The Role of the United States Census Bureau (USCB) in Racial Mis-Categorizationof many American people. Until the 1930 Census, the Multi -Racial Ancestry of
Message 1 of 1
, Oct 3, 2010
The Role of the United States
Census Bureau (USCB) in
of many American people.
Until the 1930 Census, the "Multi"-Racial Ancestry of the people who were of some part-Black admixture was openly acknowledged on U.S. Census Bureau Forms (BUT -- unfortunately, was also left up to the scrutiny and sole-decision of the "subjective determination" of US Census Bureau workers.
Even though, out of spite, racial bias or straight-out bigotry, the census workers often thought nothing of falsely referring to a "Multi"-Racial who was of part-Black ancestry as "N" for "Negro" or "B" for "Black" ----- sometimes an "M" was placed on the census forms representing "Mulatto" ("Mixed-Race") and / or eventually a "C" was used for "Colored" (which, at that time was indicative of "Multi"-Racial lineage).
In addition, as a result of the application of Racist 'One Drop Rule'-based so-called "Racial-Integrity Laws", ALL of the "Multi"-Racials who were of any amount of part-Black ancestry were "legally- labeled" (and thus, misidentified) as being "Black" or "Negro" under the Racist of the concept of `Hypo-Descent'.
In 1967, the US Supreme Court decision in the 'Loving v. Virginia' case, ruled that the so-called "Racial-Integrity Laws" were Unconstitutional which thereby should also have resulted in the overturning the "legality" of the application of the Racist "One-Drop-Rule' ( Rule-of-Hypodescent) upon which these and other 'Racial-Integrity Laws had been based).
Even today, however, --- simply because so very many Multi-Generational Multi-Racially Mixed (MGM-Mixed) people have had parents and / or grandparents who were "legally-misidentified" on previous Census Forms (and by Census-Based Birth/School/Death Records, in the past) -- millions of people who are clearly of MGM-Mixed lineage are still finding themselves continually misidentified as being of "mono"-racial lineage.