- Let A be the magnetic potential, Phi be the electric potential, and

let B be the magnetic field, and E be the electric field.

Bearden explains the MEG via a non-magnetic type of A-potential.

Since B = rot(A) and E = -grad(Phi) -dA/t (derivative is partial)

the only possibility left for a non-magnetic type of A-potential

derivative is div(A).

One can define a scalar field S = -div(A) - 1/c² d(Phi)/dt.

The energy density of this field is S².

The interaction between E and S in vacuum constitutes a "new" type of

wave: the longitudinal electroscalar wave (LES) wave.

The powerflow vector of this type of wave is ES, similar to ExB of

the TEM waves.

In other words, there can be an extra power input in the form of LES

waves.

I have calculated the energy/power theorems that include scalar field

effects, while using the extended Maxwell equations as a starting

point:

Maxwell equations that include S:

div(E) - d(S)/dt = rho/eps0 Gauss law

rot(B) + grad(S) - 1/c² d(E)/dt = mu0 J Ampère law

div(B) = 0

rot(E) + d(B)/dt = 0 Faraday law

Thus only the Gauss law and the Ampère law are changed by the scalar

field presence. The term -div(ES) appears in the power theorem,

which means that there is a "negative" energy flow with respect to a

particular volume. And this means that LES wave radiation is

absorbed, in stead of radiated away.

The S field is induced or absorbed by diverging and converging

currents, and this is precisely what CAN happen in the MEG core. The

only thing to be done is to order the phase of the circular currents.

The permanent magnet induces a magnetic flux (circular current) in

the microstructured MEG core. The loop of these circular currents is

small, because of the MEG structure. By applying small pulses in the

orbital frequency, the phase of the looping charged is ORDERED, such

that these little currents constitute also a dynamic electric field

and dynamic scalar field. The MEG can be a LES wave receiver

(absorber) or a LES wave sender.

Achleitner from Austria has observed the MEG in send mode, meaning

that energy disappeared from the device, and was not dissipated at

the output circuit and was not radiated in the form of TEM waves.

This theory explains also the RESONANCE principle, because the

applied pulses must have the same frequency (or this frequency

divided by a natural number) as the orbital frequency of the charges

in circular motion.

This theory explains is in agreement with chaos theory, because the

reduction of phase chaos simply means negative entropy.

New types of order are induced, such as the electric field and scalar

field.

If this theory is correct, then it has implication for building the

right input circuit and output circuit: maybe coils are not the best

choice for applying pulses and picking up the output signal.

Pancake coils are better, or even metal sheets wrapped around the MEG

core, are better. One can wrap a double layer of metal sheet around

the MEG, with a di-electricum in between. The inner layer can be

attachted to the pulsed input signal (so an input VOLTAGE can be

applied, instead of an input CURRENT, which means less energy loss).

Cheers,

Koen - Hi Koen,I have found your two papers fascinating!. - Thankyou.I have some questions. If you have time to answer I would be very grateful.You say the Heaviside energy flow is
**ES;**Is the radial E field @ 90° to the scalar field**S**?How do you define a Scalar field?. A scalar by definition only has magnitude. What does a scalar field look like?If the Heaviside energy flow is being absorbed by the MEG core - resulting in a net alternating radial electric potential - then all we need to do is look for this radial E potential, @ the critical PM flux/core frequency. If you use pancake collector coils as suggested then only one such coil can be used, since any connection from the end of one coil to series connect to the inside of the next negates such a potential. Do you agree.RespectfullyDavid BallIt is not off topic, because I claim that the MEG core absorbs Tesla wave radiation.The extra energy input must be some type of radiation, or is zero-point-energy.The fundamental idea for scalar fields is diverging currents and time changing electric potential.The MEG core contains magnetically polarized charges, induced by the permanent magnets.By ordering the phase of the charges in circular flow, one creates a diverging/converging nett current,which induces/absorbs an extra scalar field and electric field.I am sure that a secondary pancake shaped coil can harvest the scalar/electricfield energy better than the usual secondary coil.I suppose that the MEG has nothing to do with an ordinary tranformer operation, and that is flux switching.The flux of the permanent magnet can not be switched, that is an illusion, or the core has to be driveninto saturation by the input coil, and this is not the case according to Bearden´s patent.The dynamical part of the magnetic flux is caused solely by the coils. The permanent magnetic fluxis only added to the dynamical flux, and does not change in time.One can only order the phase of the charge in circular motion by applying an input signal with the right frequency.This is like giving a little push at the same time to many pendulums with equal length but with random phases.If the push frequency is the same as the swing frequency, then after a while all the pendulums have the same phase.For rotating charges this means a nett current and an extra scalar and electric field.If you can understand the Maxwell theory in differential form, then please have a look atHere I show how to include a scalar field in the field equations and field solutions.A new type of vacuum wave solution is the longitudinal electro-scalar wave, with a powerflow that canbe defined exactly.