthy with Spices:"

      ["Diet low in antioxidants tied to worsened asthma attacks:"

      ["Tobacco alone is predicted to kill 1 billion people this century:"


      ["Work begins on Arctic seed vault:"

      ["The Canary Project:"

      ["1st Half of 2006 is Warmest on Record:"

      ["Heat Causes Pileup of Livestock Carcasses:"

      ["Extinction Crisis for Amphibians:"

      ["Solar-power compactors press the mess in Boston:"


      [VegNews Monthly Newsletter:

      [FARMUSA's MeatOut Monday Newsletter:

      [PCRM Membership News and Info:
      Send e-mail to: membership@...

      [Vegetarians In Paradise Newsletter:

      [International Vegetarian Union Newsletter:

      ["In a Vegetarian Kitchen: (Nava Atlas):"

      [A delightful, chatty list/group: Feralvegetarians:"

      ["VegCom | veg'n community... veg and vegan forums:"

      ["International Organization for Animal Protection:"


      ["Dairy Products and 10 False Promises:"

      ["Milke? Does a Body Good?"

      ["Almonds on Par with Fruit/Veggies:"

      ["Here are some easy ways of increasing your intake of phytochemicals:"

      ["Enjoy the season's fresh fruits, vegetables for better health:"

      ["Research Shows That Seeds And Nuts Are "Brain Foods":

      ["Kiwifruit seen as way to avert cancer-causing cell damage:"

      ["Apples' Effect on Health Investigated:"

      ["FDA confirms barley/heart health claim:"
      ["Sodium: Are you getting too much?:"

      ["Blueberries could stop liver cancer growth:"


      ["Whole Grains and Gum Disease:"


      [Over 10,000 veg'n recipe links:
      ["Over 1,000 International (regional) Vegetarian Recipes:"

      [PCRM Recipe Archives:

      [Almost 2,000 searchable fat-free veg'n recipes:

      [Awardwinning searchable veg'n recipe database:

      [Constantly wonderful site of vegan recipes:

      ["Non-Dairy Cheese Recipes:"



      ["What do veg'ns eat??:"

      ["A meeting of veg-minded souls:"

      ["Make Mine Vegetarian:"

      ["Vegetarian Diets are a Lasting Health Trend:"

      *13: Closing Thoughts
      "Dr. Marilyn Albert, who chairs scientific and medical research for
      the Alzheimer's Assocition, accurately summed up the state of
      knowledge concerning Alzheimer's risk, when she said, "The message is
      that the risk factors that are bad for the heart are bad for the

      Exactly. And we know perfectly well what's bad for the heart: meat
      and dairy."

      --- Howard Lyman (p. 59, "No More Bull!")

      Mark Sutton, Webmaster@... http://www.madcowboy.com
      To subscribe, send a blank e-mail to: Mad_Cowboy-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
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