---Stan Mayer wrote:
> Anyway, for the heck of it I have used a graphics editing program
> to create another version of Naudin's scopes traces that shows the
> current inverted or flipped 180 degrees and it is attached.
> Perhaps some of you readers who are technically qualified
> would like to assess this new trace set and make comments.
Thanks for creating that excellent diagram Stan.
> Interesting idea and yes very possible. However if the current
> shown in Naudin's latest test is 180 degrees wrong, then the
> difference in phase between current and voltage would be
> something like 120 degrees. That's a lot and not something
> that can be explained by normal RC or RL phase shifting IMO.
(These things and their associated math are discussed technically in
any copy of The ARRL Amature Radio Handbook)
Just to review; Every AC circuit has two kinds of "energy" flowing in
it; the real part, which is the kind that heats resistors and the we
pay for, and an imaginary part that represents energy trapped or
stored in the circuit. The imaginary part could be called rotating
energy or resonant energy. So an LC circuit, not compromised by
resistors, automatically falls into a resonant condition after any
driving signal is removed. The real part of the energy is the
part of the current flow that is in phase with the voltage, rising
when it does, while the imaginary part is anti-phase. So if you see
voltage going up and current going negative one knows one has a
resonant condition in the circuit.
Stan as you have proposed in your previous post; it is easy to suspect
that a conditioned resistor has become a capacitor and therefore will
have it's own has capacitive reactance. The burning-in process is
also called sintering and it is the same thing that is done to
manufacture tantalum electrolytic capacitors. So one could suspect
that the conditioned resistor is also a fairly good sized capacitor.
Without being able to do sensitivity analysis and without an estimate
component values on the MEG, I am unable to estimate whether the
resonance between the capacitance of the conditioned resistor comes
to dominate the MEG operating frequency. It is easy to assume though,
that the capacitive reactance is the cause of any low impedance
behavior observed in the load. So from this point of view since the
capacitance of the output is unknown - so either chart could be
The conditioned resistor is most likely a non-linear circuit element
that adjusts itself based on it own internal temperature and therefore
has variable reactance. Non-linear devices are often designated with
a multiplication symbol. Most likely it is responsible for negative
feedback AGC automatic gain control, it keeps the MEG core from
becoming magnetically saturated and may be responsible for inter-
gating of real energy and stored resonant energy.
-> Therefore the reactive set points most likely *moves* between the
a real dissipative and a "inactive/idle" resonant mode in the process
of keeping energy levels stable inside the MEG. Only a times two (x2)
change in reactance would be required to do this. Therefore the
JNauddins picture is when the MEG needs to dissipate max real energy
and the average case is what causes the heating in the load when the
MEG is regulating. (Hopefully greater then the 6.5Watts input.)
Other people have made the claim that coupling real energy out of the
MEG is difficult and this shows why. To couple energy out of one
circuit into another requires component changes but the conditioned
resistor is monolithic. The heating that changes the conditioned
resistor internal characteristics is also responsible for throwing
away energy rather then redistrubuting it. The conditioned resistor is
going to have to be replaced by a circuit model built of standard
components and modified before it can both preform it's function and
couple out energy.