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Re: Gouldtown, NJ: An All-American 'Mixed-Race Community'

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  • samuelcvpr
    Very interesting article In MGM-Mixed@yahoogroups.com, AP Gifts wrote: Gouldtown, New Jersey (located in Cumberland County): An All-American
    Message 1 of 3 , Nov 24, 2009
    • 0 Attachment
      Very interesting article



      In MGM-Mixed@yahoogroups.com,
      "AP Gifts" <soaptalk@...> wrote:



      Gouldtown, New Jersey

      (located in Cumberland County):

      An All-American 'Mixed-Race Community'

      Despite the fact that the article found in the
      photos listed below refers to it by the archaic
      and 'One-Droppist' term of -- "Negro" Community"
      --- it is still a very good article that also
      makes it abundantly clear that the city of
      Gouldtown, N.J. was actually an historically very
      Multi-Racial (not 'Mono'-Racial) American community.


      So ... for all our members on the East Coast ...
      maybe someone could investigate to find out
      more about the history of this Mixed-Race
      community of people -- and -- if you would
      recommend arrangement of a MGM-Mixed 'Road
      Trip' or other event in or near the area.

      Also -- if you or any of your relatives are
      from this Town or County -- (or any like it) --
      can you share with us -- more of what you know?


      The city of GOULDTOWN, N.J. has been referred
      to as "A Colony of Mulattoes"; and traces it's
      history back more than 250 years; and most of
      it's residents have been found to be largely
      the descendants of four Mulatto families that
      have intermarried for more than 200 years with
      only an occasional infiltration of other blood.

      These four families were named
      Gould, Pierce, Murray, and Cuff.

      The Goulds are believed to be descendants
      of John Fenwick, Quaker proprietor of the
      "Salem Tenth" in West New Jersey, who
      colonized this region.Elizabeth Adams,
      a White granddaughter of Fenwick,
      who inherited 500 acres of land
      and married a Black man named Gould,
      is considered the founder of Gouldtown.

      Richard and Anthony Pierce, West Indian
      Mulattoes, also settled here about 1750.
      They paid the passage from Holland
      for White sisters, Maria and Hannah
      Van Vaca, and married them upon arrival.
      The Murrays are believed to be of Indian descent;
      and the original Cuff was a formerly enslaved
      man who had married the widow of the man who
      once held him in trapped in chattel slavery.

      The community stretches for several miles
      along the highway and nearby dirt roads …

      A book has been written about Gouldtown, NJ:

      "The Gouldtown Book" can be purchased at the:
      Fairfield Township Board of Eduction (Fairton
      Primary School), Ramah Road, Bridgeton, NJ 08302.
      Phone number 856-451-4990,
      ask to speak with 'Carol Gould'.

      In addition, a film has been made about Gouldtown, NJ:

      The Film – `Gouldtown: A Mulatto Settlement'
      was directed by Kathleen Collins-Prettyman
      [a.k.a. Kathleen (Conway) Collins (Prettyman)]
      who was a playwright, scriptwriter, filmmaker,
      director, novelist, short story writer, and educator.

      Photos are taken from the article entitled
      `America's Oldest "Negro" Community'
      "Gouldtown traces it's history back 250
      years to an Inter-Racial Marriage"
      'Ebony' magazine / February, 1952 Edition

      For a view at the individual photographs
      of Gouldtown, N.J. – click here:
      http://www.mitsawokett.com/MoorsOfDelaware/Ebony1952-LargeImage.htm

      More Information about filmmake, Kathleen Conwell –
      director of the film `Gouldtown: A Mulatto Settlement':

      Born Kathleen Conwell in Jersey City, she was
      the daughter of Frank and Loretta Conwell.
      Her father, who had worked as a mortician,
      then became the principal of a high school
      now named after him; and later became
      the first New Jersey state legislator
      who was also a member of the
      African-American Ethnic grouping.

      In 1963, after receiving her BA in philosophy
      and religion from Skidmore College, Collins
      worked on southern voter registration for the
      Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

      In 1966 she earned an MA in French literature and cinema
      through the Middle-bury program at Paris's Sorbonne.
      Joining the editorial and production staff at a
      New York City Public Broadcasting Service station,
      Collins worked as a film editor and began writing stories.
      In 1974, soon after ending her marriage to Douglas
      Collins, she became a professor of film history and
      screenwriting at the City College of New York.

      Adapting Henry H. Roth's fiction for the screen
      in The Cruz Brothers and Mrs. Malloy (1980),

      Collins became the first African-American
      woman to write, direct, and produce
      a full-length feature film.

      Her film won first prize at the
      Sinking Creek Film Festival.

      Collins's second feature, Losing Ground (1982),
      directed, co-produced, and based on an original
      screenplay by her, won Portugal's Figueroa de Foz
      Film Festival and garnered international acclaim.

      (Her screenplay, which differs in some significant
      ways from the film, is included in Screenplays
      of the African-American Experience, 1991,
      edited by Phyllis Rauch Klotman.) …

      While making films, Collins
      produced equally remarkable drama.

      In the Midnight Hour (1981) portrayed a middle-class
      black family at the outset of the Civil Rights Movement.

      The Brothers (1982) was named one of the
      twelve outstanding plays of the season
      by the Theatre Communications Group
      and published in Margaret B.Wilkerson's
      Nine Plays by Black Women (1986).

      It delineates the impact of racism and
      sexism on a middle-class black family
      from 1948 to 1968 as articulated
      by six intelligent, witty, and
      strikingly different women.

      The brothers themselves, though never seen, are
      vibrant presences through the women's remarks.

      In 1983 Collins reencountered Alfred
      Prettyman whom she had known twenty years
      earlier and four years later they were married.

      One week after their marriage,
      she learned that she had cancer.

      At the time of her death, she had completed a
      new screenplay, Conversations with Julie, her
      sixth stage play, Waiting for Jane, and a final
      draft of her novel, Lollie: A Suburban Tale.

      As more of her work appears, her already fine reputation
      as filmmaker and playwright will surely rise and be
      further enhanced by a new reputation in fiction.

      Timeline of Kathleen Collins-Prettyman's Career:
      Kathleen Collins was the first African-American
      woman to make and release a feature film.


      1971:
      Kathleen Collins Prettyman completes graduate
      film studies at the Sorbonne in France and
      unsuccessfully shops her feature-film script,
      Women, Sisters, and Friends, in Hollywood.

      1979:
      Kathleen Collins Prettyman directs
      The Cruz Brothers and Miss Malloy, a
      57-minute film adapted from a short story.

      1982:
      Kathleen Collins Prettyman directs
      her first feature, Losing Ground.

      1986 / 1988:
      Kathleen Collins Prettyman directs
      Gouldtown: A Mulatto Settlement


      NOTE:

      Links to more information about Gouldtown, NJ
      (as well as to a few other 'Tri-Racial Isolate' Communities)

      http://blacktowns.org/cumberland/gouldtown/index.htm
      http://www.cinewomenny.org/cinenews/jul02/ifshewerealive.html
      http://www.mitsawoket.com/DelmarvaAreaCivilWarPensions.htm
      http://www.mitsawokett.com/FamilyHistories/CorneliusHandsor_bc1804/pafn15.htm
      http://www.mitsawokett.com/FamilyHistories/ElishaDurham_bc1794/pafn11.htm
      http://www.njpinelandsanddownjersey.com/open/index.php?module=documents&JAS_DocumentManager_op=viewDocument&JAS_Document_id=290
      http://www.mitsawokett.com/MoorsOfDelaware/Ebony1952.htm
      http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC01441631&id=wDCxQrWlf4UC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=gouldtown&ie=ISO-8859-1
      http://www.njpinelandsanddownjersey.com/open/index.php?module=documents&JAS_DocumentManager_op=viewDocument&JAS_Document_id=290
      http://www.getnj.com/njags/tours/tour29.shtml
      http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0180718/
      http://www.sistersincinema.com/filmmakers/index.html
      http://mymovies.imdb.com/name/nm0172432/filmoyear
      http://geechee.tv/Diaspora.html
    • AP Gifts
      Gouldtown, New Jersey (located in Cumberland County): An All-American Mixed-Race Community Despite the fact that the article found in the photos listed below
      Message 2 of 3 , Oct 3, 2010
      • 0 Attachment

        Gouldtown, New Jersey

        (located in Cumberland County):

        An All-American 'Mixed-Race Community' 

        Despite the fact that the article found in the photos listed 
        below refers to it by the archaic and 'One-Droppist' term 
        of -- "Negro" Community" --- it is still a very good article 
        that also makes it abundantly clear that the city of 
        Gouldtown, N.J. was actually an historically very 
        Multi-Racial (not 'Mono'-Racial) American community.



        :)  So ... for all our members on the East Coast ... maybe someone could investigate to find 
        out more about the history of this Mixed-Race community of people -- and --if you'd 
        recommend arrangement of a MGM-Mixed 'Road Trip' or other event in or near the area.
         

        Also -- if you or any of your relatives are from this Town or County -- 
        (or any like it) -- can you share with us -- more of what you know?  ;;)
         

        The city of GOULDTOWN, N.J. has been referred to as "A Colony of Mulattoes"
        and traces it's history back more than 250 years; and most of it's residents have been 
        found to be largely the descendants of four Mulatto families that have intermarried 
        for more than 200 years with only an occasional infiltration of other blood. 

        These four families were named Gould, Pierce,  Murray , and Cuff. 

        The Goulds are believed to be descendants of John Fenwick, 
        Quaker proprietor of the "Salem Tenth" in West New Jersey, who 
        colonized this region.Elizabeth Adams, a White granddaughter of 
        Fenwick, who inherited 500 acres of land and married a Black man 
        named Gould, is considered the founder of Gouldtown. 

        Richard and Anthony Pierce, West Indian Mulattoes, also settled here about 1750.
        They paid the passage from  Holland  for White sisters, 
        Maria and Hannah Van Vaca, and married them upon arrival. 
        The Murrays are believed to be of Indian descent; and the original Cuff 
        was a formerly enslaved man who had married the widow 
        of the man who once held him in trapped in chattel slavery.

        The community stretches for several miles along the highway and nearby dirt roads …

        A book has been written about Gouldtown, NJ:

        "The Gouldtown Book" can be purchased at the: Fairfield Township Board of Eduction 
        (Fairton Primary School), Ramah Road, Bridgeton, NJ 08302. 
        Phone number 856-451-4990, ask to speak with 'Carol Gould'.

        In addition, a film has been made about  Gouldtown ,  NJ :

        The Film – `Gouldtown: A Mulatto Settlement' 
        was directed by Kathleen Collins-Prettyman 
        [a.k.a. Kathleen  ( Conway ) Collins (Prettyman)]
        who was a playwright, scriptwriter, filmmaker, 
        director, novelist, short story writer, and educator.


         

         

         

         

        Photos are taken from the article entitled
         `America's Oldest "
        Negro" Community' 
        "Gouldtown traces it's history back 250 
        years to an Inter-Racial Marriage"
         

        'Ebony' magazine / February,  1952 Edition 


        For a view at the individual photographs 
        of Gouldtown, N.J. – click here:
        http://www.mitsawokett.com/MoorsOfDelaware/Ebony1952-LargeImage.htm 


        More Information about filmmake, Kathleen Conwell – 
        director of the film `
        Gouldtown: A Mulatto Settlement':


        Born Kathleen Conwell in Jersey City, she was 
        the daughter of Frank and Loretta Conwell.
        Her father, who had worked as a mortician, then 
        became the principal of a high school now named after him; 
        and later became the first  New Jersey  state legislator who 
        was also a member of the 
        African-American Ethnic grouping.

        In 1963, after receiving her BA in philosophy and religion from 
        Skidmore College, Collins worked on southern voter registration 
        for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

        In 1966 she earned an MA in French literature and cinema 
        through the Middle-bury program at  Paris 's Sorbonne.
        Joining the editorial and production staff at a 
        New York City Public Broadcasting Service station, 
        Collins worked as a film editor and began writing stories.
        In 1974, soon after ending her marriage to Douglas Collins, 
        she became a professor of film history and 
        screenwriting at the City College of New York.

        Adapting Henry H. Roth's fiction for the screen 
        in The Cruz Brothers and Mrs. Malloy (1980), 

        Collins became the first 
        African-American woman to 
        write, direct, and produce a full-length feature film.

        Her film won first prize at the Sinking Creek Film Festival.

        Collins's second feature, Losing Ground (1982), directed, co-produced, 
        and based on an original screenplay by her, won Portugal's 
        Figueroa de Foz Film Festival and garnered international acclaim.

        (Her screenplay, which differs in some significant ways from 
        the film, is included in Screenplays of the 
        African-American 
        Experience, 1991, edited by Phyllis Rauch Klotman.) …

        While making films, Collins produced equally remarkable drama.

        In the Midnight Hour (1981) portrayed a middle-class 
        black family at the outset of the Civil Rights Movement.

        The Brothers (1982) was named one of the twelve outstanding plays 
        of the season by the Theatre Communications Group and published 
        in Margaret B.Wilkerson's Nine Plays by Black Women (1986).

        It delineates the impact of racism and sexism on a middle-class 
        black family from 1948 to 1968 as articulated by six 
        intelligent, witty, and strikingly different women.

        The brothers themselves, though never seen, are 
        vibrant presences through the women's remarks.

        In 1983 Collins reencountered Alfred Prettyman whom she had 
        known twenty years earlier and four years later they were married.

        One week after their marriage, she learned that she had cancer.

        At the time of her death, she had completed a new screenplay, 
        Conversations with Julie, her sixth stage play, Waiting for 
        Jane
        , and a final draft of her novel, Lollie: A Suburban Tale.

        As more of her work appears, her already fine reputation 
        as filmmaker and playwright will surely rise and be 
        further enhanced by a new reputation in fiction.

        Timeline of Kathleen Collins-Prettyman's Career:
        Kathleen Collins was the first African-American 
        woman to make and release a feature film.

        1971:  
        Kathleen Collins Prettyman completes graduate film studies  at the Sorbonne in  France  and 
        unsuccessfully shops her  feature-film script, Women, Sisters, and Friends, in  Hollywood .

        1979:

        Kathleen Collins Prettyman directs 
        The Cruz Brothers and
        Miss Malloy, 
        a 57-minute film adapted from a short story.

        1982:
        Kathleen Collins Prettyman directs her first feature, 
        Losing Ground.

        1986 / 1988
        :
        Kathleen Collins Prettyman directs 
        Gouldtown: A Mulatto Settlement 


        NOTE:

        Links to more information about Gouldtown, NJ
        (as well as to a few other 'Tri-Racial Isolate' Communities)

        http://blacktowns.org/cumberland/gouldtown/index.htm 
        www.cinewomenny.org/cinenews/jul02/ifshewerealive.html 
        http://www.mitsawoket.com/DelmarvaAreaCivilWarPensions.htm 
        http://www.mitsawokett.com/FamilyHistories/CorneliusHandsor_bc1804/pafn15.htm 
        http://www.mitsawokett.com/FamilyHistories/ElishaDurham_bc1794/pafn11.htm 
        http://www.njpinelandsanddownjersey.com/open/index.php?module=documents&JAS_DocumentManager_op=viewDocument&JAS_Document_id=290 
        http://www.mitsawokett.com/MoorsOfDelaware/Ebony1952.htm
        http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC01441631&id=wDCxQrWlf4UC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=gouldtown&ie=ISO-8859-1 
        http://www.njpinelandsanddownjersey.com/open/index.php?module=documents&JAS_DocumentManager_op=viewDocument&JAS_Document_id=290 
        http://www.getnj.com/njags/tours/tour29.shtml 
        http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0180718/
         
        http://www.sistersincinema.com/filmmakers/index.html  
        http://mymovies.imdb.com/name/nm0172432/filmoyear 
        http://geechee.tv/Diaspora.html


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